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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

EBP - IAN

  • EBPP (electronic bill presentment and payment) - On the Internet, electronic bill presentment and payment (EBPP) is a process that enables bills to be created, delivered, and paid over the Internet.
  • Echelon - Echelon is an officially unacknowledged U.
  • EIA (Electronic Industries Association or Electronics Industries Alliance) - The Electronic Industries Association (EIA) comprises individual organizations that together have agreed on certain data transmission standards such as EIA/TIA-232 (formerly known as RS-232).
  • EIDE (Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics) - Enhanced (sometimes "Expanded") IDE is a standard electronic interface between your computer and its mass storage drives.
  • EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol) - EIGRP (Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol) is a network protocol that lets routers exchange information more efficiently than with earlier network protocols.
  • EISA (Extended Industry Standard Architecture) - EISA is a standard bus (computer interconnection) architecture that extends the ISA standard to a 32-bit interface.
  • electric field strength - Electric field strength is a quantitative expression of the intensity of an electric field at a particular location.
  • Electrohippies Collective - The Electrohippies Collective is an international group of hacktivists based in Oxfordshire, England, whose purpose is to express its displeasure with the use of the Internet "as a tool for corporate communications and propaganda.
  • Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) - The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) is a United States federal statute that prohibits a third party from intercepting or disclosing communications without authorization.
  • Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) - The Electronic Frontier Foundation is the primary watchdog for the preservation of civil liberties on the Internet.
  • Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (e-signature bill) - The Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (often referred to as the e-signature bill) specifies that in the United States, the use of a digital signature is as legally valid as a traditional signature written in ink on paper.
  • element-of symbol - The element-of symbol is used in mathematical set theory to indicate that a point, object, or number belongs to a certain set.
  • email address internationalization (EAI) - Email address internationalization (EAI) is a process that enables email addresses with either the domain name or mailbox name in different languages and scripts to work properly when sending and receiving emails.
  • encoding and decoding - Encoding is the process of putting a sequence of characters (letters, numbers, punctuation, and certain symbols) into a specialized digital format for efficient transmission or transfer.
  • enterprise architecture (EA) - An enterprise architecture (EA) is a conceptual blueprint that defines the structure and operation of an organization.
  • ENUM - ENUM is a standard adopted by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) that uses the domain name system (DNS) to map telephone numbers to Web addresses or uniform resource locators (URL).
  • erg - The erg is the standard unit of energy in the centimeter-gram-second (cgs) or small-unit metric system.
  • ERM Group (Environmental Resource Management) - ERM (Environmental Resource Management) is a global organization of environmental, health, and safety experts, known as the ERM Group, with more than 110 worldwide locations.
  • Escrowed Encryption Standard (EES) - The Escrowed Encryption Standard (EES) is a standard for encrypted communications that was approved by the U.
  • ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) - The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is a non-profit organization that establishes telecommunications standards for Europe.
  • Euler's constant (gamma or the Euler-Mascheroni constant) - Euler's constant, sometimes called gamma or the Euler-Mascheroni constant, has the mathematical value of.
  • Extensible Name Service (XNS) - Extensible Name Service (XNS) is an open Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based protocol that specifies a way to establish and manage a universal addressing system.
  • Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP) - Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP) is a protocol for exchanging routing information between two neighbor gateway hosts (each with its own router) in a network of autonomous systems.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) - The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is United States federal legislation that promotes accuracy, fairness and privacy for data used by consumer reporting agencies.
  • Fair Information Practices (FIP) - FIP (Fair Information Practices) is a general term for a set of standards governing the collection and use of personal data and addressing issues of privacy and accuracy.
  • fair use - Fair use is a legal concept that allows the reproduction of copyrighted material for certain purposes without obtaining permission and without paying a fee or royalty.
  • farad (F) - The farad is the standard international unit of capacitance.
  • Fast Infoset (FI) - Fast Infoset (FI) is a standard that can serve as an alternative to XML (Extensible Markup Language) document formatting.
  • Fax Group - Fax Group is an encoding format used for fax transmission.
  • FCC (Federal Communications Commission) - The FCC (Federal Communications Commission) is the government body responsible for maintaining laws, censorship and broadcast licensing pertaining to interstate and international communications in the United States.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) - The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is an independent agency of the United States (U.
  • Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) - The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is a United States government agency, established in 1977 to oversee the country's interstate transmission and pricing of a variety of energy resources, including electricity, natural gas and oil.
  • Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) - Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) is a standard for adoption and use by United States Federal departments and agencies that has been developed within the Information Technology Laboratory and published by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), a part of the U.
  • Federation of Telecommunications Engineers of the European Community (FITCE) - FITCE (Federation of Telecommunications Engineers of the European Community) is an international association that is committed to affecting telecommunication developments in a positive and constructive manner throughout Europe and the rest of the world.
  • Fibre Channel over IP (FCIP or FC/IP) - Fibre Channel over IP (FCIP or FC/IP, also known as Fibre Channel tunneling or storage tunneling) is an Internet Protocol (IP)-based storage networking technology developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).
