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Internet applications

This glossary contains definitions related to Internet applications, including definitions about Software as a Service (SaaS) delivery models and words and phrases about web sites, e-commerce and cloud computing.

E-T - JAR

  • e-ticket (electronic ticket) - An e-ticket (electronic ticket) is a paperless electronic document used for ticketing passengers, particularly in the commercial airline industry.
  • electronic ink - Electronic ink is a liquid substance, in development at MIT's Media Lab in partnership with a company called E Ink, that responds to electrical impulses to enable changeable text and image displays on a flexible surface.
  • electronic newspaper - An electronic newspaper is a self-contained, reusable, and refreshable version of a traditional newspaper that acquires and holds information electronically.
  • email - Email (electronic mail) is the exchange of computer-stored messages by telecommunication.
  • email archiving - Email archiving is a systematic approach to saving and protecting the data contained in emails to enable fast retrieval.
  • email spam - Email spam, also known as junk email, refers to unsolicited email messages, usually sent in bulk to a large list of recipients.
  • email spoofing - Email spoofing is a form of cyber attack in which a hacker sends an email that has been manipulated to seem as if it originated from a trusted source.
  • emoticon - An emoticon is a short sequence of keyboard letters and symbols, usually emulating a facial expression, that complements a text message.
  • encoding and decoding - Encoding and decoding are used in many forms of communications, including computing, data communications, programming, digital electronics and human communications.
  • endpoint reference (EPR) - An endpoint reference (EPR) is a combination of Web services (WS) elements that define the address for a resource in a Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) header.
  • enterprise app store (enterprise application store) - An enterprise app store is a web portal through which end users can access, download and install corporate-approved software applications.
  • EOM (end of message) - EOM stands for "end of message.
  • ERP (enterprise resource planning) - ERP, or enterprise resource planning, is software designed to manage and integrate the functions of core business processes like finance, HR, supply chain and inventory management in a single system.
  • ESMTP (Extended Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) - ESMTP (Extended Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) specifies extensions to the original protocol for sending e-mail that supports graphics, audio and video files, and text in various national languages.
  • event handler - In programming, an event handler is a callback routine that operates asynchronously once an event takes place.
  • event-driven architecture (EDA) - An event-driven architecture (EDA) is a framework that orchestrates behavior around the production, detection and consumption of events as well as the responses they evoke.
  • Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) - The Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) is a protocol for wireless networks that expands the authentication methods used by the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP), a protocol often used when connecting a computer to the internet.
  • Facebook - Facebook is a social networking website that was founded in February 2004 by Harvard University students Chris Hughes, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, Eduardo Saverin and Mark Zuckerberg.
  • FastCGI - FastCGI is a programming interface that can speed up Web applications that use the most popular way to have the Web server call an application, the common gateway interface (CGI).
  • Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) - Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM), formerly called Google Cloud Messaging (GCM), is a free cloud service from Google that allows app developers to send notifications and messages to users across a variety of platforms, including Android, iOS and web applications.
  • Firefox - Firefox is a Web browser that is smaller, faster, and in some ways more secure than the Netscape browser from which much of its code was derived.
  • flaming - On the Internet, flaming is giving someone a verbal lashing in public.
  • FLV file format - FLV is a file format used by Adobe Flash Player and Adobe AIR for storing and delivering synchronized audio and video streams.
  • Foo Camp - Foo Camp was a gathering of about 200 computer and Internet thinkers and inventors who were invited by publisher O'Reilly and Associates to spend a week-end brainstorming, collaborating, and otherwise advancing progress in information technology.
  • FpML (Financial Products Markup Language) - Financial Products Markup Language (FpML) is a business information exchange standard based on Extensible Markup Language (XML) that enables business-to-business over-the-counter (OTC) financial derivative transactions using the Internet.
  • free software - Free software is software that can be freely used, modified, and redistributed with only one restriction: any redistributed version of the software must be distributed with the original terms of free use, modification, and distribution (known as copyleft).
  • freemail - Freemail is a service that provides free e-mail delivery to anyone in exchange for exposure to advertising on the site where you request your e-mail and, in some cases, for some personal information.
  • FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a network protocol for transmitting files between computers over TCP/IP connections.
  • fuzzy search - A fuzzy search is a process that locates Web pages that are likely to be relevant to a search argument even when the argument does not exactly correspond to the desired information.
  • gamification - Gamification is the application of game theory concepts and techniques to non-game activities.
  • gaming - Gaming is the running of specialized applications known as electronic games, especially on machines designed for such programs and, in a more recent trend, using personal computers on the Internet in which case the activity is known as online gaming.
  • geo-fencing (geofencing) - Geo-fencing is a feature in a software program that uses the global positioning system (GPS) or radio frequency identification (RFID) to define geographical boundaries.
