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Healthcare IT

Terms related to healthcare IT, including definitions about healthcare information and management systems and words and phrases about electronic health records, meaningful use, government regulations and medical technology.

21S - HOS

  • 21st Century Cures Act - The 21st Century Cures Act is a wide-ranging healthcare bill that funds medical research and development, medical device innovation, mental health research and care, opioid addiction treatment and prevention, and health information technology.
  • accountability - Accountability means being held responsible or answerable for one's actions (or perhaps lack of action where one should have been taken).
  • accountable care organization (ACO) - An accountable care organization (ACO) is an association of hospitals, healthcare providers and insurers in which all parties voluntarily assume financial and medical responsibility for Medicare patients.
  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) - The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is a U.
  • Allscripts - Allscripts is a vendor of electronic health record systems for physician practices, hospitals and healthcare systems.
  • ambulatory medical record (AMR) - An ambulatory medical record (AMR) is an electronically stored file of a patient’s outpatient medical records, which includes all surgeries and care that do not involve being admitted to a hospital.
  • American Health Care Act of 2017 (AHCA or Trumpcare) - The American Health Care Act of 2017 (AHCA) is legislation introduced in March 2017 by United States Congress to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA).
  • American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) - The American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) is a professional organization that promotes the business and clinical uses of electronic and paper-based medical information.
  • American Medical Association (AMA) - The American Medical Association (AMA) is a physician group that works for healthcare reform and publishes a collection of medical journals.
  • American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) - The American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) is a group of individuals from myriad disciplines who convene in the interest of improving health informatics as it relates to patient care, teaching, research and related aspects of health care policy.
  • American Telemedicine Association (ATA) - American Telemedicine Association (ATA) is a non-profit organization that strives to promote telemedicine (medical care delivered through the use of telecommunications technology).
  • ASTM International - ASTM International is a voluntary standards development organization whose work covers 15 industries, ranging from energy to chemicals to medical devices.
  • ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) - ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) is the official name that American National Standards Institute group X3T10 uses for what the computer industry calls Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE).
  • athenahealth Inc. - athenahealth Inc.
  • Bar Coded Medication Administration (BCMA) - Bar Coded Medication Administration (BCMA) is a hospital inventory control system that uses barcodes in the distribution of prescription medications with the goal of ensuring the patient is receiving the correct medication.
  • Bidirectional Health Information Exchange (BHIE) - Bidirectional Health Information Exchange (BHIE) is a health information sharing project that builds on the previously established Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE) program.
  • biofeedback - Biofeedback is a system that monitors biological data from users and trains them to improve their physiological responses, with the goal of improving physical and mental health and performance.
  • biomedical informatics - Biomedical informatics is the branch of health informatics that uses data to help clinicians, researchers and scientists improve human health and provide healthcare.
  • Biosense - Biosense is the first foray into the field of bioinformatics for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  • Blue Button - The Blue Button initiative is a national program that allows patients to access and download personal health information into a simple text file or PDF that contains all of the personal medical data or it can be separated by data class or by date range.
  • brainjacking - Brainjacking is the hacking of neural implants, surgically implanted devices, which interface with the brain and the central nervous system.
  • California Primary Care Association (CPCA) - The California Primary Care Association (CPCA) is an organization that represents more than 800 nonprofit community clinics and health centers in the state.
  • CAVE (Cave Automatic Virtual Environment) - CAVE (Cave Automatic Virtual Environment) is a virtual reality environment consisting of a cube-shaped room in which the walls, floors and ceilings are projection screens.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Promoting a healthy general public and sharing data about chronic diseases are main goals of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  • Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) - The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is the wing of the U.
  • Cerner Corp. - Cerner Corp.
  • change control - Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.
  • Change Healthcare - Change Healthcare is a healthcare technology provider of revenue cycle management, payment management and health information exchange (HIE) solutions.
  • Chief Health Informatics Officer (CHIO) - The Chief Health Informatics Officer (CHIO) is a strategic, executive-level position responsible for developing, managing and applying health IT, health informatics and information management strategies.
  • clinical business intelligence - Clinical business intelligence is the application of data analytics to medical records through various systems to improve medical care.
  • clinical data analyst - A clinical data analyst is a healthcare information professional who verifies the validity of scientific experiments and gathered data from research.
  • Clinical Data Repository/Health Data Repository (CHDR) - Clinical Data Repository/Health Data Repository (CHDR) is a storage interface between the data repositories of the Department of Defense and the Veterans Administration.
  • clinical decision support system (CDSS) - A clinical decision support system (CDSS) is an application that analyzes data to help healthcare providers make decisions and improve patient care.
  • clinical document (HL7 clinical document) - A clinical document is a written, printed or electronic record that provides evidence of medical care.
  • Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) - Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) is a markup standard created by Health Level 7 International (HL7) that defines the structure of discharge summaries, progress notes and other medical records.
  • clinical documentation (healthcare) - Clinical documentation (CD) is the creation of a digital or analog record detailing a medical treatment, medical trial or clinical test.
  • clinical informatics - Clinical informatics, also known as health informatics, is the study of how technology and data analytics can be used to improve patient care plans.
  • clinical trial - A clinical trial, also known as a clinical research study, is a protocol to evaluate the effects and efficacy of experimental medical treatments or behavioral interventions on health outcomes.
  • CloudHealth Technologies - CloudHealth Technologies is a provider of hybrid cloud management software that's designed to help an organization increase its visibility into and across public and private cloud infrastructure.
  • CMIO (Chief Medical Information Officer) - A Chief Medical Information Officer, or CMIO, essentially serves as the bridge between medical and IT departments at a health care organization.
  • common working file (CWF) - A common working file (CWF) is a tool used by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to maintain national Medicare records for individual beneficiaries enrolled in the program.
  • compliance - Compliance is the act of being in alignment with guidelines, regulations and/or legislation.
  • compliance audit - A compliance audit is a comprehensive review of an organization's adherence to regulatory guidelines.
  • Compliance: Glossary - A printable glossary of compliance-related terms.
  • computer assisted coding system (CACS) - A computer assisted coding system (CACS) is medical software that reviews healthcare forms, including electronic health records, and assigns appropriate medical codes to its findings.
  • computerized physician order entry (CPOE) - Computerized physician order entry (CPOE), also known as computerized provider order entry or computerized practitioner order entry, refers to the process of a medical professional entering and sending medication orders and treatment instructions electronically via a computer application instead of on paper charts.
  • Consolidated Health Informatics (CHI) - The Consolidated Health Informatics (CHI) initiative refers to a collaborative effort to create and adopt health informatics standards to be used by federal departments such as the Department of Health & Human Services and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
  • Continuity of Care Document (CCD) - The Continuity of Care Document (CCD) is an electronic document exchange standard for sharing patient summary information.
  • Continuity of Care Record (CCR) - The Continuity of Care Record, or CCR, is a standard for the creation of electronic summaries of patient health.
  • corporate wellness coach (health coach) - A corporate wellness coach (health coach) is a professional who is brought into a corporate or office environment to help employees maintain and improve their health and wellness goals.
  • Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code - Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes are a uniform medical code set maintained and copyrighted by the American Medical Association and used to describe medical, surgical and diagnostic services.
  • cybersecurity - Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems -- including hardware, software and data -- from cyberattacks.
  • data breach - A data breach is a confirmed incident in which sensitive, confidential or otherwise protected data has been accessed and/or disclosed in an unauthorized fashion.
  • Dell State Health Services - Dell State Health Services is a policy consulting division of the Dell corporation that provides technology and business solutions for states looking to meet the new federal healthcare requirements.
  • DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) - DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) is a standard protocol for the management and transmission of medical images and related data and is used in many healthcare facilities.
  • discrete event simulation (DES) - Discrete event simulation (DES) is the process of codifying the behavior of a complex system as an ordered sequence of well-defined events.
  • document capture - Document capture is any one of several processes used to convert a physical document to another format, typically a digital representation.
  • eClinicalWorks - eClinicalWorks is a Massachusetts-based company that sells electronic medical record (EMR), practice management (PM) and personal health record (PHR) software and services to reportedly more than 115,000 physicians and 70,000 facilities in the United States.
  • eHealth Initiative - The eHealth Initiative is an independent, nonprofit organization that engages doctors and patients in order to standardize and reform the use of health information technology (HIT) to improve patient care in the United States.
  • EHR implementation plan - An electronic health record (EHR) implementation plan is a comprehensive set of strategies and steps used by a health care organization when preparing for and executing the adoption of an electronic-based health care system.
  • electronic health record (EHR) - An electronic health record (EHR) is an individual's official health document that is shared among multiple facilities and agencies.
  • electronic intensive care unit (eICU) - An Electronic Intensive Care Unit (eICU) is a form of telemedicine that utilizes state of the art technology to provide an additional layer of critical care service.
  • electronic medical billing - Electronic medical billing is the process by which a health care provider electronically submits a bill, or claim, to a health insurance company, or payer, for the rendering of medical services.
  • electronic medical record (EMR) - An electronic medical record (EMR) is a digital version of the traditional paper-based medical record for an individual.
  • electronic protected health information (ePHI) - Electronic protected health information (ePHI) is protected health information (PHI) that is produced, saved, transferred or received in an electronic form.
  • enterprise master patient index (EMPI) - An enterprise master patient index (EMPI) is a database that is used to maintain consistent and accurate information about each patient registered by a healthcare organization.
