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Computer Science

Definitions about computer science including computing fundamentals vocabulary, protocol and standards terminology, words about microprocessors and terms used in electronics.

Artificial intelligence (AI)

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

  • Unmanned Systems Technology (UST)

    Unmanned Systems Technology (UST) is the software and hardware systems that drive semi- and fully-autonomous vehicles.

  • cognitive modeling

    Cognitive modeling is an area of computer science that deals with simulating human problem-solving and mental processing in a computerized model.

  • machine-to-machine (M2M)

    Machine-to-machine, or M2M, is a broad label that can be used to describe any technology that enables networked devices to exchange information and perform actions without the manual assistance of humans.

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Computing fundamentals

Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

  • collaborative robot (cobot)

    A collaborative robot, also known as a cobot, is a robot that is capable of learning multiple tasks so it can assist human beings.

  • SkunkWorks project (Skunk Works)

    A SkunkWorks project (also known as Skunk Works) is an innovative undertaking, involving a small group of people, that is outside the normal research and development channels within an organization.

  • Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX)

    The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 is a federal law that established sweeping auditing and financial regulations for public companies.

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Electronics

Terms related to electronics, including definitions about electrical components and words and phrases about computers, laptops parts, digital cameras, televisions and home appliances.

  • microgrid

    A microgrid is a small-scale power grid that can operate independently or collaboratively with other small power grids.

  • Open Plugable Specification (OPS)

    Open Pluggable Specification (OPS) is a set of parameters for standardizing modules that add compute ability to screen readers.

  • machine-to-machine (M2M)

    Machine-to-machine, or M2M, is a broad label that can be used to describe any technology that enables networked devices to exchange information and perform actions without the manual assistance of humans.

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Fast references

Fast References and Quick Look-Ups for specific information technology (IT) topics.

  • motor vehicle record (MVR)

    A motor vehicle record (MVR) is the documentation of a person’s driving history. The information in an MVR includes personally identifiable information (PII) as well as information about the driver's traffic citations, vehicular crimes, accidents, driving under the influence (DUI) convictions and the number of points on the individual’s driver’s license.

  • United States Department of Energy (DOE)

    United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a federal cabinet agency that is tasked with overseeing the energy economy, energy policies and energy security of the U.S. The agency creates policies for nuclear power, fossil fuel and alternative energy sources.

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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

  • Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX)

    The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 is a federal law that established sweeping auditing and financial regulations for public companies.

  • OSI model (Open Systems Interconnection)

    OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) is a reference model for how applications communicate over a network.

  • CompTIA Project+

    CompTIA Project + is the Computing Technology Industry Association’s certification program designed to demonstrate validated learning and skills in project management.

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Learning guides

Guides and tutorials related to specific subjects including security, storage, programming, IT governance, data transmission, lifecycle management and technology used in vertical industries.

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Mathematics

Terms related to mathematics, including definitions about logic, algorithms and computations and mathematical terms used in computer science and business.

  • kinematics

    Kinematics is the study of the motion of mechanical points, bodies and systems without consideration of their associated physical properties and the forces acting on them.

  • random walk hypothesis

    Random walk hypothesis is a mathematical theory where a variable does not follow an apparent trend and moves seemingly at random.

  • traveling salesman problem (TSP)

    The traveling salesman problem (TSP) is an algorithmic problem tasked with finding the shortest route between a set of points and locations that must be visited.

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Microprocessors

Terms related to microprocessors, including definitions about silicon chips and words and phrases about computer processors.

  • cache memory

    Cache memory, also called CPU memory, is high-speed static random access memory (SRAM) that a computer microprocessor can access more quickly than it can access regular random access memory (RAM).

  • AI accelerator

    An AI accelerator is a microchip designed specifically to enable faster processing of artificial intelligence (AI) tasks.

  • Intel Xeon D-2100

    The Intel Xeon D-2100 processor is a system on a chip (SoC) designed with low power requirements for computing data at the device-level of Internet of Things (IoT) and smart devices.

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Nanotechnology

Terms related to nanotechnology, including manufacturing definitions and words and phrases about building machines at a molecular level.

  • digital pill

    A digital pill is a capsule with embedded sensors that send healthcare-related data to external parties.

