Browse Definitions :

Multimedia and graphics

Terms related to multimedia, including graphics, animation and video definitions and words and phrases about images and sound.

DIG - IMA

  • digital audio workstation (DAW) - A digital audio workstation (DAW) is a computer that is specially equipped with a high-quality sound card and programming for editing and processing digital audio at a professional level.
  • digital camera - A digital camera records and stores photographic images in digital form.
  • digital evidence presentation system (DEPS) - A digital evidence presentation system (DEPS) is a system with an overhead camera and a liquid crystal display (LCD) used in courts to present and record evidence digitally.
  • digital projector (digital projection display system) - A digital projector, also called a digital projection display system, is a specialized computer display that projects an enlarged image on a movie screen.
  • digital television (DTV) - Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals using digital rather than conventional analog methods.
  • digitization - Digitization is the process of converting information into a digital format.
  • Direct-to-Edit (DTE) - Direct-to-Edit (DTE) is a video recording technology that converts the output of a digital video (DV) camera directly to a nonlinear editing (NLE) format that is suitable for storage on digital media such as computer hard drives.
  • Direct3D - Direct3D is the Microsoft 3D application programming interface (API) component of the DirectX API package.
  • DirectX - DirectX is an application program interface (API) for creating and managing graphic images and multimedia effects in applications such as games or active Web pages that will run in Microsoft's Windows operating systems.
  • discoverability (in UX design) - Discoverability, in the context of product and interface design, is the degree of ease with which the user can find all the elements and features of a new system when they first encounter it.
  • display - A display is a computer output surface and projecting mechanism that shows text and often graphic images to the computer user, using a cathode ray tube (CRT), liquid crystal display (LCD), light-emitting diode, gas plasma, or other image projection technology.
  • display modes - The term display mode refers to the characteristics of a computer display, in particular the maximum number of colors and the maximum image resolution (in pixels horizontally by pixels vertically).
  • DisplayPort - DisplayPort is an interface for digital displays, particularly computer monitors.
  • dithering - Dithering is the attempt by a computer program to approximate a color from a mixture of other colors when the required color is not available.
  • document reader - A document reader is a device that converts an electronic file or printed matter to a form suitable for use by people with visual impairment.
  • Dolby Digital - Dolby Digital, formerly known as AC-3, is a digital audio coding technique that reduces the amount of data needed to produce high quality sound.
  • dots per inch (dpi) - In computers, dots per inch (dpi) is a measure of the sharpness (that is, the density of illuminated points) on a display screen.
  • Double-Density Compact Disk (DDCD) - Double-Density Compact Disk (DDCD) is a CD format that increases the storage capacity of the disk through means such as increasing the number of tracks and pits (scores on the disk that are used to encode the data).
  • drone glasses (drone goggles) - Drone glasses are eyewear that gives someone flying an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) a first-person view of where the drone flies.
  • drone journalism - Drone journalism is the capture of still images and video by remotely operated or autonomous drones (more formally known as unmanned aerial vehicles or UAV) to record events for report by news agencies and citizen media.
  • drone photography - Drone photography is the capture of still images and video by a remotely-operated or autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), also known as an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) or, more commonly, as a drone.
  • dronie - A dronie is a self-portrait photograph (selfie) still or, more commonly, video recorded by a camera attached to a personal drone.
  • drop shadow - In graphic design, a drop shadow is an effect where an image is repeated behind itself to create the illusion that the image is floating over its background.
  • duotone - In graphic design, a duotone is an image composed of two colors.
  • DVD-Audio (DVD-A) - DVD-Audio (DVD-A) is a Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) format, developed by Panasonic, that is specifically designed to hold audio data, and particularly, high-quality music.
  • dynamic range - Dynamic range describes the ratio of the softest sound to the loudest sound in a musical instrument or piece of electronic equipment.
  • Dyslexie - Dyslexie is a font designed for greater readability to help people who have difficulty reading.
  • E Ink (eInk) - E Ink is an electronic device that is similar to a computer display, but with qualities that enable it to be used for applications such as eBooks, electronic newspapers, portable signs, and foldable, rollable displays.
  • EggFusion (egg-vertising) - EggFusion is a company that places advertisements, freshness expiration dates or other data on eggs sold in retail stores.
  • electro-optical fingerprint recognition - Electro-optical fingerprint recognition is a biometric technology that provides for the scanning, comparison, and identification of fingerprints without the traditional need for ink and paper.
  • electronic paper display (EPD) - An electronic paper display (EPD) is an electrically-charged surface that replicates the look and experience of ink on paper.
  • emoji - An emoji is a small image, either static or animated, that represents an emotion, an item or a concept (among other possibilities) in digital communications.
  • encoder - In digital audio technology, an encoder is a program that converts an audio WAV file into an MP3 file, a highly-compressed sound file that preserves the quality of a CD recording.
