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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

10B - DIG

  • 10BASE-36 - 10BASE-36 is a type of physical cabling defined in the IEEE 802.
  • 10BASE-T - 10BASE-T, one of several physical media specified in the IEEE 802.
  • 8-VSB (8-level vestigial sideband) - 8-VSB (8-level vestigial sideband) is a standard radio frequency (RF) modulation format chosen by the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) for the transmission of digital television (DTV) to consumers in the United States and other adopting countries.
  • 802.11d - 802.11d is a communications specification for use in countries where systems using other standards in the 802.
  • 802.11h - The 802.11h specification is an addition to the 802.
  • abampere (abA) - The abampere (symbolized abA) is the unit of current in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) system of electromagnetic units.
  • abfarad (abF) - The abfarad (abbreviated abF) is the unit of electromagnetic capacitance in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) system of units.
  • abhenry (abH) - The abhenry (abbreviated abH) is the unit of electromagnetic inductance in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) system of units.
  • absiemens (abS) - The absiemens (symbolized abS) is the unit of conductance in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) electromagnetic system of units.
  • absolute truth - In general, absolute truth is whatever is always valid, regardless of parameters or context.
  • absolute value - Absolute value is a term used in mathematics to indicate the distance of a point or number from the origin (zero point) of a number line or coordinate system.
  • abvolt (abV) - The abvolt (symbolized abV) is the unit of electromotive force (EMF) or potential difference in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) electromagnetic system of units.
  • abwatt (abW) - The abwatt (symbolized abW) is the unit of power in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) electromagnetic system of units.
  • ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) - The ACM (Association for Computing Machinery), founded in 1947, is the largest and oldest international scientific and industrial computer society.
  • Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) - The Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) is a standards organization that was created in 1982 as part of the Advanced Television Committee (ATV) to promote the establishment of technical standards for all aspects of advanced television systems.
  • algorithmic accountability - Algorithmic accountability is the concept that companies should be held responsible for the results of their programmed algorithms.
  • alphanumeric (alphameric) - Alphanumeric, also referred to as alphameric, is a term that encompasses all of the letters and numerals in a given language set.
  • American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) - The American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) is a group of individuals from myriad disciplines who convene in the interest of improving health informatics as it relates to patient care, teaching, research and related aspects of health care policy.
  • American Registry of Internet Numbers (ARIN) - The American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) is the nonprofit corporation responsible for managing Internet number resources (IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and Autonomous System Numbers) for Canada, many Caribbean and North Atlantic islands and the United States.
  • American Wire Gauge (AWG) - American Wire Gauge (AWG) is the standard way to denote wire size in North America.
  • amount of substance (material quantity) - Amount of substance, also called material quantity, is a dimensionless expression of the number of particles in a sample.
  • angle symbol - The angle symbol is a mathematical symbol that is placed ahead of character s, usually uppercase italic letters representing spatial points, to describe a geometric angle formed by the intersection of two lines, line segments, or rays.
  • angular acceleration (rotational acceleration) - Angular acceleration, also called rotational acceleration, is a quantitative expression of the change in angular velocity that a spinning object undergoes per unit time.
  • angular degree (deg or °) - The angular degree is a unit of plane angular measure used in some engineering applications, and by most lay people.
  • ANSI (American National Standards Institute) - ANSI, American National Standards Institute, organization for fostering, development of technology standards, industry groups, International Organization for Standardization, ISO, International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC, computer standards, American Standard Code, Information Interchange, ASCI, Small Computer System Interface, SCSI, what is, definition, term, glossary.
  • approximate equality - Approximate equality is a concept used primarily in physics and engineering, and also occasionally in mathematics.
  • area (A) - Area (symbolized A) is a two-dimensional quantity representing amount or extent of surface.
  • Army Knowledge Online (AKO) - Army Knowledge Online (AKO) is the United States Army intranet.
  • ARPANET - ARPANET was the network that became the basis for the Internet.
  • ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) - ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) is the most common format for text files in computers and on the Internet.
  • ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers) - ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers) is an organization devoted to the advancement of indoor-environment-control technology in the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) industry.
  • astronomical unit (AU) - An astronomical unit (AU) is the mean distance between the center of the Earth and the center of the sun.
  • atomic mass unit (AMU or amu) - An atomic mass unit (symbolized AMU or amu) is defined as precisely 1/12 the mass of an atom of carbon-12.
  • ATX - ATX is an industry-wide specification for a desktop computer's motherboard.
  • Audio Engineers Society/European Broadcasting Union (AES/EBU) - AES/EBU (Audio Engineering Society/European Broadcasting Union) is the name of a digital audio transfer standard.
  • balanced scorecard - The balance scorecard (BSC) is a management system aimed at translating an organization's strategic goals into a set of organizational performance objectives that, in turn, are measured, monitored, and changed if necessary to ensure that an organizations strategic goals are met.
  • bar code (or barcode) - A bar code (often seen as a single word, barcode) is the small image of lines (bars) and spaces that is affixed to retail store items, identification cards, and postal mail to identify a particular product number, person, or location.
