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Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

STO - WAV

  • storage (computer storage) - Data storage is the collective methods and technologies that capture and retain digital information on electromagnetic, optical or silicon-based storage media.
  • storage consolidation - Storage consolidation, also called storage convergence is a method of centralizing data storage among multiple servers.
  • storage filer - A storage filer is a file server designed and programmed for high-volume data storage, backup, and archiving.
  • storage medium (storage media) - In computers, a storage medium is a physical device that receives and retains electronic data for applications and users and makes the data available for retrieval.
  • storage utilization - Storage utilization is a measure of how well the available data storage space in an enterprise is used.
  • storage volume - A storage volume is an identifiable unit of data storage.
  • streaming media - Streaming media is video or audio content sent in compressed form over the Internet and played immediately, rather than being saved to the hard drive.
  • suffix - A suffix is something added at the end of a word that conditions its usage or meaning.
  • summation (sum) - A summation, also called a sum, is the result of arithmetically adding numbers or quantities.
  • Sun Microsystems - Sun Microsystems (often just called "Sun"), the leading company in computers used as Web servers, also makes servers designed for use as engineering workstations, data storage products, and related software.
  • supercomputer - The first commercially successful supercomputer, the CDC (Control Data Corporation) 6600 was designed by Seymour Cray.
  • superposition - Superposition is the ability of a quantum system to be in multiple states at the same time until it is measured.
  • support - In information technology, support refers to functionality that is provided between or among products, programs, devices, modes, or accessories.
  • synchronicity - Synchronicity is a concept developed by psychologist Carl Jung to describe a perceived meaningful coincidence.
  • synchronous - In general, synchronous (pronounced SIHN-kro-nuhs, from Greek syn-, meaning "with," and chronos, meaning "time") is an adjective describing objects or events that are coordinated in time.
  • system - A system is a collection of elements or components that are organized for a common purpose.
  • system administrator (sysadmin) - A system administrator (sysadmin) is an information technolog professional who supports a multiuser computing environment and ensures continuous, optimal performance of IT services and support systems.
  • system software - System software is a type of computer program that is designed to run a computer's hardware and application programs.
  • systems thinking - Systems thinking is a holistic approach to analysis that focuses on the way that a system's constituent parts interrelate and how systems work over time and within the context of larger systems.
  • table - In computer programming, a table is a data structure used to organize information, just as it is on paper.
  • Table of Physical Constants - Quick look-up chart.
  • talk time - In customer relationship management (CRM), talk time is the amount of time a call center agent spends with a caller during a transaction.
  • taxonomy - Taxonomy is the science of classification according to a predetermined system, with the resulting catalog being used to provide a conceptual framework for discussion or analysis.
  • TCO (total cost of ownership) - Total cost of ownership (TCO) is an estimation of the expenses associated with purchasing, deploying, using and retiring a product or piece of equipment.
  • tebibyte (TiB) - A tebibyte (TiB) is a unit of measure used to describe computing capacity.
  • technological convergence - Technological convergence is a term that describes bringing previously unrelated technologies together, often in a single device.
  • telecommuting - Telecommuting is an arrangement to work outside the traditional office or workplace, usually at home or in a mobile situation.
  • telepresence - Telepresence is a sophisticated form of robotic remote control in which a human operator has a sense of being in a remote location so that the experience resembles virtual reality (VR).
  • Terabyte (TB) - A terabyte (TB) is a unit of digital data that is equal to about 1 trillion bytes.
  • teraflop - A teraflop is a measure of a computer's speed and can be expressed as: A trillion floating point operations per second 10 to the 12th power floating-point operations per second 2 to the 40th power flops Today's fastest parallel computing operations are capable of teraflop speeds.
  • term boosting - Term boosting is the ability to assign higher importance to specific words in a search engine query.
  • text - In information technology, text is a human-readable sequence of characters and the words they form that can be encoded into computer-readable formats such as ASCII.
  • The speed of end-user and backbone transmission technologies - This table shows the stated data rates for the most important end-user and backbone transmission technologies.
  • theory of relativity - Albert Einstein's theory of relativity is actually two separate theories: his special theory of relativity, postulated in the 1905 paper, The Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies and his theory of general relativity, an expansion of the earlier theory, published as The Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity in 1916.
  • thin-film transistor (TFT) - A display screen made with TFT (thin-film transistor) technology is a liquid crystal display (LCD), common in notebook and laptop computers, that has a transistor for each pixel (that is, for each of the tiny elements that control the illumination of your display).
  • thing (in the Internet of Things) - A thing, in the context of the Internet of things (IoT), is an entity or physical object that has a unique identifier, an embedded system and the ability to transfer data over a network.
  • throughput - Throughput is a term used in information technology that indicates how many units of information can be processed in a set amount of time.
  • TIFF (Tag Image File Format) - TIFF (Tag Image File Format) is a common format for exchanging raster graphics (bitmap) images between application programs, including those used for scanner images.
  • tilde - A tilde (pronounced TILL-duh or TILL-dee) looks like this: ~.
  • timeshifting - Timeshifting is the process of recording and storing data for later viewing, listening, or reading.
  • tipping point - The tipping point is the critical point in an evolving situation that leads to a new and irreversible development.
  • token - In general, a token is an object that represents something else, such as another object (either physical or virtual), or an abstract concept as, for example, a gift is sometimes referred to as a token of the giver's esteem for the recipient.
  • torque - Torque is a twisting or turning force that tends to cause rotation around an axis; it can also be thought of as the ability of something that is rotating, such as a gear or a shaft, to overcome turning resistance.
  • Total Quality Management (TQM) - Total Quality Management is a management framework based on the belief that an organization can build long-term success by having all its members, from low-level workers to its highest ranking executives, focus on quality improvement and, thus, delivering customer satisfaction.
  • transcription error - A transcription error is a specific type of data entry error that is commonly made by human operators or by optical character recognition (OCR) programs.
  • transparent - In computers, transparent means something a little different than its general meaning of having the quality of being easily seen through, coming closer to meaning invisible or undetectable.
  • transparent GIF - A transparent GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) is an image file that has one color assigned to be "transparent" so that the assigned color will be replaced by the browser's background color, whatever it may be.
  • tree network - In telecommunication networks, a tree network is a combination of two or more star networks connected together.
  • trinary - Trinary logic is three-level digital logic, with states represented by the numbers -1, 0, and 1.
  • true multitasking - True multitasking is the capacity of an operating system to carry out two or more tasks simultaneously rather than switching from one task to another.
