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Enterprise resource planning (ERP)

Terms related to business, including definitions about project management and words and phrases about human resources, finance and vertical industries.

DIS - FIN

  • disambiguation - Disambiguation (also called word sense disambiguation) is the act of interpreting the intended sense or meaning of a word.
  • disaster recovery (DR) test - A disaster recovery test (DR test) is the examination of each step in a disaster recovery plan as outlined in an organization's business continuity/disaster recovery (BCDR) planning process.
  • disaster recovery plan (DRP) - A company's disaster recovery policy is enhanced with a documented DR plan that formulates strategies, and outlines preparation work and testing.
  • discrete manufacturing - Discrete manufacturing is an industry term for the manufacturing of finished products that are distinct items capable of being easily counted, touched or seen.
  • disruptive innovation - Disruptive innovation is the introduction of a product or service into an established industry that performs better and, generally, at a lower cost than existing offerings, thereby displacing the market leaders in that particular market space and transforming the industry.
  • disruptive technology - A disruptive technology is one that displaces an established technology and shakes up the industry or a ground-breaking product that creates a completely new industry.
  • distance learning (e-learning) - Distance learning, sometimes called e-learning, is a formalized teaching and learning system specifically designed to be carried out remotely by using electronic communication.
  • distributed control system (DCS) - A distributed control system (DCS) is a digital automated industrial control system (ICS) that uses geographically distributed control loops throughout a factory, machine or control area.
  • distribution center - A distribution center is a product storage and shipping building that stores goods a company produces.
  • distribution requirements planning (DRP) - Distribution requirements planning (DRP) is a time-based systematic process to make the delivery of goods more efficient by determining which goods, in what quantities, and at what location are required to meet anticipated demand.
  • distributor agreement (distribution agreement) - A distributor agreement, also known as a distribution agreement, is a contract between channel partners that stipulates the responsibilities of both parties.
  • DMADV - DMADV is a process defined by Motorola as part of their Six Sigma management philosophy.
  • DMAIC (define, measure, analyze, improve, control) - DMAIC (define, measure, analyze, improve, control) is Six Sigma tool for improving an existing process.
  • dogfood - Dogfood is an expression that means to use the product or service that you are trying to sell.
  • dollarization - Dollarization is the adoption of a foreign country’s currency as legal tender for monetary transactions.
  • dot-green - Dot-green is a shorthand way of describing the green computing movement that includes both hype and real innovation.
  • driver-based planning - Driver-based planning is an approach to management that identifies an organization's key business drivers and creates a series of business plans that mathematically model how those things most necessary for the organization's success would be affected by different variables.
  • dual sourcing - Dual sourcing is the supply chain management practice of using two suppliers for a given component, raw material, product or service.
  • due diligence - Due diligence definition: Due diligence is the process of systematically researching and verifying the accuracy of a particular statement.
  • dynamic BPM (business process management) - Dynamic business process management (BPM) is an approach designed to allow business processes to adjust quickly to changing business needs.
  • dynamic case management (DCM) - Dynamic case management (DCM) is the handling of case-based work through the use of technologies that automate and streamline aspects of each case.
  • dynamic pricing - The goal of dynamic pricing is to allow a company that sells goods or services over the Internet to adjust prices on the fly in response to market demands.
  • e-business (electronic business) - E-business (electronic business) is the conduct of business processes on the internet.
  • e-filing (electronic filing) - E-filing is the electronic submission of information that is required by law.
  • e-invoicing - E-invoicing (or electronic invoicing) is the delivery of bills and related information by an enterprise to its clients using electronic communications, usually the Internet.
  • e-prescribing (eRx) incentive program - The Electronic Prescribing (eRx) Incentive Program is a US government program that provides financial incentives to physicians, practitioners and therapists who meet certain criteria for the use of qualified e-prescribing systems.
  • e-recruitment (e-recruiting) - E-recruitment is an umbrella term for any electronic-based recruiting and recruitment management activity.
  • E-stop - E-stop (emergency stop) is a simple, highly visible button designed to shut down operations on heavy and/or dangerous equipment.
  • earnings season - Earnings season is the period following a fiscal quarter or fiscal year, when most publicly-traded companies report their financial results.
  • EDGAR - EDGAR (Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval) is an online public database from the U.
  • electric grid - An electric grid is a network of synchronized power providers and consumers that are connected by transmission and distribution lines and operated by one or more control centers.
  • electronic disposal efficiency (EDE) metric - Electronic disposal efficiency (EDE) is the percentage of decommissioned information technology electronics and electrical equipment that is disposed of through known responsible entities.
  • electronic publishing on demand (EPOD) - Electronic publishing on demand (EPOD) is the use of a digital printer to create a book.
  • elevator pitch - An elevator pitch is a brief, prepared statement that defines a product, service or the value of an organization or individual in as little as 15 seconds, the length of time of a typical elevator ride.
  • embedded IT - Embedded IT is the process of inserting information technology staff and expertise into other business units in order to quickly and more effectively identify and pursue new business opportunities and increase the likelihood that IT projects are deployed successfully.
  • emergency communications plan (EC plan) - An emergency communications plan (EC plan) provides guidelines, contact information and procedures for how information should be shared should a crisis that requires immediate action occur.
  • emergency management plan - An emergency management plan should include measures that provide for the safety of personnel and, if possible, property and facilities.
  • emergency notification system - Emergency notification systems contain names, addresses, phone numbers and email addresses so crucial information can be communicated to employees during a disaster.
  • emerging growth company - An emerging growth company is a business with total annual gross revenues under $1 billion for the most recently ended fiscal year, as indicated on the business income statement presentation according to U.
