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IT standards and organizations

Terms related to information technology (IT) standards, including definitions about IT organizations and words and phrases about policies and compliance.

MET - PRI

  • meter - The meter (abbreviation, m; the British spelling is metre) is the International System of Units (SI) unit of displacement or length.
  • meter cubed per kilogram - The meter cubed per kilogram (symbolized m 3 /kg) is the standard unit of specific volume in the International System (SI).
  • meter per second (m/s or m/sec) - The meter per second (symbolized m/s or m/sec) is the Standard International (SI) unit of linear speed.
  • meter per second squared - The meter per second squared (symbolized m/s 2 or m/sec 2) is the Standard International (SI) unit of acceleration vector magnitude.
  • metric system - The metric system is considered almost synonymous with the Standard International System of Units (SI) and is sometimes called the meter-kilogram-second (MKS or mks) system.
  • microfarad - The microfarad (symbolized µF) is a unit of capacitance, equivalent to 0.
  • micrometer - A micrometer (sometimes expressed using the obsolete term, micron), is one-millionth of a meter and can also be expressed as:10 -6 meterOne thousandth of a millimeterOne 25-thousandth of an inchThe micrometer is a unit of measure for the core in optical fiber, for which the most common diameter is 62.
  • micron - The micron, officially obsolete as a term of measurement, is sometimes used by microchip and wiring manufacturers in place of micrometer, one-millionth of a meter.
  • Microsoft - Microsoft is a leading global vendor of computer software; hardware for computer, mobile and gaming systems; and cloud services.
  • Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) - A Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) is an individual recognized by Microsoft for exceptional technical expertise and a talent for sharing knowledge within their technical community.
  • millisecond - (This definition follows U.
  • MILNET - MILNET was the name given to the part of ARPANET, the forerunner of the Internet, that was designated for nonclassified U.
  • MIS (management information systems) - MIS, or management information systems, is the software and hardware to support critical business applications.
  • mission mode project (MMP) - A mission mode project (MMP) is an individual project within the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) that focuses on one aspect of electronic governance, like banking, land records or commercial taxes.
  • MIT License (X11 license or MIT X license) - The MIT License (also known as the X11 license or MITX license) is a software license that was originally developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  • MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) - OpenCourseWare (OCW) is an educational initiative developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to make the core teaching materials for all MIT graduate and undergraduate classes available at no cost to Internet users around the world.
  • Mobile IP - Mobile IP is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard communications protocol that is designed to allow mobile device users to move from one network to another while maintaining their permanent IP address.
  • Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6 or Mobile Internet Protocol version 6) - Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) is a protocol developed as a subset of Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) to support mobile connections.
  • Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) - Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) is a software design pattern that is structured to separate program logic and user interface controls.
  • mole - The mole (abbreviation, mol) is the Standard International (SI) unit of material quantity.
  • molecule - A molecule is the smallest particle in a chemical element or compound that has the chemical properties of that element or compound.
  • momentum - Momentum is a vector quantity that is the product of the mass and the velocity of an object or particle.
  • moon's mean radius - The Moon's mean radius is, as it is for planetary objects like the Earth, determined as the average distance from the physical center to the surface.
  • Morse code - Morse code is a method of sending text messages by keying in a series of electronic pulses, usually represented as a short pulse (called a "dot") and a long pulse (a "dash").
  • MPEG standards (Moving Picture Experts Group) - The MPEG standards are an evolving set of standards for video and audio compression and for multimedia delivery developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).
  • MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport) - MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport) is a lightweight messaging protocol that provides resource-constrained network clients with a simple way to distribute telemetry information.
  • Mtops (million theoretical operations per second) - Mtops (million theoretical operations per second) is a measure of computer performance used by the U.
  • mu - The lowercase Greek letter mu is used to represent the prefix multiplier 0.
  • mu-Law - Mu-Law is the standard codec (compression/decompression) algorithm for pulse code modulation (PCM) from the CCITT (Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraph).
  • Multicast Dissemination Protocol (MDP) - The Multicast Dissemination Protocol (MDP) is a communications protocol for one-to-many transmissions in wired or wireless networks.
  • Multimedia Home Platform (MHP) - Multimedia Home Platform (MHP) is a digital video broadcasting (DVB) standard intended to combine digital television (DTV) with the Internet and the World Wide Web.
  • MultiSpeak - MultiSpeak is an initiative to standardize the application program interfaces (APIs) used by electric utilities.
  • Murphy's Law - The original Murphy's Law was "If there are two or more ways to do something, and one of those ways can result in a catastrophe, then someone will do it.
  • NASDAQ (National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations) - The NASDAQ is the largest electronic securities exchange in the United States.
