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IT Career Management

Analytics

This glossary contains definitions related to customer data analytics, predictive analytics, data visualization and operational business intelligence. Some definitions explain the meaning of words used to Hadoop and other software tools used in big data analytics. Other definitions are related to the strategies that business intelligence professionals, data scientists, statisticians and data analysts use to make data-driven decisions.

  • triple bottom line (TBL)

    The triple bottom line (TBL) is an accounting framework that includes social, environmental and financial results as bottom lines.

  • ROI (return on investment)

    Return on investment, or ROI, is a mathematical formula that investors can use to evaluate their investments and judge how well a particular investment has performed compared to others.

  • CVO (Chief Visionary Officer)

    The Chief Visionary Officer (CVO) is a newer title where the holder is expected to have a broad and comprehensive knowledge of all matters related to the business of the organization, as well as the vision required to steer its course into the future.

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Certifications

This glossary contains definitions related to IT Certifications.

  • CCNA certification

    Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) is a technical certification that Cisco offers for early-career networking professionals.

  • CPE credit

    Continuing professional education, or CPE, credit is a term referring to the points professionals receive for participating in specialized training in IT and other fields.

  • CompTIA Network+

    The CompTIA Network+ is an IT certification exam that confirms an individual possesses the skills in networking required to develop a career in IT infrastructure.

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Cloud Computing

Terms related to cloud computing, including definitions about on-demand, distributed computing and words and phrases about software-as-a-service, infrastructure-as-a-service and storage-as-a-service.

  • Amazon EMR (Elastic MapReduce)

    Amazon EMR (previously known as Amazon Elastic MapReduce) is an Amazon Web Services (AWS) tool for big data processing and analysis.

  • WAN optimization (WAN acceleration)

    WAN optimization -- also known as WAN acceleration -- is a collection of technologies and techniques used to improve the efficiency of data transfer across a wide area network (WAN) between organizations' centralized data centers and their remote locations.

  • What is internet of things (IoT)?

    The internet of things, or IoT, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

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DevOps

This glossary contains definitions related to the DevOps movement. Some definitions explain the meaning of words used to describe how a DevOps culture breaks down silos between software development and operations teams. Other definitions are related to the software tools that DevOps engineers use to lower costs, achieve higher productivity and automate tasks.

  • service mesh

    A service mesh is a dedicated infrastructure layer that controls service-to-service communication over a network.

  • Agile Project Management (APM)

    Agile Project Management (APM) is an iterative approach to planning and guiding project processes that breaks them down into smaller cycles called sprints, or iterations.

  • product owner

    A product owner is a role on a Scrum team that is accountable for the project's outcome. The product owner is responsible for maximizing product's value by managing and optimizing the product backlog.

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IT Career Paths

  • system administrator (sysadmin)

    A system administrator (sysadmin) is an information technolog professional who supports a multiuser computing environment and ensures continuous, optimal performance of IT services and support systems.

  • IT project manager

    An IT project manager is a professional charged with overseeing the process of planning, executing and delegating responsibilities around an organization's information technology (IT) pursuits and goals.

  • CCNA certification

    Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) is a technical certification that Cisco offers for early-career networking professionals.

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IT Operations

Terms related to the processes and services implemented and managed by an organization’s information technology (IT) department. Topics covered include systems management, configuration management, API management and DevOps, as well as real-time performance monitoring and management.

  • service mesh

    A service mesh is a dedicated infrastructure layer that controls service-to-service communication over a network.

  • What is IT/OT convergence? Everything you need to know

    IT/OT convergence is the integration of information technology (IT) systems with operational technology (OT) systems.

  • microservices

    Microservices, or microservices architecture, is an approach to application development in which a large application is built from modular components or services.

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Marketing and CX

Terms related to business software, including definitions about billing and words and phrases about supply chain, CRM, POS, ERP, accounting, payroll and inventory.

  • Salesforce Work.com

    Salesforce Work.com is a corporate performance management platform for sales representatives with a user interface that resembles a social networking website.

  • remote desktop protocol (RDP)

    Remote desktop protocol (RDP) is a secure network communications protocol from Microsoft.

