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Data and data management

Terms related to data, including definitions about data warehousing and words and phrases about data management.

OLA - SUP

  • OLAP (online analytical processing) - OLAP (online analytical processing) is a computing method that enables users to easily and selectively extract and query data in order to analyze it from different points of view.
  • Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) - Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is an open standard application programming interface (API) for accessing a database.
  • operational data store (ODS) - An operational data store (ODS) is a type of database that's often used as an interim logical area for a data warehouse.
  • Oracle - Oracle is one of the largest vendors in the enterprise IT market and the shorthand name of its flagship product, a relational database management system (RDBMS) that's formally called Oracle Database.
  • Oracle extents - Oracle extents are a set of contiguous blocks allocated in an Oracle database.
  • pandemic plan - A pandemic plan is a documented strategy for business continuity in the event of a widespread outbreak of a dangerous infectious disease.
  • parallel file system - A parallel file system is a software component designed to store data across multiple networked servers and to facilitate high-performance access through simultaneous, coordinated input/output operations (IOPS) between clients and storage nodes.
  • parallel processing software - Parallel processing software manages the execution of a program on parallel processing hardware with the objectives of obtaining unlimited scalability (being able to handle an increasing number of interactions at the same time) and reducing execution time.
  • PCI DSS Requirements Fast Guide - A chart that lists the 6 control objectives and 12 requirements that make up the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (PCI DSS).
  • pebibyte (PiB) - A pebibyte (PiB) is a unit of measure used to describe data capacity.
  • performance scorecard - A performance scorecard is a graphic or an application that depicts the progress over time of some entity, such as an enterprise, an employee or a business unit, toward some type of goal.
  • perishable data - Perishable data is the specific bits of data within large volumes gathered that must be quickly acted upon to realize any benefit to a business.
  • personal health record (PHR) - A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual it pertains to.
  • phtml suffix (PHP) - A PHTML (or it's sometimes called a PHP) page is a Web page that includes a script written in PHP, a language comparable to JavaScript or Microsoft's VBScript.
  • pivot table - A pivot table is a statistics tool that summarizes and reorganizes selected columns and rows of data in a spreadsheet or database table to obtain a desired report.
  • PKZIP (or PKZip) - PKZIP (also capitalized as PKZip) is a program, originally written for the DOS operating system, that gathers multiple files into a single compressed file that can be stored in less space and transmitted more quickly from one place to another.
  • PL/SQL (procedural language extension to Structured Query Language) - In Oracle database management, PL/SQL is a procedural language extension to Structured Query Language (SQL).
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS) - Platform as a service (PaaS) is a cloud computing model where a third-party provider delivers hardware and software tools to users over the internet.
  • PMML (Predictive Model Markup Language) - PMML (Predictive Model Markup Language) is an XML-based language that enables the definition and sharing of predictive models between applications.
  • policy server - A policy server is a security component of a policy-based network that provides authorization services and facilitates tracking and control of files.
  • PowerShell provider (Windows PowerShell provider) - A Windows PowerShell provider is a .
  • precision agriculture - Precision agriculture is an approach to farm management that uses information technology (IT) to ensure that plants, animals and the soil receive exactly what they need for optimum health and productivity.
  • predictive modeling - Predictive modeling is a process that uses data mining and probability to forecast outcomes.
  • Presto - Presto is a free and open source distributed SQL query engine designed for the demands of big data.
  • primary key (primary keyword) - A primary key, also called a primary keyword, is a key in a relational database that is unique for each record.
  • private cloud (internal cloud or corporate cloud) - Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.
  • product data management (PDM) - Product data management (PDM) involves capturing and managing the electronic information related to a product so it can be used in various business processes, including production and marketing.
  • production data - Production data is data that is persistently stored and essential to completing day-to-day business tasks and processes.
  • quad tree - A quad tree is a method of placing and locating files (called records or keys) in a database.
  • Qualified Security Assessor (QSA) - A Qualified Security Assessor (QSA) is a person who has been certified by the PCI Security Standards Council to audit merchants for Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliance.
  • qualitative data - Qualitative data is information that cannot be counted, measured or easily expressed using numbers.
  • Query by Example (QBE) - Query by Example (QBE) is a method of query creation that allows the user to search for documents based on an example in the form of a selected text string or in the form of a document name or a list of documents.
  • raw data (source data or atomic data) - Raw data (sometimes called source data or atomic data) is data that has not been processed for meaningful use.
  • RDBMS (relational database management system) - A relational database management system (RDBMS) is a collection of programs and capabilities that enable IT teams and others to create, update, administer and otherwise interact with a relational database.
