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Enterprise resource planning (ERP)

Terms related to business, including definitions about project management and words and phrases about human resources, finance and vertical industries.

CFO - COR

  • CFO (Chief Financial Officer) - CFO (Chief Financial Officer) is the corporate title for the person responsible for managing the company's financial operations and strategy.
  • CGO (Chief Green Officer) - A CGO is a Chief Green Officer.
  • change agent (agent of change) - A change agent, or agent of change, is someone who promotes and enables change to happen within any group or organization.
  • change control - Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.
  • change fatigue - Change fatigue is an organizational affliction that results from management-led change initiatives.
  • change log - A change log is a record of requests for change (RFCs) submitted for all changes in a service.
  • change management - Change management is a systematic approach to dealing with the transition or transformation of an organization's goals, processes or technologies.
  • change management strategy - A change management strategy is a systematic approach to making adjustments to the application of a set of tools, processes or skills during a project or initiative.
  • change request - A change request is a formal proposal for an alteration to some product or system.
  • channel captain - A channel captain is the individual or organization responsible for managing a particular distribution channel and overseeing channel partnerships.
  • channel conflict - Channel conflict is a situation in which channel partners have to compete against one another or a vendor's internal sales department.
  • channel partner - A channel partner is a person or organization that provides services or sells products on behalf of a software, hardware, networking or cloud services vendor.
  • channel partner portal - A channel partner portal is a web-based application that provides a vendor's established partners (usually distributors, resellers, service providers or other strategic partners) with access to deal registration, marketing resources, pricing and sales information for products and services, as well as technical details and support that are unavailable to other end users.
  • chart of accounts (COA) - A chart of accounts (COA) is a financial organizational tool that provides a complete listing of every account in an accounting system.
  • chief customer officer (CCO) - A chief customer officer, or customer experience officer, is generally responsible for customer research, communicating with company employees and taking charge of customer experience metrics.
  • chief data officer (CDO) - A chief data officer (CDO) is a C-level executive who is responsible for an organization's data use and data governance.
  • Chief Digital Officer (CDO) - A chief digital officer (CDO) is an executive enlisted to help businesses transform traditional IT policies and business processes to accommodate digital sectors such as mobile technology and applications and Web-based information management and marketing trends.
  • chief experience officer (CXO) - A chief experience officer (CXO) is an executive who ensures positive interactions with an organization's external customers.
  • chief human resources officer (CHRO) - Chief human resources officer (CHRO) is a top-level management executive in charge of an organization's employees.
  • chief learning officer (CLO) - A chief learning officer (CLO) is a senior-level executive who ensures that a company's corporate learning program and strategy supports its overall business goals.
  • chief marketing technologist (CMT) - A chief marketing technologist (CMT) is a C-level executive who sets a technology vision for the marketing team that aligns with business goals.
  • Chief Operating Officer (COO) - A Chief Operating Officer (COO) is the corporate executive who oversees ongoing business operations within the company.
  • Chief Process and Innovation Officer (CPIO) - Chief Process and Innovation Officer (CPIO) or sometimes just Chief Process Officer (CPO) is a corporate C-level position that calls for a leader who is able to identify which parts of a company's business processes could be improved and identify specific ways to make them work better.
  • chief procurement officer (CPO) - A chief procurement officer (CPO) is an executive title commonly given to the person responsible for the strategic acquisition of goods and services at an organization.
  • chief reputation officer (CRO) - A chief reputation officer (CRO) is the C-level corporate executive charged with overseeing activities in all areas of an organization that could potentially have an impact on the public perception of that enterprise.
  • chief risk officer (CRO) - The chief risk officer (CRO) is the corporate executive tasked with assessing and mitigating significant competitive, regulatory and technological threats to an enterprise's capital and earnings.
  • Chief Strategy Officer (CSO) - A chief strategy officer (CSO), or chief strategist, is an executive charged with helping formulate, facilitate and communicate the overarching strategy of an organization, usually a large corporation.
  • Chief Technology Officer (CTO) - The Chief Technology Officer (CTO) is the individual within an organization who oversees the current technology and creates relevant policy.
  • chief trust officer - A chief trust officer in the IT industry is an executive job title given to the person responsible for building confidence around the use of customer information and how it is protected.
