Browse Definitions :

Data and data management

Terms related to data, including definitions about data warehousing and words and phrases about data management.

INL - ROT

  • inline deduplication - Inline deduplication is the removal of redundancies from data before or as it is being written to a backup device.
  • intelligence (intel) - According to the FBI, intelligence is both the information itself and the processes used to collect and analyze it.
  • intelligent database - An intelligent database is a full-text database that employs artficial intelligence (AI), interacting with users to ensure that returned items (hits) contain the most relevant information possible.
  • IP surveillance - IP surveillance is a digitized and networked version of closed-circuit television (CCTV).
  • IT incident management - IT incident management is an area of IT service management (ITSM) wherein the IT team returns a service to normal as quickly as possible after a disruption, in a way that aims to create as little negative impact on the business as possible.
  • JAQL (json query language) - JAQL is a query language for the JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) data interchange format.
  • Java Data Objects (JDO) - Java Data Objects (JDO) is an application program interface (API) that enables a Java programmer to access a database implicitly - that is, without having to make explicit Structured Query Language (SQL) statements.
  • Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) - Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an API packaged with the Java SE edition that makes it possible to connect from a Java Runtime Environment (JRE) to external, relational database systems.
  • JDBC Connector (Java Database Connectivity Connector) - The JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) Connector is a program that enables various databases to be accessed by Java application servers that are run on the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) from Sun Microsystems.
  • job - In certain computer operating systems, a job is the unit of work that a computer operator gives to the operating system.
  • job scheduler - A job scheduler is a program that enables an enterprise to schedule and, in some cases, monitor computer 'batch' jobs (units of work, such as the running of a payroll program).
  • JOLAP (Java Online Analytical Processing) - JOLAP (Java Online Analytical Processing) is a Java application-programming interface (API) for the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) environment that supports the creation, storage, access, and management of data in an online analytical processing (OLAP) application.
  • key-value pair (KVP) - A key-value pair (KVP) is a set of two linked data items: a key, which is a unique identifier for some item of data, and the value, which is either the data that is identified or a pointer to the location of that data.
  • Kibana - Kibana is an open source data visualization and exploration platform from Elastic that is specialized for large volumes of streaming and real-time data.
  • knowledge management (KM) - Knowledge management is the process by which an enterprise gathers, organizes, shares and analyzes its knowledge in a way that is easily accessible to employees.
  • knowledge process outsourcing (KPO) - Knowledge process outsourcing (KPO) is the allocation of relatively high-level tasks to an outside organization or a different group within the same organization.
  • knowledge-based authentication (KBA) - In a KBA scheme, the user is asked to answer at least one "secret" question before being allowed to change account settings or reset a password.
  • Lambda architecture - Lambda architecture is an approach to big data management that provides access to batch processing and near real-time processing with a hybrid approach.
  • latent data (ambient data) - Latent data, also known as ambient data, is the information in computer storage that is not referenced in file allocation tables and is generally not viewable through the operating system (OS) or standard applications.
  • library - In computing, a library is a collection of similar objects that are stored for occasional use - most frequently, programs in source code or object code form, data files, scripts, templates, fonts, and physical storage units such as tape cartridges.
  • LISP (list processing) - LISP, an acronym for list processing, is a programming language that was designed for easy manipulation of data strings.
  • LTO-2 (Linear Tape-Open 2) - LTO-2 is the second tape format from the Linear Tape-Open (LTO) Consortium.
  • LTO-8 (Linear Tape-Open 8) - LTO-8 is a tape format from the Linear Tape-Open Consortium released in late 2017.
  • managed file transfer (MFT) - Managed file transfer (MFT) is a type of software used to provide secure internal, external and ad-hoc data transfers through a network.
  • Manufacturing 2.0 - Manufacturing 2.
  • MapR - MapR Technologies is a distributed data platform for AI and analytics provider that enables enterprises to apply data modeling to their business processes with the goal of increasing revenue, reducing costs and mitigating risks.
  • MariaDB - MariaDB is an open source relational database management system (DBMS) that is a compatible drop-in replacement for the widely used MySQL database technology.
  • Massachusetts data protection law - What is the Massachusetts data protection law?The Massachusetts data protection law is legislation that stipulates security requirements for organizations that handle the private data of residents.
  • master data - Master data is the core data that is essential to operations in a specific business or business unit.
  • master data management (MDM) - Master data management (MDM) is a process that creates a uniform set of data on customers, products, suppliers and other business entities from different IT systems.
  • metabase (metadatabase or metadata repository) - A metabase (sometimes called a metadatabase or metadata repository) is a database for storing metadata (data that describes data) for a specific purpose.
  • metadata - Often referred to as data that describes other data, metadata is structured reference data that helps to sort and identify attributes of the information it describes.
  • metadata management - Metadata management is the oversight of data associated with data assets to ensure that information can be integrated, accessed, shared, linked, analyzed and maintained to best effect across an organization.
  • metadata repository - A metadata repository is a database of data about data (metadata).
  • metainformation - Metainformation is information about information.
  • Microsoft Azure - Microsoft Azure, formerly known as Windows Azure, is Microsoft's public cloud computing platform.
  • Microsoft Azure Data Lake - Microsoft Azure Data Lake is a highly scalable public cloud service that allows developers, scientists, business professionals and other Microsoft customers to gain insight from large, complex data sets.
  • Microsoft Office SharePoint Server (MOSS) - Microsoft Office SharePoint Server (MOSS) is the full version of a portal-based platform for collaboratively creating, managing and sharing documents and Web services.
  • Microsoft PowerPivot - PowerPivot is a free Microsoft Excel tool that increases the capabilities of Excel's pre-existing pivot table tool by allowing users to import data from multiple sources.
  • Microsoft System Center - Microsoft System Center is a suite of individually sold systems management products.
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro (Microsoft VFP) - Microsoft Visual FoxPro (VFP) is an object-oriented programming environment with a built-in relational database engine.
  • middleware - Middleware is software that is used to bridge the gap between applications and other tools or databases.
  • MOLAP (multidimensional online analytical processing) - MOLAP (multidimensional online analytical processing) is online analytical processing (OLAP) that indexes directly into a multidimensional database.
  • MPP database (massively parallel processing database) - An MPP database is a database that is optimized to be processed in parallel for many operations to be performed by many processing units at a time.
  • multidimensional database (MDB) - A multidimensional database (MDB) is a type of database that is optimized for data warehouse and online analytical processing (OLAP) applications.
  • National eGovernance Plan (NeGP) - National eGovernance Plan (NeGP) is an initiative by the government of India to combine various e-governance systems around the country to create a national network that provides government services to all citizens electronically.
  • national identity card - A national identity card is a portable document, typically a plasticized card with digitally-embedded information, that someone is required or encouraged to carry as a means of confirming their identity.
  • negative correlation - A negative correlation is a relationship between two variables such that as the value of one variable increases, the other decreases.
