Browse Definitions :

Internet technologies

This WhatIs.com glossary contains terms related to Internet technologies, including definitions about port numbers, standards and protocols and words and phrases about how the Internet works.

REM - STY

  • remote desktop - Remote desktop is a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
  • Remote Procedure Call (RPC) - Remote Procedure Call (RPC) is a protocol that one program can use to request a service from a program located in another computer on a network without having to understand the network's details.
  • remote wakeup (RWU) - Remote wakeup (RWU) is a general term for the powering-up of (turning on) a computer over a network.
  • Request for Comments (RFC) - RFC is also an abbreviation for Remote Function Call.
  • reseller hosting - Reseller hosting is the provision of Web hosting services to companies that in turn act as Web hosts for other companies, typically providing Web site design and management services as well as acting as host for the site and serving its pages to users.
  • Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) - Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) is a network topology being developed as a new standard for fiber optic rings.
  • respawning cookie - A respawning cookie is a standard HTTP cookie backed up by data stored in additional files that are used to rebuild the original cookie when the user visits the originating site again.
  • REST (REpresentational State Transfer) - REST (REpresentational State Transfer) is an architectural style for developing web services.
  • reverse Telnet (direct Telnet) - Reverse Telnet (sometimes called direct Telnet) is the initiation of a Telnet session from a computer system to one of its remote users.
  • RFM analysis (recency, frequency, monetary) - RFM (recency, frequency, monetary) analysis is a marketing technique used to determine which customers are the best ones by examining how often a customer buys (recency), how long it's been since their last purchase (frequency), and.
  • Rich Internet Application (RIA) - A rich Internet application (RIA) is a Web application designed to deliver the same features and functions normally associated with deskop applications.
  • rich presence technology (RPT) - Rich presence is an enhanced form of presence awareness in which participants can determine if other users are online and if so, observe to a limited extent what they are doing and how they are doing it.
  • Rijndael - Rijndael (pronounced rain-dahl) is the algorithm that has been selected by the U.
  • RIOT operating system - RIOT operating system is an open source operating system specialized for IoT (internet of things) devices.
  • Ripple - Ripple is a payment protocol, cryptocurrency creator and high-tech payment firm that uses blockchain technology to help banks conduct fast global financial settlements.
  • robots.txt - Robots.txt is a text file used on websites to provide instructions to webcrawlers or “robots” that index pages for search engines.
  • root server system - On the Internet, the root server system is the way that an authoritative master list of all top-level domain names (such as com, net, org,and individual country codes) is maintained and made available to all routers.
  • route aggregation - Route aggregation is an alternate term for route summarization, which is a method used to minimize the number of routing tables required in an IP network.
  • route summarization (route aggregation) - Route summarization, also called route aggregation, is a method of minimizing the number of routing tables in an IP (Internet Protocol) network.
  • Routing Information Protocol (RIP) - RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a protocol used to enable routers to share information about IP traffic routes as they move traffic within a larger network made up of separate LANs linked through routers.
  • routing table - A routing table is a set of rules, often viewed in table format, that is used to determine where data packets traveling over an Internet Protocol (IP) network will be directed.
  • RSS - RSS is an XML-based vocabulary that specifies a means of sharing news headlines and other content between Web sites.
  • RSVP (Resource Reservation Protocol) - RSVP (Resource Reservation Protocol) is a set of communication rules that allows channels or paths on the Internet to be reserved for the multicast (one source to many receivers) transmission of video and other high-bandwidth messages.
  • SaaS - SaaS stands for at least three different "as-a-service" offerings.
  • Sable - Sable is a set of markup codes and symbols that describes spoken text in text-to-speech (TTS) applications for voice-enabled Web browsers and voice enabled e-mail.
  • Sametime - Sametime is software from Lotus for group collaboration over the Internet.
  • SAP NetWeaver - SAP NetWeaver is a technology platform that allows organizations to integrate data, business processes, elements and more from a variety of sources into unified SAP environments.
  • satellite Internet connection - A satellite Internet connection is an arrangement in which the upstream (outgoing) and the downstream (incoming) data are sent from, and arrive at, a computer through a satellite.
  • satellite return Internet connection - A satellite return Internet connection is an arrangement in which incoming data arrives at your computer from a satellite downlink and outgoing data (such as your request for the next Web page) is sent over a regular telephone line.
  • Scratch - Scratch is a free object-oriented software development kit (SDK) that allows children age 8-16 to create animations, interactive stories, games and music without needing to know a specific programming language.
  • screen name - In a computer network, a screen name is the name a user chooses to use when communicating with others online.
  • screencast - A screencast is a digital video recording that captures actions taking place on a computer desktop.
  • SCTP (Stream Control Transmission Protocol) - SCTP (Stream Control Transmission Protocol) is a protocol for transmitting multiple streams of data at the same time between two end points that have established a connection in a network.
  • searching - On the Internet, searching is just trying to find the information you need.
  • Second Life - Second Life is a massive multi-player universe (MMU) set in a 3D virtual worldcreated by San Francisco-based software maker Linden Labs.
  • Secure Shell (SSH) - SSH, also known as Secure Shell or Secure Socket Shell, is a network protocol that gives users, particularly system administrators, a secure way to access a computer over an unsecured network.