  • Gmail - Gmail (pronounced Gee-mail) is a free Web-based e-mail service that provides users with a gigabyte of storage for messages and provides the ability to search for specific messages.
  • Gnutella - Gnutella is a system in which individuals can exchange files over the Internet directly without going through a Web site in an arrangement sometimes described as peer-to-peer (here meaning "person-to-person").
  • Google Advertising ID - Google Advertising ID is a piece of universally unique identifier code that allows mobile applications running on Android devices to identify users and gather data for the purposes of building profiles.
  • Google Analytics - Google Analytics is a free web analytics service that provides statistics and analytical tools for search engine optimization (SEO) and marketing purposes.
  • Google Android 4.4 KitKat - Android 4.4 KitKat is a version of Google's operating system (OS) for smartphones and tablets.
  • Google App Engine - Google App Engine (GAE) is a platform-as-a-service product that provides web app developers and enterprises with access to Google's scalable hosting and tier 1 internet service.
  • Google Apps for Business - Google Apps for Business is an email, messaging and content-sharing service provided by Google for small and medium-sized businesses as well as enterprises.
  • Google Assistant - Google Assistant is Google’s voice assistant AI for Android devices.
  • Google BigQuery - Google BigQuery is a cloud-based big data analytics web service for processing very large read-only data sets.
  • Google Bigtable - Google Bigtable is a distributed, column-oriented data store created by Google Inc.
  • Google Chrome browser - Google Chrome browser is an open source program for accessing the World Wide Web and running Web-based applications.
  • Google Chrome OS - Google Chrome OS is an open source lightweight operating system (OS).
  • Google Cloud Composer - Cloud Composer is a managed workflow automation tool that is built on Apache Airflow.
  • Google Cloud Dataflow - Google Cloud Dataflow is a cloud-based data processing service for both batch and real-time data streaming applications.
  • Google Cloud Dataproc - Google Cloud Dataproc is a managed service within the Google Cloud Platform for processing large datasets, such as those used in big data initiatives.
  • Google Cloud Functions - Google Cloud Functions is a serverless, event-driven computing service within Google Cloud Platform.
  • Google Cloud Key Management Service (KMS) - Google Cloud Key Management Service (KMS) is a cloud service for managing encryption keys for other Google cloud services that enterprises can use to implement cryptographic functions.
  • Google Cloud operations (formerly Stackdriver) - Google Stackdriver was a monitoring service that provided IT teams with performance data about applications and virtual machines (VMs) running on the Google Cloud Platform (GCP) and Amazon Web Services public cloud.
  • Google Cloud Spanner - Google Cloud Spanner is a distributed relational database service designed to support global online transaction processing deployments, SQL semantics, horizontal scaling and transactional consistency.
  • Google Cloud Storage - Google Cloud Storage is an enterprise public cloud storage platform that can house large unstructured data sets.
  • Google Compute Engine - Google Compute Engine (GCE) is an infrastructure as a service (IaaS) offering that allows clients to run workloads on Google's physical hardware.
  • Google Docs - Google Docs is a free Web-based application in which documents and spreadsheets can be created, edited and stored online.
  • Google Drive - Google Drive is a free cloud-based storage service that enables users to store and access files online.
  • Google Firebase - Google Firebase is a Google-backed application development software that enables developers to develop iOS, Android and Web apps.
  • Google Glass - Google Glass is a wearable, voice- and motion-controlled Android device that resembles a pair of eyeglasses and displays information directly in the user's field of vision.
  • Google Hack Honeypot (GHH) - A Google hack honeypot is a system designed to be vulnerable to sophisticated search engine queries for the purpose of attracting hackers and studying their behavior.
  • Google Hangouts - Google Hangouts is a unified communications service that allows members to initiate and participate in text, voice or video chats, either one-on-one or in a group.
  • Google Health - Google Health is a personal health record (PHR) service that allows users to centrally store and manage their health information online.
  • Google I/O - Google I/O is Google's developer conference held annually in San Francisco.
  • Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) - Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) is a management and orchestration system for Docker containers and container clusters that run within Google's public cloud services.
  • Google Maps - Google Maps is a Web-based service that provides detailed information about geographical regions and sites around the world.
  • Google Mobile Services (GMS) - Google Mobile Services (GMS) is a collection of applications and API’s developed by Google that are available for Android devices, such as smartphones and tablets.
  • Google My Business - Google My Business is a free online business listing service that is integrated with the Google search engine.
  • Google Pay (Android Pay) - Google Pay is the search company’s electronic wallet and payment service offering.
  • Google Play (Android Market) - Google Play, formerly known as Android Market, is the official distribution storefront for Android applications and other digital media, such a music, movies and books, from Google.
