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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

10B - CAR

  • 10BASE-2 - 10BASE-2, one of several physical media specified by IEEE 802.
  • 10BASE-36 - 10BASE-36 is a type of physical cabling defined in the IEEE 802.
  • 10BASE-5 - 10BASE-5, one of several physical media specified by IEEE 802.
  • 10BASE-F - 10BASE-F, one of several physical media specified by IEEE 802.
  • 10BASE-T - 10BASE-T, one of several physical media specified in the IEEE 802.
  • 8-VSB (8-level vestigial sideband) - 8-VSB (8-level vestigial sideband) is a standard radio frequency (RF) modulation format chosen by the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) for the transmission of digital television (DTV) to consumers in the United States and other adopting countries.
  • 802.11d - 802.11d is a communications specification for use in countries where systems using other standards in the 802.
  • 802.11e - 802.11e is a proposed enhancement to the 802.
  • 802.11g - The 802.11g specification is a standard for wireless local area networks WLANs) that offers wireless transmission over relatively short distances at up to 54 megabits per second (Mbps), compared with the 11 Mbps theoretical maximum with the earlier 802.
  • 802.11h - The 802.11h specification is an addition to the 802.
  • 802.11j - The 802.11j specification is a proposed addition to the 802.
  • 802.11k - 802.11k is a proposed standard for a series of measurement requests and reports involving channel selection, roaming, transmit power control (TPC), and subscriber statistics in 802.
  • 802.11m - 802.11m is an initiative to perform editorial maintenance, corrections, improvements, clarifications, and interpretations relevant to documentation for 802.
  • 802.16 - 802.16 is a group of broadband wireless communications standards for metropolitan area networks (MANs) developed by a working group of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
  • 802.1X - The 802.1X standard is designed to enhance the security of wireless local area networks (WLANs) that follow the IEEE 802.
  • 802.3 - 802.3 is a standard specification for Ethernet, a method of physical communication in a local area network (LAN), which is maintained by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
  • A+ (A Plus) - A-Plus (A+) is the name of a process, developed by the Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA), a large trade group, that certifies individuals for knowledge about and competency in installing, maintaining, customizing, and operating personal computers.
  • A-Law - A-Law is the standard codec (compression/decompression) algorithm for pulse code modulation (PCM) from the ITU-T (the Telecommunication Standardization Sector of the International Telecommunications Union).
  • abampere (abA) - The abampere (symbolized abA) is the unit of current in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) system of electromagnetic units.
  • abfarad (abF) - The abfarad (abbreviated abF) is the unit of electromagnetic capacitance in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) system of units.
  • abhenry (abH) - The abhenry (abbreviated abH) is the unit of electromagnetic inductance in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) system of units.
  • abohm (ab W) - The abohm (symbolized ab W) is the unit of electromagnetic resistance in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) system of units.
  • absiemens (abS) - The absiemens (symbolized abS) is the unit of conductance in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) electromagnetic system of units.
  • absolute truth - In general, absolute truth is whatever is always valid, regardless of parameters or context.
  • absolute value - Absolute value is a term used in mathematics to indicate the distance of a point or number from the origin (zero point) of a number line or coordinate system.
  • abvolt (abV) - The abvolt (symbolized abV) is the unit of electromotive force (EMF) or potential difference in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) electromagnetic system of units.
  • abwatt (abW) - The abwatt (symbolized abW) is the unit of power in the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) electromagnetic system of units.
  • ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) - The ACM (Association for Computing Machinery), founded in 1947, is the largest and oldest international scientific and industrial computer society.
  • ACTA (America's Carriers Telecommunications Association) - ACTA (America's Carriers Telecommunications Association) is a lobbying organization for over 165 small long-distance telephone carrier companies.
  • Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) - The Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) is a standards organization that was created in 1982 as part of the Advanced Television Committee (ATV) to promote the establishment of technical standards for all aspects of advanced television systems.
  • aleph - In mathematics, aleph, the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, in its uppercase form () denotes numbers representing the sizes of infinite set s.
  • algorithmic accountability - Algorithmic accountability is the concept that companies should be held responsible for the results of their programmed algorithms.
  • alphanumeric (alphameric) - Alphanumeric, also referred to as alphameric, is a term that encompasses all of the letters and numerals in a given language set.
  • American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) - The American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) is a group of individuals from myriad disciplines who convene in the interest of improving health informatics as it relates to patient care, teaching, research and related aspects of health care policy.
  • American Radio Relay League (ARRL) - The American Radio Relay League (ARRL) is a worldwide organization of amateur radio operators with its headquarters in Newington, Connecticut, USA.
  • American Registry of Internet Numbers (ARIN) - The American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) is the nonprofit corporation responsible for managing Internet number resources (IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and Autonomous System Numbers) for Canada, many Caribbean and North Atlantic islands and the United States.