  • emerging small business - In defense contracting, an emerging small business is any small business concern whose size is no greater than 50 percent of the numerical size standard applicable to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code assigned to a contracting opportunity.
  • emotional intelligence (EI) - Emotional intelligence (EI) is the area of cognitive ability that facilitates interpersonal behavior.
  • employee advocacy - Employee advocacy is the promotion of an organization by its staff members.
  • employee assistance program (EAP) - An employee assistance program (EAP) is an arrangement between a corporation, academic institution or government agency and its employees that provides a variety of support programs for the employees.
  • employee churn - Employee churn is the overall turnover in an organization's staff as existing employees leave and new ones are hired.
  • employee engagement - Employee engagement is the emotional connection an employee experiences that results in a willingness to expend discretionary effort at work.
  • employee life cycle - Employee life cycle -- sometimes spelled as employee lifecycle -- is an HR model that identifies the different stages a worker advances through in an organization and the role HR plays in optimizing that progress.
  • employee onboarding and offboarding - Employee onboarding and offboarding are two core HR activities that are gaining in importance.
  • employee productivity - Employee productivity is an assessment of the efficiency of a worker or group of workers.
  • end of life (EOL) - End of life (EOL), in the context of manufacturing and product lifecycles, is the final stages of a product’s existence.
  • engineering bill of materials (EBOM) - An engineering bill of materials (EBOM) is a product recipe structured from the design standpoint, rather than the manufacturing standpoint.
  • Enterprise 2.0 - Enterprise 2.
  • enterprise content management (ECM) - Enterprise content management (ECM) is a set of defined processes, strategies and tools that allow a business to effectively obtain, organize, store and deliver critical information to its employees, business stakeholders and customers.
  • enterprise document management (EDM) - Enterprise document management is a strategy for overseeing an organization's paper and electronic documents so they can be easily retrieved in the event of a compliance audit or subpoena.
  • enterprise IT (enterprise-class IT) - Enterprise IT, also known as enterprise-class IT, is hardware and software designed to meet the demands of a large organization.
  • enterprise mobility - Enterprise mobility is an approach to work in which employees can do their jobs from anywhere using a variety of devices and applications.
  • enterprise search - There are a number of kinds of enterprise search including local installations, hosted versions, and search appliances, sometimes called “search in a box.
  • enterprise social media - Enterprise social media is a category of online communications channels dedicated to corporated-based input, interaction, content-sharing and collaboration.
  • enterprise social networking - Enterprise social networking is an organization's use of social media, internally and externally, to connect individuals who share similar business interests or activities.
  • entity-relationship model (ERM or ER model) - The entity-relationship model (or ER model) is a way of graphically representing the logical relationships of entities (or objects) in order to create a database.
  • Environmental Resource Management (ERM) - ERM (Environmental Resource Management) is a global organization of environmental, health, and safety experts, known as the ERM Group, with more than 110 worldwide locations.
  • Epicor Software Corp. - Epicor Software Corp.
  • equity crowdfunding - Equity crowdfunding is a variation on the crowdsource model that offers contributors the ability to purchase stock in a business.
  • ergonomics - Ergonomics (from the Greek word "ergon" meaning work, and "nomoi" meaning natural laws), is the science of refining the design of products to optimize them for human use.
  • Erlang B - Erlang B is a modeling formula that is widely used in call center scheduling.
  • escalation plan - An escalation plan is a set of procedures set in place to deal with potential problems in a variety of contexts.
  • Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) - The Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) is part of the European Monetary Union (EMU) that began operating in 1999.
  • executive leadership - Executive leadership is the ability of an organization's management to guide and motivate employees while meeting organizational goals.
  • executive sponsor - An executive sponsor is a C-level administrator who has a vested interest in seeing a project to completion.
  • exit interview - An exit interview is a meeting between management representatives and someone who is leaving an organization.
  • exit strategy - An exit strategy is a planned approach to terminating a situation in a way that will maximize benefit or minimize damage.
  • express consent - Express consent is permission for something that is given specifically, either verbally or in writing.
  • extended enterprise - Extended enterprise is the concept that a company does not operate in isolation because its success is dependent upon a network of partner relationships.
  • extension strategy - An extension strategy is a practice used to increase profitability for a given product or service and thus keep it in the maturity phase of the marketing product lifecycle rather than going into decline.
  • factor of safety (FoS) - Factor of safety (FoS) is ability of a system's structural capacity to be viable beyond its expected or actual loads.
  • fail fast - Fail fast is a philosophy that values the development or implementation of many small experimental products, changes or approaches before committing large amounts of time or resources.
  • fair and reasonable price - A fair and reasonable price is the price point for a good or service that is fair to both parties involved in the transaction.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) - The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is United States federal legislation that promotes accuracy, fairness and privacy for data used by consumer reporting agencies.
  • fake news - Fake news is an inaccurate, sometimes sensationalistic report that is created to gain attention, mislead, deceive or damage a reputation.
  • FASAB (Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board) - The Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board (FASAB) is an advisory committee that develops accounting standards for U.
  • fast clear down - A fast clear down is a call center term for a caller who hangs up upon hearing a delay notice.
  • Fast Guide to acronyms used in manufacturing - These acronyms are often used in internal communications within a manufacturing environment.
  • FCC (Federal Communications Commission) - The FCC (Federal Communications Commission) is the government body responsible for maintaining laws, censorship and broadcast licensing pertaining to interstate and international communications in the United States.
  • Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP) - The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP) are rules that specify procedures for civil legal suits within United States federal courts.
  • fever chart - A fever chart is a graphical representation showing change of a variable over time.

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