  • What is a private cloud?

    Private cloud is a type of cloud computing that delivers similar advantages to public cloud, including scalability and self-service, but through a proprietary architecture.

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Network Admin

Terms related to managing computer networks, including definitions about LANS or WANS and words and phrases about network design, troubleshooting, security and backups.

  • service mesh

    A service mesh is a dedicated infrastructure layer that controls service-to-service communication over a network.

  • autonomous system (AS)

    An autonomous system (AS) in networking is a collection of one or more associated Internet Protocol (IP) prefixes with a clearly defined routing policy that governs how the AS exchanges routing information with other autonomous systems.

  • dynamic port numbers

    Dynamic port numbers, also known as private port numbers, are the port numbers that are available for use by any application to use in communicating with any other application, using the internet's Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) or User Datagram Protocol (UDP).

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Project Management

Terms related to project management, including definitions about project management methodologies and tools.

  • triple bottom line (TBL)

    The triple bottom line (TBL) is an accounting framework that includes social, environmental and financial results as bottom lines.

  • product owner

    A product owner is a role on a Scrum team that is accountable for the project's outcome. The product owner is responsible for maximizing product's value by managing and optimizing the product backlog.

  • Six Sigma

    Six Sigma is a business methodology for quality improvement that measures how many defects there are in a current process and seeks to systematically eliminate them.

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Security Admin

Terms related to security management, including definitions about intrusion detection systems (IDS) and words and phrases about asset management, security policies, security monitoring, authorization and authentication.

  • promiscuous mode

    In computer networking, promiscuous mode is a mode of operation, as well as a security, monitoring and administration technique.

  • certificate authority (CA)

    A certificate authority (CA) is a trusted entity that issues Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificates.

  • federated identity management (FIM)

    Federated identity management (FIM) is an arrangement between multiple enterprises or domains that enables their users to use the same identification data (digital identity) to access all their networks.

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Software Developer

Definitions related to software development, including tech terms about programming and words and phrases about Scrum, Agile and waterfall methodologies.

  • service mesh

    A service mesh is a dedicated infrastructure layer that controls service-to-service communication over a network.

  • product owner

    A product owner is a role on a Scrum team that is accountable for the project's outcome. The product owner is responsible for maximizing product's value by managing and optimizing the product backlog.

  • microservices

    Microservices, or microservices architecture, is an approach to application development in which a large application is built from modular components or services.

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Technical Support

Terms related to computer fundamentals, including computer hardware definitions and words and phrases about software, operating systems, peripherals and troubleshooting.

  • bare-metal restore

    A bare-metal restore (also referred to as bare-metal recovery or bare-metal backup) is a data recovery and restoration process where a computer is restored to a new machine, typically after a catastrophic failure.

  • robotics

    Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture and operation of robots.

  • NACK (NAK, negative acknowledgment, not acknowledged)

    NACK, or NAK, an abbreviation for negative acknowledgment or not acknowledged, is a signal used by computers or other devices to indicate that data transmitted over a network was received with errors or was otherwise unreadable.

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SearchCompliance
  • OPSEC (operations security)

    OPSEC (operations security) is a security and risk management process and strategy that classifies information, then determines ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract is a decentralized application that executes business logic in response to events.

  • compliance risk

    Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting ...

SearchSecurity
  • Kerberos

    Kerberos is a protocol for authenticating service requests between trusted hosts across an untrusted network, such as the ...

  • promiscuous mode

    In computer networking, promiscuous mode is a mode of operation, as well as a security, monitoring and administration technique.

  • macro virus

    A macro virus is a computer virus written in the same macro language used to create software programs such as Microsoft Excel or ...

SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • change control

    Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.

SearchStorage
  • bare-metal restore

    A bare-metal restore (also referred to as bare-metal recovery or bare-metal backup) is a data recovery and restoration process ...

  • mSATA SSD (mSATA solid-state drive)

    An mSATA SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to the mSATA interface specification developed by the Serial ATA (SATA) ...

  • network-attached storage (NAS)

    Network-attached storage (NAS) is dedicated file storage that enables multiple users and heterogeneous client devices to retrieve...

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