  • NASSCOM (National Association of Software and Services Companies) - The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) is a not-for-profit Indian consortium created to promote the development of the country's IT (information technology) and business process outsourcing (BPO) industries.
  • National Computer Security Center (NCSC) - The National Computer Security Center (NCSC) is a U.
  • National eGovernance Service Delivery Gateway (NSDG) - National eGovernance Service Delivery Gateway (NSDG) is a mission mode project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) that acts as a central repository for government data.
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) - The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) is the largest association of electrical goods and equipment and electronic medical imaging equipment manufacturers in the United States.
  • National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) - The National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) is a secure online framework that allows healthcare professionals and government agencies to communicate about disease patterns and coordinate national response to outbreaks.
  • National Information Exchange Model - The National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) is an XML-based information exchange framework for sharing data between communities of interest (COIs), across all levels of the United States government.
  • National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) - The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) is a research-and development (R & D) program funded by the U.
  • National Security Agency (NSA) - The National Security Agency is the official U.
  • National Television Standards Committee (NTSC) - The NTSC (National Television Standards Committee) was responsible for developing, in 1953, a set of standard protocol for television (TV) broadcast transmission and reception in the United States.
  • Navy Knowledge Online - Navy Knowledge Online (NKO) is the United States Navy intranet.
  • NCSA - NCSA at the University of Illinois in Urbana, Illinois is the home of the first Web browser that had a graphical user interface.
  • NetMagic Solutions - NetMagic Solutions is an India-based IT hosting and services provider whose specializations include cloud computing, infrastructure management, disaster recovery and application hosting.
  • Network Service Access Point (NSAP) - The Network Service Access Point (NSAP) is one of two types of hierarchical addresses (the other type is the network entity title) used to implement Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) network layer addressing.
  • Network Time Protocol (NTP) - Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a protocol used to synchronize computer clock times in a network.
  • neuromarketing - Neuromarketing is the study of how people's brains respond to advertising and other brand-related messages by monitoring brainwave activity, eye-tracking and skin response.
  • newton - The newton is the Standard International (SI) unit of force.
  • newton-second - The newton-second is the standard unit of impulse.
  • NGO (non-governmental organization) - NGO definition: A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a citizen-based association that operates independently of government, usually to deliver resources or serve some social or political purpose.
  • NIC handle (Network Information Center handle) - A NIC (Network Information Center) handle is an alphanumeric character sequence that is unique for each entry in the database of all Internet domain name registrants.
  • NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) - NIST is the National Institute of Standards and Technology, a unit of the U.
  • NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol) - NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol) is the predominant protocol used by computer clients and servers for managing the notes posted on Usenet newsgroups.
  • NSFNET - NSFNET was a network for research computing deployed in the mid-1980s that in time also became the first backbone infrastructure for the commercial public Internet.
  • nuclear time unit (NTU) - The nuclear time unit (NTU) is the length of time it takes for a ray of light, traveling in a vacuum, to span the diameter of a hydrogen atom.
  • OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) - OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit, international consortium whose goal is to promote the adoption of product-independent standards for information formats such as Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), and Hypertext Markup Language (HTML).
  • OASIS Cloud Application Management for Platforms (CAMP) - OASIS Cloud Application Management for Platforms (CAMP) is a specification intended to foster interoperability between cloud environments and to simplify the management of cloud applications.
  • Object Management Group (OMG) - The OMG (Object Management Group) was formed in 1989 by a group of vendors for the purpose of creating a standard architecture for distributed objects (also known as "components") in networks.
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) - Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a federal organization (part of the Department of Labor) that ensures safe and healthy working conditions for Americans by enforcing standards and providing workplace safety training.
  • ONC (Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology) - The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, abbreviated ONC, is an entity within the U.
  • Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) - An OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog) is an online bibliography of a library collection that is available to the public.
  • OOPSLA (Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications) - OOPSLA is the annual conference for Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications, sponsored by the SIGPLAN and SIGSOFT groups of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
  • Open Buying on the Internet (OBI) - OBI (Open Buying on the Internet) is a proposed standard for business-to-business purchasing on the Internet, aimed particularly at high-volume, low-cost-per-item transactions.
  • Open Document Format (ODF) - The Open Document Format (ODF) is an XML-based open source file format for saving and exchanging text, spreadsheets, charts, and presentations.
  • Open Internet Order of 2010 - The Open Internet Order of 2010 is a set of rules proposed by the United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) with the purpose of maintaining an open and neutral internet that supports free speech and generally treats all traffic as equal.
  • Open Profiling Standard (OPS) - Open Profiling Standard (OPS) is a proposed standard for how Web users can control the personal information they share with Web sites.
