Browse Definitions :

Internet applications

This glossary contains definitions related to Internet applications, including definitions about Software as a Service (SaaS) delivery models and words and phrases about web sites, e-commerce and cloud computing.

GRE - NAT

  • Greasemonkey - Greasemonkey is a browser extension that enables users to customize how Web sites display on their computers.
  • greynet (or graynet) - Greynet is a term for the use of unauthorized applications on a corporate network.
  • grid computing - Grid computing uses small, distributed resources from servers and PCs to solve big problems.
  • Gyricon - Gyricon is a type of electronic paper (sometimes called e-paper) developed at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).
  • HailStorm - Part of Microsoft's .
  • hamburger icon (slide drawer navigation) - The hamburger icon got its name because it resembles a burger in a bun.
  • hard bounce - A hard bounce is an e-mail message that has been returned to the sender because the recipient's address is invalid.
  • hashtag - A hashtag is atag used to categorize posts on Twitter (tweets) according to topics.
  • high-speed dialup - High-speed dialup, sometimes advertised as broadband dialup, is an Internet service provider (ISP) feature that speeds up data transfer by using a special server, called an acceleration server, to act as a bridge between the user's dialup connection and a Web page.
  • home school - A home school is a school in which parents teach their children an academic curriculum at home instead of sending them out to a public or private school.
  • Hosted CRM - Hosted CRM is an arrangement in which a company outsources some or all of its customer relationship management (CRM) functions to an application service provider (ASP).
  • hosting (Web site hosting, Web hosting, and Webhosting) - Hosting (also known as Web site hosting, Web hosting, and Webhosting) is the business of housing, serving, and maintaining files for one or more Web sites.
  • HTML 5 desktop client - An HTML5 desktop client is a type of remote desktop client that provides an end user with access to a desktop or application through a web browser.
  • hybrid cloud - Hybrid cloud is a cloud computing environment that uses a mix of on-premises, private cloud and third-party, public cloud services with orchestration between the two platforms.
  • HyperTerminal - HyperTerminal is a communications and terminal emulation program that came with the Windows 98 and Windows XP operating systems.
  • I-SPY Act -- Internet Spyware Prevention Act of 2005 (H.R. 744) - The I-SPY Act, formally known as the Internet Spyware Prevention Act of 2005 (H.
  • ICP (Internet commerce provider) - An ICP (Internet commerce provider) is a company that sells software and services that enable a merchant with a Web site to build an online store on the merchant's own site or on the provider's site.
  • ICQ - ICQ ("I Seek You") is a program you can download that will let you know when friends and contacts are also online on the Internet.
  • IDoc (intermediate document) - IDoc (intermediate document) is a standard data structure used in SAP applications to transfer data to and from SAP system applications and external systems.
  • IM bot - An IM bot is a chatterbot program that uses instant messaging (IM) as an application interface.
  • image spam - Image spam is junk email that replaces text with images as a means of fooling spam filters.
  • IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) - IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) is a standard email protocol that stores email messages on a mail server, but allows the end user to view and manipulate the messages as though they were stored locally on the end user's computing device(s).
  • IMHO (in my humble opinion) - Like FYI (for your information), IMHO (in my humble opinion) is an abbreviation for a phrase sometimes used in online chatting and e-mail.
  • iNotes (iNotes Web Access) - iNotes (short for iNotes Web Access) allows Lotus Domino users to access their Domino-based mail, calendar, schedule, to-do lists, contact lists, and notebooks from any computer, at any location, as long as they have an Internet connection.
  • Instagram Stories - Instagram Stories is a feature within the Instagram app where users can capture and post related images and video content in a slideshow format.
  • instant messaging (IM) - Instant messaging, often shortened to IM or IM'ing, is the exchange of near real-time messages through a stand-alone application or embedded software.
  • instant translation - Instant translation is the translation from one language to another of Web pages, e-mail, and online chat text by a computer program so that the translated results appear almost instantly.
  • Integration as a Service (IaaS) - Integration as a Service (IaaS) is a cloud-based delivery model that strives to connect on-premise data with data located in cloud-based applications.
  • integration server - An integration server is a computer server used to facilitate interaction between diverse operating systems and applications across internal and external networked computer systems.
  • intelligent agent - An intelligent agent is a program that can make decisions or perform a service based on its environment, user input and experiences.
  • intelligent video - Intelligent video is digital video technology integrated with analytical software.
  • interaction management - Interaction management is a term some companies use to describe a class of Web services that support online relationships (called communities) and transactions between employees, customers, partners, and suppliers.
  • Interactive Voice Response (IVR) - Interactive Voice Response (IVR) is an automated telephony system that interacts with callers, gathers information and routes calls to the appropriate recipients.
  • interactivity - In computers, interactivity is the dialog that occurs between a human being (or possibly another live creature) and a computer program.