  • Chinese wall - A Chinese wall is a barrier that separates two or more groups, usually as a means of restricting the flow of information.
  • CIFT - CIFT (Center for Innovative Financial Technology) is a research facility dedicated to the study of new technologies in the financial services sector.
  • CIO (Chief Information Officer) - A chief information officer (CIO) is the corporate executive in charge of information technology (IT) strategy and implementation.
  • circular economy - A circular economy is a system in which the potential use of goods and materials is optimized and their elements returned to the system at the end of their viable life cycle.
  • Citrix certfication - Citrix certification is a training offering from Citrix designed to verify learning in an area of expertise with the company's cloud computing solutions.
  • Citrix Solution Advisor - Citrix Solution Advisor is Citrix Systems Inc.
  • CKO (chief knowledge officer) - Chief knowledge officer (CKO) is a corporate title for the person responsible overseeing knowledge management within an organization.
  • clan culture - A clan culture is a family-like or tribe-like type of corporate environment that emphasizes consensus and commonality of goals and values.
  • clean desk policy (CDP) - A clean desk policy (CDP) is a corporate directive that specifies how employees should leave their working space when they leave the office.
  • clean technology (clean tech) - Clean technology (clean tech) is a general term used to describe products, processes or services that reduce waste and require as few non-renewable resources as possible.
  • closed loop control system - A closed loop control system is a set of mechanical or electronic devices that automatically regulates a process variable to a desired state or set point without human interaction.
  • closed loop manufacturing resource planning (MRP) - Closed loop manufacturing resource planning, also known as closed loop MRP (CLMRP), is a manufacturing resource planning model that includes returned products in the supply chain.
  • cloud computing - Cloud computing is a general term for anything that involves delivering hosted services over the Internet.
  • cloud ERP - Cloud ERP is a type of enterprise resource planning (ERP) software that is hosted on a cloud computing platform, rather than on premises within an enterprise's own data center.
  • cloud federation - Cloud federation is the practice of interconnecting service providers' cloud environments to load balance traffic and accommodate spikes in demand.
  • cloud integrator - A cloud integrator is a product or service that helps a business negotiate the complexities of cloud migrations.
  • cloud service provider (cloud provider) - A cloud service provider, or CSP, is a company that offers some component of cloud computing -- typically infrastructure as a service, software as a service or platform as a service -- to other businesses or individuals.
  • cloud services - Cloud services is an umbrella term that may refer to a variety of resources provided over the internet, or to professional services that support the deployment of such cloud-based resources.
  • cloud sourcing - Cloud sourcing is an arrangement in which a company pays a third-party cloud hosting provider to deliver and support IT services that could be provided in-house.
  • CMO (chief marketing officer) - A CMO (chief marketing officer) is a C-level corporate executive responsible for activities in an organization that have to do with creating, communicating and delivering offerings that have value for customers, clients or business partners.
  • co-selling - Co-selling is an approach to product and service distribution in which channel partners are the primary route to market.
  • coalition loyalty program - A coalition loyalty program is a loyalty card system that offers incentives to customers of two or more businesses in return for allowing those businesses to collect user data.
  • collaboration - Collaboration is a joint effort of multiple individuals or work groups to accomplish a task or project.
  • collaboration specialist - A collaboration specialist is an individual in charge of managing customer experience and implementing a collaborative platform across the enterprise in order to enhance the user experience and employee productivity, and collectively accomplish tasks.
  • collaborative computing - Collaborative computing is a diverse collection of information technologies designed to support work between individuals.
  • collaborative consumption - Collaborative consumption is a new approach to consumer access of goods and services; elements of the model include bartering, sharing, gifting, lending and leasing or renting.
  • communication plan - A communication plan is a policy-driven approach to providing stakeholders with information.
  • communications-enabled business processes (CEBP) - Communications-enabled business processes (CEBP) is the integration of communications capabilities into software-enabled business procedures, applications and technologies.
  • Compensation Management - Compensation management is a critical part of talent management and employee retention.
  • competitive advantage - Competitive advantage is the favorable position an organization seeks in order to be more profitable than its rivals.
  • competitive differentiation - Competitive differentiation is a strategic positioning tactic an organization can undertake to set its products, services and brands apart from those of its competitors.
