Browse Definitions :

Database management

Terms related to databases, including definitions about relational databases and words and phrases about database management.

10G - DAT

  • 10g - 10g is Oracle's grid computing product group including (among other things) a database management system (DBMS) and an application server.
  • 3-tier application architecture - A 3-tier application architecture is a modular client-server architecture that consists of a presentation tier, an application tier and a data tier.
  • 99.999 (Five nines or Five 9s) - In computers, 99.
  • access method - In computing, an access method is a program or a hardware mechanism that moves data between the computer and an outlying device such as a hard disk (or other form of storage) or a display terminal.
  • ACID (atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability) - ACID (atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability) is an acronym and mnemonic device for learning and remembering the four primary attributes ensured to any transaction by a transaction manager (which is also called a transaction monitor).
  • ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) - ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) is an application program interface from Microsoft that lets a programmer writing Windows applications get access to a relational or non-relational database from both Microsoft and other database providers.
  • AdventureWorks Database - AdventureWorks Database is a sample OLTP database that Microsoft ships with all of its SQL Server database products.
  • AlwaysOn Availability Groups - AlwaysOn Availability Groups is a database mirroring technique for Microsoft SQL Server that allows administrators to pull together a group of user databases that can fail over together.
  • Amazon DynamoDB - Amazon DynamoDB is a fully managed NoSQL database service offered by AWS, designed to provide low latency and high performance for applications.
  • Amazon RDS (Relational Database Service) - Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) is a fully-managed SQL database service.
  • Amazon Simple Database Service (SimpleDB) - Amazon Simple Database Service (SimpleDB), also known as a key value data store, is a highly available and flexible non-relational database that allows developers to request and store data, with minimal database management and administrative responsibility.
  • Andrew file system (AFS) - An Andrew file system (AFS) is a location-independent file system that uses a local cache to reduce the workload and increase the performance of a distributed computing environment.
  • Apache Giraph - Apache Giraph is real-time graph processing software that is mostly used to analyze social media data.
  • Apache HBase - Apache HBase is a column-oriented key/value data store built to run on top of the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS).
  • Apache Hive - Apache Hive is an open source data warehouse system for querying and analyzing large data sets that are principally stored in Hadoop files.
  • application server - An application server is a server program in a computer in a distributed network that provides the business logic for an application program.
  • archive - In enterprise data storage, an archive is a collection of infrequently accessed data that needs to be stored for long periods of time to meet backup and compliance requirements.
  • ARJ (Archive Robert Jung) - ARJ is an archiving program created by Robert Jung for IBM-compatible computers.
  • AS1 (Applicability Statement 1) - AS1 (Applicability Statement is a specification for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) communications between businesses using e-mail protocols.
  • AS2 (Applicability Statement 2) - AS2 (Applicability Statement 2) is a specification for Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) between businesses using the Internet's Web page protocol, the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
  • ASP.NET (ASP+) - ASP.NET (originally called ASP+) is the next generation of Microsoft's Active Server Page (ASP), a feature of their Internet Information Server (IIS).
  • Automated License Plate Recognition (ALPR) - Automated License Plate Recognition (ALPR) is a technology that uses optical character recognition (OCR) to automatically read license plate characters.
  • autonomous transaction - In Oracle's database products, an autonomous transaction is an independent transaction that is initiated by another transaction.
  • Azure Data Studio (formerly SQL Operations Studio) - Azure Data Studio is a Microsoft tool, originally named SQL Operations Studio, for managing SQL Server databases and cloud-based Azure SQL Database and Azure SQL Data Warehouse systems.
  • B-tree - A B-tree is a method of placing and locating files (called records or keys) in a database.
  • Basic Assembler Language (BAL) - BAL (Basic Assembler Language) is a version of IBM's assembler language (sometimes called assembly language) for its System/360 and System/370 mainframe operating system.
  • BEx (Business Explorer) - In the SAP Business Information Warehouse (BW), BEx (Business Explorer) is the reporting tool used to work with data in the BW database.
  • binary tree - A binary tree is a method of placing and locating files (called records or keys) in a database, especially when all the data is known to be in random access memory (RAM).
  • bioinformatics - Bioinformatics is the science of developing computer databases and algorithms for the purpose of speeding up and enhancing biological research.
  • bit bucket - Computer jargon users say that data which has been lost or thrown away has gone in the bit bucket.
  • BLOB (binary large object) - In computers, a BLOB (binary large object), pronounced BLAHB and sometimes spelled in all lower case, is a large file, typically an image or sound file, that must be handled (for example, uploaded, downloaded, or stored in a database) in a special way because of its size.
  • block - A block is a contiguous set of bits or bytes that forms an identifiable unit of data.
  • blockchain - Blockchain is a type of distributed ledger for maintaining a permanent and tamper-proof record of transactional data.
  • business rule - A business rule is a statement that describes a business policy or procedure.
  • C++ - C++ is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language that is viewed by many as the best language for creating large-scale applications.
  • Cassandra (Apache Cassandra) - Apache Cassandra is an open source distributed database system that is designed for storing and managing large amounts of data across commodity servers.
  • catalog - In computing, a catalog is a directory of information about data sets, files, or a database.
  • Catalogue of Life - The Catalogue of Life project is an international initiative intended to catalog every life form on the planet according to a standardized taxonomy and to organize that information into a comprehensive and universally accessible database system.
  • CFML (ColdFusion Markup Language) - CFML (ColdFusion Markup Language) is a Web page markup language that allows a Web site developer to create pages with variable information (text or graphics) that is filled in dynamically (on the fly) in response to variables such as user input.