  • Financial Services Markup Language (FSML) - FSML (Financial Services Markup Language) is a data description language based on the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) that was developed to create financial documents for delivery over the Internet, including eCheck and their associated documentation.
  • fine structure constant - The fine structure constant measures the strength of the electromagnetic forcethat controls how charged elementary particles (such as electrons and photons) interact.
  • Foo Camp - Foo Camp was a gathering of about 200 computer and Internet thinkers and inventors who were invited by publisher O'Reilly and Associates to spend a week-end brainstorming, collaborating, and otherwise advancing progress in information technology.
  • foot (ft) - The foot (symbolized ft) is the unit of displacement or length in the English foot-pound-second (fps) system.
  • foot cubed (cubic foot) - The foot cubed, also called the cubic foot, is the unit of volume in the English foot-pound-second (fps) system.
  • foot per second (ft/s or ft/sec) - The foot per second (symbolized ft/s or ft/sec) is the unit of linear speed in the foot-pound-second (fps) or English system.
  • foot per second squared - The foot per second squared (symbolized ft/s 2 or ft/sec 2) is the unit of acceleration vector magnitude in the foot-pound-second (fps) or English system.
  • foot squared (square foot) - The foot squared, also called the square foot, is the standard unit of area in the English foot-pound-second (fps) system.
  • foot-pound-second system of units (fps system of units) - The foot-pound-second (fps) system of units is a scheme for measuring dimensional and material quantities.
  • force - Force is an action that causes a free object with nonzero, finite mass to accelerate, relative to a non-accelerating frame of reference.
  • FpML (Financial Products Markup Language) - Financial Products Markup Language (FpML) is a business information exchange standard based on Extensible Markup Language (XML) that enables business-to-business over-the-counter (OTC) financial derivative transactions using the Internet.
  • framework - In computer systems, a framework is often a layered structure indicating what kind of programs can or should be built and how they would interrelate.
  • free software - Free software is software that can be freely used, modified, and redistributed with only one restriction: any redistributed version of the software must be distributed with the original terms of free use, modification, and distribution (known as copyleft).
  • Free Software Foundation (FSF) - The Free Software Foundation (FSF) was founded in 1983 along with its demonstration GNU project.
  • Freedom of Information Act 2000 - The Freedom of Information Act 2000 is an act of the United Kingdom (UK) Parliament defining the ways in which the public may obtain access to government-held information.
  • frequency-hopping spread spectrum - Frequency hopping is one of two basic modulation techniques used in spread spectrum signal transmission.
  • G-code - G-code (also known as RS-274) is the name of the most prevalent programming language for computer numerical control (CNC) in computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM).
  • G.703 - G.703 is a CCITT standard for transmitting voice over digital carriers such as T1 and E1.
  • gas - A gas is a sample of matter that conforms to the shape of a container in which it is held and acquires a uniform density inside the container, even in the presence of gravity and regardless of the amount of substance in the container.
  • gas constant (universal molar gas constant) - The gas constant, also known as the universal molar gas constant, is a physical constant that appears in an equation defining the behavior of a gas under theoretically ideal conditions.
  • gauss (G) - The gauss (symbolized G) is the centimeter-gram-second (cgs) unit of magnetic flux density.
  • GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) - The GIF (pronounced DJIF by many, including its designer; pronounced GIF with a hard G by many others) stands for Graphics Interchange Format and is one of the two most common file formats for graphic images on the World Wide Web.
  • global information infrastructure (GII) - The global information infrastructure (GII) is the developing communications framework intended to eventually connect all telecommunications and computer networks world-wide.
  • going forward - Going forward is a relatively new and apparently convenient way to indicate a progression in time from the present.
  • Good Automated Laboratory Practices (GALP) - Good Automated Laboratory Practices (GALP) is a standardized set of best practices that are used to ensure data integrity for laboratory data that is gathered, processed, and archived by a laboratory information management system (LIMS).
  • Government Information Awareness (GIA) - Government Information Awareness (GIA) is a Web site dedicated to making it easy for U.
  • gram (g or gm) - The gram (abbreviation, g or gm) is the cgs (centimeter/gram/second) unit of mass.
  • Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) - The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLB Act or GLBA), also known as the Financial Modernization Act of 1999, is a federal law enacted in the United States to control the ways that financial institutions deal with the private information of individuals.
  • gravitational acceleration - Gravitational acceleration (symbolized g) is an expression used in physics to indicate the intensity of a gravitational field.
  • gravitational constant - The gravitational constant, symbolized G, is a physical constant that appears in the equation for Newton's law of gravitation.
  • gray (Gy) - The gray (symbolized Gy) is the standard unit of absorbed ionizing-radiation dose, equivalent to one joule per kilogram (1 J · kg -1).
  • grumble line - A grumble line is the plotted amount of light from the sky that will be available in a building once an adjacent building has been erected.
