Browse Definitions :

Cloud Computing

Terms related to cloud computing, including definitions about on-demand, distributed computing and words and phrases about software-as-a-service, infrastructure-as-a-service and storage-as-a-service.

INT - SPI

  • Integration as a Service (IaaS) - Integration as a Service (IaaS) is a cloud-based delivery model that strives to connect on-premise data with data located in cloud-based applications.
  • Jamcracker - Jamcracker Services Delivery Network (JSDN) is a platform for purchasing and managing public and private cloud computing services.
  • Jitterbit - Jitterbit is a commercial software integration product that facilitates transport between legacy, enterprise, and on-demand computing applications.
  • Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI cloud) - Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) is the proposed Department of Defense (DoD) cloud infrastructure network.
  • Kapow - Kapow is a company that provides an API (application program interface) called Katalyst to migrate digital content in the cloud between diverse applications or databases.
  • Kubernetes - Kubernetes, also referred to as K8s, is an open source system used to manage Linux Containers across private, public and hybrid cloud environments.
  • lift and shift - Lift and shift is a strategy for moving an application or operation from one environment to another – without redesigning the app.
  • load-sharing mirror - A load-sharing mirror or load-balancing mirror is a mirror image copy of a site or service that not only acts as a backup but actively shares in serving a portion of traffic.
  • Lustre - Lustre is an open source parallel distributed file system (DFS) specialized for large-scale cluster computing.
  • managed hosting - Managed hosting is an IT provisioning model in which a service provider leases dedicated servers and associated hardware to a single customer and manages those systems on the customer's behalf.
  • MapReduce - MapReduce is a core component of the Apache Hadoop software framework.
  • Melbourne shuffle algorithm - The Melbourne shuffle algorithm is a sequence of actions intended to obscure the patterns by which cloud-based data is accessed.
  • metered services (pay-per-use) - Metered services (also called pay-per-use) are any type of payment structure in which a customer has access to potentially unlimited resources but only pays for what they actually use.
  • Microsoft Azure Data Lake - Microsoft Azure Data Lake is a highly scalable public cloud service that allows developers, scientists, business professionals and other Microsoft customers to gain insight from large, complex data sets.
  • Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute - Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute is a service that provides a private connection between an organization's on-premises infrastructure and Microsoft Azure data centers.
  • Microsoft Azure Key Vault - Microsoft Azure Key Vault is a cloud-hosted management service that allows users to encrypt keys and small secrets like passwords or answers to security questions that are used in their cloud applications and services.
  • Microsoft Azure Marketplace - Microsoft Azure Marketplace is an online store that provides tools and applications that are compatible with the Azure public cloud.
  • Microsoft Azure Operational Insights - Microsoft Azure Operational Insights (AOI) is a cloud-hosted Software as a Service tool that allows an IT operations staff to collect and search data from multiple machines for analysis.
  • Microsoft Azure RemoteApp (Remote Application Services) - Microsoft Azure RemoteApp (Remote Application Services) is a program that allows organizations to make remotely accessed programs or applications in Microsoft Azure, known as RemoteApp programs, appear as if they are native to end users' local computers.
  • Microsoft Azure Resource Manager - Microsoft Azure Resource Manager (ARM) is a management framework that allows administrators to deploy, manage and monitor Azure resources.
  • Microsoft Azure Security Center - Microsoft Azure Security Center is a set of tools and services for securing virtual machines that run on the Azure public cloud.
  • Microsoft Azure VM Scale Sets - A Microsoft Azure VM Scale Set is a group of individual virtual machines (VMs) within the Microsoft Azure public cloud that IT administrators can configure and manage as a single unit.
  • Microsoft Client Hyper-V - Microsoft Client Hyper-V is a type-1 hypervisor for the Windows 8.
  • Microsoft Cloud Security Readiness Tool (CSRT) - The Microsoft Cloud Security Readiness Tool (CSRT) is a survey that assesses the systems, processes and productivity of an IT environment in preparation for the adoption and secure use of cloud computing services.
  • Microsoft Cloud Witness - Microsoft Cloud Witness is a high availability feature for failover clusters that uses storage in the Microsoft Azure cloud platform to ensure clusters continue to function if there is a site outage.
  • Microsoft Intune - Microsoft Intune is a cloud-based enterprise mobility management tool that aims to help organizations manage the mobile devices employees use to access corporate data and applications, such as email.
  • Microsoft Office 365 suite - Microsoft Office 365 suite is a hosted, online version of Microsoft Office software.
  • Microsoft Storage Spaces Direct - Microsoft Storage Spaces Direct is a feature in Windows Server 2016 that uses local server storage to build highly available and scalable software-defined storage systems for Hyper-V virtual machines.
  • Microsoft Windows Virtual Desktop - Microsoft Windows Virtual Desktop is an Azure-based cloud service for desktop and application virtualization.
  • Middleware as a Service (MWaaS) - Middleware as a Service (MWaaS) is the distribution model wherein middleware is offered as a cloud-based service, rather than as an on-premise solution.
