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Computing fundamentals

Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

WHI - ZUL

  • white paper - A white paper is an article that states an organization's position or philosophy about a social, political, or other subject, or a not-too-detailed technical explanation of an architecture, framework, or product technology.
  • white space device (WSD) - A white space device is an FCC-certified wireless device that can be used without an exclusive broadcast license in the RF spectrum below 700 MHz: underutilized, unlicensed portions of the spectrum called white space.
  • wipe - Wipe, in a computing context, means to erase all data on a hard drive to render it unreadable.
  • word - In computer architecture, a word is a unit of data of a defined bitlength that can be addressed and moved between storageand the computer processor.
  • workaround - A workaround is a method, sometimes used temporarily, for achieving a task or goal when the usual or planned method isn't working.
  • workload - In computing, the workload is the amount of processing that the computer has been given to do at a given time.
  • WPAN (wireless personal area network) - A WPAN (wireless personal area network) is a personal area network - a network for interconnecting devices centered around an individual person's workspace - in which the connections are wireless.
  • X dimension - In barcode technology, the X dimension is the narrowest part of a barcode's symbology.
  • X-engineering (cross-engineering) - X-engineering (sometimes called cross-engineering) is a collaborative and process-oriented approach to change management in the business world.
  • x86-64 - x86-64 is a 64-bit processing technology developed by AMD that debuted with the Opteron and Athlon 64 processor.
  • Y2K (year 2000) - Y2K is an abbreviation for "year 2000.
  • yottabyte (YB) - A yottabyte is a measure of theoretical storage capacity and is 2 to the 80th power bytes, or, in decimal, approximately 1,000 zettabytes, a trillion terabytes or a million trillion megabytes.
  • zap - In general usage, zap (noun) is spiciness, kick, or a powerful force.
  • zero (0) - In mathematics, zero, symbolized by the numeric character 0, is both a place indicator meaning "no units of this multiple" in a positional number system, and an independent value midway between +1 and -1.
  • zettabyte - A zettabyte is a unit of measurement used by technology professionals and the general public to describe a computer or other device's storage capacity.
  • Zettabyte Era - The Zettabyte Era is the current age in terms of digital data.
  • zettaflops - Zettaflop or (ZFlop) is a processing power of one septillion floating point operations per second (FLOPS).
  • zoetrope - The zoetrope (pronounced ZOH-uh-trohp), invented in 1834 by William George Horner, was an early form of motion picture projector that consisted of a drum containing a set of still images, that was turned in a circular fashion in order to create the illusion of motion.
  • Zulu (Zulu time) - Zulu (short for "Zulu time") is used in the military and in navigation generally as a term for Universal Coordinated Time (UCT), sometimes called Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) or Coordinated Universal Time (but abbreviated UTC), and formerly called Greenwich Mean Time.

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