  • Internet Explorer (IE) - Internet Explorer (IE) is a World Wide Web browser made by Microsoft for use on its Windows operating system.
  • Internet Relay Chat (IRC) - (IUR(For terms frequently used in online keyboard chatting, see chat acronyms.
  • Internet Transaction Server (ITS) - An integral component of SAP's mySAP product group, the Internet Transaction Server (ITS) is the interface that enables efficient communication between an R/3 system of applications and the Internet.
  • Intertainment - Intertainment is the name of an e-business initiative that encourages shopping malls and other public places to provide visitors with free high-speed Internet access.
  • iPlanet - iPlanet is Sun Microsystem's solution for a Web server and related programs intended to allow an enterprise to take advantage of the Internet.
  • Jabber - Jabber is an initiative to produce an open source, XML-based instant messaging platform.
  • JAR file (Java Archive) - A Java Archive, or JAR file, contains all of the various components that make up a self-contained, executable Java application, deployable Java applet or, most commonly, a Java library to which any Java Runtime Environment can link.
  • Joe job - A Joe job is an e-mail spoofing exploit in which someone sends out huge volumes of spam that appear to be from someone other than the actual source.
  • Joint Academic Network (JANET) - In the United Kingdom, JANET (Joint Academic Network) is the main backbone network for the UK university system of academic and research computers.
  • JSML (Java Speech API Markup Language) - JSML also stands for JScript Markup Language.
  • Jughead - For most of the 1990s, Jughead was a tool for searching the information on Gopher sites for particular subjects.
  • Kazaa Media Desktop (KMD) - Kazaa (its full name is Kazaa Media Desktop or KMD) is a decentralized Internet peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing program owned by Sharman Networks.
  • Keyhole Markup Language (KML) - Keyhole Markup Language (KML) is an XML-based markup language designed to annotate and overlay visualizations on various two-dimensional, Web-based online maps or three-dimensional Earth browsers (such as Google Earth).
  • Klez - Klez (pronounced KLEHZ) is an Internet worm that launches automatically when a user previews or reads an e-mail message containing Klez on a system that has not been patched for a vulnerability in Microsoft Internet Explorer mail clients.
  • knowledge base - In general, a knowledge base is a centralized repository for information: a public library, a database of related information about a particular subject, and whatis.
  • knowledge-based authentication (KBA) - In a KBA scheme, the user is asked to answer at least one "secret" question before being allowed to change account settings or reset a password.
  • LAN party - A LAN party is a gathering in which gamers (devotees of computer games) gather to share a local area network (LAN) and participate in extended gaming sessions of popular games such as Quake, Doom, or Wolfenstein.
  • lawful interception (LI) - Lawful interception (LI) is the legally sanctioned official access to private communications, such as telephone calls or e-mail messages.
  • Learn IT: How Spam Affects Email Marketing Campaigns - 1. What's the difference between spam and legitimate email marketing? Spam is unsolicited bulk email (UBE).
  • LexiBot - LexiBot is a specialized search tool developed by BrightPlanet, as a means of searching the deep Web (the hidden part of the Web that may contain 500 times the content accessible to conventional search engines).
  • link checker - A link checker is a program that tests and reports on the validity of the hypertext links on the pages in a Web site.
  • LinkedIn - LinkedIn is a social networking site for the business community.
  • list server (mailing list server) - A list server (mailing list server) is a program that handles subscription requests for a mailing list and distributes new messages, newsletters, or other postings from the list's members to the entire list of subscribers as they occur or are scheduled.
  • list washing - In the language of spam, list washing is the process of removing an e-mail address from a mailing list when the recipient either requests removal or complains to the sender's ISP (Internet service provider) that he is being spammed.
  • listserv (mailing list server) - Listserv, like Majordomo, is a small program that automatically redistributes e-mail to names on a mailing list.
  • LiveJournal - LiveJournal is a social media platform that allows users to keep a blog, journal or diary and share their interests with LiveJournal friends or communities around the world.
  • LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) - LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) is a website that creates a demonstration of how to conduct a user-specified Google search.
  • Lotus Workplace - Lotus Workplace is a set of customizable online work collaboration products from IBM's Lotus division.
  • Lynx - Lynx is a keyboard-oriented text-only Web browser that was developed at the University of Kansas primarily for students who used UNIX workstations.
  • mail bomb - A mail bomb is the sending of a massive amount of e-mail to a specific person or system.
  • mail server (mail transfer/transport agent, MTA, mail router, Internet mailer) - A mail server (also known as a mail transfer agent or MTA, a mail transport agent, a mail router or an Internet mailer) is an application that receives incoming e-mail from local users (people within the same domain) and remote senders and forwards outgoing e-mail for delivery.
  • mailing list - A mailing list is a list of people who subscribe to a periodic mailing distribution on a particular topic.
  • Majordomo - Like listserv, Majordomo (from Latin: "master of the house") is a small program that automatically redistributes e-mail to names on a mailing list.
  • managed service provider (MSP) - A managed service provider (MSP) is a company that remotely manages a customer's IT infrastructure and/or end-user systems, typically on a proactive basis and under a subscription model.