  • trusted execution environment (TEE) - A trusted execution environment (TEE) is an area on the main processor of a device that is separated from the system’s main operating system (OS) to ensure that sensitive data can be stored and managed in a secure environment.
  • truth table - A truth table is a breakdown of a logic function by listing all possible values the function can attain.
  • Turing Test - A Turing Test is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being.
  • turnkey - Turnkey is a product or service that is designed, supplied, built, or installed fully complete and ready to operate.
  • ultra-mobile personal computer (UMPC or Ultra-mobile PC) - Ultra-mobile PC (UMPC) is a design specification for a hand-held computer that is larger than a PDA but smaller than a laptop.
  • ultrabook - An ultrabook is a category of thin and light laptop computers designed to bridge the market gap between tablets and premium notebook PCs.
  • unary - The term unary defines operators in Boolean (binary) algebra, trinary algebra, arithmetic, and set theory.
  • uncompressing (or decompressing) - Uncompressing (or decompressing) is the act of expanding a compression file back into its original form.
  • unified field theory or Theory of Everything (TOE) - Unified field theory is sometimes called the Theory of Everything (TOE, for short): the long-sought means of tying together all known phenomena to explain the nature and behavior of all matter and energy in existence.
  • union symbol - The union symbol () denotes the union of two set s.
  • unique identifier (UID) - A unique identifier (UID) is a numeric or alphanumeric string that is associated with a single entity within a given system.
  • unzipping - Unzipping is the act of extracting the files from a zipped single file or similar file archive.
  • upgrade - In computers, an upgrade is a new version of or addition to a hardware or, more often, software product that is already installed or in use.
  • UpperCamelCase - UpperCamelCase (part of CamelCase) is a naming convention in which a name is formed of multiple words that are joined together as a single word with the first letter of each of the multiple words capitalized within the new word that forms the name.
  • uptime and downtime - Uptime is a computer industry term for the time during which a computer is operational.
  • URL shortening - URL shortening is the translation of a long Uniform Resource Locator (URL) into an abbreviated alternative that redirects to the longer URL.
  • usability - Also see human-computer interaction and graphical user interface.
  • user group - In personal or business computing, a user group is a set of people who have similar interests, goals or concerns.
  • UTF-16 (16- bit Unicode Transformation Format) - UTF-16 (16- bit Unicode Transformation Format) is a standard method of encoding Unicode character data.
  • utility - In computers, a utility is a small program that provides an addition to the capabilities provided by the operating system.
  • utility computing - Utility computing is a service provisioning model in which a service provider makes computing resources and infrastructure management available to the customer as needed, and charges them for specific usage rather than a flat rate.
  • UXGA (Ultra Extended Graphics Array) - UXGA (Ultra Extended Graphics Array) is a display modein which the resolutionis 1600 pixels horizontally by 1200 pixels vertically (1600 x 1200).
  • value chain - A value chain is a concept describing the full chain of a business's activities in the creation of a product or service -- from the initial reception of materials all the way through its delivery to market, and everything in between.
  • value-added reseller (VAR) - A value-added reseller (VAR) is a company that resells software, hardware and networking products and provides value beyond order fulfillment.
  • valve - A valve is a mechanism that opens and closes to control the flow of fluids.
  • vandal - A vandal is an executable file, usually an applet or an ActiveX control, associated with a Web page that is designed to be harmful, malicious, or at the very least inconvenient to the user.
  • vanilla - In information technology, vanilla (pronounced vah-NIHL-uh) is an adjective meaning plain or basic.
  • vaporware - Vaporware is software or hardware that is announced publicly and actively promoted by a vendor even though it does not yet exist.
  • vector - A vector is a quantity or phenomenon that has two independent properties: magnitude and direction.
  • vectored interrupt - In a computer, a vectored interrupt is an I/O interrupt that tells the part of the computer that handles I/O interrupts at the hardware level that a request for attention from an I/O device has been received and and also identifies the device that sent the request.
  • vendor - A vendor is an individual or company that sells goods or services to somone else in the economic production chain.
  • Venn diagram - A Venn diagram is an illustration of the relationships between and among sets, groups of objects that share something in common.
  • video card (graphics card) - A video adapter (alternate terms include graphics card, display adapter, video card, video board and almost any combination of the words in these terms) is an integrated circuit card in a computer or, in some cases, a monitor that provides digital-to-analog conversion, video RAM, and a video controller so that data can be sent to a computer's display.
  • Vint Cerf (Vinton Gray Cerf) - Vint Cerf (Vinton Gray Cerf) is an American computer scientist best known as an Internet pioneer.
  • virtual - In computing, virtual is a digitally replicated version of something real.
  • virtual commerce (vCommerce, v-commerce, or vCom) - Virtual commerce (sometimes known as vCommerce, v-commerce, or vCom) is a type of application, service, or product feature that helps enterprises implement strategies and design Web sites for e-commerce (the buying and selling of goods and services using the Internet).
  • virtual learning environment (VLE) or managed learning environment (MLE) - A virtual learning environment (VLE) is a set of teaching and learning tools designed to enhance a student's learning experience by including computers and the Internet in the learning process.
  • virtual reality - Virtual reality is an artificial environment that is created with software and presented to the user in such a way that the user suspends belief and accepts it as a real environment.
  • virtual reality sickness (VR motion sickness) - Virtual reality sickness (VR motion sickness) is the physical discomfort that occurs when an end user's brain receives conflicting signals about self-movement in a digital environment.
  • vocoder - A vocoder is an audio processor that captures the characteristic elements of an an audio signal and then uses this characteristic signal to affect other audio signals.
  • voice morphing - Voice morphing is the software-generated alteration of a person's natural voice.
  • volatile - In general, volatile (from the Latin "volatilis" meaning "to fly")is an adjective used to describe something unstable or changeable.
  • volatile memory - Volatile memory is computer storage that only maintains its data while the device is powered.
  • von Neumann bottleneck - The von Neumann bottleneck is a limitation on throughput caused by the standard personal computer architecture.
  • wall time (real-world time or wall-clock time) - Wall time, also called real-world time or wall-clock time, refers to elapsed time as determined by a chronometer such as a wristwatch or wall clock.
  • warez - Warez (pronounced as though spelled "wares" or possibly by some pronounced like the city of "Juarez") is a term used by software "pirates" to describe software that has been stripped of its copy-protection and made available on the Internet for downloading.
  • Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulation (WEEE) - Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulation (WEEE) is a directive in the European Union that designates safe and responsible collection, recycling and recovery procedures for all types of electronic waste.
  • Wave file - A Wave file is an audio file format, created by Microsoft, that has become a standard PC audio file format for everything from system and game sounds to CD-quality audio.
  • wave number - The term wave number refers to the number of complete wave cycles of an electromagnetic field (EM field) that exist in one meter (1 m) of linear space.
SearchCompliance
  • ISO 31000 Risk Management

