Browse Definitions :

Cloud computing

Terms related to cloud computing, including definitions about on-demand, distributed computing and words and phrases about software-as-a-service, infrastructure-as-a-service and storage-as-a-service.

  • dedicated cloud - A dedicated cloud is a single-tenant cloud infrastructure, which essentially acts as an isolated, single-tenant public cloud.
  • deep analytics - Deep analytics is the application of sophisticated data processing techniques to yield information from large and typically multi-source data sets comprised of both unstructured and semi-structured data.
  • Dell Boomi - Dell Boomi is a Software as a Service (SaaS) integration vendor that provides its AtomSphere technology to a host of industry giants, including Salesforce.
  • Dell EMC Atmos - Dell EMC Atmos is an object-based cloud storage platform that was released in November 2008 by EMC.
  • desktop as a service (DaaS) - Desktop as a service (DaaS) is a cloud computing offering in which a third party hosts the back end of a virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) deployment.
  • device cloud - A device cloud is a mobile testing environment that enables developers to remotely evaluate the performance of applications on a wide range of smart devices.
  • DigitalOcean - DigitalOcean Inc.
  • distributed cloud - Distributed cloud is the application of cloud computing technologies to interconnect data and applications served from multiple geographic locations.
  • Docker Content Trust - Docker Content Trust is a feature in the Docker containerization platform that enables remote registry content to be digitally signed, ensuring that the content is unaltered and is the most current available version when users access it.
  • Docker image - A Docker image is a file used to execute code in a Docker container.
  • Docker Swarm - Docker Swarm is a clustering and scheduling tool for Docker containers.
  • Dropbox - Dropbox is a cloud storage provider (sometimes referred to as an online backup service) that is frequently used as a file-sharing service.
  • Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) - Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) is a load-balancing service for Amazon Web Services (AWS) deployments.
  • EMC cloud architect certification (EMCCA) - EMC Cloud Architect Certification (EMCCA) is a certification and training offering by storage vendor EMC on high-level cloud architecture and design concepts.
  • encryption as a service (EaaS) - Encryption as a Service (EaaS) is a subscription model that allows cloud service customers to take advantage of the security that encryption offers without having to install and use encryption on their own.
  • end-user computing (EUC) - End-user computing (EUC) refers to the devices, applications and data that workers need to perform their jobs, and the technologies used to deploy, manage and secure those resources.
  • Engine Yard - Engine Yard is a platform as a service (PaaS) provider that automates, configures and deploys applications in the cloud.
  • enterprise cloud storage - Enterprise cloud storage is public cloud storage purchased for a large organization.
  • enterprise data hub - An enterprise data hub, also referred to as a data lake, is a new big data management model for big data that utilizes Hadoop as the central data repository.
  • Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus is an open source software platform for implementing Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) in a private or hybrid cloud computing environment.
  • event-driven application - An event-driven application is a computer program that is written to respond to actions generated by the user or the system.
  • Exchange Online - Exchange Online is the hosted version of Microsoft's Exchange Server messaging platform that organizations can obtain as a stand-alone service or via an Office 365 subscription.
  • FaaS (Framework as a Service) - FaaS (framework as a service) is a service offering that falls somewhere between SaaS (software as a service) and PaaS (platform as a service).
  • FedRAMP 3PAO (third-party assessment organization) - A 3PAO is an organization that has been certified to help cloud service providers and government agencies meet FedRAMP compliance regulations.
  • FinOps (FinOps Foundation) - FinOps (financial operations) is a framework for managing operating expenditures (Opex) in the cloud.
  • Force.com - Force.com is a Platform as a Service (PaaS) product designed to simplify the development and deployment of cloud-based applications and websites.
  • Fujitsu Ltd. - Fujitsu Ltd.
  • function as a service (FaaS) - Function as a service (FaaS) is a cloud computing model that enables users to develop applications and deploy functionalities without maintaining a server, increasing process efficiency.
  • G-Cloud (Government Cloud) - Government Cloud, also referred to as G-Cloud, is a U.
  • geo-replication - Geo-replication is a type of data storage replication in which the same data is stored on servers in multiple geographic locations.
  • Google App Engine - Google App Engine (GAE) is a platform-as-a-service product that provides web app developers and enterprises with access to Google's scalable hosting and tier 1 internet service.
  • Google Apps for Business - Google Apps for Business is an email, messaging and content-sharing service provided by Google for small and medium-sized businesses as well as enterprises.
  • Google BigQuery - Google BigQuery is a cloud-based big data analytics web service for processing very large read-only data sets.
  • Google Chrome OS - Google Chrome OS is an open source lightweight operating system (OS).
  • Google Cloud - Google Cloud is a suite of public cloud computing services offered by Google.
  • Google Cloud Anthos - Google Cloud Anthos is a hybrid, cloud-agnostic container environment.