  • Basel II - Basel II is an international business standard that requires financial institutions to have enough cash reserves to cover risks incurred by operations.
  • Basel III - Basel III is a set of standards and practices created to ensure that international banks maintain adequate capital to sustain themselves during periods of economic strain.
  • BeeMe (MIT Media Lab) - BeeMe is a web-based social experiment that will be hosted by the MIT Media Lab at 11pm on October 31, 2018.
  • biotechnology (biotech) - Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life.
  • Bluetooth - Bluetooth technology allows computers, mobile devices and accessories to easily interconnect with each other.
  • Bluetooth 2.0+EDR - Bluetooth 2.
  • Bohr radius - The Bohr radius, symbolized as 0, is the mean radius of the orbit of an electron around the nucleus of a hydrogen atom at its ground state (lowest-energy level).
  • Boltzmann's constant - Boltzmann's constant, also called the Boltzmann constant and symbolized k or k B, defines the relation between absolute temperature and the kinetic energy contained in each molecule of an ideal gas.
  • bright-line rule - A bright-line rule, also known as a bright-line test, is a directly-stated law or standard that is worded to avoid room for interpretation and also contains a break-down of objectives.
  • British Standards Institution (BSI) - The British Standards Institution (BSI) is a service organization that produces standards across a wide variety of industry sectors.
  • British thermal unit (Btu) - A British thermal unit (Btu) is a standard unit of energy that is used in the United States and sometimes in the U.
  • business process - A business process is an activity or set of activities that can accomplish a specific organizational goal.
  • Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI) - Established in August 2000, the Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI) is a non-profit organization that exists to promote the standardization of common business processes, as a means of furthering e-business and B2B development.
  • Business Process Modeling Language (BPML) - Business Process Modeling Language (BPML) is an Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based metalanguage developed by the Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI) as a means of modeling business processes, much as XML is, itself, a metalanguage with the ability to model enterprise data.
  • California Primary Care Association (CPCA) - The California Primary Care Association (CPCA) is an organization that represents more than 800 nonprofit community clinics and health centers in the state.
  • call signaling - Call signaling is a process that is used to set up a connection in a telephone network.
  • calorie (cal) - The calorie (symbolized cal) is a unit of heat occasionally used in the centimeter-gram-second (cgs) system of physical units.
  • Can Spam Act of 2003 - The Can Spam Act of 2003 is a commonly used name for the United States Federal law more formally known as S.
  • candela (cd) - The candela (abbreviation, cd) is the standard unit of luminous intensity in the International System of Units (SI).
  • Categories of twisted pair cabling systems - ANSI/EIA (American National Standards Institute/Electronic Industries Association) Standard 568 is one of several standards that specify "categories" (the singular is commonly referred to as "CAT") of twisted pair cabling systems, such as wires, junctions, and connectors.
  • CCHIT - Certification Commission for Healthcare Information Technology - The Certification Commission for Healthcare Information Technology (CCHIT) is an independent, not-for-profit group that certifies electronic health records (EHR) and networks for health information exchange (HIE) in the United States.
  • CCITT or ITU-T (Telecommunication Standardization Sector of the International Telecommunications) - The CCITT, now known as the ITU-T (for Telecommunication Standardization Sector of the International Telecommunications Union), is the primary international body for fostering cooperative standards for telecommunications equipment and systems.
  • CDAC - The Centre for Development for Advanced Computing (CDAC) is the main research and development group for the Department of Information Technology (DIT) and the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) in India.
  • centimeter (cm) - The centimeter (abbreviation, cm) is a unit of displacement or length in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) system of units.
  • centimeter per second squared - The centimeter per second squared (symbolized cm/s 2 or cm/sec 2) is the unit of acceleration vector magnitude in the centimeter-gram-second (cgs) or small-unit metric system.
  • Centronics parallel interface - The Centronics parallel interface is an older and still widely-used standard I/O interface for connecting printers and certain other devices to computers.
  • CERT-In (the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team) - CERT-In (the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team) is a government-mandated information technology (IT) security organization.
  • certification - In information technology as in other fields such as teaching, accounting, and acupuncture, certification is a formal process of making certain that an individual is qualified in terms of particular knowledge or skills.
  • Certified Internet Webmaster (CIW) - Certified Internet Webmaster (CIW) is a set of courses and exams that, when completed successfully, certifies an individual as capable in Web site development and server administration, including security and e-commerce.
  • CHAP (Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol) - CHAP (Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol) is a more secure procedure for connecting to a system than the Password Authentication Procedure (PAP).
  • charge quantity - Charge quantity is an expression of the extent to which an object is electrically charged.
  • CHIME (College of Healthcare Information Management Executives) - The College of Healthcare Information Management Executives (CHIME) is an organization created to serve the professional development needs of CIOs working in the healthcare industry and to promote effective information management within that industry.
  • closed captions - Closed captions are a text version of the spoken part of a television, movie, or computer presentation.
  • Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) - The Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) is a nonprofit organization that promotes research into best practices for securing cloud computing and the use of cloud technologies to secure other forms of computing.
