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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

IBM - MET

  • IBM - IBM (International Business Machines) ranks among the world's largest information technology companies, providing a wide spectrum of hardware, software and services offerings.
  • ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) - ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is the private (non-government) non-profit corporation with responsibility for IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions, the services previously performed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).
  • ICT (information and communications technology, or technologies) - ICT, or information and communications technology (or technologies), is the infrastructure and components that enable modern computing.
  • IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) - The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) describes itself as "the world's largest technical professional society -- promoting the development and application of electrotechnology and allied sciences for the benefit of humanity, the advancement of the profession, and the well-being of our members.
  • IEEE 1284 parallel interface standard - The IEEE 1284 parallel interface standard is the prevalent standard for connecting a computer to a printer or certain other devices over a parallel (eight bits of data at a time) physical and electrical interface.
  • IEEE 1394 - IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, is an electronics standard for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • IEEE Computer Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Society) - IEEE-CS (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Society) -- pronounced "EYE triple E- CA" -- is the IEEE society created to promote computer-related research and to disseminate technical information and standards to computing professionals around the world.
  • IEEE Standards Association (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standards Association) - IEEE-SA (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standards Association) -- pronounced "EYE triple-E-SA" -- is the IEEE membership body concerned with standards and standardization issues.
  • IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) - The IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) is the body that defines standard Internet operating protocols such as TCP/IP.
  • IIOP (Internet Inter-ORB Protocol) - IIOP (Internet Inter-ORB Protocol) is a protocol that makes it possible for distributed programs written in different programming languages to communicate over the Internet.
  • IISP (Institute of Information Security Professionals) - The IISP (Institute of Information Security Professionals) is a London-based professional membership association who describes its purpose as: "to set the standard for professionalism in information security, and to speak with an independent and authoritative voice on the subject.
  • ILEC (incumbent local exchange carrier) - An ILEC (incumbent local exchange carrier) is a telephone company in the U.
  • image of the early universe - An image of the early universe, showing irregularities in its brightness 380,000 years after its birth, has been produced by a device called the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP).
  • IMS - IMS (Information Management System) is a database and transaction management system that was first introduced by IBM in 1968.
  • IMS (Intelligent Manufacturing Systems) - IMS (Intelligent Manufacturing Systems) is the name of an international organization devoted to developing the next generation of manufacturing and processing technologies.
  • incubator - In the business world, an incubator is an enterprise that is set up to provide office space, equipment, and sometimes mentoring assistance and capital to new businesses that are just getting started.
  • Indefeasible Right of Use (IRU) - In telecommunications, Indefeasible Right of Use (IRU) is the effective long-term lease (temporary ownership) of a portion of the capacity of an international cable.
  • InfiniBand - InfiniBand is an architecture and specification for data flow between processors and I/O devices.
  • infinity - In general, infinity is the quality or state of endlessness or having no limits in terms of time, space, or other quantity.
  • Information and Content Exchange (ICE) - Information and Content Exchange (ICE) is an XML-based standard protocol for electronic business-to-business (B2B) asset management.
  • Information Awareness Office (IAO) - Created in response to the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, the Information Awareness Office (IAO) is a branch of the United States Defense Advanced Research Agency (DARPA) that aims to gather massive amounts of intelligence through electronic sources in order to help avert terrorist acts in the future.
  • Information Society - Information Society is a term for a society in which the creation, distribution, and manipulation of information has become the most significant economic and cultural activity.
  • Institute for Health Technology Transformation (iHT2) - Institute for Health Technology Transformation (iHT2) is an organization dedicated to fostering the use of technology within both the public and private sectors of the health care industry.
  • intelligence community - The term intelligence community refers to government and other public agencies as well as private agencies that gather, assemble, and report information that pertains to world or national security.
  • Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) - Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a specification for the equipment that monitors the physical environment and behavior of a server.
  • intermediary - In general, an intermediary is a person or service that is involved as a third party between two or more end points in a communication or transaction.
  • international financial reporting standards (IFRS) - International financial reporting standards (IFRS) are specific organizational and monetary standards and frameworks for financial reporting that have been adopted in 113 countries including India, Australia and the European Union.
  • International Institute of Business Analysis (IIBA) - International Institute of Business Analysis (IIBA) is a non-profit association that promotes and aids in the use of business analysis.
  • International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) - The International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) is an international code used to identify sound and audio-visual recordings on compact discs (CDs), music videos, and other media, primarily to ensure royalty payments.
  • Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) - The IRTF is an activity of the of the Internet Society.
  • Internet Society - The Internet Society is an international non-profit organization that acts as a guide and conscience for the workings of the Internet.
