Browse Definitions :

Data and data management

Terms related to data, including definitions about data warehousing and words and phrases about data management.

SAP - ZET

  • SAP Basis - Basis is a set of middleware programs and tools from SAP, the German company whose comprehensive R/3 product is used to help manage large corporations.
  • SAP BW (Business Warehouse) - SAP Business Warehouse (BW) is a model-driven data warehousing product based on the SAP NetWeaver ABAP platform.
  • SAP Data Services - SAP Data Services is a data integration and transformation software application.
  • schema - In computer programming, a schema (pronounced SKEE-mah) is the organization or structure for a database, while in artificial intelligence (AI) a schema is a formal expression of an inference rule.
  • secondary data - Secondary data is research data that has previously been gathered and can be accessed by researchers.
  • security information management (SIM) - Security information management (SIM) is the practice of collecting, monitoring and analyzing security-related data from computer logs.
  • segment - A segment is a defined portion or section of something larger such as a database, geometric object, or network.
  • semantic technology - Semantic technology is a set of methods and tools that provide advanced means for categorizing and processing data, as well as for discovering relationships within varied data sets.
  • semi-structured data - Semi-structured data is data that has not been organized into a specialized format, such as a table, a record, an array or a tree but that nevertheless has associated information, such as metadata, that makes it more amenable to processing than raw data.
  • SequenceFile - A SequenceFile is a flat, binary file type that serves as a container for data to be used in Hadoop distributed compute projects.
  • server-based storage - Server-based storage is a re-emerging class of data storage that removes cost and complexity by housing storage media inside servers rather than in dedicated and custom-engineered storage arrays.
  • SFX (special effects) - SFX, an abbreviation for special effects, is a software product that makes it easy to create certain kinds of hypertext links within a collection of information such as the description of a library collection.
  • single source of truth (SSOT) - Single source of truth (SSOT) is a concept that an organization can apply as part of its information architecture to ensure that everyone in the organization uses the same data when making business decisions.
  • skewness - Skewness is asymmetry in a statistical distribution, in which the curve appears distorted or skewed either to the left or to the right.
  • small data - Small data is data presented in a volume and format that makes it accessible and actionable.
  • smart hard hat - A smart hard hat is personal protective equipment (PPE) designed to enhance worker performance and safety in construction and related industries through embedded technology.
  • Snowden effect - The Snowden effect is an increase in public awareness about information privacy and security due to Edward Snowden's revelations about the U.
  • snowflaking (snowflake schema) - In data warehousing, snowflaking is a form of dimensional modeling where dimensions are stored in multiple related dimension tables.
  • Software as a Service (SaaS) - Software as a service (SaaS) is a software distribution model in which a third-party provider hosts applications and makes them available to customers over the Internet.
  • software-defined storage (SDS) - Software-defined storage (SDS) is a computer program that manages data storage resources and functionality and has no dependencies on the underlying physical storage hardware.
  • source deduplication - Source deduplication is the removal of redundancies from data before transmission to the backup target.
  • sparsity and density - Sparsity and density are terms used to describe the percentage of cells in a database table that are not populated and populated, respectively.
  • spatial data - Spatial data is any type of data that directly or indirectly references a specific geographical area or location.
  • spreadsheet - A spreadsheet is a computer program that can capture, display and manipulate data arranged in rows and columns.
  • SQL (Structured Query Language) - SQL (Structured Query Language) is a standardized programming language that's used to manage relational databases and perform various operations on the data in them.
  • SQL Azure - SQL Azure is Microsoft’s cloud database service.
  • SQL Server 2012 - Microsoft SQL Server 2012 is a relational database management system (RDBMS) designed for the enterprise environment.
  • SQL-on-Hadoop - SQL-on-Hadoop is a class of analytical application tools that combine established SQL-style querying with newer Hadoop data framework elements.
  • SQLJ - SQLJ is a set of programming extensions that allow a programmer using the Java programming language to embed statements that provide SQL (Structured Query Language) database requests.
  • star schema - A star schema is a database organizational structure optimized for use in a data warehouse or business intelligence that uses a single large fact table to store transactional or measured data, and one or more smaller dimensional tables that store attributes about the data.
  • static hashing - Static hashing is a method of hashing, or shortening a string of characters in computer programming, in which the set of shortened characters remains the same length to improve the ease with which data can be accessed.
  • statistical analysis - Statistical analysis is the collection and interpretation of data in order to uncover patterns and trends.
  • storage class memory (SCM) - Storage class memory (SCM) is a type of physical computer memory that combines dynamic random access memory (DRAM), NAND flash memory and a power source for data persistence.
  • stored procedure - A stored procedure is a group of statements with a specific name, which are stored inside a database, such as MySQL or Oracle.
  • stream processing - Stream processing is a data management technique that involves ingesting a continuous data stream to quickly analyze, filter, transform or enhance the data in real time.
  • streaming data architecture - A streaming data architecture is an information technology framework that puts the focus on processing data in motion and treats extract-transform-load (ETL) batch processing as just one more event in a continuous stream of events.
  • structured data - Structured data is data that has been organized into a formatted repository, typically a database, so that its elements can be made addressable for more effective processing and analysis.
  • Supply Chain Planning (SCP) - Supply chain planning (SCP) is the process of anticipating the demand for products and planning their materials and components, production, marketing, distribution and sale.
  • support vector machine (SVM) - A support vector machine (SVM) is a type of deep learning algorithm that performs supervised learning for classification or regression of data groups.
  • Sybase - Sybase is a computer software company that develops and sells database management system (DBMS) and middleware products.
  • syslog - Syslog is an IETF RFC 5424 standard protocol for computer logging and collection that is popular in Unix-like systems including servers, networking equipment and IoT devices.
  • system of record (SOR) - A system of record (SOR) is an ISRS (information storage and retrieval system) that is the authoritative source for a particular data element in a system containing multiple sources of the same element.
  • System Restore - System Restore is a utility to protect and revert the Windows client operating system to a previous state -- known as a restore point -- undoing system changes made since that time to avoid a reinstall of the operating system.
  • T-SQL (Transact-SQL) - T-SQL (Transact-SQL) is a set of programming extensions from Sybase and Microsoft that add several features to the Structured Query Language (SQL), including transaction control, exception and error handling, row processing and declared variables.
  • table - In computer programming, a table is a data structure used to organize information, just as it is on paper.
  • tablespace - In a database management system (DBMS), a tablespace is a logical group of data files in a database.
  • Tagetik - Tagetik is a software vendor of cloud-based and on-premises applications on a single platform for enterprise performance management.