  • mobile backend as a service (mobile BaaS) - Mobile backend as a service is a cloud computing architecture that provides mobile applications with the resources they need to run.
  • mobile cloud - The mobile cloud is Internet-based data, applications and related services accessed through smartphones, laptop computers, tablets and other portable devices.
  • mobile cloud applications - A mobile cloud application is a software program that is designed to be accessed over the Internet by many types of portable computing devices.
  • MuleSoft - MuleSoft is an integration platform provider that connects SaaS and legacy applications both on-premises and in the cloud with its Anypoint Platform.
  • multi-cloud computing - Multi-cloud computing is the use of more than one cloud environment to satisfy business requirements.
  • multi-cloud strategy - A multi-cloud strategy is the use of two or more cloud computing services.
  • multi-tenant cloud - A multi-tenant cloud is a cloud computing architecture that allows customers to share computing resources in a public or private cloud.
  • Nebula - Nebula is an open source cloud computing program that provides on-demand computing power for NASA researchers and scientists.
  • NetScaler (SDX) - Citrix NetScaler SDX is a service delivery networking platform for enterprise and cloud datacenters.
  • noisy neighbor (cloud computing performance) - Noisy neighbor is a phrase used to describe a cloud computing infrastructure co-tenant that monopolizes bandwidth, disk I/O, CPU and other resources, and can negatively affect other users' cloud performance.
  • NoOps - NoOps (no operations) is the concept that an IT environment can become so automated and abstracted from the underlying infrastructure that there is no need for a dedicated team to manage software in-house.
  • NoSQL (Not Only SQL database) - NoSQL is an approach to database management that can accommodate a wide variety of data models, including key-value, document, columnar and graph formats.
  • on-demand computing - On-demand (OD) computing is an increasingly popular enterprise model in which computing resources are made available to the user as needed.
  • open API (public API) - Review this definition to learn about open APIs, also known as a public APIs, including their associated benefits, industry use cases and unique attributes.
  • Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA) - The Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA) is a set of standards defining the way in which information is shared among diverse components of large, heterogeneous grid systems.
  • open virtualization format (OVF) - Open Virtualization Format (OVF) is an open-source standard for packaging and distributing software and applications for virtual machines (VM).
  • OpenNebula - OpenNebula is an open source management tool that helps virtualized data centers enable private clouds, public clouds and hybrid clouds.
  • OpenStack - OpenStack is a collection of open source software modules and tools that provide a framework to create and manage both public cloud and private cloud infrastructure.
  • OpenStack Block Storage (Cinder) - OpenStack Block Storage (Cinder) is open source software designed to create and manage a service that provides persistent data storage to cloud computing applications.
  • OpenStack Foundation - The OpenStack Foundation manages and oversees the development of the OpenStack open source cloud platform.
  • OpenStack Horizon - OpenStack Horizon is a web-based graphical interface that cloud administrators and users can access to manage OpenStack compute, storage and networking services.
  • Oracle Cloud - Oracle Cloud is the database company’s public cloud service offering.
  • Oracle Customer Experience Cloud (Oracle CX Cloud) - The Oracle Customer Experience Cloud (Oracle CX Cloud) is a suite of cloud-based tools for CRM and sales, marketing, customer service, e-commerce and other tools.
  • PaaS (platform as a service) - PaaS (platform as a service) is a cloud computing model where a third-party provider delivers hardware and software tools to users over the internet.
  • pay-as-you-go cloud computing (PAYG cloud computing) - The pay-as-you-go cloud computing (PAYG cloud computing) method charges users only for the services they use, eliminating wasted resources.
  • PayPhrase - Amazon's PayPhrase is an Internet point-of-sale (POS) shortcut that allows Amazon customers to use their Amazon payment and shipping authorization credentials while shopping at third-party partner sites.
  • PC as a service (PCaaS) - PC as a service (PCaaS) is a device lifecycle management model in which an organization pays a monthly subscription fee to lease endpoint hardware and management services from a vendor.
  • personal cloud storage (PCS) - Personal cloud storage (PCS) is a local network-attached storage (NAS) device that lets users store data, photos, music, videos and other files and is optimized for media streaming.
  • portable app - A portable application (portable app) is a software product designed to be easily moved from one computing environment to another.
  • private cloud appliance - A private cloud appliance is a hardware device that provides software-defined converged infrastructure functions for an organization’s proprietary network.
  • private cloud storage (internal cloud storage) - Private cloud storage, also called internal cloud storage, is a service delivery model for storage within a large enterprise.
  • private platform as a service (private PaaS) - Private platform as a service (private PaaS) is software that facilitates development, deployment and operations for IT on a private infrastructure or behind a firewall.
  • provisioning - In general, provisioning means "providing" or making something available.
  • public cloud storage - Public cloud storage, also called storage-as-a-service or online storage is a service model that provides data storage on a pay-per-use basis, similar to the way a public utility like electric or gas provides and charges for services.