  • GTAG (Global Tag) - GTAG (Global Tag) is a standardization initiative of the Uniform Code Council (UCC) and the European Article Numbering Association (EAN) for asset tracking and logistics based on radio frequency identification (RFID).
  • gTLD (generic top-level domain name) - A gTLD (generic top-level domain name) is the top-level domain name of an Internet address that identifies it generically as associated with some domain class, such as .
  • H-1B - H-1B is a United States Immigration Service visa classification that permits employers to hire highly skilled foreign workers who possess theoretical and practical application of a body of specialized knowledge.
  • H.245 - H.245 is a protocol for the transmission of call management and control signals in packet-based networks using H.
  • H.264 (MPEG-4 AVC) - H.264, also known as MPEG-4 AVC (Advanced Video Coding), is a video compression standard that offers significantly greater compression than its predecessors.
  • H.323 - H.323 is a standard approved by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in 1996 to promote compatibility in videoconference transmissions over IP networks.
  • hard drive shredder - A hard drive shredder is a mechanical device that physically destroys old hard drives in such a way that the data they contain cannot be recovered.
  • Hartree energy - The Hartree energy is a physical constant equal to twice the binding energy of the electron in the ground state (the lowest-energy state) of the hydrogen atom.
  • HAVA (Help America Vote Act of 2002) - The Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA)is a federal program that reformed aspects of the United States election system.
  • HAVi (Home Audio Visual) - HAVi (Home Audio Visual) is a standard, developed by several leading electronics and computer manufacturers, that allows a number of different home-entertainment and communication devices to operate from a single controller device such as your TV set.
  • HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection) - HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection) is a specified method from Intel for protecting copyrighted digital entertainment content that uses the Digital Video Interface (DVI) by encrypting its transmission between the video source and the digital display (receiver).
  • HDMI - HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface) is a specification that combines video and audio into a single digital interface for use with digital versatile disc (DVD) players, digital television (DTV) players, set-top boxes, and other audiovisual devices.
  • HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) - HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is an industry standard for creating audio and video connections between high-definition electronic devices.
  • heat - Heat is the transfer of kinetic energy from one medium or object to another, or from an energy source to a medium or object.
  • henry per meter (H/m) - The henry per meter (symbolized H/m) is the unit of magnetic permeability in the International System of Units (SI).
  • Herman Hollerith - Born in 1860 in Buffalo, NY, Herman Hollerith was the creator of the Hollerith Electric Tabulating System, the ancestor to computers as we know them today.
  • Hewlett-Packard (HP) - HP (Hewlett-Packard) is a prominent IT company based in Palo Alto, California.
  • Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) - Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (HMIPv6) is the proposed enhancement of Mobile Internet Protocol versions 6 (MIPv6) that is designed to reduce the amount of signaling required and to improve handoffspeed for mobile connections.
  • HIMSS (Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society) - The Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) is a nonprofit organization whose goal is to promote the best use of IT and management systems in the healthcare industry.
  • HITECH (Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health) Act of 2009 - The HITECH (Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health) Act of 2009 is legislation that was created to stimulate the adoption of electronic health records (EHR) and the supporting technology in the United States.
  • HITSP - HITSP (Healthcare Information Technology Standards Panel) is an organization created to promote standardization and broad scale interoperability among healthcare applications and information systems.
  • Home Phoneline Networking Alliance (HPNA) - The HPNA (Home Phoneline Networking Alliance) is an industry group that promotes standards for using existing phone lines and jacks to interconnect computers within a home.
  • homologation - Homologation is the certification of a product to indicate that it meets regulatory standards.
  • horsepower (hp) - The horsepower (hp) is a unit in the foot-pound-second (fps) or English system, sometimes used to express the rate at which mechanical energy is expended.
  • Hospitality Financial and Technology Professionals (HFTP) - The Hospitality Financial and Technology Professionals (HFTP) organization is an international society established in 1952 for financial and technology professionals who work in the hospitality industry.
  • Hospitality Information Technology Association (HITA) - The Hospitality Information Technology Association (HITA) is an international association of hospitality educators, hardware and software vendors, information technology users, and consultants to the hospitality industry.
  • hour (hr) - The hour (symbolized hr) is a unit of time, equivalent to 3600 seconds (s), 60 minutes (min), or 1/24 of a mean solar day (msd).
  • HSPD-7 (Homeland Security Presidential Directive No. 7) - HSPD-7 (Homeland Security Presidential Directive No.
  • I-SPY Act -- Internet Spyware Prevention Act of 2005 (H.R. 744) - The I-SPY Act, formally known as the Internet Spyware Prevention Act of 2005 (H.
  • i.LINK - i.LINK is the Sony Corporation implementation of a standard, IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • IAB (Internet Architecture Board) - The IAB (Internet Architecture Board) is the Internet Society overseer of the technical evolution of the Internet.
  • IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) - IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) is the organization under the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) of the Internet Society that, under a contract from the U.

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