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Consumer Technology

Definitions about consumer technology including Internet acronyms, tech lingo, multimedia definitions, words about personal computing and peripherals as well as terms used in wireless and mobile computing.

Desktops and laptops

Terms related to PCs, including definitions about desktop computers and words and phrases about computer components.

  • principle of least privilege (POLP)

    The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for users to the bare minimum permissions they need to perform their work.

  • channel partner

    A channel partner is a person or organization that provides services or sells products on behalf of a software, hardware, networking or cloud services vendor. Value-added resellers (VARs), systems integrators (SIs), consultants, managed service providers (MSPs), original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), distributors and independent software vendors (ISVs) may all be called channel partners.

  • phase-change memory (PCM)

    Phase-change memory (PCM) is a form of computer RAM (random-access memory) that stores data by altering the state of the matter from which the device is fabricated.

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End user hardware

Terms related to peripheral devices including definitions about keyboards or mice and words and phrases about printers, monitors, digital cameras and scanners.

  • LTO (Linear Tape-Open) tape

    LTO (Linear Tape-Open) tape is an open-format tape storage technology created by Hewlett-Packard (HP), International Business Machines (IBM) and Seagate Technology.

  • data storage

    Data storage is the collective methods and technologies that capture and retain digital information on electromagnetic, optical or silicon-based storage media.

  • direct-attached storage (DAS)

    Direct-attached storage (DAS) is computer storage that is connected to one computer and not accessible to other computers.

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Internet acronyms and lingo

Terms related to Internet acronyms and lingo, including slang definitions and jargon about texting, Twitter and other social networking sites.

  • LARP (Live Action Role Playing)

    LARP (Live Action Role Playing), also called LARPing, is a character-based type of gameplay that is conducted in the physical world. LARP combines elements of improvisational acting, pervasive gaming, cosplay (costume play) and role playing games.

  • hacktivism

    Hacktivism is the act of hacking, or breaking into a computer system, for a politically or socially motivated purpose.

  • simultaneous localization and mapping

    Simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) is the synchronous location awareness and recording of the environment in a map of a computer, device, robot, drone or other autonomous vehicle.

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Internet technologies

This WhatIs.com glossary contains terms related to Internet technologies, including definitions about port numbers, standards and protocols and words and phrases about how the Internet works.

  • cache (computing)

    A cache -- pronounced CASH -- is hardware or software that is used to store something, usually data, temporarily in a computing environment.

  • SEO (search engine optimization)

    Search engine optimization (SEO) is an area of website development that seeks to improve the way content is ranked by search engines. To put the focus on the website visitor, its been suggested that acronym SEO should stand for search experience optimization.

  • IOTA

    IOTA is a distributed ledger technology for IoT devices that will facilitate machine to machine (M2M) transactions in the M2M economy. IOTA was created by the non-profit foundation of the same name.

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Multimedia and graphics

Terms related to multimedia, including graphics, animation and video definitions and words and phrases about images and sound.

  • computational photography

    Computational photography is the use of computer processing capabilities in cameras to produce an enhanced image beyond what the lens and sensor pics up in a single shot.

  • motion capture (mo-cap)

    Motion capture (mo-cap) is the use of sensors on real bodies (objects and beings) to track motion and record the movements digitally, typically for transferring to virtual 3D imaging.

  • brain hijacking

    Brain hijacking is the application of principles from fields including neuroscience, behavioral psychology and sociology to develop compulsive elements for consumer technologies.

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Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

  • PC as a service (PCaaS)

    PC as a service (PCaaS) is a device lifecycle management model in which an organization pays a monthly subscription fee to lease endpoint hardware and management services from a vendor.

  • Bitcoin ATM

    A Bitcoin ATM is an automated teller machine that lets users buy, sell and transfer the cryptocurrency, just as regular ATMs provide financial services related to traditional currencies.

  • LTE (Long Term Evolution)

    Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a standard for 4G wireless broadband technology that offers increased network capacity and speed to mobile device users.

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Printers

Terms related to printers, including definitions about scanners and words and phrases about inkjet, laser, photo and all-in-one printers.

  • rafts, skirts and brims

    Rafts, skirts and brims are structures created at the base of the bottom of a 3D print. These structures are temporary and used to improve print reliability and quality.

  • print bed

    A print bed is the surface on a 3D printer where a print head lays down the materials that make up a 3D print.

  • heat bed

    A heat bed is an additional module for a 3D printer that makes the cooling process of 3D printed materials more controlled, for better results.

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Wireless and mobile

Terms related to wireless and mobile technology, including definitions about consumer mobile technology devices and communication technologies such as Wi-Fi, WiMAX and LTE.

  • push notification

    Push notification, also called server push notification, is the delivery of information from a software application to a computing device without a specific request from the client.

  • Pretty Please mode

    Pretty Please mode is a feature added to require the use of “please” and “thank you” in voice commands for Google Assistant as used on Android devices and Google Home.

  • LTE (Long Term Evolution)

    Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a standard for 4G wireless broadband technology that offers increased network capacity and speed to mobile device users.

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SearchCompliance

  • Whistleblower Protection Act

    The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 is a law that protects federal government employees in the United States from ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract, also known as a cryptocontract, is a computer program that directly controls the transfer of digital currencies...

  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

SearchSecurity

  • certificate authority (CA)

    A certificate authority (CA) is a trusted entity that issues digital certificates, which are data files used to cryptographically...

  • hacktivism

    Hacktivism is the act of hacking, or breaking into a computer system, for a politically or socially motivated purpose.

  • advanced persistent threat (APT)

    An advanced persistent threat (APT) is a prolonged and targeted cyberattack in which an intruder gains access to a network and ...

SearchHealthIT

  • Cerner Corp.

    Cerner Corp. is a public company in North Kansas City, Mo., that provides various health information technologies, ranging from ...

  • clinical decision support system (CDSS)

    A clinical decision support system (CDSS) is an application that analyzes data to help healthcare providers make decisions and ...

  • Health IT (health information technology)

    Health IT (health information technology) is the area of IT involving the design, development, creation, use and maintenance of ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • tabletop exercise (TTX)

    A tabletop exercise (TTX) is a disaster preparedness activity that takes participants through the process of dealing with a ...

  • risk mitigation

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a data center.

  • ransomware recovery

    Ransomware recovery is the process of resuming options following a cyberattack that demands payment in exchange for unlocking ...

SearchStorage

  • file system

    In a computer, a file system -- sometimes written filesystem -- is the way in which files are named and where they are placed ...

  • storage virtualization

    Storage virtualization is the pooling of physical storage from multiple storage devices into what appears to be a single storage ...

  • cache (computing)

    A cache -- pronounced CASH -- is hardware or software that is used to store something, usually data, temporarily in a computing ...

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