Browse Definitions :

Computer Science

Definitions about computer science including computing fundamentals vocabulary, protocol and standards terminology, words about microprocessors and terms used in electronics.

Artificial intelligence - machine learning

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

  • facial recognition

    Facial recognition is a category of biometric software that maps an individual's facial features mathematically and stores the data as a faceprint.

  • smart farming

    Smart farming is a management concept focused on providing the agricultural industry with the infrastructure to leverage advanced technology – including big data, the cloud and the internet of things (IoT) – for tracking, monitoring, automating and analyzing operations.

  • Turing Test

    A Turing Test is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being.

View All Artificial intelligence - machine learning Definitions

Computing fundamentals

Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

  • data structure

    A data structure is a specialized format for organizing, processing, retrieving and storing data.

  • Turing Test

    A Turing Test is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being.

  • application program interface (API)

    An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.

View All Computing fundamentals Definitions Back to Top

Electronics

Terms related to electronics, including definitions about electrical components and words and phrases about computers, laptops parts, digital cameras, televisions and home appliances.

  • tracking array

    A tracking array is a collection of solar panels that turn to follow the path of the sun in order to maximize the solar radiation on the photovoltaic (PV) surface and convert light into electrical current.

  • field-effect transistor (FET)

    A field-effect transistor (FET) is a type of transistor commonly used for weak-signal amplification (for example, for amplifying wireless signals).

  • Ohm's Law

    Ohm's Law is the mathematical relationship among electric current, resistance, and voltage.

View All Electronics Definitions Back to Top

Fast references

Fast References and Quick Look-Ups for specific information technology (IT) topics.

  • Text message abbreviations and acronyms

    This handy fast reference will help you quickly understand hundreds of Text, Twitter and Chat abbreviations and acronyms that are popularly used in text messages and social media. Please bookmark this page and refer back to it as needed.

  • motor vehicle record (MVR)

    A motor vehicle record (MVR) is the documentation of a person’s driving history. The information in an MVR includes personally identifiable information (PII) as well as information about the driver's traffic citations, vehicular crimes, accidents, driving under the influence (DUI) convictions and the number of points on the individual’s driver’s license.

  • United States Department of Energy (DOE)

    United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a federal cabinet agency that is tasked with overseeing the energy economy, energy policies and energy security of the U.S. The agency creates policies for nuclear power, fossil fuel and alternative energy sources.

View All Fast references Definitions Back to Top

IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

  • Media Rating Council (MRC)

    The Media Rating Council (MRC) is an industry-funded organization whose purpose is to review and accredit audience rating services within the media industry and secure a measurement service that is valid, reliable and effective.

  • syslog

    Syslog is an IETF RFC 5424 standard protocol for computer logging and collection that is popular in Unix-like systems including servers, networking equipment and IoT devices.

  • RAID (redundant array of independent disks)

    RAID (redundant array of independent disks) is a way of storing the same data in different places on multiple hard disks to protect data in the case of a drive failure.

View All IT standards and organizations Definitions Back to Top

Learning guides

Guides and tutorials related to specific subjects including security, storage, programming, IT governance, data transmission, lifecycle management and technology used in vertical industries.

View All Learning guides Definitions Back to Top

Mathematics

Terms related to mathematics, including definitions about logic, algorithms and computations and mathematical terms used in computer science and business.

  • independent variable

    An independent variable is a variable that is manipulated to determine the value of a dependent variable.

  • natural number

    A natural number is a number that occurs commonly and obviously in nature.

  • algorithm

    An algorithm (pronounced AL-go-rith-um) is a procedure or formula for solving a problem, based on conducting a sequence of specified actions.

View All Mathematics Definitions Back to Top

Microprocessors

Terms related to microprocessors, including definitions about silicon chips and words and phrases about computer processors.

  • cache memory

    Cache memory, also called CPU memory, is high-speed static random access memory (SRAM) that a computer microprocessor can access more quickly than it can access regular random access memory (RAM).

  • smart card

    A smart card is a physical card that has an embedded integrated chip that acts as a security token.

  • neuromorphic chip

    A neuromorphic chip is an analog data processor inspired by the biological brain.

View All Microprocessors Definitions Back to Top

Nanotechnology

Terms related to nanotechnology, including manufacturing definitions and words and phrases about building machines at a molecular level.

  • MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems)

    A MEMS (micro-electromechanical system) is a miniature machine that has both mechanical and electronic components.

  • nanocrystal

    A nanocrystal is a crystalline particle with at least one dimension measuring less than 1000 nanometers (nm), where 1 nm is defined as 1 thousand-millionth of a meter (10-9 m).

