Browse Definitions :

Business intelligence - business analytics

This glossary contains definitions related to customer data analytics, predictive analytics, data visualization and operational business intelligence. Some definitions explain the meaning of words used to Hadoop and other software tools used in big data analytics. Other definitions are related to the strategies that business intelligence professionals, data scientists, statisticians and data analysts use to make data-driven decisions.

GEN - MOB

  • General Architecture for Text Engineering (GATE) - General Architecture for Text Engineering (GATE) is a development environment for writing software that can process human-language text.
  • geolocation - Geolocation is the detection of the physical location of an Internet connected computing device.
  • global information infrastructure (GII) - The global information infrastructure (GII) is the developing communications framework intended to eventually connect all telecommunications and computer networks world-wide.
  • Gmail Smart Compose - Gmail Smart Compose is a predictive text feature to help save effort in composing email messages.
  • GoodData - GoodData is a software company specializing in cloud-based business intelligence (BI) and big data analytics.
  • Google Analytics - Google Analytics is a free Web analytics service that provides statistics and basic analytical tools for search engine optimization (SEO) and marketing purposes.
  • Google Analytics dashboard - The Google Analytics dashboard is a user interface to the company’s Web analytics product.
  • Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) - Governance, risk and compliance (GRC) is a combined area of focus developed to cover an organization's strategy to handle any interdependencies between the three components.
  • Government Information Awareness (GIA) - Government Information Awareness (GIA) is a Web site dedicated to making it easy for U.
  • graph analytics - Graph analytics is a category of software tools and data mining techniques that help an analyst understand the relationship between entries in a graph database.
  • Hadoop - Hadoop is an open source distributed processing framework that manages data processing and storage for big data applications running in clustered systems.
  • Hadoop 2 - Apache Hadoop 2 is the second iteration of the Hadoop framework for distributed data processing.
  • Hadoop as a service (HaaS) - Hadoop as a service (HaaS), also known as Hadoop in the cloud, is a big data analytics framework that stores and analyzes data in the cloud using Hadoop.
  • halo effect - The halo effect is a form of cognitive bias which causes one part to make the whole seem more attractive or desirable.
  • health informatics - Health informatics is the practice of acquiring, studying and managing health data and applying medical concepts in conjunction with health information technology systems to help clinicians provide better healthcare.
  • heat map (heatmap) - A heat map is a two-dimensional representation of data in which values are represented by colors.
  • Hick's law - Hick's law is a psychological principle which states that the more options are available to a person, the longer it will take for him or her to make a decision about which option is best.
  • hypothesis - A hypothesis (plural: hypotheses) is a statement that may be tested and proven to be either true or false.
  • IBM Watson supercomputer - Watson is an IBM supercomputer that combines artificial intelligence (AI) and sophisticated analytical software for optimal performance as a 'question answering' machine.
  • ideation management - Ideation management refers to creating, gathering, analyzing, disseminating and executing on idea generation within the enterprise.
  • identity management (ID management) - Identity management (ID management) is the organizational process for identifying, authenticating and authorizing individuals or groups of people to have access to applications, systems or networks by associating user rights and restrictions with established identities.
  • implicit data - Implicit data is information that is not provided intentionally but gathered from available data streams.
  • imputation - Imputation, in statistics, is the insertion of a value to stand in for missing data.
  • in-database analytics - In-database analytics is a scheme for processing data within the database, avoiding the data movement that slows response time.
  • in-memory analytics - In-memory analytics queries data residing in a computer’s random access memory (RAM) rather than data stored on physical disks.
  • in-memory database - An in-memory database is a type of analytic database designed to streamline the work involved in processing queries.
  • incidence - Incidence, in statistics, is the rate of occurrence of something within a population, or the number of times it occurs.
  • inductive argument - An inductive argument is the use of collected instances of evidence of something specific to support a general conclusion.
  • inductive reasoning - Inductive reasoning is a logical process in which multiple premises, all believed true or found true most of the time, are combined to obtain a specific conclusion.
  • infographics - An infographic (information graphic) is a representation of information in a graphic format designed to make the data easily understandable at a glance.
  • information - Information is stimuli that has meaning in some context for its receiver.
  • Information and Content Exchange (ICE) - Information and Content Exchange (ICE) is an XML-based standard protocol for electronic business-to-business (B2B) asset management.
  • information arbitrage - Information arbitrage is an instrument for creating opportunities in the marketplace by identifying trends ahead of others and acting on them.
