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Cloud computing

Terms related to cloud computing, including definitions about on-demand, distributed computing and words and phrases about software-as-a-service, infrastructure-as-a-service and storage-as-a-service.

HP - RED

  • HP CloudAgile Service Provider Program - HP CloudAgile Service Provider Program is an initiative aimed at cloud and telecommunication providers, hosting service providers, system integrators and value-added resellers (VARs) in the cloud market.
  • HP Helion (Hewlett-Packard Helion) - HP Helion (Hewlett-Packard Helion) is the brand name for HP’s custom distribution of OpenStack.
  • HPCaaS (High-Performance Computing as a Service) - High performance computing as a service (HPCaaS) is the provision of high-level processing capacity to customers through the cloud.
  • HTML 5 desktop client - An HTML5 desktop client is a type of remote desktop client that provides an end user with access to a desktop or application through a web browser.
  • hybrid cloud - Hybrid cloud is a cloud computing environment that uses a mix of on-premises, private cloud and third-party, public cloud services with orchestration between the two platforms.
  • hybrid cloud hosting - Hybrid cloud hosting allows organizations to provision dedicated servers and storage and cloud servers and storage on the same network.
  • Hybrid Cloud Storage - Hybrid cloud storage is an approach to managing storage that uses both local and off-site resources.
  • hybrid IT - Hybrid IT is an approach to enterprise computing in which an organization provides and manages some information technology (IT) resources in-house but uses cloud-based services for others.
  • hyper-hybrid cloud - A hyper-hybrid cloud is a complex distributed environment involving multiple and diverse interconnected public and private clouds, often from multiple providers.
  • Hyper-V Cloud - Hyper-V Cloud is a combination of Microsoft virtualization and virtualization management software that makes it easier for businesses to virtualize their existing server hardware assets and either consolidate them or move them to the cloud.
  • IBM Bluemix Local - IBM Bluemix Local is a private version of the IBM Bluemix public cloud platform.
  • IBM Cloud (formerly IBM Bluemix and IBM SoftLayer) - IBM Cloud is a suite of cloud computing services from IBM that offers both platform as a service (PaaS) and infrastructure as a service (IaaS).
  • IBM Cloud Functions - IBM Cloud Functions is the company’s software underlying cloud applications to provide granular access control to cloud resources.
  • IBM SmartCloud - IBM SmartCloud is a line of enterprise-class cloud computing technologies and services for building and using private, public and hybrid clouds.
  • IBM SoftLayer - IBM SoftLayer is a public cloud computing platform that offers a range of services for compute, networking, storage, security and application development.
  • iCloud - Apple's free iCloud service stores subscribers' photos, videos, documents, apps and more and updates everything across users' synced devices.
  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) - Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is a form of cloud computing that provides virtualized computing resources over the internet.
  • Integration as a Service (IaaS) - Integration as a Service (IaaS) is a cloud-based delivery model that strives to connect on-premise data with data located in cloud-based applications.
  • internet of things (IoT) - The internet of things, or IoT, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
  • iPaaS (integration platform as a service) - Integration platform as a service (iPaaS) is a set of automated tools for connecting software applications that are deployed in different environments.
  • Jamcracker - Jamcracker Services Delivery Network (JSDN) is a platform for purchasing and managing public and private cloud computing services.
  • Jitterbit - Jitterbit is a commercial software integration product that facilitates transport between legacy, enterprise, and on-demand computing applications.
  • Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI cloud) - Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) is the proposed Department of Defense (DoD) cloud infrastructure network.
  • Kapow - Kapow is a company that provides an API (application program interface) called Katalyst to migrate digital content in the cloud between diverse applications or databases.
  • Kubernetes - Kubernetes, also referred to as K8s, is an open source system used to manage Linux Containers across private, public and hybrid cloud environments.
  • lift and shift - Lift and shift is a strategy for moving an application or operation from one environment to another – without redesigning the app.
  • load-sharing mirror - A load-sharing mirror or load-balancing mirror is a mirror image copy of a site or service that not only acts as a backup but actively shares in serving a portion of traffic.
  • Lustre - Lustre is an open source parallel distributed file system (DFS) specialized for large-scale cluster computing.
  • managed hosting - Managed hosting is an IT provisioning model in which a service provider leases dedicated servers and associated hardware to a single customer and manages those systems on the customer's behalf.
  • MapReduce - MapReduce is a core component of the Apache Hadoop software framework.
  • Melbourne shuffle algorithm - The Melbourne shuffle algorithm is a sequence of actions intended to obscure the patterns by which cloud-based data is accessed.
  • Microsoft Antimalware for Azure - Microsoft Antimalware for Azure is a security extension in Microsoft Azure that extends antimalware protection to virtual machines and to cloud services.
  • Microsoft Azure Data Lake - Microsoft Azure Data Lake is a highly scalable public cloud service that allows developers, scientists, business professionals and other Microsoft customers to gain insight from large, complex data sets.
  • Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute - Microsoft Azure ExpressRoute is a service that provides a private connection between an organization's on-premises infrastructure and Microsoft Azure data centers.
  • Microsoft Azure Key Vault - Microsoft Azure Key Vault is a cloud-hosted management service that allows users to encrypt keys and small secrets like passwords or answers to security questions that are used in their cloud applications and services.
  • Microsoft Azure Marketplace - Microsoft Azure Marketplace is an online store that provides tools and applications that are compatible with the Azure public cloud.
  • Microsoft Azure Operational Insights - Microsoft Azure Operational Insights (AOI) is a cloud-hosted Software as a Service tool that allows an IT operations staff to collect and search data from multiple machines for analysis.
  • Microsoft Azure Premium Storage - Microsoft Azure Premium Storage is solid-state drive storage for Azure virtual machines for workloads that require low latency and high throughput.
  • Microsoft Azure RemoteApp (Remote Application Services) - Microsoft Azure RemoteApp (Remote Application Services) is a program that allows organizations to make remotely accessed programs or applications in Microsoft Azure, known as RemoteApp programs, appear as if they are native to end users' local computers.
  • Microsoft Azure Resource Manager - Microsoft Azure Resource Manager (ARM) is a management framework that allows administrators to deploy, manage and monitor Azure resources.
  • Microsoft Azure Security Center - Microsoft Azure Security Center is a set of tools and services for securing virtual machines that run on the Azure public cloud.
  • Microsoft Azure Site Recovery - Microsoft Azure Site Recovery is a new service in Microsoft Azure primarily used for disaster recovery purposes.
  • Microsoft Azure VM Scale Sets - A Microsoft Azure VM Scale Set is a group of individual virtual machines (VMs) within the Microsoft Azure public cloud that IT administrators can configure and manage as a single unit.
  • Microsoft Client Hyper-V - Microsoft Client Hyper-V is a type-1 hypervisor for the Windows 8.
  • Microsoft Cloud Security Readiness Tool (CSRT) - The Microsoft Cloud Security Readiness Tool (CSRT) is a survey that assesses the systems, processes and productivity of an IT environment in preparation for the adoption and secure use of cloud computing services.
  • Microsoft Cloud Witness - Microsoft Cloud Witness is a high availability feature for failover clusters that uses storage in the Microsoft Azure cloud platform to ensure clusters continue to function if there is a site outage.
  • Microsoft Intune - Microsoft Intune is a cloud-based enterprise mobility management tool that aims to help organizations manage the mobile devices employees use to access corporate data and applications, such as email.
  • Microsoft Office 365 suite - Microsoft Office 365 suite is a hosted, online version of Microsoft Office software.
  • Microsoft Storage Spaces Direct - Microsoft Storage Spaces Direct is a feature in Windows Server 2016 that uses local server storage to build highly available and scalable software-defined storage systems for Hyper-V virtual machines.
  • Microsoft Windows Virtual Desktop - Microsoft Windows Virtual Desktop is an Azure-based cloud service for desktop and application virtualization.
  • Middleware as a Service (MWaaS) - Middleware as a Service (MWaaS) is the distribution model wherein middleware is offered as a cloud-based service, rather than as an on-premise solution.
  • mobile backend as a service (mobile BaaS) - Mobile backend as a service is a cloud computing architecture that provides mobile applications with the resources they need to run.
  • mobile cloud - The mobile cloud is Internet-based data, applications and related services accessed through smartphones, laptop computers, tablets and other portable devices.
  • mobile cloud applications - A mobile cloud application is a software program that is designed to be accessed over the Internet by many types of portable computing devices.
  • MuleSoft - MuleSoft is an integration platform provider that connects SaaS and legacy applications both on-premises and in the cloud with its Anypoint Platform.
  • multi-cloud computing - Multi-cloud computing is the use of more than one cloud environment to satisfy business requirements.
  • multi-cloud strategy - A multi-cloud strategy is the procurement of cloud computing services from two or more public cloud providers.
  • multi-tenant cloud - A multi-tenant cloud is a cloud computing architecture that allows customers to share computing resources in a public or private cloud.
  • native cloud application (NCA) - A native cloud application (NCA) is a program that is designed specifically for a cloud computing architecture.
  • Nebula - Nebula is an open source cloud computing program that provides on-demand computing power for NASA researchers and scientists.
  • NetMagic Solutions - NetMagic Solutions is an India-based IT hosting and services provider whose specializations include cloud computing, infrastructure management, disaster recovery and application hosting.
  • NetScaler (SDX) - Citrix NetScaler SDX is a service delivery networking platform for enterprise and cloud datacenters.
  • noisy neighbor (cloud computing performance) - Noisy neighbor is a phrase used to describe a cloud computing infrastructure co-tenant that monopolizes bandwidth, disk I/O, CPU and other resources, and can negatively affect other users' cloud performance.