  • NetApp Insight - NetApp Insight is an annual technical conference series for NetApp, a computer storage and data management company.
  • noisy data - Noisy data is meaningless data.
  • NoSQL (Not Only SQL database) - NoSQL is an approach to database management that can accommodate a wide variety of data models, including key-value, document, columnar and graph formats.
  • NVDIMM (Non-Volatile Dual In-line Memory Module) - An NVDIMM (non-volatile dual in-line memory module) is hybrid computer memory that retains data during a service outage.
  • object-oriented database management system (OODBMS) - An object-oriented database management system (OODBMS), sometimes shortened to ODBMS for object database management system, is a database management system (DBMS) that supports the modelling and creation of data as objects.
  • OLAP (online analytical processing) - OLAP (online analytical processing) is a computing method that enables users to easily and selectively extract and query data in order to analyze it from different points of view.
  • Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) - Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is an open standard application programming interface (API) for accessing a database.
  • operational data store (ODS) - An operational data store (ODS) is a type of database that's often used as an interim logical area for a data warehouse.
  • Oracle - Oracle is one of the largest vendors in the enterprise IT market and the shorthand name of its flagship product, a relational database management system (RDBMS) that's formally called Oracle Database.
  • Oracle extents - Oracle extents are a set of contiguous blocks allocated in an Oracle database.
  • PaaS (platform as a service) - PaaS (platform as a service) is a cloud computing model where a third-party provider delivers hardware and software tools to users over the internet.
  • pandemic plan - A pandemic plan is a documented strategy for business continuity in the event of a widespread outbreak of a dangerous infectious disease.
  • parallel file system - A parallel file system is a software component designed to store data across multiple networked servers and to facilitate high-performance access through simultaneous, coordinated input/output operations (IOPS) between clients and storage nodes.
  • pebibyte (PiB) - A pebibyte (PiB) is a unit of measure used to describe data capacity.
  • performance scorecard - A performance scorecard is a graphic or an application that depicts the progress over time of some entity, such as an enterprise, an employee or a business unit, toward some type of goal.
  • perishable data - Perishable data is the specific bits of data within large volumes gathered that must be quickly acted upon to realize any benefit to a business.
  • personal health record (PHR) - A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual it pertains to.
  • pivot table - A pivot table is a statistics tool that summarizes and reorganizes selected columns and rows of data in a spreadsheet or database table to obtain a desired report.
  • PKZIP (or PKZip) - PKZIP (also capitalized as PKZip) is a program, originally written for the DOS operating system, that gathers multiple files into a single compressed file that can be stored in less space and transmitted more quickly from one place to another.
  • PL/SQL (procedural language extension to Structured Query Language) - In Oracle database management, PL/SQL is a procedural language extension to Structured Query Language (SQL).
  • PowerShell provider (Windows PowerShell provider) - A Windows PowerShell provider is a .
  • precision agriculture - Precision agriculture is an approach to farm management that uses information technology (IT) to ensure that plants, animals and the soil receive exactly what they need for optimum health and productivity.
  • predictive modeling - Predictive modeling, also called predictive analytics, is a mathematical process that seeks to predict future events or outcomes by analyzing patterns that are likely to forecast future results.
  • Presto - Presto is a free and open source distributed SQL query engine designed for the demands of big data.
  • primary key (primary keyword) - A primary key, also called a primary keyword, is a key in a relational database that is unique for each record.
  • product data management (PDM) - Product data management (PDM) is the process of capturing and managing the electronic information related to a product so it can be reused in business processes such as design, production, distribution and marketing.
  • production data - Production data is data that is persistently stored and essential to completing day-to-day business tasks and processes.
  • Qualified Security Assessor (QSA) - A Qualified Security Assessor (QSA) is a person who has been certified by the PCI Security Standards Council to audit merchants for Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliance.
  • qualitative data - Qualitative data is information that cannot be counted, measured or easily expressed using numbers.
  • Query by Example (QBE) - Query by Example (QBE) is a method of query creation that allows the user to search for documents based on an example in the form of a selected text string or in the form of a document name or a list of documents.
  • raw data (source data or atomic data) - Raw data (sometimes called source data, atomic data or primary data) is data that has not been processed for use.
  • RDBMS (relational database management system) - A relational database management system (RDBMS) is a collection of programs and capabilities that enable IT teams and others to create, update, administer and otherwise interact with a relational database.
  • real-time analytics - Real-time analytics is the use of data and related resources for analysis as soon as it enters the system.
  • record - In computer data processing, a record is a collection of data items arranged for processing by a program.
  • record standardization - In data management, record standardization is a process in which files are first parsed (assigned to appropriate fields in a database record) and then translated to a common format.
  • records information management (RIM) - Records information management (RIM) is a corporate area of endeavor involving the administration of all business records through their life cycle.
  • records retention schedule - A records retention schedule is a policy that depicts how long data items must be kept, as well as the disposal guidelines for these data items.
  • redundancy - Redundancy is a system design in which a component is duplicated so if it fails there will be a backup.
  • refactoring - Refactoring is the process of restructuring code, while not changing its original functionality.
  • reference data - Reference data, in the context of data management, are the data objects relevant to transactions, consisting of sets of values, statuses or classification schema.
  • registered health information technician (RHIT) - A registered health information technician (RHIT) is a certified professional who stores and verifies the accuracy and completeness of electronic health records.
  • relational database - A relational database is a collection of information that organizes data points with defined relationships for easy access.
  • relational online analytical processing (ROLAP) - Relational online analytical processing (ROLAP) is a form of online analytical processing (OLAP) that performs dynamic multidimensional analysis of data stored in a relational database rather than in a multidimensional database (which is usually considered the OLAP standard).
  • remote replication - Remote replication is the process of copying production data to a device at a remote location for data protection or disaster recovery purposes.
  • replication - Replication (pronounced rehp-lih-KA-shun) is the process of making a replica (a copy) of something.
  • Report on Compliance (ROC) - A Report on Compliance (ROC) is a form that must be completed by all Level 1 Visa merchants undergoing a PCI DSS audit.
  • repository - In information technology, a repository (pronounced ree-PAHZ-ih-tor-i) is a central place in which an aggregation of data is kept and maintained in an organized way, usually in computer storage.
  • restore point - A restore point is a saved "snapshot" of a computer's data at a specific time.
  • RFM analysis (recency, frequency, monetary) - RFM analysis is a marketing technique used to quantitatively rank and group customers based on the recency, frequency and monetary total of their recent transactions to identify the best customers and perform targeted marketing campaigns.
  • right to be forgotten - The right to be forgotten is the concept that individuals have the civil right to request that personal information be removed from the Internet.
  • rollback - A rollback is the undoing of partly completed database changes when a database transaction is determined to have failed.
  • ROT (redundant, outdated, trivial information) - ROT (redundant, obsolete or trivial) is digital documentation that an organization continues to retain even though the information that is documented has no business or legal value.
SearchCompliance
  • pure risk