    The ISO 31000 Risk Management framework is an international standard that provides businesses with guidelines and principles for ...

  • pure risk

    Pure risk refers to risks that are beyond human control and result in a loss or no loss with no possibility of financial gain.

  • risk reporting

    Risk reporting is a method of identifying risks tied to or potentially impacting an organization's business processes.

SearchSecurity
  • Twofish

    Twofish is a symmetric-key block cipher with a block size of 128 bits and variable-length key of size 128, 192 or 256 bits.

  • walled garden

    On the internet, a walled garden is an environment that controls the user's access to network-based content and services.

  • potentially unwanted program (PUP)

    A potentially unwanted program (PUP) is a program that may be unwanted, despite the possibility that users consented to download ...

SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • fault-tolerant

    Fault-tolerant technology is a capability of a computer system, electronic system or network to deliver uninterrupted service, ...

  • synchronous replication

    Synchronous replication is the process of copying data over a storage area network, local area network or wide area network so ...

SearchStorage
  • Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA)

    Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) is a technology that enables two networked computers to exchange data in main memory without ...

  • storage (computer storage)

    Data storage is the collective methods and technologies that capture and retain digital information on electromagnetic, optical ...

  • storage medium (storage media)

    In computers, a storage medium is a physical device that receives and retains electronic data for applications and users and ...

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