  • engraving - Engraving, in a printing context, is a method of creating raised areas of print or images on paper, such as a business card or letterhead.
  • enhanced CD (E-CD) - Enhanced CD (E-CD) is a compact disc (CD) format that enables discs to be played on either a CD player or a multimedia-capable device, such as a CD-i player, or a DVD-ROM, or CD-ROM drive, where added material can be displayed.
  • enhancement - In an information technology product, an enhancement is a noteworthy improvement to the product as part of a new version of it.
  • extended desktop - Extended desktop is a feature in a computer that allows a user to extend viewing capabilities by using two or more monitors at the same time.
  • eye candy - Eye candy is a term used in information technology for visual elements displayed on computer monitors that are aesthetically appealing or attention-compelling.
  • Facebook Reality Labs - Facebook Reality Labs is the social media company’s virtual and augmented reality (VR, AR) promotion, research and development company.
  • Facebook Spaces - Facebook Spaces is the social media company’s virtual reality (VR) application that allows users to interact in a virtual environment as if they were in the same room.
  • Fax Group - Fax Group is an encoding format used for fax transmission.
  • feather - In graphic design, to feather is to soften an edge of an image by making the edge gradually fade out until it becomes transparent.
  • Feature Manipulation Engine (FME) - The Feature Manipulation Engine (FME) is a platform that streamlines the translation of spatial data between geometric and digital formats.
  • field of view (FOV) - Field of view (FOV) is the open observable area a person can see through his or her eyes or via an optical device.
  • filter - In computer programming, a filter is a program or section of code that is designed to examine each input or output request for certain qualifying criteria and then process or forward it accordingly.
  • Firefox Reality - Firefox Reality is a multi-platform browser optimized for standalone VR (virtual reality), AR (augmented reality) and MR (mixed reality) headsets.
  • first-person view (FPV) - First-person view (FPV), also known as first-person point of view (POV), is the ability of the user of some technology to see from a particular visual perspective other than one's actual location, such as the environment of a character in a video game, a drone, or a telemedicine client.
  • Fizt (physics tool) - Fizt (pronounced FIZZ-tee, and short for physics tool) is an animation program that can speed up the production of special effects -- in some cases by a factor of more than 150 to 1 -- and can also make the effects appear more life-like than has been possible with less sophisticated programs.
  • flanging - Flanging is an audio process that combines two copies of the same signal, with the second delayed slightly, to produce a swirling effect.
  • flat design - Flat design is a simple, graphic style common in user interface (UI), software and Web design.
  • flexible display - A flexible display or foldable tech/smartphone is a visual output surface on a device that is designed to be folded or closed like a book or a device which incorporates such a screen.
  • font - A font is a set of printable or displayable text characters in a specific style and size.
  • forensic animation - Forensic animation is the use of full-motion computer graphics to recreate an event such as an automobile accident, the collapse of a building, an assault, or the workings of a mechanical device from a variety of perspectives.
  • fourth wall - The fourth wall is a conceptual barrier between those presenting some kind of a communication and those receiving it.
  • fractal - Fractals are non-regular geometric shapes that have the same degree of non-regularity on all scales.
  • freebooting - Freebooting is the unauthorized duplication of digital content, which is then republished and presented as original work.
  • full HDTV (ultra-HD, true HDTV, 1080p) - Full HDTV, also referred to as ultra-HD, true HDTV, and 1080p, is a television (TV) display technology specification that surpasses the quality over the original 720p high-definition television (HDTV) technology specification, providing an image resolution of 1920 by 1080 pixels.
  • geotagging - Geotagging is the addition of geographical information, usually in the form of latitude and longitude coordinates, to Web sites, images, videos, smartphone transmissions, and various other data types and sources.
  • GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) - The GIF (pronounced DJIF by many, including its designer; pronounced GIF with a hard G by many others) stands for Graphics Interchange Format and is one of the two most common file formats for graphic images on the World Wide Web.
  • GIF89a (Graphics Interchange Format Version 89a) - A GIF89a graphics file is an image formatted according to Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) Version 89a (July, 1989).
  • GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) - GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a freely available open source application for creating and manipulating graphic images that runs on Linux, other Unix-based operating systems, and also on Windows and Mac OS X.
  • glyph - In information technology, a glyph (pronounced GLIHF ; from a Greek word meaning carving) is a graphic symbol that provides the appearance or form for a character.
  • golden ratio (golden mean) - The golden ratio is a proportion (roughly 1:1.
  • Google Clips - Google Clips is an AI-driven camera that learns to recognize familiar faces over time and automatically and autonomously take pictures of those people when in they're in the camera's field of view.
  • Google Knowledge Graph - Google Knowledge Graph is a knowledge base integrated with the Google search engine for a visually appealing and intuitive presentation of information related to queries.