  • target deduplication - Target deduplication is the removal of redundancies from a backup transmission as it passes through an appliance sitting between the source and the backup target.
  • text mining (text analytics) - Text mining is the process of exploring and analyzing large amounts of unstructured text data aided by software that can identify concepts, patterns, topics, keywords and other attributes in the data.
  • text tagging - Text tagging is the process of manually or automatically adding tags or annotation to various components of unstructured data as one step in the process of preparing such data for analysis.
  • Thunder (Salesforce Thunder) - Salesforce Thunder is a big data pipeline and rules engine designed to capture, filter and respond to events in real time; the platform was created to operate in streaming scenarios such as machine-to-machine (M2M) and Internet of Things (IoT) environments.
  • Transaction Processing Performance Council (TPC) - The Transaction Processing Performance Council (TPC) is a worldwide consortium that establishes standards intended to promote the fast, efficient and reliable execution of e-commerce and database transactions.
  • transactional data - Transactional data, in the context of data management, is the information recorded from transactions.
  • transcription error - A transcription error is a specific type of data entry error that is commonly made by human operators or by optical character recognition (OCR) programs.
  • transportation management system (TMS) - A transportation management system (TMS) is specialized software for planning, executing and optimizing the shipment of goods.
  • tree structure - A tree structure is an algorithm for placing and locating files (called records or keys) in a database.
  • trigger - A trigger (from the Dutch trekken, meaning to pull) is a lever which, when pulled by the finger, releases the hammer on a firearm.
  • U-SQL - U-SQL is a Microsoft query language that combines a declarative SQL-like syntax with C# programming, enabling it to be used to process both structured and unstructured data in big data environments.
  • U.K. Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA 1998) - The Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA 1998) is an act of the United Kingdom (UK) Parliament defining the ways in which information about living people may be legally used and handled.
  • UK Identity Cards Act - The UK Identity Cards Act is a framework of enabling legislation for a British National Identity card passed in 2006.
  • United States Census - The United States Census is a national survey conducted every ten years to enumerate the population for taxation and political representation.
  • Universal Data Access (UDA) - Universal Data Access (UDA) is Microsoft's model or framework for a single uniform application program interface to different software makers' databases, both relational and nonrelational.
  • unstructured text - The unstructured text collected from social media activities plays a key role in predictive analytics for the enterprise because it is a prime source for sentiment analysis to determine the general attitude of consumers toward a brand or idea.
  • uplift modeling - Uplift modeling is a type of data analytics that uses predictive modeling to identify individuals who can be positively influenced by a specific outreach effort.
  • user behavior analytics (UBA) - User behavior analytics (UBA) is a process in which security teams use monitoring tools to track, collect and assess the network activities of all individuals accessing those system to detect potentially malicious activity.
  • utility storage - Utility storage is a service model in which a provider makes storage capacity available to an individual, an organization or a business unit on a pay-per-use basis.
  • Versioned Object Base (VOB) - A Versioned Object Base (VOB) is a centralized database that stores version information about the files and folders in a software configuration management (SCM) system.
  • view - In a database management system, a view is a way of portraying information in the database.
  • virtual (federated) database - A virtual database, also called a federated database, is a system in which several databases appear to function as a single entity.
  • virtual cube - A virtual cube is a subset of one or two existing cubes in a database.
  • virtual desktop - A virtual desktop is a computer operating system that does not run directly on the endpoint hardware from which a user accesses it.
  • virtual server backup - Virtual server backup is the copying of data stored on a virtual server to guard against data loss.
  • virtual storage area network (VSAN) - A virtual storage area network (VSAN) is a logical partition in a physical storage area network (SAN).
  • visual analytics - Visual analytics is a form of inquiry in which data that provides insight into solving a problem is displayed in an interactive, graphical manner.
  • VMware backup - VMware backup is the copying of data on a virtual machine (VM) in a VMware environment to prevent data loss.
  • Web services - Web services are a type of internet software that use standardized messaging protocols and are made available from an application service provider’s web server for use by a client or other web-based programs.
  • WebLogic - BEA Systems' WebLogic is a server software application that runs on a middle tier, between back-end databases and related applications and browser-based thin clients.
  • webMethods - webMethods is a company that specializes in business process integration software for the enterprise.
  • What is a private cloud? - Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.
  • What is data architecture? A data management blueprint - Data architecture is a discipline that documents an organization's data assets, maps how data flows through its systems and provides a blueprint for managing data.
  • What is data governance and why does it matter? - Data governance (DG) is the process of managing the availability, usability, integrity and security of the data in enterprise systems, based on internal data standards and policies that also control data usage.
  • What is data management and why is it important? - Data management is the process of ingesting, storing, organizing and maintaining the data created and collected by an organization, as explained in this in-depth look at the process.
  • What is data science? The ultimate guide - Data science is the process of using advanced analytics techniques and scientific principles to analyze data and extract valuable information for business decision-making, strategic planning and other uses.
  • What is enterprise content management? Guide to ECM - Enterprise content management (ECM) is a set of defined processes, strategies and tools that allows a business to effectively obtain, organize, store and deliver critical information to its employees, business stakeholders and customers.
  • What is failover? - Failover is a backup operational mode in which the functions of a system component (such as a processor, server, network, or database, for example) are assumed by secondary system components when the primary component becomes unavailable through either failure or scheduled down time.
  • Windows Server Core - Windows Server Core is a minimal installation option for the Windows Server operating system (OS) that has no GUI and only includes the components required to perform server roles and run applications.
  • wipe - Wipe, in a computing context, means to erase all data on a hard drive to render it unreadable.
  • workload - In computing, a workload, typically, is any program or application that runs on any computer.
  • XKeyscore - XKeyscore (XKS) is the front end search engine interface that interacts with all NSA  federated databases for the collected Internet traffic, communicated data and phone metadata of private citizens.
  • XQuery - XQuery is a specification for a query language that allows a user or programmer to extract information from an Extensible Markup Language (XML) file or any collection of data that can be XML-like.
  • XSD (XML Schema Definition) - XSD is a W3C recommendation that defines the way to utilize the elements in an XML document.
  • yobibyte (YiB) - A yobibyte (YiB) is a unit of measure used to describe data capacity as part of the binary system of measuring computing and storage capacity.
  • Zettabyte Era - The Zettabyte Era is the current age in terms of digital data.
SearchCompliance
  • pure risk