  • Open Service Gateway Initiative (OSGi) - OSGi (Open Service Gateway Initiative) is an industry plan for a standard way to connect devices such as home appliances and security systems to the Internet.
  • Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) - Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) is a nonprofit corporation founded by IBM, Intel, and Computer Associates to support Linux developers and users.
  • Orange Book - Orange Book is the informal name for Philips and Sony's Recordable CD Standard.
  • ORBS (Open Relay Behavior-modification System) - A similar but unrelated term is ORB (Object Request Broker).
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) - The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is a collaborative inter-governmental body dedicated to furthering economic progress and world trade.
  • OSGi (Open Service Gateway Initiative) - OSGi (Open Service Gateway Initiative) is Java framework for developing and deploying modular software programs and libraries.
  • OSI model (Open Systems Interconnection) - OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) is a reference model for how applications communicate over a network.
  • OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) - The OSPF router protocol is used to find the best path for packets as they pass through a set of connected networks.
  • P3P (Platform for Privacy Preferences) - P3P (Platform for Privacy Preferences) is a protocol that specifies a way to determine if a Web site's security policies meet a user's privacy requirements.
  • PAIR (Policy Analysis of Internet Routing) - The Policy Analysis of Internet Routing (PAIR) project is a Merit Network initiative dedicated to developing tools that Internet service providers (ISPs), network operators, and end users can use to troubleshoot Internet routing and policy problems.
  • Parlay - Parlay (pronounced PAHR-LAY as in the French verb "parler" - to speak) is an evolving set of specifications for industry-standard application programming interfaces (APIs) for managing network "edge" services such as call control, messaging, and content-based charging.
  • pascal (unit of pressure or stress) - The pascal (pronounced pass-KAL and abbreviated Pa) is the unit of pressure or stress in the International System of Units (SI).
  • path to profitability (P2P) - Path to profitability (sometimes abbreviated as P2P, which also stands for peer-to-peer) is a term that refers to a business plan that is designed to take an enterprise from startup to turning a profit.
  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard) - The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to optimize the security of credit, debit and cash card transactions and protect cardholders against misuse of their personal information.
  • PCI DSS compliance (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard compliance) - Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliance is adherence to the set of policies and procedures developed to protect credit, debit and cash card transactions and prevent the misuse of cardholders' personal information.
  • PCI Security Standards Council - The PCI Security Standards Council is an organization created by the major credit card companies in an effort to better protect credit card holder data.
  • PCI-X (Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended) - PCI-X (Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended) is a computer bus technology (the "data pipes" between parts of a computer) that increases the speed that data can move within a computer from 66 MHz to 133 MHz.
  • PeopleSoft - PeopleSoft is an e-business software product line owned by Oracle.
  • per cent symbol (%) - The per cent symbol is used in mathematics, engineering, and science to indicate parts per hundred.
  • per mil symbol - The per mil symbol is used in mathematics, and especially in economics, to indicate parts per thousand.
  • permeability of free space (a vacuum) - The permeability of free space (a vacuum) is a physical constant equal to approximately 1.
  • permittivity of free space - The permittivity of free space (a vacuum) is a physical constant equal to approximately 8.
  • personal health record (PHR) - A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual it pertains to.
  • Phone numbers - Resources for looking up phone numbers.
  • picoliter - A picoliter is a trillionth (one millionth of a millionth, or 10 to the -12th power) of a liter, which can be represented numerically as 0.
  • PictBridge - PictBridge is the name of an industry standard for firmware (built-in software) that allows digital cameras and printers to communicate directly with each other.
  • Planck's constant - Planck's constant, symbolized h, relates the energy in one quantum (photon) of electromagnetic radiation to the frequency of that radiation.
  • Platform for Privacy Preferences Project (P3P) - Sponsored by the World Wide Web Consortium, P3P (Platform for Privacy Preferences Project) is a framework for products and practices that will let World Wide Web users control the amount of personal information they share with Web sites.
  • Plug and Play (PnP) - Plug and Play (PnP) is a capability developed by Microsoft for its Windows 95 and later operating systems that gives users the ability to plug a device into a computer and have the computer recognize that the device is there.
  • Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) - Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is a protocol (set of communication rules) that allows corporations to extend their own corporate network through private "tunnels" over the public Internet.
  • Portal Markup Language (PML) - Portal Markup Language (PML), an application of the Extensible Markup Language (XML), describes the characteristics of a product that is used to create a portal Web site (sometimes referred to as an enterprise information portal).
  • POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface) - POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface) is a set of standard operating system interfaces based on the Unix operating system.

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