  • Google Maps - Google Maps is a Web-based service that provides detailed information about geographical regions and sites around the world.
  • GPGPU (general purpose graphics processing unit) - A general-purpose GPU (GPGPU) is a graphics processing unit (GPU) that performs non-specialized calculations that would typically be conducted by the CPU (central processing unit).
  • granularity - Granularity is the relative size, scale, level of detail, or depth of penetration that characterizes an object or activity.
  • graphic equalizer - A graphic equalizer is a high-fidelity audio control that allows the user to see graphically and control individually a number of different frequency bands in a stereophonic system.
  • Greeking - Greeking is the use of unreadable dummy text in places reserved for text when prototyping the design or general layout of pages in magazines, books, brochures, advertisements, Web pages, and other visual media.
  • green screen (blue screen) - Green screen (also blue screen) is the use of a single color as a backdrop in filming to make it simpler and easier to add backgrounds, characters or other images.
  • H.264 (MPEG-4 AVC) - H.264, also known as MPEG-4 AVC (Advanced Video Coding), is a video compression standard that offers significantly greater compression than its predecessors.
  • Happy Hour Virus - Happy Hour Virus is a web app that makes the user's computer appear to be compromised by malware and, as a result, not working.
  • HD upconverter (high-definition upconverter) - An HD (high-definition) upconverter, also known as a digital television (DTV) upconverter, is a device that converts the digital data on a DVD to a format that can be viewed directly on a high-definition television (HDTV) receiver without intermediate conversion to an analog signal.
  • HD-ROM (High-Density - Read Only Memory) - HD-ROM (High-Density - Read Only Memory) is a high-capacity storage technology developed at Norsam Technologies in conjunction with an IBM research group that enables a disk to store hundreds of times as much information as a CD-ROM.
  • HDCD (High Definition Compatible Digital) - HDCD (High Definition Compatible Digital) is a digital encoding and decoding process for compact disc and DVD audio recording.
  • HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection) - HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection) is a specified method from Intel for protecting copyrighted digital entertainment content that uses the Digital Video Interface (DVI) by encrypting its transmission between the video source and the digital display (receiver).
  • HDMI - HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface) is a specification that combines video and audio into a single digital interface for use with digital versatile disc (DVD) players, digital television (DTV) players, set-top boxes, and other audiovisual devices.
  • HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) - HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is an industry standard for creating audio and video connections between high-definition electronic devices.
  • head tracking - Head tracking is a software application that monitors a user’s head position and orientation.
  • holodeck - The holodeck is an immersive virtual reality environment that was featured on Star Trek, a popular science fiction television and film series of the late 20th century.
  • hologram - A hologram (pronounced HOL-o-gram) is a three-dimensional image, created with photographic projection.
  • holographic display - A holographic display is a display that uses coherent light, such as that created by laser, to create a three-dimensional (3D) image in space.
  • holographic print - A holographic print is a rendition of a hologram on a flat surface, producing 3-D (three-dimensional) effects when viewed.
  • holographic processing unit (HPU) - Holographic processing unit (HPU) is what Microsoft has named the coprocessor in its HoloLens virtual reality (VR) headset.
  • HP-GL (Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language) - HP-GL (Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language) is a vector graphics language, a type of object-oriented language that represents images through the use of geometrical formulas.
  • hue, saturation, and brightness - Hue, saturation, and brightness are aspects of color in the red, green, and blue (RGB) scheme.
  • hypermedia - Hypermedia, a term derived from hypertext, extends the notion of the hypertext link to include links among any set of multimedia objects, including sound, motion video, and virtual reality.
  • I2S (SQUID) - I2S (Inter-IC Sound) is a serial bus (path) design for digital audio devices and technologies such as compact disc (CD) players, digital sound processors, and digital TV (DTV) sound.
  • icon - In a computer's graphical user interface (GUI), an icon (pronounced EYE-kahn) is an image that represents an application, a capability, or some other concept or specific entity with meaning for the user.
  • ID3 tag - An ID3 tag is a type of meta data container used to store information about an MP3 file within the audio file itself.
  • image - An image is a picture that has been created or copied and stored in electronic form.
  • image compression - Image compression is minimizing the size in bytes of a graphics file without degrading the quality of the image to an unacceptable level.
  • image map - In Web page development, an image map is a graphic image defined so that a user can click on different areas of the image and be linked to different destinations.
  • image metadata - Image metadata is information about an image that is associated with the image file either automatically or deliberately added.
  • image stitching - Image stitching is the combination of images with overlapping sections to create a single panoramic or high-resolution image.
  • imagesetter - An imagesetter is a high resolution output device that can transfer electronic text and graphics directly to film, plates, or photo-sensitive paper.
  • imaging - Imaging is the capture, storage, manipulation, and display of images.

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