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Computer Science

Definitions about computer science including computing fundamentals vocabulary, protocol and standards terminology, words about microprocessors and terms used in electronics.

Artificial intelligence - machine learning

Terms related to artificial intelligence (AI), including definitions about machine learning and words and phrases about training data, algorithms, natural language processing, neural networks and automation.

  • workflow automation

    Workflow automation is an approach to making the flow of tasks, documents and information across work-related activities perform independently in accordance with defined business rules.

  • deep learning

    Deep learning is a type of machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) that imitates the way humans gain certain types of knowledge. At its simplest, deep learning can be thought of as a way to automate predictive analytics.

  • data scientist

    A data scientist is a professional responsible for collecting, analyzing and interpreting extremely large amounts of data. The data scientist role is an offshoot of several traditional technical roles, including mathematician, scientist, statistician and computer professional.

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Computing fundamentals

Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

  • parallel processing

    Parallel processing is a method in computing of running two or more processors (CPUs) to handle separate parts of an overall task.

  • unique identifier (UID)

    A unique identifier (UID) is a numeric or alphanumeric string that is associated with a single entity within a given system.

  • hybrid application (hybrid app)

    A hybrid application (hybrid app) is one that combines elements of both native and Web applications. Hybrid apps are popular because they allow developers to write code once and still accommodate multiple platforms.

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Electronics

Terms related to electronics, including definitions about electrical components and words and phrases about computers, laptops parts, digital cameras, televisions and home appliances.

  • ambient temperature

    Ambient temperature is the air temperature of any object or environment where equipment is stored.

  • fiber optics (optical fiber)

    Fiber optics, or optical fiber, refers to the medium and the technology associated with the transmission of information as light pulses along a glass or plastic strand or fiber.

  • state of charge (SOC)

    The state of charge (SOC) is a measurement of the amount of energy available in a battery at a specific point in time. SOC is expressed as a percentage.

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Fast references

Fast References and Quick Look-Ups for specific information technology (IT) topics.

  • Text message abbreviations and acronyms

    This handy fast reference will help you quickly understand hundreds of Text, Twitter and Chat abbreviations and acronyms that are popularly used in text messages and social media. Please bookmark this page and refer back to it as needed.

  • motor vehicle record (MVR)

    A motor vehicle record (MVR) is the documentation of a person’s driving history. The information in an MVR includes personally identifiable information (PII) as well as information about the driver's traffic citations, vehicular crimes, accidents, driving under the influence (DUI) convictions and the number of points on the individual’s driver’s license.

  • United States Department of Energy (DOE)

    United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a federal cabinet agency that is tasked with overseeing the energy economy, energy policies and energy security of the U.S. The agency creates policies for nuclear power, fossil fuel and alternative energy sources.

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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

  • Total Quality Management (TQM)

    Total Quality Management is a management framework based on the belief that an organization can build long-term success by having all its members, from low-level workers to its highest ranking executives, focus on quality improvement and, thus, delivering customer satisfaction.

  • MIS (management information systems)

    MIS, or management information systems, is the software and hardware to support critical business applications. MIS also refers to the staff who select and manage these systems.

  • email address internationalization (EAI)

    Email address internationalization (EAI) is a process that enables email addresses with either the domain name or mailbox name in different languages and scripts to work properly when sending and receiving emails.

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Learning guides

Guides and tutorials related to specific subjects including security, storage, programming, IT governance, data transmission, lifecycle management and technology used in vertical industries.

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Mathematics

Terms related to mathematics, including definitions about logic, algorithms and computations and mathematical terms used in computer science and business.

  • unique identifier (UID)

    A unique identifier (UID) is a numeric or alphanumeric string that is associated with a single entity within a given system.

  • data analytics (DA)

    Data analytics (DA) is the science of examining raw data with the purpose of drawing conclusions about that information.

  • independent variable

    An independent variable is a variable that is manipulated to determine the value of a dependent variable.

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Microprocessors

Terms related to microprocessors, including definitions about silicon chips and words and phrases about computer processors.

  • Ice Lake

    Ice Lake is a coming Intel central processing unit (CPU) product generation that is expected to be on the long awaited 10nm process.

  • blade server

    A blade server, sometimes referred to as a high-density server, is a compact device containing a computer used to manage and distribute data in a collection of computers and systems, called a network.