  • Google Cloud Composer - Cloud Composer is a managed workflow automation tool that is built on Apache Airflow.
  • Google Cloud Dataflow - Google Cloud Dataflow is a cloud-based data processing service for both batch and real-time data streaming applications.
  • Google Cloud Dataproc - Google Cloud Dataproc is a managed service within the Google Cloud Platform for processing large datasets, such as those used in big data initiatives.
  • Google Cloud operations (formerly Stackdriver) - Google Stackdriver was a monitoring service that provided IT teams with performance data about applications and virtual machines (VMs) running on the Google Cloud Platform (GCP) and Amazon Web Services public cloud.
  • Google Cloud Storage - Google Cloud Storage is an enterprise public cloud storage platform that can house large unstructured data sets.
  • Google Cloud Storage Coldline - Google Cloud Storage Coldline is a public cloud cold storage service from Google intended for archiving and disaster recovery.
  • Google Cloud Storage Nearline - Google Cloud Storage Nearline is a public cloud storage service from Google intended for data archiving, backup and disaster recovery.
  • Google Compute Engine - Google Compute Engine (GCE) is an infrastructure as a service (IaaS) offering that allows clients to run workloads on Google's physical hardware.
  • Google Drive - Google Drive is a free cloud-based storage service that enables users to store and access files online.
  • Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) - Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) is a management and orchestration system for Docker containers and container clusters that run within Google's public cloud services.
  • Google Preemptible VM - A Preemptible VM (PVM) is a Google Compute Engine (GCE) virtual machine (VM) instance that can be purchased for a steep discount as long as the customer accepts that the instance will terminate after 24 hours.
  • green cloud - Green cloud is a buzzword that refers to the potential environmental benefits that IT services delivered over the internet can offer society.
  • grid computing - Grid computing is a system for connecting a large number of computer nodes into a distributed architecture that delivers the compute resources necessary to solve complex problems.
  • guest virtual machine (guest VM) - A guest virtual machine (guest VM) is the software component of a virtual machine (VM), an independent instance of an operating system (called a guest operating system) and its associated software and information.
  • Hadoop - Hadoop is an open source distributed processing framework that manages data processing and storage for big data applications running in clustered systems.
  • Hadoop 2 - Apache Hadoop 2 is the second iteration of the Hadoop framework for distributed data processing.
  • headless system - A headless system is a computer that operates without a monitor, graphical user interface (GUI) or the typical peripherals used to control it, such as a keyboard and mouse.
  • Heroku - Heroku is a cloud-based development platform as a service (PaaS) provider.
  • homomorphic encryption - Homomorphic encryption is the conversion of data into ciphertext that can be analyzed and worked with as if it were still in its original form.
  • Hosted CRM - Hosted CRM is an arrangement in which a company outsources some or all of its customer relationship management (CRM) functions to an application service provider (ASP).
  • hosted virtual desktop (HVD) - A hosted virtual desktop (HVD) is a user interface that connects to applications and data that are stored on a cloud provider's servers rather than on the user's computer or the corporate network.
  • hot desking - Hot desking is a work space sharing model in which employees outnumber desks.
  • HP Helion (Hewlett-Packard Helion) - HP Helion (Hewlett-Packard Helion) is the brand name for HP’s custom distribution of OpenStack.
  • HPCaaS (High-Performance Computing as a Service) - High performance computing as a service (HPCaaS) is the provision of high-level processing capacity to customers through the cloud.
  • HTML 5 desktop client - An HTML5 desktop client is a type of remote desktop client that provides an end user with access to a desktop or application through a web browser.
  • Hybrid Cloud Storage - Hybrid cloud storage is an approach to managing storage that uses both local and off-site resources.
  • hybrid IT - Hybrid IT is an approach to enterprise computing in which an organization provides and manages some information technology (IT) resources in-house but uses cloud-based services for others.
  • hyper-hybrid cloud - A hyper-hybrid cloud is a complex distributed environment involving multiple and diverse interconnected public and private clouds, often from multiple providers.
  • Hyper-V Cloud - Hyper-V Cloud is a combination of Microsoft virtualization and virtualization management software that makes it easier for businesses to virtualize their existing server hardware assets and either consolidate them or move them to the cloud.
  • IBM Cloud (formerly IBM Bluemix and IBM SoftLayer) - IBM Cloud is a suite of cloud computing services from IBM that offers both platform as a service (PaaS) and infrastructure as a service (IaaS).
  • IBM Cloud Functions - IBM Cloud Functions is the company’s software underlying cloud applications to provide granular access control to cloud resources.
  • IBM SmartCloud - IBM SmartCloud is a line of enterprise-class cloud computing technologies and services for building and using private, public and hybrid clouds.
