Browse Definitions :

Hardware

Terms related to computer hardware, including definitions about cables, connectors and power supply units and words and phrases about computing peripheral devices including the keyboard, mouse, audio speakers, and printers.

$10 - COM

  • $100 laptop (XO) - XO is the first version of the $100 laptop expected to reach a substantial number of users.
  • 3270 (Information Display System) - The 3270 Information Display System, a product from IBM, was, prior to the arrival of the PC, the way that almost the entire corporate world interfaced with a computer.
  • 8-track tape - An 8-track tape is a hard plastic cartridge about the size of an external modem that houses a continuous loop of non-digital (analog) audio data stored on magnetic tape.
  • A-weighted decibels (dBA, or dBa, or dB(a)) - A-weighted decibels, abbreviated dBA, or dBa, or dB(a), are an expression of the relative loudness of sounds in air as perceived by the human ear.
  • acceleration hardware - Acceleration hardware is a general term that refers to devices that speed up data communications, storage and retrieval, encryption and decryption, mathematical operations, graphics, and Web page viewing.
  • adapter - An adapter is a physical device that allows one hardware or electronic interface to be adapted (accommodated without loss of function) to another hardware or electronic interface.
  • Advanced Television Enhancement Forum (ATVEF) - The Advanced Television Enhancement Forum (ATVEF) is an alliance of leaders in the broadcast and cable industry, the consumer electronics industry, and the computer industry that developed the ATVEF enhanced content specification.
  • aerogel - Aerogel is a translucent, synthetic solid-state substance with extremely low density and excellent thermal insulating properties.
  • AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface) - Advanced Host Controller Interface, or AHCI, is a technical standard for an interface that enables software to communicate with Serial ATA (SATA) devices.
  • AIBO (Artificial Intelligence roBOt) - AIBO (pronounced eye-bow) is an entertainment robot designed by Sony.
  • AIT (advanced intelligent tape) - AIT (advanced intelligent tape) is a magnetic tape and drive system used for computer data storage and archiving.
  • alien crosstalk (AXT) - Alien crosstalk (AXT) is electromagnetic noise that can occur in a cable that runs alongside one or more other signal-carrying cables.
  • AMD-V (AMD virtualization) - AMD-V (AMD virtualization) is a set of hardware extensions for the X86 processor architecture.
  • AMTOR (amateur teleprinting over radio) - AMTOR (amateur teleprinting over radio) is a digital communications method used by radio amateurs, in which the frequency of errors is reduced by handshaking or character repetition.
  • Apple - Apple is a prominent hardware and software company best known for its series of personal computers, the iPod and its innovative marketing strategies for its products.
  • appliance computing - Appliance computing is an Internet-based computing architecture where software applications reside on a Web server rather than on the end-user's workstation.
  • archival storage - In computers, archival storage is storage for data that may not be actively needed but is kept for possible future use or for record-keeping purposes.
  • AS/400 (IBM iSeries, AS/400e, eServer iSeries/400) - The AS/400 - formally renamed the 'eServer iSeries/400,' but still commonly known as AS/400 - is a middle-size server designed for small businesses and departments in large enterprises and now redesigned so that it will work well in distributed networks.
  • ASIC (application-specific integrated circuit) - An ASIC (application-specific integrated circuit) is a microchip designed for a special application, such as a particular kind of transmission protocol or a hand-held computer.
  • Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics - Science-fiction author Isaac Asimov is often given credit for being the first person to use the term robotics in a short story composed in the 1940s.
  • ASPI (Advanced SCSI Programming Interface) - ASPI (Advanced SCSI Programming Interface) specifies how an application program can communicate with a SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) device through a common SCSI device driver.
  • ASSP (application-specific standard product) - In computers, an ASSP (application-specific standard product) is a semiconductor device integrated circuit (IC) product that is dedicated to a specific application market and sold to more than one user (and thus, "standard").
  • ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) - ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) is the official name that American National Standards Institute group X3T10 uses for what the computer industry calls Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE).
  • Athlon - Athlon, a popular microprocessor from AMD that is used in many personal computers, was the first processor to be shipped in a 1 gigahertz (one billion clock speed) version.
  • atomic storage (atomic memory) - Atomic storage (sometimes called atomic memory) is a nanotechnology approach to computer data storage that works with bits and atoms on the individual level.
  • ATX - ATX is an industry-wide specification for a desktop computer's motherboard.
  • automated test equipment (ATE) - Automated test equipment (ATE) is computer-controlled equipment that tests electronic devices for functionality and performance.
  • automatic transfer switch (ATS) - An automatic transfer switch (ATS) is a device that automatically transfers a power supply from its primary source to a backup source when it senses a failure or outage in the primary source.
  • AV (audio/video) - AV, an abbreviation for audio/video, is frequently used as a generic term for the audio and video components and capabilities in home entertainment system and related product descriptions and reviews.