  • information architecture - In technical writing, information architecture is the set of ideas about how all information in a given context should be treated philosophically and, in a general way, how it should be organized.
  • Information Awareness Office (IAO) - Created in response to the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, the Information Awareness Office (IAO) is a branch of the United States Defense Advanced Research Agency (DARPA) that aims to gather massive amounts of intelligence through electronic sources in order to help avert terrorist acts in the future.
  • Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) - The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) is an independent authority in the UK that promotes openness of public information and protection of private information.
  • information design - Information design is the detailed planning of specific information that is to be provided to a particular audience to meet specific objectives.
  • information life cycle management (ILM) - Information life cycle management (ILM) is a comprehensive approach to managing the flow of an information system's data and associated metadata from creation and initial storage to the time when it becomes obsolete and is deleted.
  • information signature - To fight terrorism, the Information Awareness Office (IAO) of the U.
  • information theory - Information theory is a branch of mathematics that overlaps into communications engineering, biology, medical science, sociology, and psychology.
  • infrastructure management (IM) - For an organization's information technology, infrastructure management (IM) is the management of essential operation components, such as policies, processes, equipment, data, human resources, and external contacts, for overall effectiveness.
  • intellectual property (IP) - Intellectual property (IP) is a term for any intangible asset -- something proprietary that doesn't exist as a physical object but has value.
  • intelligence (intel) - According to the FBI, intelligence is both the information itself and the processes used to collect and analyze it.
  • intelligent content - Intelligent content is an adaptation of digital text, image, video, audio or multimedia data with coding added that allows it to be automatically processed.
  • Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) - Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a specification for the equipment that monitors the physical environment and behavior of a server.
  • intelligent process automation (IPA) - Intelligent process automation (IPA) is a combination of technologies used to manage and automate digital processes.
  • intelligent video - Intelligent video is digital video technology integrated with analytical software.
  • interaction management - Interaction management is a term some companies use to describe a class of Web services that support online relationships (called communities) and transactions between employees, customers, partners, and suppliers.
  • IoT analytics (Internet of Things analytics) - IoT analytics is the application of data analysis tools and procedures to realize value from the huge volumes of data generated by connected Internet of Things devices.
  • ISO 20000 - ISO 20000 is a global standard that describes the requirements for an information technology service management (ISM) system.
  • ISO/IEC 38500 - ISO/IEC 38500 is an international standard created to guide corporate governance of information technology (IT).
  • IT consultant - A consultant is an experienced individual in a given field who provides expert advice for a fee.
  • IT incident management - IT incident management is an area of IT service management (ITSM) wherein the IT team returns a service to normal as quickly as possible after a disruption, in a way that aims to create as little negative impact on the business as possible.
  • IT solution - An information technology (IT) solution is a set of related software programs and/or services that are sold as a single package.
  • IT systems management - Systems management is the administration of the information technology systems in an enterprise data center.
  • ITSM (IT Service Management) - IT service management (ITSM) is a general term that describes a strategic approach to design, deliver, manage and improve the way businesses use information technology (IT).
  • JAQL (json query language) - JAQL is a query language for the JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) data interchange format.
  • Java Business Integration (JBI) - Java Business Integration (JBI) is a specification that defines an approach to implementing a service-oriented architecture (SOA), the underlying structure supporting Web service communications on behalf of computing entities such as application programs or human users.
  • key results indicator (KRI) - A key result indicator (KRI) is a metric that measures the quantitative results of business actions to help companies track progress and reach organizational goals.
  • Kibana - Kibana is an open source data visualization and exploration platform from Elastic that is specialized for large volumes of streaming and real-time data.
  • knowledge management (KM) - Knowledge management is a concept in which an enterprise consciously and comprehensively gathers, organizes, shares and analyzes its knowledge in terms of resources, documents, and people skills.
  • knowledge process outsourcing (KPO) - Knowledge process outsourcing (KPO) is the allocation of relatively high-level tasks to an outside organization or a different group within the same organization.
  • law of averages - The law of averages is an erroneous generalization of the law of large numbers, which states that the frequencies of events with the same likelihood of occurrence even out, given enough trials or instances.
  • law of large numbers - The law of large numbers is a principle of probability according to which the frequencies of events with the same likelihood of occurrence even out, given enough trials or instances.