    Pure risk refers to risks that are beyond human control and result in a loss or no loss with no possibility of financial gain.

  • risk reporting

    Risk reporting is a method of identifying risks tied to or potentially impacting an organization's business processes.

  • risk profile

    A risk profile is a quantitative analysis of the types of threats an organization, asset, project or individual faces.

SearchSecurity
  • script kiddie

    Script kiddie is a derogative term that computer hackers coined to refer to immature, but often just as dangerous, exploiters of ...

  • cipher

    In cryptography, a cipher is an algorithm for encrypting and decrypting data.

  • What is risk analysis?

    Risk analysis is the process of identifying and analyzing potential issues that could negatively impact key business initiatives ...

SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • fault-tolerant

    Fault-tolerant technology is a capability of a computer system, electronic system or network to deliver uninterrupted service, ...

  • synchronous replication

    Synchronous replication is the process of copying data over a storage area network, local area network or wide area network so ...

SearchStorage
  • gigabyte (GB)

    A gigabyte (GB) -- pronounced with two hard Gs -- is a unit of data storage capacity that is roughly equivalent to 1 billion ...

  • MRAM (magnetoresistive random access memory)

    MRAM (magnetoresistive random access memory) is a method of storing data bits using magnetic states instead of the electrical ...

  • storage volume

    A storage volume is an identifiable unit of data storage. It can be a removable hard disk, but it does not have to be a unit that...

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