    Pure risk refers to risks that are beyond human control and result in a loss or no loss with no possibility of financial gain.

  • risk reporting

    Risk reporting is a method of identifying risks tied to or potentially impacting an organization's business processes.

  • chief risk officer (CRO)

    The chief risk officer (CRO) is the corporate executive tasked with assessing and mitigating significant competitive, regulatory ...

SearchSecurity
  • script kiddie

    Script kiddie is a derogative term that computer hackers coined to refer to immature, but often just as dangerous, exploiters of ...

  • cipher

    In cryptography, a cipher is an algorithm for encrypting and decrypting data.

  • What is risk analysis?

    Risk analysis is the process of identifying and analyzing potential issues that could negatively impact key business initiatives ...

SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • fault-tolerant

    Fault-tolerant technology is a capability of a computer system, electronic system or network to deliver uninterrupted service, ...

  • synchronous replication

    Synchronous replication is the process of copying data over a storage area network, local area network or wide area network so ...

SearchStorage
  • gigabyte (GB)

    A gigabyte (GB) -- pronounced with two hard Gs -- is a unit of data storage capacity that is roughly equivalent to 1 billion ...

  • MRAM (magnetoresistive random access memory)

    MRAM (magnetoresistive random access memory) is a method of storing data bits using magnetic states instead of the electrical ...

  • storage volume

    A storage volume is an identifiable unit of data storage. It can be a removable hard disk, but it does not have to be a unit that...

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