  • segmentation and reassembly (SAR) - In a packet-switched telecommunication network, segmentation and reassembly (SAR, sometimes just referred to as segmentation) is the process of breaking a packet into smaller units before transmission and reassembling them into the proper order at the receiving end of the communication.
  • self-sending spam - Self-sending spam is unsolicited e-mail that looks like you sent it to yourself: your name appears on the "from" line as well as the "to" line.
  • SEO (search engine optimization) - Search engine optimization (SEO) is an area of website development that seeks to improve the way content is ranked by search engines.
  • server - A server is a computer program or device that provides a service to another computer program and its user, also known as the client.
  • server accelerator card (SSL card) - A server accelerator card (also known as an SSL card) is a Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) card used to generate encryption keys for secure transactions on e-commerce Web sites.
  • server space provider - A server space provider is an individual, company, or organization that provides storage space on a server for Web pages, usually for a charge.
  • server-side include (SSI) - A server-side include is a variable value (for example, a file "Last modified" date) that a server can include in an HTML file before it sends it to the requestor.
  • Service Location Protocol (SLP) - The Service Location Protocol (SLP) is a protocol or method of organizing and locating the resources (such as printers, disk drives, databases, e-mail directories, and schedulers) in a network.
  • service-component architecture (SCA) - Service-component architecture (SCA) is a group of specifications intended for the development of applications based on service-oriented architecture (SOA), which defines how computing entities interact to perform work for each other.
  • service-oriented architecture (SOA) - Service-oriented architecture (SOA) is a software development model for distributed application components that incorporates discovery, access control, data mapping and security features.
  • service-oriented integration (SOI) - SOI is also an abbreviation for Silicon-On-Insulator.
  • service-oriented management (SOM) - Service-oriented management (SOM) is the operational management of service delivery within a service-oriented architecture (SOA).
  • session - In telecommunication, a session is a series of interactions between two communication end points that occur during the span of a single connection.
  • Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) - Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is a signaling protocol used for initiating, maintaining, modifying and terminating real-time sessions that involve video, voice, messaging and other communications applications and services between two or more endpoints on IP networks.
  • shared hosting - Shared hosting is Web hosting in which the service provider serves pages for multiple Web sites, each having its own Internet domain name, from a single Web server.
  • shoppable video - A shoppable video is a multimedia recording that allows a user to initiate an order from within the video.
  • shopping cart - On a Web site that sells products or services online, the shopping cart is a common metaphor (from the original grocery store shopping cart) for the catalog or other pages where a user reads and makes selections.
  • SIGTRAN (Signaling Transport) - SIGTRAN (for Signaling Transport) is the standard telephony protocol used to transport Signaling System 7 (SS7) signals over the Internet.
  • silicon cockroach - Silicon cockroach is a term invented by networking expert John Sidgmore to describe the tiny portable electronic devices that are expected to become popular in the next few years, creating new behavior patterns while putting new demands on network bandwidth capacity.
  • SIMPLE (SIP for Instant Messaging and Presence Leveraging Extensions) - SIMPLE is an add-on to the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) that some industry insiders predict will be the basis for a new Instant Messaging and Presence Protocol (IMPP).
  • Sina Weibo - Sina Weibo is a social networking and microblogging service based in China with more than 368 million registered users.
  • single-sourcing - Single-sourcing is the development of information content in a form that can conveniently be the basis for other forms of content.
  • site map - A site map is a visual or textually organized model of a Web site's content that allows the users to navigate through the site to find the information they are looking for, just as a traditional geographical map helps people find places they are looking for in the real world.
  • sitelet - A sitelet is a small section of a Web site that has a special purpose and identity.
  • Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) - Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) is a Cisco proprietary standard for terminal control for use with voice over IP (VoIP).
  • skyscraper - A skyscraper ad is a tall and narrow banner advertisement usually placed to the right of content on a Web page.
  • slivercasting (narrowcasting) - Slivercasing, or narrowcasting, is the transmission of video programming to a niche audience, often through relatively inexpensive means like streaming video over high-speed connections.
  • smart grid sensor - A smart grid sensor is a small, lightweight node that serves as a detection station in a sensor network.
  • smart home or building (home automation or domotics) - A smart home is a residence that uses internet-connected devices to enable the remote monitoring and management of appliances and systems, such as lighting and heating.
  • smart lock - A smart lock is an electronic and mechanical locking device that opens wirelessly with an authorized users’ authentication.
  • smart meter - A smart meter is an Internet-capable device that measures energy, water or natural gas consumption of a building or home.
  • smart streetlight - A smart streetlight is a public lighting fixture that incorporates technology, such as cameras and sensors, to introduce real-time monitoring functionalities.
  • Smart Tags - Microsoft's Smart Tags were a proposed feature of Windows XP that would allow Microsoft and its partners to insert their own links into any Web page viewed through its Internet Explorer browser.
  • smart TV - A smart TV is a digital television that is, essentially, an Internet-connected, storage-aware computer specialized for entertainment.