  • American Wire Gauge (AWG) - American Wire Gauge (AWG) is a U.
  • amount of substance (material quantity) - Amount of substance, also called material quantity, is a dimensionless expression of the number of particles in a sample.
  • amount of substance concentration - Amount of substance concentration, often called simply concentration, is a quantitative measure of the number of atoms per unit volume in a sample of a matter.
  • angle symbol - The angle symbol is a mathematical symbol that is placed ahead of character s, usually uppercase italic letters representing spatial points, to describe a geometric angle formed by the intersection of two lines, line segments, or rays.
  • angular acceleration (rotational acceleration) - Angular acceleration, also called rotational acceleration, is a quantitative expression of the change in angular velocity that a spinning object undergoes per unit time.
  • angular degree (deg or °) - The angular degree is a unit of plane angular measure used in some engineering applications, and by most lay people.
  • angular velocity (rotational velocity) - Angular velocity, also called rotational velocity, is a quantitative expression of the amount of rotation that a spinning object undergoes per unit time.
  • ANSI (American National Standards Institute) - ANSI, American National Standards Institute, organization for fostering, development of technology standards, industry groups, International Organization for Standardization, ISO, International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC, computer standards, American Standard Code, Information Interchange, ASCI, Small Computer System Interface, SCSI, what is, definition, term, glossary.
  • approximate equality - Approximate equality is a concept used primarily in physics and engineering, and also occasionally in mathematics.
  • area (A) - Area (symbolized A) is a two-dimensional quantity representing amount or extent of surface.
  • Army Knowledge Online (AKO) - Army Knowledge Online (AKO) is the United States Army intranet.
  • ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) - An agency of the United States Department of Defense, ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) underwrote development for the precursor of the Internet, known as ARPANET.
  • ARPANET - ARPANET was the network that became the basis for the Internet.
  • ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) - ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) is the most common format for text files in computers and on the Internet.
  • ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers) - ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers) is an organization devoted to the advancement of indoor-environment-control technology in the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) industry.
  • ASPI (Advanced SCSI Programming Interface) - ASPI (Advanced SCSI Programming Interface) specifies how an application program can communicate with a SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) device through a common SCSI device driver.
  • ASPIC (Application Service Provider Industry Consortium) - ASPIC (Application Service Provider Industry Consortium) is a non-profit, international advocacy group comprised of some 700 companies in nearly 30 countries.
  • astronomical unit (AU) - An astronomical unit (AU) is the mean distance between the center of the Earth and the center of the sun.
  • ASUG (Americas' SAP Users' Group) - ASUG (Americas' SAP Users' Group), founded in 1990, is the largest independent non-profit organization worldwide for users of products from SAP, which supplies enterprise resource management systems to the large enterprise.
  • ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) - ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) is the official name that American National Standards Institute group X3T10 uses for what the computer industry calls Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE).
  • atomic mass unit (AMU or amu) - An atomic mass unit (symbolized AMU or amu) is defined as precisely 1/12 the mass of an atom of carbon-12.
  • ATX - ATX is an industry-wide specification for a desktop computer's motherboard.
  • Audio Engineers Society/European Broadcasting Union (AES/EBU) - AES/EBU (Audio Engineering Society/European Broadcasting Union) is the name of a digital audio transfer standard.
  • Automated Clearing House (ACH) - Automated Clearing House (ACH) is a secure payment transfer system that connects all U.
  • B8ZS (bipolar 8-zero substitution, binary 8-zero substitution, clear channel, clear 64) - B8ZS (bipolar 8-zero substitution, also called binary 8-zero substitution, clear channel, and clear 64) is an encoding method used on T1 circuits that inserts two successive ones of the same voltage - referred to as a bipolar violation - into a signal whenever eight consecutive zeros are transmitted.
  • bar code (or barcode) - A bar code (often seen as a single word, barcode) is the small image of lines (bars) and spaces that is affixed to retail store items, identification cards, and postal mail to identify a particular product number, person, or location.
  • Basel II - Basel II is an international business standard that requires financial institutions to have enough cash reserves to cover risks incurred by operations.
  • Basel III - Basel III is a set of standards and practices created to ensure that international banks maintain adequate capital to sustain themselves during periods of economic strain.
  • Bearer Independent Call Control (BICC) - Bearer Independent Call Control (BICC) is a signaling protocol based on N-ISUP that is used to support narrowband ISDN service over a broadband backbone network without interfering with interfaces to the existing network and end-to-end services.
  • becquerel - The becquerel is the derived unit of radioactivity in the International System of Units (SI), symbolized Bq and equal to one disintegration or nuclear transformation per second.
