Browse Definitions :

Government IT

Terms related to government IT, including definitions about specific federal, state and local government programs as well as words and phrases about policy and compliance.

IND - XCC

  • India State Data Centre - India State Data Centre is a project that will consolidate services, applications and infrastructure to provide efficient electronic delivery of government-to-government (G2G), government-to-citizen (G2C) and government-to-business (G2B) services.
  • Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) - The Indian Institute of Information Technology is a group of educational centers in India that focus on information technology and associated business requirements.
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) - The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) is a group of educational institutes in India set up by the government to produce high quality scientists, engineers and technologists.
  • Information Assurance Standard 6 (IAS 6) - The Information Assurance Standard 6 (IAS 6) is legislation enacted by the British government in May 2009 as part of its Security Policy Framework (SPF).
  • intelligence community - The term intelligence community refers to government and other public agencies as well as private agencies that gather, assemble, and report information that pertains to world or national security.
  • intelligent transportation system (ITS) - Intelligent transportation system (ITS) is the application of sensing, analysis, control and communications technologies to ground transportation in order to improve safety, mobility and efficiency.
  • international financial reporting standards (IFRS) - International financial reporting standards (IFRS) are specific organizational and monetary standards and frameworks for financial reporting that have been adopted in 113 countries including India, Australia and the European Union.
  • Internet reboot keys - Internet reboot keys are encrypted DNSSEC keys that can restore the Internet root zone in the event of an attack or natural catastrophe.
  • IT controls - An IT control is a procedure or policy that provides a reasonable assurance that the information technology (IT) used by an organization operates as intended, that data is reliable and that the organization is in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
  • ITAR and EAR compliance - The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) are two important United States export control laws that affect the manufacturing, sales and distribution of technology.
  • Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) - Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI) is the proposed Department of Defense (DoD) cloud infrastructure network.
  • L3 Harris Technologies - L3 Harris Technologies is a military technology company.
  • Laboratory Data Sharing Interoperability (LDSI) - Laboratory Data Sharing Interoperability (LDSI) is an initiative that allows chemistry and hematology lab tests and results to be shared between the Veterans Administration, the Department of Defense and private or commercial laboratories.
  • Large Hadron Collider (LHC) - The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a particle accelerator under development by CERN, the world's largest organization devoted to particle physics.
  • LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) - LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is an ecology-oriented building certification program run under the auspices of the U.
  • lifestyle polygraph - A lifestyle polygraph is a lie-detector (polygraph) test that is administered as a requirement for employment in certain fields.
  • Maintenance Management Information System (MMIS) - Maintenance Management Information System (MMIS) is a mechanized claims processing and information retrieval system for Medicaid that's required by the federal government.
  • market distortion - Market distortion is the lack of free and open competition in a market, whether through intentional actions or prevailing market conditions.
  • Microsoft TownHall - Microsoft TownHall is a cloud-based application that can be used to build Web sites for social computing.
  • mission mode project (MMP) - A mission mode project (MMP) is an individual project within the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) that focuses on one aspect of electronic governance, like banking, land records or commercial taxes.
  • multi-user spaceport - Multi-user spaceport is a term that NASA is employing as it transitions its facilities from government-only launch sites (or spaceports) as part of a new business model in which the agency attracts partner companies and organizations to invest in space centers to operate their programs.
  • NASA Solutions for Enterprise-Wide Procurement (SEWP) IV - NASA Solutions for Enterprise-Wide Procurement (SEWP) IV is a contract issued by NASA's SEWP BOWL (Solutions for Enterprise-Wide Procurement Business Operations and Workstation Laboratory) to a commercial technology vendor.
  • National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS) - The National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS) is an advisory body to the U.
  • National Computer Security Center (NCSC) - The National Computer Security Center (NCSC) is a U.
  • National Data Warehouse of Official Statistics - The National Data Warehouse of Official Statistics is a central repository of the statistical data gathered by India’s central ministries, state governments and union territories.
  • National eGovernance Plan (NeGP) - National eGovernance Plan (NeGP) is an initiative by the government of India to combine various e-governance systems around the country to create a national network that provides government services to all citizens electronically.
  • National eGovernance Service Delivery Gateway (NSDG) - National eGovernance Service Delivery Gateway (NSDG) is a mission mode project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) that acts as a central repository for government data.
  • National Emergency Communications Plan (NECP) - The National Emergency Communications Plan (NECP) is a strategic plan for improving emergency response communications and efforts in the United States.
