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Artificial intelligence - machine learning

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

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  • prediction error - A prediction error is the failure of some expected event to occur.
  • PredictionIO - PredictionIO is a machine learning server built on a state-of-the-art open source stack, allowing developers and data scientists to build smart applications and create predictive engines for machine learning.
  • predictive analytics - Predictive analytics is a form of advanced analytics that uses both new and historical data to forecast activity, behavior and trends.
  • predictive modeling - Predictive modeling is a process that uses data mining and probability to forecast outcomes.
  • prescriptive analytics - Prescriptive analytics is a type of business analytics that focuses on finding the best course of action for a given situation, and belongs to a portfolio of analytic capabilities that include descriptive and predictive analytics.
  • Pretty Please mode - Pretty Please mode is a feature added to require the use of “please” and “thank you” in voice commands for Google Assistant as used on Android devices and Google Home.
  • probabilistic robotics - Probabilistic robotics, also called statistical robotics, is a field of robotics that involves the control and behavior of robots in environments subject to unforeseeable events.
  • PyTorch - PyTorch is an open source machine learning (ML) framework based on the Python programming language and the Torch library.
  • recommendation engine - Recommendation engines are common among online retail websites, such as Amazon.
  • recurrent neural networks - Recurrent neural networks are a type of advanced neural network that uses directed cycles in memory in order to perform recurrent tasks on a body of data.
  • reinforcement learning - Reinforcement learning is a training method based on rewarding desired behaviors and/or punishing undesired ones.
  • reinforcement theory - Reinforcement theory is a psychological principle maintaining that behaviors are shaped by their consequences and that, accordingly, individual behaviors can be changed through rewards and punishments.
  • restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) - A restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) is a type of artificial neural network (ANN) for learning probability distributions.
  • robo-advisor - A robo-advisor is an artificial intelligence (AI) driven virtual financial advisor.
  • roboethics (robot ethics) - Roboethics (robot ethics) is the area of study concerned with what rules should be created for robots to ensure their ethical behavior and how to design ethical robots.
  • robot - A robot is a machine designed to execute one or more tasks automatically with speed and precision.
  • robot economy - The robot economy is a scenario in which most of the labor required to sustain human life is automated.
  • robot tax - Robot tax is a proposition that employers who replace employees with automated workers be required to pay a tax and the funds allocated to assist the displaced workforce.
  • robotic surgery (robot-assisted surgery) - Robotic surgery is the use of computer technologies working in conjunction with robot systems to perform medical procedures.
  • Salesforce Einstein - Salesforce Einstein is an artificial intelligence (AI) technology that has been developed for the Salesforce Customer Success Platform.
  • self-driving car (autonomous car or driverless car) - A self-driving car (sometimes called an autonomous car or driverless car) is a vehicle that uses a combination of sensors, cameras, radar and artificial intelligence (AI) to travel between destinations without a human operator.
  • sequential logic - Sequential logic is a form of binary circuit design that employs one or more inputs and one or more outputs, whose states are related by defined rules that depend, in part, on previous states.
  • Singularity (the) - The Singularity is the hypothetical future creation of superintelligent machines.
  • skunked term - A skunked term is a word or phrase whose meaning is changing in such a way that it becomes difficult for people to be sure they are using it correctly.
  • smart factory - A smart factory is a highly digitized and connected production facility that relies on smart manufacturing.
  • smart farming - Smart farming is a management concept focused on providing the agricultural industry with the infrastructure to leverage advanced technology – including big data, the cloud and the internet of things (IoT) – for tracking, monitoring, automating and analyzing operations.
  • smart machines - A smart machine is a device embedded with machine-to-machine (M2M) and/or cognitive computing technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning or deep learning, all of which it uses to reason, problem-solve, make decisions and even, ultimately, take action.
  • smart robot - A smart robot is an artificial intelligence (AI) system that can learn from its environment and its experience and build on its capabilities based on that knowledge.
  • social robot - A social robot is an artificial intelligence (AI) system that is designed to interact with humans and other robots.
  • soft computing - Soft computing is the use of approximate calculations to provide approximate solutions to complex computational problems.
  • software robot - A software robot is an AI (artificial intelligence) system that runs on a host device rather than existing as a standalone machine.
  • spatial intelligence - Spatial intelligence is the concept of being able to successfully perceive and derive insight from visual data.
  • speech analytics - Speech analytics is the process of analyzing voice recordings or live customer calls to contact centers with speech recognition software to find useful information and provide quality assurance.
  • speech disfluency - A speech disfluency is any disruption in the flow of spoken language that is caused by the speaker.
  • speech recognition - Speech recognition, the ability for a machine to convert spoken language to text, is often used for voice dialing, call routing and voice search.