  • real-time analytics - Real-time analytics is the use of data and related resources for analysis as soon as it enters the system.
  • record - In computer data processing, a record is a collection of data items arranged for processing by a program.
  • record standardization - In data management, record standardization is a process in which files are first parsed (assigned to appropriate fields in a database record) and then translated to a common format.
  • records information management (RIM) - Records information management (RIM) is a corporate area of endeavor involving the administration of all business records through their life cycle.
  • records retention schedule - A records retention schedule is a policy that depicts how long data items must be kept, as well as the disposal guidelines for these data items.
  • redundancy - Redundancy is a system design in which a component is duplicated so if it fails there will be a backup.
  • refactoring - Refactoring is "the process of changing a software system in such a way that it does not alter the external behavior of the code yet improves its internal structure," according to Martin Fowler, the "father" of refactoring.
  • reference data - Reference data, in the context of data management, are the data objects relevant to transactions, consisting of sets of values, statuses or classification schema.
  • registered health information technician (RHIT) - A registered health information technician (RHIT) is a certified professional who stores and verifies the accuracy and completeness of electronic health records.
  • relational database - A relational database is a collection of information that organizes data points with defined relationships for easy access.
  • relational online analytical processing (ROLAP) - Relational online analytical processing (ROLAP) is a form of online analytical processing (OLAP) that performs dynamic multidimensional analysis of data stored in a relational database rather than in a multidimensional database (which is usually considered the OLAP standard).
  • Remote Data Objects (RDO) - RDO (Remote Data Objects) is an application program interface (API) from Microsoft that lets programmers writing Windows applications get access to and from both Microsoft and other database providers.
  • remote replication - Remote replication is the process of copying production data to a device at a remote location for data protection or disaster recovery purposes.
  • replication - Replication (pronounced rehp-lih-KA-shun) is the process of making a replica (a copy) of something.
  • Report on Compliance (ROC) - A Report on Compliance (ROC) is a form that must be completed by all Level 1 Visa merchants undergoing a PCI DSS audit.
  • repository - In information technology, a repository (pronounced ree-PAHZ-ih-tor-i) is a central place in which an aggregation of data is kept and maintained in an organized way, usually in computer storage.
  • restore point - A restore point is a saved "snapshot" of a computer's data at a specific time.
  • RFM analysis (recency, frequency, monetary) - RFM (recency, frequency, monetary) analysis is a marketing technique used to determine which customers are the best ones by examining how often a customer buys (recency), how long it's been since their last purchase (frequency), and.
  • right to be forgotten - The right to be forgotten is the concept that individuals have the civil right to request that personal information be removed from the Internet.
  • ROBO backup (remote data backup) - ROBO backup is the process of copying and archiving data created by remote and branch offices (ROBOs) and storing it securely.
  • rollback - A rollback is the undoing of partly completed database changes when a database transaction is determined to have failed.
  • ROT (redundant, outdated, trivial information) - ROT (redundant, obsolete or trivial) is digital documentation that an organization continues to retain even though the information that is documented has no business or legal value.
  • SAP Basis - Basis is a set of middleware programs and tools from SAP, the German company whose comprehensive R/3 product is used to help manage large corporations.
  • SAP BW (Business Warehouse) - SAP Business Warehouse (BW) is a model-driven data warehousing product based on the SAP NetWeaver ABAP platform.
  • SAP Data Services - SAP Data Services is a data integration and transformation software application.
  • SAP Integration Repository - SAP Integration Repository is the design configuration piece of the SAP Exchange Infrastructure (XI), the process integration layer of the NetWeaver component from SAP, the company that sells a widely-used enterprise application platform.
  • SAX (Simple API for XML) - SAX (Simple API for XML) is an application program interface (API) that allows a programmer to interpret a Web file that uses the Extensible Markup Language (XML) -- that is, a Web file that describes a collection of data.
  • schema - In computer programming, a schema (pronounced SKEE-mah) is the organization or structure for a database.
  • secondary data - Secondary data is research data that has previously been gathered and can be accessed by researchers.
  • security information management (SIM) - Security information management (SIM) is the practice of collecting, monitoring and analyzing security-related data from computer logs.
  • segment - A segment is a defined portion or section of something larger such as a database, geometric object, or network.
  • semantic technology - Semantic technology is a set of methods and tools that provide advanced means for categorizing and processing data, as well as for discovering relationships within varied data sets.
  • semi-structured data - Semi-structured data is data that has not been organized into a specialized format, such as a table, a record, an array or a tree but that nevertheless has associated information, such as metadata, that makes it more amenable to processing than raw data.
  • SequenceFile - A SequenceFile is a flat, binary file type that serves as a container for data to be used in Hadoop distributed compute projects.
  • server-based storage - Server-based storage is a re-emerging class of data storage that removes cost and complexity by housing storage media inside servers rather than in dedicated and custom-engineered storage arrays.