  • national file tracking system (NFTS) - The national file tracking system (NFTS) is a centralized database for tracking the movement of immigration files.
  • National Health Service (NHS) - The National Health Service (NHS) is the publicly funded national healthcare system in the United Kingdom.
  • national identity card - A national identity card is a portable document, typically a plasticized card with digitally-embedded information, that someone is required or encouraged to carry as a means of confirming their identity.
  • National Informatics Centre (NIC) - The National Informatics Centre (NIC) is an institute set up by the Indian government in 1976 to drive its technology and e-governance initiatives.
  • National Security Agency (NSA) - The National Security Agency is the official U.
  • National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) - The National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) is an Indian technical intelligence agency.
  • native advertising - Native advertising is the integration of marketing content with a website in such a way that it is not distinct from the rest of the site in terms of its content, format, style or placement.
  • Nebula - Nebula is an open source cloud computing program that provides on-demand computing power for NASA researchers and scientists.
  • Networx - Networx is a U.
  • NGO (non-governmental organization) - NGO definition: A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a citizen-based association that operates independently of government, usually to deliver resources or serve some social or political purpose.
  • Office for Civil Rights (OCR) - The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is an organization within the U.
  • Office of Cyber Security and Information Assurance (OCSIA) - The Office of Cyber Security and Information Assurance (OCSIA) is part of the UK Cabinet Office, which sits at the centre of government.
  • Office of Management and Budget (OMB) - The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the business division of the Executive Office of the President of the United States that administers the United States federal budget and oversees the performance of federal agencies.
  • Office of Personnel Management (OPM) - The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is an independent agency of the United States government that is tasked with the oversight of civil service hirings.
  • Open Government Dashboard - The Open Government Dashboard is a Web-based information tool that reports compliance, progress, or non-compliance by agencies on Open Government Directive requirements.
  • Open Government Directive - The Open Government Directive is an initiative by the United States government to publish more information online.
  • OpenStack - OpenStack is a collection of open source software modules that provides a framework to create and manage both public cloud and private cloud infrastructure.
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) - The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is a collaborative inter-governmental body dedicated to furthering economic progress and world trade.
  • Paperwork Reduction Act - The Paperwork Reduction Act is a U.
  • PatriotGrid - PatriotGrid is a group of distributed computing projects whose goal is to identify new leads for vaccines or cures for agents known to be potential bioterrorism weapons.
  • personal identity verification (PIV) card - A personal identity verification (PIV) card is a United States Federal smart card that contains the necessary data for the cardholder to be granted to Federal facilities and information systems and assure appropriate levels of security for all applicable Federal applications.
  • Presidential Policy Directive 21 (PPD-21) - Presidential Policy Directive 21 (PPD-21): Critical Infrastructure Protection and Resilience is a directive that aims to strengthen and secure functioning and resilient critical infrastructure.
  • Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations (PECR) - The Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations (PECR) are the UK implementation of the European Union (EU) e-Privacy Directive.
  • privatization - Privatization is the process of transferring an enterprise or industry from the public sector to the private sector.
  • Public Health Information Network - Public Health Information Network (PHIN) is an initiative developed by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to establish and implement a framework for sharing public health information electronically.
  • Rapid Access Computing Environment (RACE) - Rapid Access Computing Environment (RACE) is a United States federal government infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) initiative for developing and testing new Department of Defense (DoD) software applications.
  • Request for Offer (RFO) - A Request for Offer (RFO) is an open and competitive purchasing process whereby an organization requests the submission of offers in response to specifications and/or a scope of services.
  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) - The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is the central banking authority of the country and dictates its monetary policy.
  • rugged IT - Rugged IT is a marketing term for hardware that is designed to operate in extremely harsh environments and conditions.
  • Section 508 - Section 508, an amendment to the United States Workforce Rehabilitation Act of 1973, is a federal law mandating that all electronic and information technology developed, procured, maintained, or used by the federal government be accessible to people with disabilities.
  • security clearance - A security clearance is an authorization that allows access to information that would otherwise be forbidden.
  • Senate Judiciary Committee (SJC) - The U.S.
  • Space Force (United States Space Force) - Space Force is a proposed branch of the United States Armed Forces.