  • IBM SoftLayer - IBM SoftLayer is a public cloud computing platform that offers a range of services for compute, networking, storage, security and application development.
  • iCloud - Apple's free iCloud service stores subscribers' photos, videos, documents, apps and more and updates everything across users' synced devices.
  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) - Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is a form of cloud computing that provides virtualized computing resources over the internet.
  • Integration as a Service (IaaS) - Integration as a Service (IaaS) is a cloud-based delivery model that strives to connect on-premise data with data located in cloud-based applications.
  • Jitterbit - Jitterbit is a commercial software integration product that facilitates transport between legacy, enterprise, and on-demand computing applications.
  • Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI cloud) - Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) is the proposed Department of Defense (DoD) cloud infrastructure network.
  • Kapow - Kapow is a company that provides an API (application program interface) called Katalyst to migrate digital content in the cloud between diverse applications or databases.
  • Kubernetes - Kubernetes, also referred to as K8s, is an open source system used to manage Linux Containers across private, public and hybrid cloud environments.
  • lift and shift - Lift and shift is a strategy for moving an application or operation from one environment to another – without redesigning the app.
  • Lustre - Lustre is an open source parallel distributed file system (DFS) specialized for large-scale cluster computing.
  • managed hosting - Managed hosting is an IT provisioning model in which a service provider leases dedicated servers and associated hardware to a single customer and manages those systems on the customer's behalf.
  • MapReduce - MapReduce is a core component of the Apache Hadoop software framework.
  • metered services (pay-per-use) - Metered services (also called pay-per-use) are any type of payment structure in which a customer has access to potentially unlimited resources but only pays for what they actually use.
  • Microsoft Azure Data Lake - Microsoft Azure Data Lake is a highly scalable public cloud service that allows developers, scientists, business professionals and other Microsoft customers to gain insight from large, complex data sets.
  • Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute - Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute is a service that provides a private connection between an organization's on-premises infrastructure and Microsoft Azure data centers.
  • Microsoft Azure Key Vault - Microsoft Azure Key Vault is a cloud-hosted management service that allows users to encrypt keys and small secrets like passwords or answers to security questions that are used in their cloud applications and services.
  • Microsoft Azure Marketplace - Microsoft Azure Marketplace is an online store that provides tools and applications that are compatible with the Azure public cloud.
  • Microsoft Azure Operational Insights - Microsoft Azure Operational Insights (AOI) is a cloud-hosted Software as a Service tool that allows an IT operations staff to collect and search data from multiple machines for analysis.
  • Microsoft Azure RemoteApp (Remote Application Services) - Microsoft Azure RemoteApp (Remote Application Services) is a program that allows organizations to make remotely accessed programs or applications in Microsoft Azure, known as RemoteApp programs, appear as if they are native to end users' local computers.
  • Microsoft Azure Resource Manager - Microsoft Azure Resource Manager (ARM) is a management framework that allows administrators to deploy, manage and monitor Azure resources.
  • Microsoft Azure Security Center - Microsoft Azure Security Center is a set of tools and services for securing virtual machines that run on the Azure public cloud.
  • Microsoft Azure VM Scale Sets - A Microsoft Azure VM Scale Set is a group of individual virtual machines (VMs) within the Microsoft Azure public cloud that IT administrators can configure and manage as a single unit.
  • Microsoft Client Hyper-V - Microsoft Client Hyper-V is a type-1 hypervisor for the Windows 8.
  • Microsoft Cloud Witness - Microsoft Cloud Witness is a high availability feature for failover clusters that uses storage in the Microsoft Azure cloud platform to ensure clusters continue to function if there is a site outage.
  • Microsoft Intune - Microsoft Intune is a cloud-based enterprise mobility management tool that aims to help organizations manage the mobile devices employees use to access corporate data and applications, such as email.
  • Microsoft Office 365 suite - Microsoft Office 365 suite is a hosted, online version of Microsoft Office software.
  • Microsoft Storage Spaces Direct - Microsoft Storage Spaces Direct is a feature in Windows Server 2016 that uses local server storage to build highly available and scalable software-defined storage systems for Hyper-V virtual machines.
  • Microsoft Windows Virtual Desktop - Microsoft Windows Virtual Desktop is an Azure-based cloud service for desktop and application virtualization.
  • Middleware as a Service (MWaaS) - Middleware as a Service (MWaaS) is the distribution model wherein middleware is offered as a cloud-based service, rather than as an on-premise solution.
  • mobile backend as a service (mobile BaaS) - Mobile backend as a service is a cloud computing architecture that provides mobile applications with the resources they need to run.
  • mobile cloud - The mobile cloud is Internet-based data, applications and related services accessed through smartphones, laptop computers, tablets and other portable devices.
  • mobile cloud applications - A mobile cloud application is a software program that is designed to be accessed over the Internet by many types of portable computing devices.
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