  • SFX (special effects) - SFX, an abbreviation for special effects, is a software product that makes it easy to create certain kinds of hypertext links within a collection of information such as the description of a library collection.
  • single source of truth (SSOT) - Single source of truth (SSOT) is a concept that an organization can apply as part of its information architecture to ensure that everyone in the organization uses the same data when making business decisions.
  • skewness - Skewness is asymmetry in a statistical distribution, in which the curve appears distorted or skewed either to the left or to the right.
  • small data - Small data is data presented in a volume and format that makes it accessible and actionable.
  • smart hard hat - A smart hard hat is personal protective equipment (PPE) designed to enhance worker performance and safety in construction and related industries through embedded technology.
  • Snowden effect - The Snowden effect is an increase in public awareness about information privacy and security due to Edward Snowden's revelations about the U.
  • snowflaking (snowflake schema) - In data warehousing, snowflaking is a form of dimensional modeling where dimensions are stored in multiple related dimension tables.
  • Software as a Service (SaaS) - Software as a service (SaaS) is a software distribution model in which a third-party provider hosts applications and makes them available to customers over the Internet.
  • software-defined storage (SDS) - Software-defined storage (SDS) is a computer program that manages data storage resources and functionality and has no dependencies on the underlying physical storage hardware.
  • source deduplication - Source deduplication is the removal of redundancies from data before transmission to the backup target.
  • sparsity and density - Sparsity and density are terms used to describe the percentage of cells in a database table that are not populated and populated, respectively.
  • spatial data - Spatial data, also known as geospatial data, is information about a physical object that can be represented by numerical values in a geographic coordinate system.
  • spend management - In an enterprise, spend management is managing how to spend money to best effect in order to build products and services.
  • splay tree - A splay tree is a self-adjusting search algorithm for placing and locating files (called records or keys) in a database.
  • spreadsheet - A spreadsheet is a sheet of paper that shows accounting or other data in rows and columns; a spreadsheet is also a computer application program that simulates a physical spreadsheet by capturing, displaying, and manipulating data arranged in rows and columns.
  • SQL (Structured Query Language) - SQL (Structured Query Language) is a standardized programming language that's used to manage relational databases and perform various operations on the data in them.
  • SQL Azure - SQL Azure is Microsoft’s cloud database service.
  • SQL Server 2012 - Microsoft SQL Server 2012 is a relational database management system (RDBMS) designed for the enterprise environment.
  • SQL-on-Hadoop - SQL-on-Hadoop is a class of analytical application tools that combine established SQL-style querying with newer Hadoop data framework elements.
  • SQLJ - SQLJ is a set of programming extensions that allow a programmer using the Java programming language to embed statements that provide SQL (Structured Query Language) database requests.
  • star schema - In data warehousing, a star schema is the simplest form of dimensional model, with data organized into facts and dimensions.
  • static hashing - Static hashing is a method of hashing, or shortening a string of characters in computer programming, in which the set of shortened characters remains the same length to improve the ease with which data can be accessed.
  • statistical analysis - Statistical analysis is the collection and interpretation of data in order to uncover patterns and trends.
  • storage class memory (SCM) - Storage class memory (SCM) is a type of NAND flash that includes a power source to ensure that data won't be lost due to a system crash or power failure.
  • storage resource management (SRM) - An important goal of storage resource management is to make it easier for storage administrators to reclaim unused storage.
  • stored procedure - A stored procedure is a group of statements with a specific name, which are stored inside a database, such as MySQL or Oracle.
  • streaming data architecture - A streaming data architecture is an information technology framework that puts the focus on processing data in motion and treats extract-transform-load (ETL) batch processing as just one more event in a continuous stream of events.
  • structured data - Structured data contrasts with unstructured and semi-structured data.

SearchCompliance

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard)

    The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

SearchSecurity

  • tokenization

    Tokenization is the process of replacing sensitive data with unique identification symbols that retain all the essential ...

  • incident response

    Incident response is an organized approach to addressing and managing the aftermath of a security breach or cyberattack, also ...

  • Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA)

    The Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) is United States legislation that defines a framework of guidelines and ...

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SearchDisasterRecovery

  • call tree

    A call tree is a layered hierarchical communication model that is used to notify specific individuals of an event and coordinate ...

  • Disaster Recovery as a Service (DRaaS)

    Disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS) is the replication and hosting of physical or virtual servers by a third party to provide ...

  • cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR)

    Cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR) is a combination of strategies and services intended to back up data, applications and other ...

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