  • Space Launch System (SLS) - The Space Launch System (SLS) is an aerospace launch vehicle designed to carry crews and cargo on deep-space missions onboard NASA's Orion spacecraft.
  • SpaceX - Space Exploration Technologies Corp.
  • SSAE 16 - The Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements No.
  • State Bank of India (SBI) - State Bank of India (SBI) is the country's largest commercial bank, in terms of assets, deposits, and employees.
  • survey research - Survey research is the collection of data attained by asking individuals questions either in person, on paper, by phone or online.
  • TechStat Accountability Sessions - A TechStat Accountability Session is a face-to-face, evidence-based peer review of a government IT program.
  • telehealth - Telehealth is the transmission of health-related services or information over the telecommunications infrastructure.
  • Tempest - Tempest was the name of a classified (secret) U.
  • think tank - A think tank is an organization that gathers a group of interdisciplinary scholars to perform research around particular policies, issues or ideas.
  • transparency - Transparency, in the context of governance, means being open and honest in all official activities.
  • Trusted Internet Connections (TIC) - Trusted Internet Connections (TIC) is a mandate from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to reduce the number of Internet gateways on the federal government network and ensure that all external connections are routed through a government agency that has been designated as an approved TIC Access Provider.
  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) - The U.S.
  • U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) - U.S.
  • U.S. Navy purchasing abbreviations and acronyms - U.S.
  • Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) - Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is the issuing authority of Aadhaar cards (aka unique identification numbers or UIDs).
  • United Launch Alliance (ULA) - United Launch Alliance (ULA) is a private aerospace launch provider formed in 2006 through a joint venture of The Boeing Company and Lockheed Martin Corporation.
  • United States Census - The United States Census is a national survey conducted every ten years to enumerate the population for taxation and political representation.
  • United States Department of Commerce - The United States Department of Commerce (DOC) is a cabinet-level bureau of the United States federal government tasked with the promotion of U.
  • United States Secret Service (USSS) - The United States Secret Service (USSS) is a federal law enforcement agency mandated by Congress to carry out two sets of primary objectives: provide protection for designated sites and events as well as national and visiting leaders, and preserve the integrity of the U.
  • US Department of Commerce purchasing abbreviations and acronyms - Abbreviations used by the United States Department of Commerce.
  • USA Patriot Act - The USA Patriot Act is a law enacted in 2001, granting new and extended data-collection abilities to federal agencies in an effort to combat terrorism after the September 11 attacks.
  • USGCB (United States Government Configuration Baseline) - The United States Government Configuration Baseline, or USGCB, is a government-wide initiative that provides guidance on information security configuration best practices for IT products leveraged by federal agencies.
  • vehicle to infrastructure (V2I or v2i) - Vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I or V2X) is a communication model that allows vehicles to share information with the components that support a country's highway system.
  • VistA EHR - VistA EHR, more formally known as the VistA Computerized Patient Record System, is an open source electronic health record (EHR) system developed by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).
  • WAPI (WLAN Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure) - WAPI (WLAN Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure) is the wireless local area network (WLAN) standard officially supported by the Chinese state government.
  • XCCDF (Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format) - XCCDF (Extensible Configuration Checklist Description Format) is a specification language for writing security checklists, benchmarks and related types of documents.

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SearchCompliance

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

  • compliance as a service (CaaS)

    Compliance as a Service (CaaS) is a cloud service service level agreement (SLA) that specified how a managed service provider (...

  • data protection impact assessment (DPIA)

    A data protection impact assessment (DPIA) is a process designed to help organizations determine how data processing systems, ...

SearchSecurity

  • spyware

    Spyware is a type of malicious software -- or malware -- that is installed on a computing device without the end user's knowledge.

  • application whitelisting

    Application whitelisting is the practice of specifying an index of approved software applications or executable files that are ...

  • botnet

    A botnet is a collection of internet-connected devices, which may include PCs, servers, mobile devices and internet of things ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • disaster recovery team

    A disaster recovery team is a group of individuals focused on planning, implementing, maintaining, auditing and testing an ...

  • cloud insurance

    Cloud insurance is any type of financial or data protection obtained by a cloud service provider. 

SearchStorage

  • DRAM (dynamic random access memory)

    Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory that is typically used for the data or program code needed ...

  • RAID 10 (RAID 1+0)

    RAID 10, also known as RAID 1+0, is a RAID configuration that combines disk mirroring and disk striping to protect data.

  • PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive)

    A PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive) is a high-speed expansion card that attaches a computer to its peripherals.

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