  • smart machines

    A smart machine is a device embedded with machine-to-machine (M2M) and/or cognitive computing technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning or deep learning, all of which it uses to reason, problem-solve, make decisions and even, ultimately, take action.

  • superposition

    Superposition is the ability of a quantum system to be in multiple states at the same time until it is measured.

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Podcasts

Podcasts about information technology (IT) topics; includes definitions about producing podcasts.

  • Videocast: What is the difference between UC and UM?

    In the SearchVoIP.com videocast, Whatis.com's Alex Howard discusses the differences between unified messaging and unified communications, the features each option allows users and the development of UM to UC. Whether you are considering UC or have already implemented unified communications, this videocast embedded on the right explains the differences between the technologies and how UC will continue to impact the future of communications.

  • Podcast: What is FFIEC compliance?

    In this WhatIs.com podcast, you'll learn about this attempt to modernize existing banking practices in the context of new online threats like phishing. To learn more about FFIEC compliance, Assistant Site Editor Alex Howard interviewed Patrick Audley, the CTO of risk adaptive software provider Cogneto.

  • Podcast: What is SOA?

    In this podcast you will learn what service-oriented architecture (SOA) is, how it relates to other programming approaches and what standards and tools you need to be aware of before implementing SOA. (Continued...)

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Protocols

Terms related to communication protocols, including definitions about TCP, IP, UDP, POP, SMTP, HTTP, XML, W-CDMA and FTP.

  • IPsec (Internet Protocol Security)

    IPsec, also known as the Internet Protocol Security or IP Security protocol, defines the architecture for security services for IP network traffic.

  • Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)

    Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) is a protocol-agnostic routing technique designed to speed up and shape traffic flows across enterprise wide area and service provider networks.

  • Data-Link layer

    The data link layer is the protocol layer in a program that handles the moving of data into and out of a physical link in a network.

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Robotics

Terms related to robotics, including definitions about consumer or manufacturing robots and words and phrases about stepper motor systems, XY positioning tables, automation and artificial intelligence.

  • collaborative robot (cobot)

    A collaborative robot, also known as a cobot, is a robot that is capable of learning multiple tasks so it can assist human beings.

  • VR locomotion (virtual reality locomotion)

    VR locomotion is technology that enables movement from one place to another (locomotion) within a virtual reality environment. Locomotion through a virtual environment is enabled by a variety of methods including head bobbing and arm swinging, as well as other natural movements that translate to in-game movements.

  • locomotion

    Locomotion is directional movement that enables someone or something to move from one location to another. The word derives from the Latin words locō (place) and mōtiō (to move).

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Video Production

Definitions about producing and editing videos.

  • digital evidence presentation system (DEPS)

    A digital evidence presentation system (DEPS) is a system with an overhead camera and a liquid crystal display (LCD) used in courts to present and record evidence digitally.

  • video display unit (VDU)

    A video display unit (VDU) consists of:A computer output device that uses a cathode ray tube or other technology to present visual imagesOne or more input devices, such as a keyboard, a mouse, or both.

  • Ogg Theora

    Ogg Theora is an open-source video codec being developed by the Xiph.

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  • smart contract

    A smart contract, also known as a cryptocontract, is a computer program that directly controls the transfer of digital currencies...

  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

  • internal audit (IA)

    An internal audit (IA) is an organizational initiative to monitor and analyze its own business operations in order to determine ...

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  • incident management plan (IMP)

    An incident management plan (IMP), sometimes called an incident response plan or emergency management plan, is a document that ...

  • crisis communication

    Crisis communication is a method of corresponding with people and organizations during a disruptive event to provide them with ...

  • Zerto

    Zerto is a storage software vendor that specializes in enterprise-class business continuity and disaster recovery in virtual and ...

SearchStorage

  • SSD write cycle

    An SSD write cycle is the process of programming data to a NAND flash memory chip in a solid-state storage device.

  • data storage

    Data storage is the collective methods and technologies that capture and retain digital information on electromagnetic, optical ...

  • hard disk

    A hard disk is part of a unit -- often called a disk drive, hard drive or hard disk drive -- that stores and provides relatively ...

SearchSolidStateStorage

  • hybrid hard disk drive (HDD)

    A hybrid hard disk drive is an electromechanical spinning hard disk that contains some amount of NAND Flash memory.

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