  • InterNIC (Internet Network Information Center) - Unitl recently, InterNIC (Internet Network Information Center), a cooperative activity between the U.
  • Intertainment - Intertainment is the name of an e-business initiative that encourages shopping malls and other public places to provide visitors with free high-speed Internet access.
  • inverse-square law - The inverse-square law is a principle that expresses the way radiant energy propagates through space.
  • ion - An ion is an atom or group of atoms in which the number of electrons is different from the number of proton s.
  • ionizing radiation - Ionizing radiation, also (imprecisely) called radioactivity, is electromagnetic (EM) radiation whose waves contain energy sufficient to overcome the binding energy of electrons in atoms or molecule s, thus creating ion s.
  • IS-IS (Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System protocol) - One of the most commonly used routing protocols, the Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System protocol (IS-IS) is based on a routing method known as DECnet Phase V routing, in which routers known as intermediate systems exchange data about routing using a single metric to determine the network topology.
  • ISAE 3402 - ISAE (International Standards for Assurance Engagements) 3402 is a global assurance standard for reporting on controls at service organizations.
  • ISBN (International Standard Book Number) - The ISBN (International Standard Book Number) is a unique number assigned to a book title by its publisher for tracking and ordering purposes.
  • iSCSI (Internet Small Computer System Interface) - The iSCSI transport layer protocol allows the SCSI command to be sent over LANs, WANs and the Internet.
  • ISO (International Organization for Standardization) - ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies.
  • ISO 14000 and 14001 - ISO 14000 is a series of environmental management standards developed and published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for organizations.
  • ISO 20022 - ISO 20022 is an ISO standard for developing financial services messages.
  • ISO 22301 (International Organization of Standardization standard 22301) - International Organization of Standardization standard 22301 (ISO 22301) is a proposed standard that would call for meeting specific societal security requirements for disaster preparedness and business continuity management systems (BCMS).
  • ISO 9000 - (For the business server line from Hewlett-Packard, see HP 9000.
  • ISO 9660 - An ISO 9660 file system is a standard CD-ROM file system that allows you to read the same CD-ROM whether you're on a PC, Mac, or other major computer platform.
  • ISO date format - The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) date format is a standard way to express a numeric calendar date that eliminates ambiguity.
  • ISO/IEC 17799: Code of Practice for Information Security Management - ISO/IEC 17799: Code of Practice for Information Security Management is a generic set of best practices for the security of information systems.
  • ISO/IEC 38500 - ISO/IEC 38500 is an international standard created to guide corporate governance of information technology (IT).
  • isotope - An isotope is a form of a chemical element whose atomic nucleus contains a specific number of neutron s, in addition to the number of protons that uniquely defines the element.
  • IT controls - An IT control is a procedure or policy that provides a reasonable assurance that the information technology (IT) used by an organization operates as intended, that data is reliable and that the organization is in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
  • IT Governance Institute (ITGI) - The IT Governance Institute (ITGI) is an arm of ISACA that provides research, publications and resources on IT governance and related topics.
  • IT Olympics (Geek Games) - The IT Olympics (less formally known as the "Geek Games") is a parody Web site set up as the computer world's version of the Olympic contests.
  • IT-ISAC (Information Technology Information Sharing and Analysis Center) - IT-ISAC (Information Technology Information Sharing and Analysis Center) is a facility founded in January, 2001 by nineteen prominent IT industry companies (including Oracle, IBM, EDS, and Computer Sciences) to serve as a central repository for security-related information.
  • ITAA (Information Technology Association of America) - The ITAA (Information Technology Association of America) is a trade organization of corporations involved with all aspects of information technology.
  • ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) - The ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) is a framework designed to standardize the selection, planning, delivery and maintenance of IT services within a business.
  • ITSO (International Technical Support Organization) - ITSO (International Technical Support Organization), a creation of IBM and its Lotus and Tivoli subsidiaries, provides information technology (IT) professionals and customers with technical information, assistance, guidance, and training.
  • ITU-T (Telecommunication Standardization Sector of the International Telecommunications Union) - The ITU-T (for Telecommunication Standardization Sector of the International Telecommunications Union) is the primary international body for fostering cooperative standards for telecommunications equipment and systems.
  • Jabber - Jabber is an initiative to produce an open source, XML-based instant messaging platform.
  • JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) - JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) is a group of experts that is producing standards for bi-level image coding.
  • Jericho Forum - The Jericho Forum is a global organization formed to help members deal the challenges of information security in an increasingly complex environment.
  • Julian calendar - The Julian calendar was the 365-day calendar that Julius Caesar made official in 46 B.