  • CICS (Customer Information Control System) - CICS (Customer Information Control System) is an online transaction processing (OLTP) program from IBM that, together with the COBOL programming language, has formed over the past several decades the most common set of tools for building customer transaction applications in the world of large enterprise mainframe computing.
  • cloud database - A cloud database is a collection of informational content, either structured or unstructured, that resides on a private, public or hybrid cloud computing infrastructure platform.
  • cloud database - A cloud database is a collection of informational content, either structured or unstructured, that resides on a private, public or hybrid cloud computing infrastructure platform.
  • cloud DBMS (cloud database management system) - A cloud database management system (CDBMS) is a database management system that is hosted by a third-party service provider on a remote server and accessed over the Internet.
  • Cognos - Cognos is IBM's business intelligence (BI) and performance management software suite.
  • cold backup (offline backup) - Cold backups are ideal for disaster recovery because they protect important data.
  • Collaboration Data Objects (CDO) - Collaboration Data Objects (CDO) is Microsoft's technology for building messaging or collaboration applications or adding these capabilities to existing applications.
  • Collaborative Master Data Management (CMDM) - Collaborative Master Data Management (CMDM) is an integration tool from SAP, the German software company.
  • column database management system (CDBMS) - There are different types of CDBMS offerings, with the common defining feature being that data is stored by column (or column families) instead of as rows.
  • column-level encryption - Column-level encryption is a method of database encryption in which the information in every cell (or data field) in a particular column has the same password for access, reading, and writing purposes.
  • columnar database - A columnar database is a database management system (DBMS) that stores data in columns instead of rows.
  • columnstore index - A columnstore index is a type of index used to store, manage and retrieve data stored in a columnar format in a database.
  • comma-separated values file (CSV) - In computers, a CSV (comma-separated values) file contains the values in a table as a series of ASCII text lines organized so that each column value is separated by a comma from the next column's value and each row starts a new line.
  • Commerce XML (cXML or Commerce Extensible Markup Language) - Commerce XML (cXML) is a standard for the online exchange of business transaction information in common formats.
  • commit - A commit is the final step in the successful completion of a previously started database change as part of handling a transaction in a computing system.
  • Compiere - Compiere is a popular open-source system of software applications that provide enterprise resource planning (ERP), customer relationship management (CRM), supply chain management (SCM), tax accounting, and general accounting for the small and medium-size enterprise.
  • concurrent processing - Concurrent processing is a computing model in which multiple processors execute instructions simultaneously for better performance.
  • conformed dimension - In data warehousing, a conformed dimension is a dimension that has the same meaning to every fact with which it relates.
  • contiguity - Contiguity (from Latin contiguus and contingere, to have contact with) is the state of being in close proximity with or even touching another object.
  • contiguous - Contiguous describes two or more objects that are adjacent to each other.
  • cooked data - Cooked data is raw data after it has been processed - that is, extracted, organized, and perhaps analyzed and presented - for further use.
  • CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture) - Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) is an architecture and specification for creating, distributing, and managing distributed program objects in a network.
  • correlated subquery - A correlated subquery is a SQL query that depends on values executed by the outer query in order to complete.
  • CouchDB - CouchDB is an open source document-oriented database based on common web standards.
  • CRM analytics - CRM (customer relationship management) analytics comprises all programming that analyzes data about customers and presents it to help facilitate and streamline better business decisions.
  • cryptographic nonce - A nonce is a random or semi-random number that is generated for a specific use, typically related to cryptographic communication or information technology.
  • customer data integration (CDI) - Customer data integration (CDI) is the process of defining, consolidating and managing customer information across an organization's business units and systems to achieve a "single version of the truth" for customer data.
  • customer relationship analysis (CRA) - Customer relationship analysis (CRA), sometimes termed customer relationship analytics, is the processing of data about customers and their relationship with the enterprise in order to improve the enterprise's future sales and service and lower cost.
  • customer segmentation - Customer segmentation is the practice of dividing a customer base into groups of individuals that are similar in specific ways relevant to marketing, such as age, gender, interests and spending habits.
  • customer valuation - In customer relationship management (CRM), customer valuation is a scoring process used to help a company determine which customers the company should target in order to maximize profit.
  • DAO (Data Access Objects) - DAO (Data Access Objects) is an application program interface (API) available with Microsoft's Visual Basic that lets a programmer request access to a Microsoft Access database.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

SearchCompliance

SearchSecurity

  • computer worm

    A computer worm is a type of malicious software program whose primary function is to infect other computers while remaining ...

  • Single Sign-On (SSO)

    Single sign-on (SSO) is a session and user authentication service that permits a user to use one set of login credentials (e.g., ...

  • Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)

    Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) is a certification issued by ISACA to people in charge of ensuring that an ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • disaster recovery team

    A disaster recovery team is a group of individuals focused on planning, implementing, maintaining, auditing and testing an ...

  • cloud insurance

    Cloud insurance is any type of financial or data protection obtained by a cloud service provider. 

SearchStorage

  • VRAM (video RAM)

    VRAM (video RAM) is a reference to any type of random access memory (RAM) used to store image data for a computer display.

  • Kilo, mega, giga, tera, peta, exa, zetta and all that

    Kilo, mega, giga, tera, peta, exa, zetta are among the list of prefixes used to denote the quantity of something, such as a byte ...

  • flash memory

    Flash memory, also known as flash storage, is a type of nonvolatile memory that erases data in units called blocks.

Close