  • management service provider (MSP) - Also see two related terms, application service provider and storage service provider.
  • MAPI (Messaging Application Program Interface) - MAPI (Messaging Application Program Interface) is a Microsoft Windows program interface that enables you to send e-mail from within a Windows application and attach the document you are working on to the e-mail note.
  • marketing automation - Marketing automation is a type of software that allows companies to effectively target customers with automated marketing messages across channels including email, websites, social media and text messages to generate sales leads.
  • mbox - The most common format for storing e-mail messages on a hard drive is the mbox format, in which all the messages for each mailbox are stored as a single, long, text file.
  • Mesh Connectivity Layer (MCL) - Mesh Connectivity Layer (MCL) is a technology that allows a computer user to connect to a wireless mesh network that uses Wi-Fi or WiMax.
  • messaging - In general, messaging (also called electronic messaging) is the creation, storage, exchange, and management of text, images, voice, telex, fax, e-mail, paging, and Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) over a communications network.
  • messaging server - A messaging server is a middleware program that handles messages that are sent for use by other programs using a messaging application program interface (API).
  • Metro apps - Metro apps are touch-screen-friendly apps written especially for Microsoft's WinRT programming interfaces.
  • micro app - A micro app is a small, mobile application that is designed to perform one, simple task.
  • microblogging - Microblogging is a web service that allows the subscriber to broadcast short messages to other subscribers of the service.
  • micropayment - A micropayment is an e-commerce transaction involving a very small sum of money in exchange for something made available online, such as an application download, a service or Web-based content.
  • Microsoft Exchange Server - Microsoft Exchange Server is Microsoft's email, calendaring, contact, scheduling and collaboration platform.
  • Microsoft TownHall - Microsoft TownHall is a cloud-based application that can be used to build Web sites for social computing.
  • middleware - Middleware is software that is used to bridge the gap between applications and other tools or databases.
  • minify - Code minification (to minify) is the removal of unnecessary characters from programming code.
  • MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) - OpenCourseWare (OCW) is an educational initiative developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to make the core teaching materials for all MIT graduate and undergraduate classes available at no cost to Internet users around the world.
  • Mobile Application Management (MAM) - Mobile application management (MAM) is software that secures and enables IT control over enterprise applications on end users' corporate and personal smartphones and tablets.
  • mobile browser - A mobile browser is one that is optimized for the small display screen and limited resources of a handheld computing device such as a smart phone.
  • mobile computing (nomadic computing) - Mobile computing is the use of portable computing devices in conjunction with mobile technology that enables users to access the internet and data on mobile devices anytime, anywhere.
  • mobile content management - Mobile content management (MCM) is set of technologies that provide secure access to corporate data on smartphones, tablets and other endpoint devices.
  • mobile marketing - Mobile marketing is promotional activity designed for delivery to cell phones, smart phones and other handheld devices, usually as a component of a multi-channel campaign.
  • mobile payment (m-payment) - Mobile payment is a point-of-sale transaction made through a mobile device.
  • mobile search - Mobile search is the practice of querying a search engine from an Internet-connected handheld device, such as a smart phone.
  • modem doubling - Modem doubling is an inexpensive way for a user who wants a fast Internet connection, but can only connect with an analog telephone line, to use two 56kbps modems to double their bandwidth.
  • Morphis - Morphis is a Java -based open source wireless transcoding platform from Kargo, Inc.
  • Mozilla - Mozilla was Netscape Communication's nickname for Navigator, its first Web browser, and the name of an open source public collaboration created to develop Navigator.
  • MUD (Multi-User Dungeon) - A MUD or Multi-User Dungeon is an inventively structured social experience on the Internet, managed by a computer program and often involving a loosely organized context or theme, such as a rambling old castle with many rooms or a period in national history.
  • multichannel marketing - Multichannel marketing is the practice of businesses interacting with their customers through many different channels, meeting customers on the platforms that they prefer to use.
  • Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) - Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) - sometimes called Multimedia Messaging System - is a communications technology developed by 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project) that allows users to exchange multimedia communications between capable mobile phones and other devices.
  • munging - Munging is the deliberate alteration of an e-mail address on a Web page to hide the address from spambot programs that scour the Internet for e-mail addresses.
  • MySpace - MySpace is a social networking website.
  • National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) - The National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) is a secure online framework that allows healthcare professionals and government agencies to communicate about disease patterns and coordinate national response to outbreaks.

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