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Computer Science

Definitions about computer science including computing fundamentals vocabulary, protocol and standards terminology, words about microprocessors and terms used in electronics.

Algorithms

Terms related to procedures or formulas for solving a problem by conducting a sequence of specified actions. In computing, algorithms in the form of mathematical instructions play an important part in search, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning.

  • machine learning algorithm

    A machine learning algorithm is the method by which the AI system conducts its task, generally predicting output values from given input data.

  • logistic regression

    Logistic regression is a statistical analysis method used to predict a data value based on prior observations of a data set.

  • algorithm

    An algorithm (pronounced AL-go-rith-um) is a procedure or formula for solving a problem, based on conducting a sequence of specified actions.

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Artificial intelligence - machine learning

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

  • cognitive search

    Cognitive search is a new generation of enterprise search that uses artificial intelligence technologies to improve users' search queries and extract relevant information from multiple, diverse data sets.

  • What Is RPA? Everything You Need to Know

    Robotic process automation technology is software that can be trained to mimic routine, labor-intensive tasks performed by humans.

  • virtual agent

    A virtual agent (sometimes called an intelligent virtual agent, virtual rep or chatbot) is a software program that uses scripted rules and, increasingly, artificial intelligence applications to provide automated service or guidance to humans.

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Computing fundamentals

Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

  • disaster recovery plan (DRP)

    A disaster recovery plan (DRP) is a documented, structured approach that describes how an organization can quickly resume work after an unplanned incident.

  • Zettabyte Era

    The Zettabyte Era is the current age in terms of digital data.

  • learning management system (LMS)

    A learning management system (LMS) is a software application or web-based technology used to plan, implement and assess a specific learning process.

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Electronics

Terms related to electronics, including definitions about electrical components and words and phrases about computers, laptops parts, digital cameras, televisions and home appliances.

  • micromobility technology

    Micromobility technology is a category of light-weight transportation designed for individual use. Examples of micromobility technology include electronic scooters and ebikes, traditional bicycles and scooters, Segways, electric skateboards, electric water bikes and hoverboards, 

  • logic gate (AND, OR, XOR, NOT, NAND, NOR and XNOR)

    A logic gate is an elementary building block of a digital circuit. There are seven basic logic gates: AND, OR, XOR, NOT, NAND, NOR, and XNOR.

  • microcontroller

    A microcontroller is a compact integrated circuit designed to govern a specific operation in an embedded system.

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Fast references

Fast References and Quick Look-Ups for specific information technology (IT) topics.

  • Text message abbreviations and acronyms

    This handy fast reference will help you quickly understand hundreds of Text, Twitter and Chat abbreviations and acronyms that are popularly used in text messages and social media. Please bookmark this page and refer back to it as needed.

  • motor vehicle record (MVR)

    A motor vehicle record (MVR) is the documentation of a person’s driving history. The information in an MVR includes personally identifiable information (PII) as well as information about the driver's traffic citations, vehicular crimes, accidents, driving under the influence (DUI) convictions and the number of points on the individual’s driver’s license.

  • United States Department of Energy (DOE)

    United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a federal cabinet agency that is tasked with overseeing the energy economy, energy policies and energy security of the U.S. The agency creates policies for nuclear power, fossil fuel and alternative energy sources.

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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

  • MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport)

    MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport) is a lightweight messaging protocol that provides resource-constrained network clients with a simple way to distribute telemetry information.

  • quality control (QC)

    Quality control (QC) is a procedure or set of procedures intended to ensure that a manufactured product or performed service adheres to a defined set of quality criteria or meets the requirements of the client or customer.

  • alphanumeric (alphameric)

    Alphanumeric, also referred to as alphameric, is a term that encompasses all of the letters and numerals in a given language set.

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Learning guides

Guides and tutorials related to specific subjects including security, storage, programming, IT governance, data transmission, lifecycle management and technology used in vertical industries.

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Mathematics

Terms related to mathematics, including definitions about logic, algorithms and computations and mathematical terms used in computer science and business.

  • deductive reasoning

    Deductive reasoning is a logical process in which a conclusion is based on the accordance of multiple premises that are generally assumed to be true.

  • prime number

    A prime number is a whole number greater than 1 whose only factors are 1 and itself. A factor is a whole numbers that can be divided evenly into another number.

  • unique identifier (UID)

    A unique identifier (UID) is a numeric or alphanumeric string that is associated with a single entity within a given system.

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Microprocessors

Terms related to microprocessors, including definitions about silicon chips and words and phrases about computer processors.

  • register (processor register, CPU register)

    A processor register is one of a small set of data holding places that are part of a processor, or CPU, in a computer.

  • server virtualization

    Server virtualization is a process that creates and abstracts multiple virtual instances on a single server.