  • back-pressure sensor - A back-pressure sensor is a transducer that detects and measures the instantaneous torque that a robot motor applies.
  • backside bus - In a personal computer with an Intel processor chipset that includes a Dual Independent Bus (DIB), the frontside bus is the data path and physical interface between the processor and the main memory (RAM).
  • backup storage device - A data storage device for backup makes copies of data actively in use.
  • bang-bang (bang-bang control) - Bang-bang control is a type of control system that mechanically or electronically turns something on or off when a desired target (setpoint) has been reached.
  • barcode reader (POS scanner, bar code reader, price scanner) - A barcode reader, also called a price scanner or point-of-sale (POS) scanner, is a hand-held or stationary input device used to capture and read information contained in a bar code.
  • bare metal restore - In disaster recovery, a bare metal restore is the process of reformatting a computer from scratch after a catastrophic failure.
  • BEDO DRAM (Burst Extended Data Output DRAM) - BEDO DRAM (Burst Extended Data Output DRAM) is a type of dynamic random access memory (DRAM) that can send data back to the computer from one read operation at the same time it is reading in the address of the next data to be sent.
  • Betamax - Betamax is a videocassette recording (VCR) technology that uses magnetic tape 1/2 inch (1.
  • Big Chief tablet (writing tablet) - The Big Chief tablet was for many years the most popular brand of paper writing tablet among school children.
  • big-endian and little-endian - Endianness is a term that describes the order in which a sequence of bytes are stored in computer memory.
  • biomechatronics - Biomechatronics is the interdisciplinary study of biology, mechanics, and electronics.
  • BIOS password - A BIOS password is a security precaution that requires a computer user to log into the machine's basic input/output system (BIOS) before a computer will boot up.
  • bit (binary digit) - A bit (short for binary digit) is the smallest unit of data in a computer.
  • blade server - A blade server, sometimes referred to as a high-density server, is a compact device containing a computer used to manage and distribute data in a collection of computers and systems, called a network.
  • bloatware - Bloatware is an unflattering name for unwanted pre-installed software applications on a new computer.
  • Bloom Energy Server (Bloom box) - A Bloom Box, officially known as an Bloom Energy Server, is a modular stack of solid oxide fuel cells that can produce electricity.
  • Blue Gene - Blue Gene is a supercomputer development project at IBM for a series of high-performance system-on-a-chip (SoC) arcitectures with minimal power demands.
  • board support package - A board support package (BSP) is essential code code for a given computer hardware device that will make that device work with the computer's OS (operating system).
  • Braille display - A Braille display is a device, typically attachable to a computer keyboard, that allows a blind person to read the contents of a display one text line at a time in the form of a line of Braille characters.
  • brain-computer interface (BCI) - Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a collaboration between a brain and a device that enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, such as control of a cursor or a prosthetic limb.
  • brick server - A brick server is a compact computer server module without a chassis that can come in various processor, RAM, I/O, and storage configurations and is designed to fit into rack locations similar to those for blade servers.
  • British thermal unit (Btu) - A British thermal unit (Btu) is a standard unit of energy that is used in the United States and sometimes in the U.
  • Broadband over Power Line (BPL) - Broadband over Power Line (BPL) is a technology that allows Internet data to be transmitted over utility power lines.
  • buckypaper - Buckypaper is a strong and lightweight substance manufactured from compressed carbon nanotubes, which are long, cylindrical carbon structures consisting of hexagonal graphite molecules attached at the edges.
  • build to order - Build to order is a methodology and manufacturing practice where a product is created once a confirmed order is received.
  • burn-in - Burn-in is a test in which a system or component is made to run for an extended period of time to detect problems.
  • bus network - A bus network is an arrangement in a local area network (LAN) in which each node (workstation or other device) is connected to a main cable or link called the bus.
  • cache coherence - In a shared memory multiprocessor with a separate cache memory for each processor, it is possible to have many copies of any one instruction operand : one copy in the main memory and one in each cache memory.
  • cache memory - Cache memory, also called CPU memory, is high-speed static random access memory (SRAM) that a computer microprocessor can access more quickly than it can access regular random access memory (RAM).
  • CADE (Corporate Average Data center Efficiency) - CADE (Corporate Average Data center Efficiency) is a metric used to rate the overall energy efficiency of an organization's data centers.
  • Calibrated Vectored Cooling (CVC) - Calibrated Vectored Cooling (CVC) is an air-cooling technology developed by IBM for server systems with high component density.
  • camcorder (camera recorder) - A camcorder (camera recorder) is a portable electronic recording device capable of recording live-motion video and audio for later playback.
  • cannibalization - In marketing, cannibalization is the decreased demand for an existing product that occurs when its vendor releases a new and similar product.