  • processor (CPU)

    A processor is the logic circuitry that responds to and processes the basic instructions that drive a computer.

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Nanotechnology

Terms related to nanotechnology, including manufacturing definitions and words and phrases about building machines at a molecular level.

  • quantum microphone

    A quantum microphone is an extremely device that detects the smallest particles of sound, such as packets of vibrational energy called phonons.

  • MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems)

    A MEMS (micro-electromechanical system) is a miniature machine that has both mechanical and electronic components.

  • nanocrystal

    A nanocrystal is a crystalline particle with at least one dimension measuring less than 1000 nanometers (nm), where 1 nm is defined as 1 thousand-millionth of a meter (10-9 m).

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Podcasts

Podcasts about information technology (IT) topics; includes definitions about producing podcasts.

  • Videocast: What is the difference between UC and UM?

    In the SearchVoIP.com videocast, Whatis.com's Alex Howard discusses the differences between unified messaging and unified communications, the features each option allows users and the development of UM to UC. Whether you are considering UC or have already implemented unified communications, this videocast embedded on the right explains the differences between the technologies and how UC will continue to impact the future of communications.

  • Podcast: What is FFIEC compliance?

    In this WhatIs.com podcast, you'll learn about this attempt to modernize existing banking practices in the context of new online threats like phishing. To learn more about FFIEC compliance, Assistant Site Editor Alex Howard interviewed Patrick Audley, the CTO of risk adaptive software provider Cogneto.

  • Podcast: What is SOA?

    In this podcast you will learn what service-oriented architecture (SOA) is, how it relates to other programming approaches and what standards and tools you need to be aware of before implementing SOA. (Continued...)

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Protocols

Terms related to communication protocols, including definitions about TCP, IP, UDP, POP, SMTP, HTTP, XML, W-CDMA and FTP.

  • IPv6 (Internet Protocol Version 6)

    IPv6 is a set of specifications from the Internet Engineering Task Force that improves IPv4 by extending IP addresses from 32 bits to 128 bits.

  • SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)

    SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is a TCP/IP protocol used in sending and receiving e-mail.

  • API testing

    API testing refers to various methods of software testing used to determine if application programming interfaces (APIs) meet expectations of functionality, reliability, performance and security.

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Robotics

Terms related to robotics, including definitions about consumer or manufacturing robots and words and phrases about stepper motor systems, XY positioning tables, automation and artificial intelligence.

  • supervised learning

    Supervised learning, in the context of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, is a type of system in which both input and desired output data are provided.

  • concentrated solar power (CSP)

    Concentrated solar power (CSP) is an approach to generating electricity in which mirrors are used to reflect, concentrate and focus sunlight onto a specific point. The concentrated light is converted into into heat, which in turn is used to create steam. The steam is then used to drive a turbine that generates electrical power.

  • mobile robot (mobile robotics)

    A mobile robot is a machine controlled by software that use sensors and other technology to identify its surroundings and move around its environment.

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Video Production

Definitions about producing and editing videos.

  • cinemagraph

    A cinemagraph is an image that combines still photography with active video to create a picture that contains a small moving element while the rest is frozen.

  • videogrammetry

    Videogrammetry is the extraction of an object’s measurements from a video; measurements may be gathered from multiple angles or multiple videos.

  • digital evidence presentation system (DEPS)

    A digital evidence presentation system (DEPS) is a system with an overhead camera and a liquid crystal display (LCD) used in courts to present and record evidence digitally.

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SearchCompliance

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

  • compliance as a service (CaaS)

    Compliance as a Service (CaaS) is a cloud service service level agreement (SLA) that specified how a managed service provider (...

  • data protection impact assessment (DPIA)

    A data protection impact assessment (DPIA) is a process designed to help organizations determine how data processing systems, ...

SearchSecurity

  • identity provider

    An identity provider is a system component that is able to provide an end user or internet-connected device with a single set of ...

  • firewall

    A firewall is software or firmware that enforces a set of rules about what data packets will be allowed to enter or leave a ...

  • encryption

    Encryption is the method by which information is converted into secret code that hides the information's true meaning. The ...

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SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • disaster recovery team

    A disaster recovery team is a group of individuals focused on planning, implementing, maintaining, auditing and testing an ...

  • cloud insurance

    Cloud insurance is any type of financial or data protection obtained by a cloud service provider. 

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