  • BeeMe (MIT Media Lab) - BeeMe is a web-based social experiment that will be hosted by the MIT Media Lab at 11pm on October 31, 2018.
  • Bel - In electronics and communications, the Bel expresses the logarithmic ratio between two levels of signal power, voltage, or current.
  • Bellcore (Bell Communications Research) - Bellcore (Bell Communications Research) provides certain centralized research and standards coordination for the regional Bell operating companies (RBOC)s.
  • Betamax - Betamax is a videocassette recording (VCR) technology that uses magnetic tape 1/2 inch (1.
  • Big Blue (IBM) - Big Blue refers to IBM, which has used blue as a branding color in its logo and elsewhere.
  • BioAPI Consortium - The BioAPI Consortium is a group of over 90 organizations whose goal is to encourage and promote the growth of biometric technology by developing an industry-wide application programming interface (API.
  • biotechnology (biotech) - Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life.
  • bis - The word (also used as a prefix or suffix) bis, applied to some modem protocol standards, is Old Latin for "repeat" (akin to Old High German "twice").
  • BizTalk - BizTalk is an industry initiative headed by Microsoft to promote Extensible Markup Language (XML) as the common data exchange language for e-commerce and application integration on the Internet.
  • blackbody - A blackbody (sometimes spelled "black body") is a theoretically ideal radiator and absorber of energy at all electromagnetic wavelength s.
  • Blue Book - The Blue Book is the informal name for the standard specification document for stamped multisession (also known as the enhanced CD or E-CD) disk format, developed in 1995 from a supplement to Philips and Sony's 1988 Orange Book.
  • Bluetooth - Bluetooth technology allows computers, mobile devices and accessories to easily interconnect with each other.
  • Bluetooth 2.0+EDR - Bluetooth 2.
  • Bohr radius - The Bohr radius, symbolized as 0, is the mean radius of the orbit of an electron around the nucleus of a hydrogen atom at its ground state (lowest-energy level).
  • Boltzmann's constant - Boltzmann's constant, also called the Boltzmann constant and symbolized k or k B, defines the relation between absolute temperature and the kinetic energy contained in each molecule of an ideal gas.
  • bright-line rule - A bright-line rule, also known as a bright-line test, is a directly-stated law or standard that is worded to avoid room for interpretation and also contains a break-down of objectives.
  • British Standards Institution (BSI) - The British Standards Institution (BSI) is a service organization that produces standards across a wide variety of industry sectors.
  • British thermal unit (Btu) - A British thermal unit (Btu) is a standard unit of energy that is used in the United States and sometimes in the U.
  • business process - A business process is an activity or set of activities that can accomplish a specific organizational goal.
  • Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI) - Established in August 2000, the Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI) is a non-profit organization that exists to promote the standardization of common business processes, as a means of furthering e-business and B2B development.
  • Business Process Modeling Language (BPML) - Business Process Modeling Language (BPML) is an Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based metalanguage developed by the Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI) as a means of modeling business processes, much as XML is, itself, a metalanguage with the ability to model enterprise data.
  • business technology management (BTM) - Business technology management (BTM) is a term for a group of services intended to help businesses that might not have their own information technology (IT) department.
  • Business Transaction Protocol (BTP) - The Business Transaction Protocol (BTP) is an XML-based protocol being developed by the Business Transactions Technical Committee (BT TC) of the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) as a standardized Internet-based means of managing complex, ongoing business-to-business (B2B) transactions among multiple organizations.
  • CalConnect (Calendaring and Scheduling Consortium) - CalConnect is the public name for the Calendaring and Scheduling Consortium, an industry and public organization created to further "the interoperable exchange of calendaring and scheduling information between dissimilar programs, platforms, and technologies.
  • CALEA (Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act) - CALEA (Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act) is a United States federal law that enables the government to intercept wire and electronic communications and call-identifying information under certain circumstances -- in particular, when it is necessary in order to protect national security.
  • California Primary Care Association (CPCA) - The California Primary Care Association (CPCA) is an organization that represents more than 800 nonprofit community clinics and health centers in the state.
  • call signaling - Call signaling is a process that is used to set up a connection in a telephone network.
  • CallXML - CallXML is a language based on the Extensible Markup Language (XML) that lets a company describe a phone-to-Web site application in terms of how the call would be handled at the Web site and how it would interact with the caller based on keyed-in or voice responses.
  • calorie (cal) - The calorie (symbolized cal) is a unit of heat occasionally used in the centimeter-gram-second (cgs) system of physical units.
  • Can Spam Act of 2003 - The Can Spam Act of 2003 is a commonly used name for the United States Federal law more formally known as S.
  • candela (cd) - The candela (abbreviation, cd) is the standard unit of luminous intensity in the International System of Units (SI).
  • candela per meter squared - The candela per meter squared (cd / m 2) is the standard unit of luminance.

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