  • competitive intelligence (CI) - Competitive intelligence (CI) is the gathering of publicly-available information about an enterprise's competitors and the use of that information to gain a business advantage.
  • compliance audit - A compliance audit is a comprehensive review of an organization's adherence to regulatory guidelines.
  • CompTIA (Computing Technology Industry Association) - CompTIA is a non-profit trade association known for its IT certification exams and test preparation courses.
  • CompTIA practice test (Computing Technology Industry Association practice test) - The CompTIA practice test (Computing Technology Industry Association practice test) is a sample exam designed to prepare technology professionals and students for a CompTIA certification exam.
  • computing arbitrage - Computing arbitrage is a cloud services business model in which a company purchases computing resources -- typically a large block of bandwidth – at wholesale rates and offers it in smaller packages, with a greater cumulative value, to other companies.
  • concept map - A concept map is a graphical tool for organizing and representing knowledge.
  • conduct risk - Conduct risk is the prospect of financial loss to an organization that is caused by the actions of an organization's administrators and employees.
  • confirmation bias - Confirmation bias is a type of mistake that occurs in thinking when information that confirms a pre-existing belief is given priority over information that does not support a preexisting belief.
  • conglomerate - A conglomerate is a company that comprises multiple different corporations.
  • conjunction - A conjunction is a word used to connect words, phrases and clauses.
  • consignment inventory - Consignment inventory is a supply chain model in which a product is sold by a retailer, but ownership is retained by the supplier until the product has been sold.
  • constraint (project constraint) - A project constraint is any limit or restriction applied to a project.
  • construction scheduling software (construction project management software) - Construction scheduling software, also known as construction project management software, is a collection of programs, processes and information used to manage a construction project.
  • consumer packaged goods (CPG) - Consumer packaged goods (CPG) is an industry term for merchandise that customers use up and replace on a frequent basis.
  • Consumer Price Index (CPI) - The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the weighted average change in the price that U.
  • consumerism - Consumerism is a cultural model that promotes the aquisition of goods, and especially the purchase of goods, as a vehicle for personal satisfaction and economic stimulation.
  • content services platform - A content services platform is cloud-based SaaS software that enables users to create, share, collaborate on and store text, audio and video content.
  • contingency plan - In business continuity and risk management, a contingency plan is a process that prepares an organization to respond coherently to an unplanned event.
  • contingent workforce - A contingent workforce is a labor pool whose members are hired by an organization on an on-demand basis.
  • continuous performance management - Continuous performance management, in a human resource (HR) management context, is the supervision of an employee's performance through one-on-one discussions and ongoing feedback from supervisors during regularly scheduled check-ins.
  • contract delivery date (CDD) - A contract delivery date (CDD) is the date of delivery required by a contract.
  • contract management software - Contract management software is a program or series of related programs for storing and managing legal agreements such as contracts with vendors, leases and licensing agreements.
  • contract theory - Contract theory is the study of how people and organizations develop legal agreements in situations with uncertain conditions, unknown factors and information asymmetry.
  • contracting officer - A contracting officer is an individual entrusted by an organization with the authority to enter into, administer, renew or terminate contract s, along with related determinations and findings.
  • control framework - A control framework is a data structure that organizes and categorizes an organization’s internal controls, which are practices and procedures established to create business value and minimize risk.
  • control loop - A control loop is a system made up of all the hardware components and software control functions needed for the measurement and adjustment of a variable that controls an individual process.
  • control system - A control system is a set of mechanical or electronic devices that regulates other devices or systems by way of control loops.
  • CONUS (continental United States) - Refers to the continental United States.
  • conversion rate - The conversion rate is the rate at which website visitors or potential customers take a specific desirable action.
  • cooperative (co-op) - A cooperative, often shortened to “co-op,” is a business that is owned and operated by and for the benefit of its members.
  • coopetition (co-opetition) - Coopetition is a business strategy that uses insights gained from game theory to understand when it is better for competitors to work together.
  • COPE (corporate-owned, personally-enabled) - COPE (corporate-owned personally-enabled) is a business model in which an organization provides its employees with mobile computing devices and allows the employees to use them as if they were personally-owned notebook computers, tablets or smartphones.

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