  • CloudAudit - CloudAudit is a specification for the presentation of information about how a cloud computing service provider addresses control frameworks.
  • Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) - Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) provides unique identifiers for publicly known security threats.
  • Communications Act of 1934 - The Communications Act of 1934 is United States legislation that transfers the Federal Radio Commission’s authority over radio regulation to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), which was newly formed under the Act’s provisions.
  • compliance - Compliance is the act of being in alignment with guidelines, regulations and/or legislation.
  • CompTIA Project+ - CompTIA Project + is the Computing Technology Industry Association’s certification program designed to demonstrate validated learning and skills in project management.
  • Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) - A Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) is a group of information security experts responsible for the protection against, detection of and response to an organization’s cybersecurity incidents.
  • content aggregator - A content aggregator is an individual or organization that gathers Web content (and/or sometimes applications) from different online sources for reuse or resale.
  • Coordinated Universal Time (UTC, GMT, CUT) - Coordinated Universal Time (abbreviated as UTC, and therefore often spelled out as Universal Time Coordinated and sometimes as Universal Coordinated Time) is the standard time common to every place in the world.
  • coordinates - Coordinates are distances or angles, represented by numbers, that uniquely identify points on surfaces of two dimensions (2D) or in space of three dimensions (3D).
  • COTS, MOTS, GOTS, and NOTS - COTS, MOTS, GOTS, and NOTS are abbreviations that describe pre-packaged software or hardware purchase alternatives.
  • coulomb - The coulomb (symbolized C) is the standard unit of electric charge in the International System of Units (SI).
  • CSO (Chief Security Officer) - A Chief Security Officer (CSO) is the employee responsible for the physical security of a company, including its communication and business systems.
  • cubic meter (meter cubed) - The cubic meter is the unit of volume in the International System of Units.
  • customer data integration (CDI) - Customer data integration (CDI) is the process of defining, consolidating and managing customer information across an organization's business units and systems to achieve a "single version of the truth" for customer data.
  • Data Encryption Standard (DES) - The Data Encryption Standard (DES) is an outdated symmetric-key method of data encryption.
  • Data Security Council of India (DSCI) - The Data Security Council of India (DSCI) is a not-for-profit organization created to promote the country as a secure destination for information technology (IT) outsourcing.
  • Daylight Saving Time (DST) - Daylight Saving Time (DST) is the practice of turning the clock ahead as warmer weather approaches and back as it becomes colder again so that people will have one more hour of daylight in the afternoon and evening during the warmer season of the year.
  • DCML (Data Center Markup Language) - DCML (Data Center Markup Language), based on Extensible Markup Language (XML), is a data format and model for exchanging information that describes a data center environment.
  • de facto standard - A de facto standard is something that is used so widely that it is considered a standard for a given application although it has no official status.
  • de jure standard - A de jure standard is a technology, method or product that has been officially endorsed for a given application.
  • DECT (Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications) - Unlike the analog cordless phones you may have in your home, DECT (Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications) is a digital wireless telephone technology that is expected to make cordless phones much more common in both businesses and homes in the future.
  • degree Fahrenheit - The degree Fahrenheit (o F) is the unit of temperature used by most people in the United States in describing weather.
  • dielectric constant - The dielectric constant is the ratio of the permittivity of a substance to the permittivity of free space.
  • Differentiated Services (DiffServ, or DS) - Differentiated Services (DiffServ, or DS) is a protocol for specifying and controlling network traffic by class so that certain types of traffic get precedence - for example, voice traffic, which requires a relatively uninterrupted flow of data, might get precedence over other kinds of traffic.
  • digital audio broadcasting (DAB) - .
  • Digital Data Storage (DDS, DDS-1, DDS-2, DDS-3, DDS-4) - Digital Data Storage (DDS) is a format for storing and backing up computer data on tape that evolved from the Digital Audio Tape (DAT) technology.
  • Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) - The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a controversial United States digital rights management (DRM) law enacted October 28, 1998 by then-President Bill Clinton.
  • Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) - Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of standards that define digital broadcasting using existing satellite, cable, and terrestrial infrastructures.
SearchCompliance
  • OPSEC (operations security)

    OPSEC (operations security) is a security and risk management process and strategy that classifies information, then determines ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract is a decentralized application that executes business logic in response to events.

  • compliance risk

    Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting ...

SearchSecurity
  • What is cybersecurity?

    Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems such as hardware, software and data from cyberthreats.

  • private key

    A private key, also known as a secret key, is a variable in cryptography that is used with an algorithm to encrypt and decrypt ...

  • DOS (disk operating system)

    A DOS, or disk operating system, is an operating system that runs from a disk drive. The term can also refer to a particular ...

SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • change control

    Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.

SearchStorage
  • RAM (Random Access Memory)

    RAM (Random Access Memory) is the hardware in a computing device where the operating system (OS), application programs and data ...

  • RAID 6

    RAID 6, also known as double-parity RAID, uses two parity stripes on each disk. It allows for two disk failures within the RAID ...

  • NOR flash memory

    NOR flash memory is one of two types of non-volatile storage technologies.

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