  • speech technology - Speech technology is a type of computing technology that enables an electronic device to recognize, analyze and understand spoken word or audio.
  • stemming - Stemming is the process of reducing a word to its word stem that affixes to suffixes and prefixes or to the roots of words known as a lemma.
  • structural ambiguity - Structural or syntactic ambiguity is the potential of multiple interpretations for a piece of written or spoken language because of the way words or phrases are organized.
  • supervised learning - Supervised learning, in the context of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, is a type of system in which both input and desired output data are provided.
  • support vector machine (SVM) - A support vector machine (SVM) is a type of deep learning algorithm that performs supervised learning for classification or regression of data groups.
  • swarm intelligence - Swarm intelligence is the study of decentralized, self-organized systems that move quickly in a coordinated manner.
  • swarm robotics - Swarm robotics is the use of numerous, autonomous robotics to accomplish a task.
  • synthetic data - Synthetic data is information that's artificially manufactured rather than generated by real-world events.
  • synthetic intelligence (SI) - Synthetic intelligence (SI) recognizes that although the capacity for software to reason may be manufactured, it is nonetheless real intelligence and not just an imitation of how human beings acquire and apply knowledge and skill.
  • target function - A target function, in machine learning, is a method for solving a problem that an AI algorithm parses its training data to find.
  • technology ethics - Technology ethics (tech ethics) is a field of study that seeks to understand and resolve moral issues that surround the development and practical application of mechanical and electronic technology.
  • telechir - A telechir is a complex robot that is remotely controlled by a human operator in a telepresence system, which gives a person the sense of being on location in a remote, dangerous, or alien environment.
  • telepresence robot - A telepresence robot is a remote-controlled, wheeled device that has wireless internet connectivity.
  • TensorFlow - TensorFlow is an open source framework developed by Google researchers to run machine learning, deep learning and other statistical and predictive analytics workloads.
  • TensorFlow Playground - TensorFlow Playground is an interactive web app that allows users to test artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms with Google’s TensorFlow machine learning libraries.
  • texture sensing - Texture sensing is the ability of a robot end effector to determine whether a surface is smooth or rough.
  • thought recognition - Thought recognition is the ability of a computer to recognize neural patterns in the brain as a form of input and control of computer processes.
  • Turing Test - A Turing Test is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being.
  • uberAir - uberAIR is an app-hailed air vehicle ride service in the planning stages at Uber.
  • ubiquitous robotics - Ubiquitous robotics is the design and deployment of robots in smart network environments in which everything is interconnected.
  • uncanny valley - The uncanny valley is a common unsettling feeling people experience where androids (humanoid robots) and audio/visual simulations closely resemble humans in many respects but are not quite realistic.
  • Unmanned Systems Technology (UST) - Unmanned Systems Technology (UST) is the software and hardware systems that drive semi- and fully-autonomous vehicles.
  • unsupervised learning - Unsupervised learning is the training of an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm using information that is neither classified nor labeled and allowing the algorithm to act on that information without guidance.
  • validation set - A validation set is a set of data used to train artificial intelligence (AI) with the goal of finding and optimizing the best model to solve a given problem.
  • vehicle intelligence - Vehicle intelligence is the application of sensors, mechatronics and artificial intelligence (AI) to enhance vehicles or make them fully autonomous driverless cars.
  • virtual agent - A virtual agent (sometimes called an intelligent virtual agent, virtual rep or chatbot) is a software program that uses scripted rules and, increasingly, artificial intelligence applications to provide automated service or guidance to humans.
  • virtual assistant - A virtual assistant is an electronic audio or audio/video avatar-centered program that uses artificial intelligence to perform tasks for the user.
  • visual analytics - Visual analytics is a form of inquiry in which data that provides insight into solving a problem is displayed in an interactive, graphical manner.
  • voice design - Voice design is the process of planning and mapping all the possible interactions that might occur between a voice assistant and an end user.
  • voice recognition (speaker recognition) - Voice or speaker recognition is the ability of a machine or program to receive and interpret dictation or to understand and carry out spoken commands.
  • voice-to-text - Voice-to-text is a type of speech recognition program that converts spoken to written language.
  • Waymo - Waymo is a systems engineering company that specializes in developing autonomous driving car technologies and a subsidiary of Alphabet, Google’s parent company.
  • What Is RPA? Everything You Need to Know - Robotic process automation technology is software that can be trained to mimic routine, labor-intensive tasks performed by humans.
  • workflow automation - Workflow automation is an approach to making the flow of tasks, documents and information across work-related activities perform independently in accordance with defined business rules.
  • Zipf's Law - Zipf’s Law is a statistical distribution in certain data sets, such as words in a linguistic corpus, in which the frequencies of certain words are inversely proportional to their ranks.

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