  • Google Play Protect - Google Play Protect is a malware protection and detection service built into Android devices that use Google Mobile Services.
  • Google Play services - The Google Play services app runs in the background on Android devices and gives apps access to core functionalities such as authentication services; it should not be disabled.
  • Google Preemptible VM - A Preemptible VM (PVM) is a Google Compute Engine (GCE) virtual machine (VM) instance that can be purchased for a steep discount as long as the customer accepts that the instance will terminate after 24 hours.
  • Google Project Zero - Google Project Zero is a security research unit within Google Inc.
  • Google Sheets - Google Sheets is a web-based application that enables users to create, update and modify spreadsheets and share the data live online.
  • Google Street View - Google Street View is a feature of Google Maps that enables users to view and navigate through 360 degree horizontal and 290 degree vertical panoramic street level images of various cities around the world.
  • Google Transfer Appliance - Google Transfer Appliance is a high-capacity storage server that enables enterprises to transport large volumes of data to Google Cloud Storage.
  • Google Trends - Google Trends is a free service provided by Google that displays how often specific keywords, subjects and phrases have been searched for on Google over a period of time.
  • Google Voice - Google Voice allows registered members to link their mobile phones, IP telephony applications and land line phones to a single Google Voice phone number.
  • Google Wallet - Google Wallet is a mobile payment system developed by Google that allows smartphone users to store debit and credit card information for online and in-store purchases.
  • Google+ (Google Plus) - Google+ (pronounced Google plus) is Google's social networking platform.
  • Googlewhacking - Googlewhacking is the challenging pursuit of searching the popular Google search engine with a two-word or more search argument that will produce exactly (no less and no more than) one result.
  • Gopher - From about 1992 through 1996, Gopher was an Internet application in which hierarchically-organized text files could be brought from servers all over the world to a viewer on your computer.
  • grid computing - Grid computing is a system for connecting a large number of computer nodes into a distributed architecture that delivers the compute resources necessary to solve complex problems.
  • hamburger icon (slide drawer navigation) - The hamburger icon got its name because it resembles a burger in a bun.
  • hard bounce - A hard bounce is an e-mail message that has been returned to the sender because the recipient's address is invalid.
  • home school - A home school is a school in which parents teach their children an academic curriculum at home instead of sending them out to a public or private school.
  • Hosted CRM - Hosted CRM is an arrangement in which a company outsources some or all of its customer relationship management (CRM) functions to an application service provider (ASP).
  • hosting (Web site hosting, Web hosting, and Webhosting) - Hosting (also known as Web site hosting, Web hosting, and Webhosting) is the business of housing, serving, and maintaining files for one or more Web sites.
  • HTML 5 desktop client - An HTML5 desktop client is a type of remote desktop client that provides an end user with access to a desktop or application through a web browser.
  • HyperTerminal - HyperTerminal is a communications and terminal emulation program that came with the Windows 98 and Windows XP operating systems.
  • IDoc (intermediate document) - IDoc (intermediate document) is a standard data structure used in SAP applications to transfer data to and from SAP system applications and external systems.
  • IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) - Internet Message Access Protocol, or IMAP, is a standard email retrieval (incoming) protocol.
  • Instagram Stories - Instagram Stories is a feature within the Instagram app where users can capture and post related images and video content in a slideshow format.
  • instant messaging - Instant messaging, often shortened to IM or IM'ing, is the exchange of near real-time messages through a standalone application or embedded software.
  • Integration as a Service (IaaS) - Integration as a Service (IaaS) is a cloud-based delivery model that strives to connect on-premise data with data located in cloud-based applications.
  • integration server - An integration server is a type of computer server that facilitates the interaction between different operating systems (OSes), services and applications across an enterprise IT environment.
  • intelligent agent - An intelligent agent is a program that can make decisions or perform a service based on its environment, user input and experiences.
  • Interactive Voice Response (IVR) - Interactive Voice Response (IVR) is an automated telephony system that interacts with callers, gathers information and routes calls to the appropriate recipients.
  • interactivity - In computers, interactivity is the dialog that occurs between a human being (or possibly another live creature) and a computer program.
  • Internet Explorer (IE) - Internet Explorer (IE) is a World Wide Web browser made by Microsoft for use on its Windows operating system.
  • Internet Relay Chat (IRC) - (IUR(For terms frequently used in online keyboard chatting, see chat acronyms.
  • JAR file (Java Archive) - A Java Archive, or JAR file, contains all of the various components that make up a self-contained, executable Java application, deployable Java applet or, most commonly, a Java library to which any Java Runtime Environment can link.
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    First call resolution (FCR) is when customer service agents properly address a customer's needs the first time they call.

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