  • Epic Systems - Epic Systems is one of the largest providers of health information technology, used primarily by large U.
  • evidence-based medicine - Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to medicine featuring ongoing examination and modification to care, based on careful analysis of current research, science, patient information, doctors’ expertise and other available data sources.
  • expert system - An expert system is a program that uses artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to simulate the knowledge and judgment of humans.
  • FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) - The FDA (U.S.
  • Federal Health Architecture (FHA) - The Federal Health Architecture (FHA) is an initiative led by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) to coordinate the health information technology efforts of the nearly two dozen federal agencies that provide health care services.
  • Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE) - Federal Health Information Exchange (FHIE) is a health information sharing project that allows the Department of Defense to share service members’ personal health information in a joint storage area also accessible by the Veterans Health Administration.
  • fee-for-service (FFS) - Fee-for-service (FFS) is a payment model in which doctors, hospitals, and medical practices charge separately for each service they perform.
  • FHIR (Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources) - Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is an interoperability standard for electronic exchange of healthcare information.
  • formulary - A formulary is a list of prescription drugs that are covered by a specific health care plan.
  • GE Healthcare - GE Healthcare is a subsidiary of General Electric Co.
  • genomics - Genomics is the study of human genes and chromosomes.
  • good automated manufacturing practice (GAMP) - Good automated manufacturing practice (GAMP) is a set of guidelines manufacturers and other automation users follow to maintain operational efficiency and reliability.
  • HCCA (Health Care Compliance Association) - The Health Care Compliance Association (HCCA) is a nonprofit, individual membership organization that aims to help health care professionals with ethics and compliance.
  • Health Alert Network - Health Alert Network (HAN) is the early warning system run by the Center for Disease Control (CDC).
  • health apps - Health apps are application programs that offer health-related services for smartphones and tablet PCs.
  • health care cloud - A health care cloud is a cloud computing service used by health care providers for storing, maintaining and backing up personal heath information (PHI).
  • Health Indicator Warehouse - The Health Indicators Warehouse (HIW) is a national database of measurable characteristics that describe statistical aspects of health, causal factors of health or health issues, accessibility and use of healthcare, all of which are considered health indicators.
  • health informatics - Health informatics is the practice of acquiring, studying and managing health data and applying medical concepts in conjunction with health information technology systems to help clinicians provide better healthcare.
  • Health Information Exchange (HIE) - Health information exchange (HIE) is the electronic transmission of healthcare-related data among medical facilities, health information organizations -- companies that oversee and govern the exchange of this data -- and government agencies according to national standards.
  • Health IT (health information technology) - Health IT (health information technology) is the area of IT involving the design, development, creation, use and maintenance of information systems for the healthcare industry.
  • Healthcare CIO (healthcare chief information officer) - A healthcare CIO is a healthcare executive with an influence over technology purchasing and other IT business decisions.
  • HIMSS (Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society) - The Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) is a nonprofit organization whose goal is to promote the best use of IT and management systems in the healthcare industry.
  • HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) - HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996) is United States legislation that provides data privacy and security provisions for safeguarding medical information.
  • HIPAA business associate - As defined by the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), a business associate is any organization or person working in association with or providing services to a covered entity who handles or discloses Personal Health Information (PHI) or Personal Health Records (PHR).
  • HIPAA business associate agreement (BAA) - Under the U.
  • HIPAA covered entity - A HIPAA covered entity is any organization or corporation that directly handles Personal Health Information (PHI) or Personal Health Records (PHR).
  • HIPAA disaster recovery plan - A HIPAA disaster recovery plan is a document that specifies the resources, actions, personnel and data that are required to protect and reinstate healthcare information in the event of a fire, vandalism, natural disaster or system failure.
  • HIPAA omnibus rule (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 omnibus rule) - The HIPAA omnibus rule (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 omnibus rule), in a health information technology (HIT) context, is a rule enacted by the U.
  • HIPAA-compliant cloud storage - HIPAA-compliant cloud storage implements the guidelines of the U.
  • HIT policy committee - The Health Information Technology (HIT) policy committee is a federal committee created by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) that advises the National Coordinator for Health IT on the creation of a nationwide health IT infrastructure.
  • HIT standards committee - The Health Information Technology (HIT) standards committee is a federal committee created by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) that advises the National Coordinator for Health IT on matters of standards, certification criteria and other issues surrounding EHRs and meaningful use.
  • HITSP - HITSP (Healthcare Information Technology Standards Panel) is an organization created to promote standardization and broad scale interoperability among healthcare applications and information systems.
  • HL7 (Health Level Seven International) - HL7 (Health Level Seven International) is a set of standards, formats and definitions for exchanging and developing electronic health records (EHRs).
  • Hospital Compare - Hospital Compare is a website that lets consumers compare the quality of hospital outpatient services.

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