  • biotechnology (biotech)

    Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life.

View All Nanotechnology Definitions Back to Top

Podcasts

Podcasts about information technology (IT) topics; includes definitions about producing podcasts.

  • Videocast: What is the difference between UC and UM?

    In the SearchVoIP.com videocast, Whatis.com's Alex Howard discusses the differences between unified messaging and unified communications, the features each option allows users and the development of UM to UC. Whether you are considering UC or have already implemented unified communications, this videocast embedded on the right explains the differences between the technologies and how UC will continue to impact the future of communications.

  • Podcast: What is FFIEC compliance?

    In this WhatIs.com podcast, you'll learn about this attempt to modernize existing banking practices in the context of new online threats like phishing. To learn more about FFIEC compliance, Assistant Site Editor Alex Howard interviewed Patrick Audley, the CTO of risk adaptive software provider Cogneto.

  • Podcast: What is SOA?

    In this podcast you will learn what service-oriented architecture (SOA) is, how it relates to other programming approaches and what standards and tools you need to be aware of before implementing SOA. (Continued...)

View All Podcasts Definitions Back to Top

Protocols

Terms related to communication protocols, including definitions about TCP, IP, UDP, POP, SMTP, HTTP, XML, W-CDMA and FTP.

  • LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)

    LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a software protocol for enabling anyone to locate organizations, individuals, and other resources such as files and devices in a network, whether on the public Internet or on a corporate intranet.

  • Routing Information Protocol (RIP)

    RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a protocol used to enable routers to share information about IP traffic routes as they move traffic within a larger network made up of separate LANs linked through routers.

  • TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)

    TCP/IP, or the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, is a suite of communication protocols used to interconnect network devices on the internet. TCP/IP can also be used as a communications protocol in a private network (an intranet or an extranet).

View All Protocols Definitions Back to Top

Robotics

Terms related to robotics, including definitions about consumer or manufacturing robots and words and phrases about stepper motor systems, XY positioning tables, automation and artificial intelligence.

  • vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft

    A vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft is a vehicle that can depart, hover and land vertically.

  • Turing Test

    A Turing Test is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being.

  • social robot

    Social robot definition: A social robot is designed to interact and collaborate with humans and other robots.

View All Robotics Definitions Back to Top

Video Production

Definitions about producing and editing videos.

  • videogrammetry

    Videogrammetry is the extraction of an object’s measurements from a video; measurements may be gathered from multiple angles or multiple videos.

  • digital evidence presentation system (DEPS)

    A digital evidence presentation system (DEPS) is a system with an overhead camera and a liquid crystal display (LCD) used in courts to present and record evidence digitally.

  • video display unit (VDU)

    A video display unit (VDU) consists of:A computer output device that uses a cathode ray tube or other technology to present visual imagesOne or more input devices, such as a keyboard, a mouse, or both.

View All Video Production Definitions Back to Top

-ADS BY GOOGLE

SearchCompliance

  • California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA)

    The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) is legislation in the state of California that supports an individual's right to ...

  • compliance audit

    A compliance audit is a comprehensive review of an organization's adherence to regulatory guidelines.

  • regulatory compliance

    Regulatory compliance is an organization's adherence to laws, regulations, guidelines and specifications relevant to its business...

SearchSecurity

  • endpoint detection and response (EDR)

    Endpoint detection and response (EDR) is a category of tools and technology used for protecting computer hardware devices–called ...

  • ransomware

    Ransomware is a subset of malware in which the data on a victim's computer is locked, typically by encryption, and payment is ...

  • single sign-on (SSO)

    Single sign-on (SSO) is a session and user authentication service that permits an end user to enter one set of login credentials ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • disaster recovery team

    A disaster recovery team is a group of individuals focused on planning, implementing, maintaining, auditing and testing an ...

  • cloud insurance

    Cloud insurance is any type of financial or data protection obtained by a cloud service provider. 

  • business continuity software

    Business continuity software is an application or suite designed to make business continuity planning/business continuity ...

SearchStorage

  • blockchain storage

    Blockchain storage is a way of saving data in a decentralized network which utilizes the unused hard disk space of users across ...

  • disk mirroring (RAID 1)

    RAID 1 is one of the most common RAID levels and the most reliable. Data is written to two places simultaneously, so if one disk ...

  • RAID controller

    A RAID controller is a hardware device or software program used to manage hard disk drives (HDDs) or solid-state drives (SSDs) in...

Close