  • SMI-S (Storage Management Initiative Specification) - SMI-S (Storage Management Initiative Specification) is a standard developed by the Storage Network Industry Association (SNIA) that is intended to facilitate the management of storage devices from multiple vendors in storage area networks (SANs).
  • Snapchat - Snapchat is a mobile app that allows users to send and receive 'self-destructing' photos and videos.
  • SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) - SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol), which is based in Extensible Markup Language (XML), facilitates communication between application and operating systems.
  • Social media management software (SMMS) - Social media management software (SMMS) is a tool that allows organizations to monitor and analyze online conversations from different communication channels.
  • social media marketing (SMM) - Social media marketing (SMM) is a form of Internet marketing that utilizes social networking websites as a marketing tool.
  • social media recruiting (social media recruitment) - Social media recruiting is an HR strategy to better attract active and passive job candidates.
  • social network - A social network, in technology parlance, is a website or other application where people, often of similar interests, come together to communicate with each other and share information including photos, videos, audio and written messages.
  • social search engine - A social search engine is an enhanced version of a search engine that combines traditional algorithm -driven technology with online community filtering to produce highly personalized results.
  • social shopping - Social shopping is a type of e-commerce that seeks to involve people with similar tastes in an online shopping experience.
  • social spreadsheet - A social spreadsheet is social software that combines a spreadsheet with a wiki.
  • socks - Socks (or "SOCKS") is a protocol that a proxy server can use to accept requests from client users in a company's network so that it can forward them across the Internet.
  • softphone (soft client telephone) - A softphone (software telephone) is an application program that enables voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephone calls from computing devices.
  • Source Quench Introduced Delay (SQuID) - Also see SQUID, a UNIX-based program for caching Web pages and other Internet content closer to the user.
  • spider - A spider is a program that visits Web sites and reads their pages and other information in order to create entries for a search engine index.
  • sping (spam ping) - A sping (for spam ping) is a ping sent from a splog (spam blog) to make recipients think content of interest has been updated although that may not be the case.
  • SPML (Services Provisioning Markup Language) - SPML (Services Provisioning Markup Language) is an Extensible Markup Language (XML)-based language that facilitates the exchange of provisioning information among applications and organizations, corporations, or agencies.
  • Spoken Text Markup Language (STML) - Spoken Text Markup Language (STML) is an early set of markup codes and symbols for text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis for voice-enabled Web browsers and voice enabled e-mail.
  • Squid proxy server - Squid is a Unix-based proxy server that caches Internet content closer to a requestor than its original point of origin.
  • stack - TCP/IP is frequently referred to as a "stack.
  • start of authority record - A start of authority (SOA) record is information stored in a domain name system (DNS) zone about that zone and about other DNS records.
  • stateful inspection - Stateful inspection is a firewall technology that monitors the state of active connections and uses this information to determine which network packets to allow through the firewall.
  • static IP address/dynamic IP address - A static IP address is a number (in the form of a dotted quad) that is assigned to a computer by an Internet service provider (ISP) to be its permanent address on the Internet.
  • static URL - A static uniform resource locator (URL) is a name-based website address that is direct, unchanging, clear and contains no session or user identification information.
  • stop word - In computer search engines, a stop word is a commonly used word (such as "the") that a search engine has been programmed to ignore, both when indexing entries for searching and when retrieving them as the result of a search query.
  • storage security - Storage security is the group of parameters and settings that make storage resources available to authorized users and trusted networks - and unavailable to other entities.
  • Structured Graph Format (SGF) - Structured Graph Format (SGF), an application of the Extensible Markup Language (XML), is used to describe a Web site so that its pages and content can be displayed and accessed in a structured, usually tabular form.
  • Stuff I've Seen - Stuff I've Seen is the name of a capability under study by Microsoft that allows a Windows user to quickly locate all occurrences of any item of information the user has previously created or read, whether in e-mail, address books, Web pages, or office documents, all from a single search box built into the task bar.
  • style sheet - A term extended from print publishing to online media, a style sheet is a definition of a document's appearance in terms of such elements as: The default typeface, size, and color for headings and body text How front matter (preface, figure list, title page, and so forth) should look How all or individual sections should be laid out in terms of space (for example, two newspaper columns, one column with headings having hanging heads, and so forth).

-ADS BY GOOGLE

SearchCompliance

SearchSecurity

  • computer worm

    A computer worm is a type of malicious software program whose primary function is to infect other computers while remaining ...

  • Single Sign-On (SSO)

    Single sign-on (SSO) is a session and user authentication service that permits a user to use one set of login credentials (e.g., ...

  • Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)

    Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) is a certification issued by ISACA to people in charge of ensuring that an ...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • business continuity plan (BCP)

    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

  • disaster recovery team

    A disaster recovery team is a group of individuals focused on planning, implementing, maintaining, auditing and testing an ...

  • cloud insurance

    Cloud insurance is any type of financial or data protection obtained by a cloud service provider. 

SearchStorage

Close