  • NoOps - NoOps (no operations) is the concept that an IT environment can become so automated and abstracted from the underlying infrastructure that there is no need for a dedicated team to manage software in-house.
  • NoSQL (Not Only SQL database) - NoSQL is an approach to database design that can accommodate a wide variety of data models, including key-value, document, columnar and graph formats.
  • on-demand computing - On-demand (OD) computing is an increasingly popular enterprise model in which computing resources are made available to the user as needed.
  • open API (public API) - An open API, also known as a public API, is an application programming interface made publicly available to software developers.
  • Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA) - The Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA) is a set of standards defining the way in which information is shared among diverse components of large, heterogeneous grid systems.
  • open source cloud storage - Open source cloud storage is a cloud storage architecture that uses freely available source code to build and manage a private cloud storage platform.
  • open virtualization format (OVF) - Open Virtualization Format (OVF) is an open-source standard for packaging and distributing software and applications for virtual machines (VM).
  • OpenNebula - OpenNebula is an open source management tool that helps virtualized data centers enable private clouds, public clouds and hybrid clouds.
  • OpenStack - OpenStack is a collection of open source software modules that provides a framework to create and manage both public cloud and private cloud infrastructure.
  • OpenStack Block Storage (Cinder) - OpenStack Block Storage (Cinder) is open source software designed to create and manage a service that provides persistent data storage to cloud computing applications.
  • OpenStack Foundation - The OpenStack Foundation manages and oversees the development of the OpenStack open source cloud platform.
  • OpenStack Horizon - OpenStack Horizon is a web-based graphical interface that cloud administrators and users can access to manage OpenStack compute, storage and networking services.
  • OpenStack Innovation Center - The OpenStack Innovation Center is a research and development facility dedicated to the open source cloud platform OpenStack.
  • Oracle Cloud - Oracle Cloud is the database company’s public cloud service offering.
  • Oracle Customer Experience Cloud (Oracle CX Cloud) - The Oracle Customer Experience Cloud (Oracle CX Cloud) is a suite of cloud-based tools for CRM and sales, marketing, customer service, e-commerce and other tools.
  • pay-as-you-go cloud computing (PAYG cloud computing) - The pay-as-you-go cloud computing (PAYG cloud computing) method charges users only for the services they use, eliminating wasted resources.
  • PayPhrase - Amazon's PayPhrase is an Internet point-of-sale (POS) shortcut that allows Amazon customers to use their Amazon payment and shipping authorization credentials while shopping at third-party partner sites.
  • PC as a service (PCaaS) - PC as a service (PCaaS) is a device lifecycle management model in which an organization pays a monthly subscription fee to lease endpoint hardware and management services from a vendor.
  • personal cloud storage (PCS) - Personal cloud storage (PCS) is a local network-attached storage (NAS) device that lets users store data, photos, music, videos and other files and is optimized for media streaming.
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS) - Platform as a service (PaaS) is a cloud computing model where a third-party provider delivers hardware and software tools to users over the internet.
  • portable app - A portable application (portable app) is a software product designed to be easily moved from one computing environment to another.
  • private cloud (internal cloud or corporate cloud) - Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.
  • private cloud appliance - A private cloud appliance is a hardware device that provides software-defined converged infrastructure functions for an organization’s proprietary network.
  • private cloud storage (internal cloud storage) - Private cloud storage, also called internal cloud storage, is a service delivery model for storage within a large enterprise.
  • private PaaS (private platform as a service) - Private platform as a service (private PaaS) is software that facilitates development, deployment and operations for IT on a private infrastructure or behind a firewall.
  • provisioning - In general, provisioning means "providing" or making something available.
  • public cloud storage - Public cloud storage, also called storage-as-a-service or online storage is a service model that provides data storage on a pay-per-use basis, similar to the way a public utility like electric or gas provides and charges for services.
  • Racemi - Racemi is a data center software vendor that specializes in cloud provisioning and cloud migration products.
  • Rackspace Cloud - Cloud provider Rackspace offers several different cloud storage services including Cloud Files, Cloud Block Storage and Cloud Backup.
  • Rackspace Fanatical Support - Rackspace Fanatical Support is Rackspace's customer service program, which provides support for customers using its managed hosting services and cloud platforms.
  • Rapid Access Computing Environment (RACE) - Rapid Access Computing Environment (RACE) is a United States federal government infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) initiative for developing and testing new Department of Defense (DoD) software applications.
  • Red Hat Certified Cloud Provider - A Red Hat Certified Cloud Provider is a member in the company's cloud partner program that has met requirements to offer Red Hat products and services in a cloud computing environment.
  • Red Hat Cloud Partner Program - The Red Hat Cloud Partner Program is an initiative offering Red Hat certification for cloud providers.
  • Red Hat Storage (RHS) - Red Hat Storage is a new distributed file system based on the Gluster file system.

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