  • lead generator - A lead generator is any marketing-related activity intended to publicize the availability of a vendor's product or service.
  • Learning Guide: ROI - Discover more about return on investment, including how to calculate ROI, in this learning guide.
  • learning management system (LMS) - A learning management system (LMS) is a software application or web-based technology used to plan, implement and assess a specific learning process.
  • legal analytics - Legal analytics is the application of data analysis methods and technologies within the field of law to improve efficiency, gain insight and realize greater value from available data.
  • lights-out management (LOM) - Lights-out management (LOM) is the ability for a system administrator to monitor and manage servers by remote control.
  • Likert scale - The Likert scale is a commonly used survey tool that requests a quantification of some variable from a range of responses.
  • LOB (line-of-business) - An LOB (line-of-business) application is one of the set of critical computer applications that are vital to running an enterprise, such as accounting, supply chain management, and resource planning applications.
  • logistic regression - Logistic regression is a statistical analysis method used to predict a data value based on prior observations of a data set.
  • longitudinal study - A longitudinal study is an observational research method in which data is gathered for the same subjects repeatedly over a period of time.
  • macrotrend - A macro trend is a persistent shift in the direction of some phenomenon on a global level.
  • managed file transfer (MFT) - Managed file transfer (MFT) is a type of software used to provide secure internal, external and ad-hoc data transfers through a network.
  • management information base (MIB) - A management information base (MIB) is a formal description of a set of network objects that can be managed using the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
  • management service provider (MSP) - Also see two related terms, application service provider and storage service provider.
  • Manufacturing 2.0 - Manufacturing 2.
  • manufacturing intelligence software - Enterprise manufacturing intelligence software is a suite of software applications that integrates a company's manufacturing data from multiple sources to aid in reporting, analysis, visual summaries and passing data between enterprise-level and plant-floor systems.
  • MapReduce - MapReduce is a core component of the Apache Hadoop software framework.
  • market basket analysis - Market basket analysis is a data mining technique used by retailers to increase sales by better understanding customer purchasing patterns.
  • marketecture (or marchitecture) - A marketecture (or marchitecture) is a high-level representation of software or hardware architecture designed with marketing requirements as a primary consideration.
  • mathematical induction - Mathematical induction is a a specialized form of deductive reasoning used to prove a fact about all the elements in an infinite set by performing a finite number of steps.
  • media access management - In the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) communication reference model, media access management is performed by the Media Access Control (MAC) sublayer of the Data-Link Layer.
  • metadata management - Metadata management is the oversight of data associated with data assets to ensure that information can be integrated, accessed, shared, linked, analyzed and maintained to best effect across an organization.
  • metainformation - Metainformation is information about information.
  • Microsoft Certified Solution Developer (MCSD) - An MCSD (Microsoft Certified Solution Developer) is someone who has passed exams that test their ability to design and develop custom business applications with Microsoft development tools, technologies, and platform.
  • Microsoft GeoFlow - Microsoft GeoFlow is a three-dimensional data visualization mapping tool for Microsoft Excel.
  • Microsoft Management Console (MMC) - The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is an application that provides a graphical-user interface (GUI) and a programming framework in which consoles (collections of administrative tools) can be created, saved, and opened.
  • Microsoft Operations Framework (MOF) - Microsoft Operations Framework (MOF) is a series of 23 documents that guide IT professionals through the processes of creating, implementing and managing efficient and cost-effective services.
  • Microsoft Power BI - Microsoft Power BI is a business intelligence platform that provides nontechnical business users with tools for aggregating, analyzing, visualizing and sharing data.
  • Microsoft Power Platform - Microsoft Power Platform is a term used as a collective for three Microsoft applications.
  • Microsoft System Center - Microsoft System Center is a suite of individually sold systems management products.
  • MicroStrategy - MicroStrategy is an enterprise business intelligence (BI) application software vendor.
  • microtrend - A microtrend is a tendency in the direction of some phenomenon that is fairly pervasive within a given sphere of influence and lasts for a few years.
  • MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive) - MiFID (the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive) is legislation for the regulation of investment services within the European Economic Area.
  • mobile business intelligence - Mobile business intelligence is an extension of business intelligence (BI) from desktops and laptops to mobile devices such as Blackberry, iPhone, and iPad.
  • mobile expense management - Mobile expense management is the processes, assisted by specialized software, that an organization uses to manage the costs of its mobile communications network.

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