  • Rackspace Cloud - Cloud provider Rackspace offers several different cloud storage services including Cloud Files, Cloud Block Storage and Cloud Backup.
  • Rackspace Fanatical Support - Rackspace Fanatical Support is Rackspace's customer service program, which provides support for customers using its managed hosting services and cloud platforms.
  • Red Hat Certified Cloud Provider - A Red Hat Certified Cloud Provider is a member in the company's cloud partner program that has met requirements to offer Red Hat products and services in a cloud computing environment.
  • Red Hat Cloud Partner Program - The Red Hat Cloud Partner Program is an initiative offering Red Hat certification for cloud providers.
  • Red Hat Storage (RHS) - Red Hat Storage is a new distributed file system based on the Gluster file system.
  • resource-oriented architecture (ROA) - A resource-oriented architecture (ROA) is the structural design supporting the internetworking of resources.
  • RightScale Inc. - RightScale is a software as a service (SaaS) provider that offers cloud management and analytics tools for public, private and hybrid clouds.
  • SaaS ERP - SaaS ERP is a type of cloud-based enterprise resource planning (ERP) software that runs on the vendor's or cloud provider's servers, is sold through subscription and delivered as a service over the internet.
  • SaaSgrid - SaaSGrid is an application server and integrated framework for software as a service (SaaS) applications.
  • Salesforce App Cloud - The Salesforce App Cloud offers developers a series of frameworks and tools to create applications within the Salesforce platform or to create third-party apps on top of it.
  • Salesforce Commerce Cloud - Salesforce Commerce Cloud, formerly called Demandware, is a cloud-based service for unifying the way businesses engage with customers over any channel or device.
  • Same Origin Policy (SOP) - The Same Origin Policy (SOP), also called Single Origin Policy, is a security measure used in Web browser programming languages such as JavaScript and Ajax to protect the confidentiality and integrity of information.
  • SAP Analytics Cloud - SAP Analytics Cloud (or SAP Cloud for Analytics) is a software as a service (SaaS) business intelligence (BI) platform designed by SAP.
  • SAP Business ByDesign - SAP Business ByDesign is a cloud-based ERP system designed for the middle and upper range of the SME market, as well as for subsidiaries of large enterprises in a two-tier ERP scenario.
  • SAP Cloud Platform - SAP Cloud Platform (SCP) is a platform-as-a-service (PaaS) product that provides a development and runtime environment for cloud applications.
  • SAP HANA App Center - SAP HANA App Center is a cloud-based service that connects buyers and sellers to applications that were developed on SAP's HANA in-memory database platform.
  • SAP HANA One - SAP HANA One is an inexpensive, private cloud-based instance of the SAP HANA platform, hosted in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud.
  • Scalr - Scalr is an information technology (IT) vendor that offers a management platform for cloud computing.
  • SDDC (software-defined data center) - An SDDC (software-defined data center) is a data storage facility in which networking, storage, CPU and security are virtualized and delivered as a service.
  • Security as a Service (SaaS) - Security-as-a-service (SaaS) is an outsourcing model for security management.
  • Security, Trust and Assurance Registry (STAR) - The Security, Trust and Assurance Registry (STAR) is an online registry of cloud provider security controls.
  • self-service cloud computing - Self-service cloud computing is a form of private cloud service where the customer provisions storage and launches applications without going through an external cloud service provider.
  • serverless computing - Serverless computing is an event-driven application design and deployment paradigm in which computing resources are provided as scalable cloud services.
  • ServiceNow - ServiceNow is a cloud-based company that provides software as a service (SaaS) for technical management support.
  • sharding - Sharding is a type of database partitioning that separates large databases into smaller, faster, more easily managed parts.
  • Simian Army - The Simian Army is a collection of open source cloud testing tools created by the online video streaming company, Netflix.
  • single-tenancy - Single-tenancy is an architecture in which a single instance of a software application and supporting infrastructure serves one customer.
  • Skytap - Skytap is a software company that makes applications for cloud automation and virtual machine (VM) management, development and testing.
  • SlapOS - SlapOS (Simple Language for Accounting and Provisioning Operating System) is an open source operating system for distributed cloud computing.
  • SMAC (social, mobile, analytics and cloud) - SMAC (social, mobile, analytics and cloud) is the concept that the convergence of four technologies is currently driving business innovation.
  • SnapLogic - SnapLogic is a software company that offers cloud integration products to allow customers to connect cloud-based data and applications with on-premise business systems.
  • Software as a Service (SaaS) - Software as a service (SaaS) is a software distribution model in which a third-party provider hosts applications and makes them available to customers over the Internet.
  • Software as a Service BI (SaaS BI) - Software as a Service business intelligence (SaaS BI) is a delivery model for business intelligence in which applications are typically deployed outside of a company’s firewall at a hosted location.
  • SPI model - SPI is an acronym for the most common cloud computing service models, software as a service, platform as a service and infrastructure as a service.
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