  • catastrophic failure - Catastrophic failure is a complete, sudden, often unexpected breakdown in a machine, electronic system, computer or network.
  • CD-R (compact disc, recordable) - CD-R (for compact disc, recordable) is a type of write once, read many (WORM) compact disc (CD) format that allows one-time recording on a disc.
  • CD-RW (compact disc, rewriteable) - CD-RW (for compact disc, rewriteable) is a compact disc (CD) format that allows repeated recording on a disc.
  • cell phone jammer - A cell phone jammer is a device that blocks transmission or reception of signals, usually by creating some form of interference at the same frequency ranges that cell phones use.
  • Centrino - Centrino is a technology package from Intel that provides built-in wireless support for laptop computers while making it possible to run a laptop all day (up to seven hours) without a battery recharge.
  • certification - In information technology as in other fields such as teaching, accounting, and acupuncture, certification is a formal process of making certain that an individual is qualified in terms of particular knowledge or skills.
  • channel extender - A channel extender is a device used with IBM's S/390 line of computers to increase the maximum communication distances between the S/390 channel-connected mainframe computers, or between an S/390 and peripheral devices such as workstations, printers, and storage devices.
  • channel partner - A channel partner is a person or organization that provides services or sells products on behalf of a software, hardware, networking or cloud services vendor.
  • chassis - A chassis (pronounced TCHA-see or CHA-see) is the physical frame or structure of an automobile, an airplane, a desktop computer, or other multi-component device.
  • chip - "Chip" is short for microchip, the incredibly complex yet tiny modules that store computer memory or provide logic circuitry for microprocessors.
  • chipset - A chipset is a group of integrated circuits (microchips) that can be used together to serve a single function and are therefore manufactured and sold as a unit.
  • chiral fiber - Chiral fiber is a specialized optical fiber medium with its core twisted into a helical shape.
  • Chromebook - Google Chromebook is a thin client laptop that is configured with the Chrome operating system (Chrome OS).
  • chucking - In computer and telephone use, chucking is the process of discarding a small piece of hardware by violent means, such as hurling it out a window, against a wall, or into a body of water.
  • circuit bending - Circuit bending is the practice of modifying existing electronics items, most often toys, to create other items, usually musical instruments.
  • circular mil - The circular mil is a unit of area used especially when denoting the cross-sectional size of a wire or cable.
  • Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3020 - The Cisco Catalyst Blade Switch 3020 is a switch designed for the Hewlett-Packard (HP) BladeSystem c-Class of blade servers.
  • Cisco Integrated Service Routers Generation 2 (ISR G2) - ISR G2 is a second generation Integrated Services Router (ISR) from Cisco Systems, Inc.
  • CIW (Computer Intensive Workload) - In IBM's AS/400 and iSeries line of computers, CIW (Computer Intensive Workload) is a measure that can be used to compare the workload-handling capability of different computer models when running application programs in which most of the computer processor work is done within the applications.
  • clean computing - Clean computing is when an organization's manufacture, use and disposal of IT equipment does not produce any harmful waste at any stage.
  • clean room - A clean room (or cleanroom) is an enclosed space in which airborne particulates, contaminants, and pollutants are kept within strict limits.
  • cluster - In a computer system, a cluster is a group of servers and other resources that act like a single system and enable high availability and, in some cases, load balancing and parallel processing.
  • cluster computing - In computers, clustering is the use of multiple computers, typically PCs or UNIX workstations, multiple storage devices, and redundant interconnections, to form what appears to users as a single highly available system.
  • CMOS (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor) - CMOS (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor) is the semiconductor technology used in the transistors that are manufactured into most of today's computer microchips.
  • coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM) - Coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM) is a method of combining multiple signals on laser beams at various wavelengths for transmission along fiber optic cables, such that the number of channels is fewer than in dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) but more than in standard wavelength division multiplexing (WDM).
  • cold backup (offline backup) - Cold backups are ideal for disaster recovery because they protect important data.
  • collaborative robot (cobot) - A collaborative robot, also known as a cobot, is a robot that is capable of learning multiple tasks so it can assist human beings.

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  • DRAM (dynamic random access memory)

    Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory that is typically used for the data or program code needed ...

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    RAID 10, also known as RAID 1+0, is a RAID configuration that combines disk mirroring and disk striping to protect data.

  • PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive)

    A PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive) is a high-speed expansion card that attaches a computer to its peripherals.

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