  • Ice Lake

    Ice Lake is a coming Intel central processing unit (CPU) product generation that is expected to be on the long awaited 10nm process.

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Nanotechnology

Terms related to nanotechnology, including manufacturing definitions and words and phrases about building machines at a molecular level.

  • quantum theory

    Quantum theory is the theoretical basis of modern physics explaining the nature and behavior of matter and energy on the atomic and subatomic level, sometimes called quantum mechanics or quantum physics. This definition provides an introduction to quantum theory.

  • quantum microphone

    A quantum microphone is an extremely device that detects the smallest particles of sound, such as packets of vibrational energy called phonons.

  • MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems)

    A MEMS (micro-electromechanical system) is a miniature machine that has both mechanical and electronic components.

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Podcasts

Podcasts about information technology (IT) topics; includes definitions about producing podcasts.

  • Videocast: What is the difference between UC and UM?

    In the SearchVoIP.com videocast, Whatis.com's Alex Howard discusses the differences between unified messaging and unified communications, the features each option allows users and the development of UM to UC. Whether you are considering UC or have already implemented unified communications, this videocast embedded on the right explains the differences between the technologies and how UC will continue to impact the future of communications.

  • Podcast: What is FFIEC compliance?

    In this WhatIs.com podcast, you'll learn about this attempt to modernize existing banking practices in the context of new online threats like phishing. To learn more about FFIEC compliance, Assistant Site Editor Alex Howard interviewed Patrick Audley, the CTO of risk adaptive software provider Cogneto.

  • Podcast: What is SOA?

    In this podcast you will learn what service-oriented architecture (SOA) is, how it relates to other programming approaches and what standards and tools you need to be aware of before implementing SOA. (Continued...)

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Protocols

Terms related to communication protocols, including definitions about TCP, IP, UDP, POP, SMTP, HTTP, XML, W-CDMA and FTP.

  • Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)

    Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) is a protocol-agnostic routing technique designed to speed up and shape traffic flows across enterprise wide area and service provider networks.

  • DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)

    DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a network management protocol used to dynamically assign an Internet Protocol (IP) address to any device, or node, on a network so they can communicate using IP.

  • LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

    LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a software protocol for enabling anyone to locate data such as organizations, individuals and other resources such as files and devices in a network -- whether on the public internet or on a corporate intranet.

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Robotics

Terms related to robotics, including definitions about consumer or manufacturing robots and words and phrases about stepper motor systems, XY positioning tables, automation and artificial intelligence.

  • bot (robot)

    A bot (short for 'robot' and also called an internet bot) is a computer program that operates as an agent to either simulate a human activity or for a user or another program.

  • artificial intelligence

    Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems.

  • chatbot

    A chatbot -- sometimes referred to as a chatterbot -- is programming that simulates the conversation or "chatter" of a human being through text or voice interactions.

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Video Production

Definitions about producing and editing videos.

  • cinemagraph

    A cinemagraph is an image that combines still photography with active video to create a picture that contains a small moving element while the rest is frozen.

  • videogrammetry

    Videogrammetry is the extraction of an object’s measurements from a video; measurements may be gathered from multiple angles or multiple videos.

  • digital evidence presentation system (DEPS)

    A digital evidence presentation system (DEPS) is a system with an overhead camera and a liquid crystal display (LCD) used in courts to present and record evidence digitally.

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SearchCompliance

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

  • compliance as a service (CaaS)

    Compliance as a Service (CaaS) is a cloud service service level agreement (SLA) that specified how a managed service provider (...

  • data protection impact assessment (DPIA)

    A data protection impact assessment (DPIA) is a process designed to help organizations determine how data processing systems, ...

SearchSecurity

  • quantum key distribution (QKD)

    Quantum key distribution (QKD) is a secure communication method for exchanging encryption keys only known between shared parties.

  • identity theft

    Identity theft, also known as identity fraud, is a crime in which an imposter obtains key pieces of personally identifiable ...

  • cybercrime

    Cybercrime is any criminal activity that involves a computer, networked device or a network.

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • disaster recovery plan (DRP)

    A disaster recovery plan (DRP) is a documented, structured approach that describes how an organization can quickly resume work ...

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • disaster recovery team

    A disaster recovery team is a group of individuals focused on planning, implementing, maintaining, auditing and testing an ...

SearchStorage

  • logical unit number (LUN)

    A logical unit number (LUN) is a unique identifier for designating an individual or collection of physical or virtual storage ...

  • NVMe over Fabrics (NVMe-oF)

    NVMe over Fabrics, also known as NVMe-oF and non-volatile memory express over fabrics, is a protocol specification designed to ...

  • CIFS (Common Internet File System)

    CIFS (Common Internet File System) is a protocol that gained popularity around the year 2000, as vendors worked to establish an ...

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