  • Julian date - Not to be confused with the Julian calendar, a Julian date or day number is the number of elapsed days since the beginning of a cycle of 7,980 years invented by Joseph Scaliger in 1583.
  • kilogram (kg) - The kilogram (abbreviation, kg) is the Standard International (SI) System of Units unit of mass.
  • kilogram per meter cubed - The kilogram per meter cubed (symbolized kg/m 3) is the standard unit of material density in the International System of Units (SI).
  • kilogram-meter per second - The kilogram-meter per second is the standard unit of momentum.
  • kilowatt-hour (kWh) - The kilowatt-hour (symbolized kWh) is a unit of energy equivalent to one kilowatt (1 kW) of power expended for one hour (1 h) of time.
  • lawful interception (LI) - Lawful interception (LI) is the legally sanctioned official access to private communications, such as telephone calls or e-mail messages.
  • LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) - LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is an ecology-oriented building certification program run under the auspices of the U.
  • lifestyle polygraph - A lifestyle polygraph is a lie-detector (polygraph) test that is administered as a requirement for employment in certain fields.
  • linearity - Linearity is the behavior of a circuit, particularly an amplifier, in which the output signal strength varies in direct proportion to the input signal strength.
  • liquid - A liquid is a sample of matter that conforms to the shape of a container in which it is held, and which acquires a defined surface in the presence of gravity.
  • local access and transport area (LATA) - LATA (local access and transport area) is a term in the U.
  • Logical Link Control layer (LCL layer) - The Logical Link Control (LCL) layer is one of two sublayers of the Data-Link layer in the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model of communication.
  • logical negation symbol - The logical negation symbol is used in Boolean algebra to indicate that the truth value of the statement that follows is reversed.
  • logical OR symbol - For a practical application, see logic gate.
  • longitudinal time code (LTC) - Longitidinal time code (LTC) is a timing signal that is part of an audio tape recording.
  • LTO (Linear Tape-Open) tape - LTO (Linear Tape-Open) tape is an open-format tape storage technology created by Hewlett-Packard (HP), International Business Machines (IBM) and Seagate Technology.
  • lumen - The lumen (symbolized lm) is the International Unit of luminous flux.
  • luminous flux - Luminous flux is a quantitative expression of the brilliance of a source of visible light, which is electromagnetic energy within the wavelength range of approximately 390 nanometers (nm) to 770 nm.
  • luminous intensity - Luminous intensity is an expression of the amount of light power emanating from a point source within a solid angle of one steradian.
  • lux (lx) - The lux (symbolized lx) is the unit of illuminance in the International System of Units (SI).
  • magnetic field strength - Magnetic field strength is one of two ways that the intensity of a magnetic field can be expressed.
  • managed file transfer (MFT) - Managed file transfer (MFT) is a type of software used to provide secure internal, external and ad-hoc data transfers through a network.
  • mass (m) - Mass (symbolized m) is a dimensionless quantity representing the amount of matter in a particle or object.
  • Massachusetts data protection law - What is the Massachusetts data protection law?The Massachusetts data protection law is legislation that stipulates security requirements for organizations that handle the private data of residents.
  • material density - Material density, more often referred to simply as density, is a quantitative expression of the amount of mass contained per unit volume.
  • Mathematical Symbols - This table contains mathematical symbols and links to definitions of what they represent.
  • Media Access Control layer (MAC layer) - In the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model of communication, the Media Access Control layer is one of two sublayers of the Data Link Control layer and is concerned with sharing the physical connection to the network among several computers.
  • media gateway - A media gateway is any device, such as a circuit switch, IP gateway, or channel bank that converts data from the format required for one type of network to the format required for another.
  • Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP) - Media Gateway Control Protocol (MGCP), also known as H.
  • Media Rating Council (MRC) - The Media Rating Council (MRC) is an industry-funded organization whose purpose is to review and accredit audience rating services within the media industry and secure a measurement service that is valid, reliable and effective.
  • media type (content type) - On the Internet and as defined by Request for Comments (Request for Comments) 1521, a media type (also referred to as a content type) is a general category of data content, such as: application (executable program), audio content, an image, a text message, a video stream, and so forth.
  • megabyte (MB) - As a measure of computer processor storage and real and virtual memory, a megabyte (abbreviated MB) is 2 to the 20th power bytes, or 1,048,576 bytes in decimal notation.
  • megabytes per second (MBps) - Megabytes per second (MBps) describes a unit of data transfer to and from a computer storage device.
  • megatransfer - On a Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) computer bus, a megatransfer is one million data transfers.

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