Browse Definitions :

Multimedia and graphics

Terms related to multimedia, including graphics, animation and video definitions and words and phrases about images and sound.

IMM - PRO

  • immersive technology - Immersive technology is an integration of virtual content with the physical environment in a way that allows the user to engage naturally with the blended reality.
  • immersive virtual reality (immersive VR) - Immersive virtual reality (immersive VR) is the presentation of an artificial environment that replaces users' real-world surroundings convincingly enough that they are able to suspend disbelief and fully engage with the created environment.
  • immersive web - The immersive web is a version of the online world that incorporates advanced technologies to enhance user engagement and blur the line between the user's physical reality and the digital environment.
  • Indeo - Indeo is a compression algorithm developed by Intel and used by Microsoft's Video for Windows.
  • Instagram - Instagram is a free, online photo-sharing application and social network platform that was acquired by Facebook in 2012.
  • intelligent video - Intelligent video is digital video technology integrated with analytical software.
  • interactive TV (interactive television) - Interactive TV (ITV or iTV) is an approach to television advertising and programming that creates the opportunity for viewers to communicate with advertisers and programming executives by responding to a call to action.
  • interactive video - Interactive video (IV) is a multimedia recording that can take user input to perform some action.
  • interactive whiteboard - An interactive whiteboard, also known as a smartboard, is an interactive display in the format of a whiteboard that reacts to user input either directly or through other devices.
  • interlaced display - An interlaced display is a cathode-ray tube (CRT) display in which the lines are scanned alternately in two interwoven rasterized lines.
  • interlaced GIF - An interlaced GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) is a GIF image that seems to arrive on your display like an image coming through a slowly-opening Venetian blind.
  • interlaced scan - Interlaced scanning is a display signal type in which one-half of the horizontal pixel rows are refreshed in one cycle and the other half in the next, meaning that two complete scans are required to display the screen image.
  • International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) - The International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) is an international code used to identify sound and audio-visual recordings on compact discs (CDs), music videos, and other media, primarily to ensure royalty payments.
  • Internet TV - Internet TV (ITV) is generally-available content distributed over the Internet.
  • interrupt marketing - Interrupt marketing is the traditional model of product promotion, in which people have to stop what they're doing to pay attention to the marketing message or deal with it in some other way.
  • iPod - The iPod is a combination portable digital media player and hard drive from Apple Computer.
  • iTunes U - iTunes U is a dedicated section of Apple's iTunes Music Store that features educational audio and video files from universities, museums and public media organizations for free download to PCs and mobile devices.
  • JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) - JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) is a group of experts that is producing standards for bi-level image coding.
  • Joomla! - Joomla! is a free open source website development and content management (CMS) platform.
  • JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) - JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) is an ISO/IEC group of experts that develops and maintains standards for a suite of compression algorithms for computer image files.
  • Kinect - Kinect is Microsoft’s motion gaming system for the Xbox 360.
  • landscape - In printing from a computer, landscape refers to a mode in which content is printed for reading on the longer length of the sheet of paper.
  • layer - In computer programming, layering is the organization of programming into separate functional components that interact in some sequential and hierarchical way, with each layer usually having an interface only to the layer above it and the layer below it.
  • light field - The light field is the totality of photons (light particles) traveling in all directions throughout all points in space in a given area.
  • light field camera - A light field camera (also called a plenoptic camera) is an imaging device that creates images that can be readjusted after the picture has been taken, for example, to alter the focus or the depth of field.
  • light field photography - Light-field photography (also known as plenoptic photography) is an imaging technology that makes it possible to adjust the focus in an existing picture.
  • light-emitting diode (LED) - A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor device that emits visible light when an electric current passes through it.
  • likejacking - Likejacking is a variation on clickjacking in which malicious coding is associated with a Facebook Like button.
  • linkbaiting - Linkbaiting is the practice of crafting content that is designed to compel people who view it to link to it.
  • longitudinal time code (LTC) - Longitidinal time code (LTC) is a timing signal that is part of an audio tape recording.
  • lossless and lossy compression - Lossless and lossy compression are terms that describe whether or not, in the compression of a file, all original data can be recovered when the file is uncompressed.
  • Mac mini - The Mac mini from Apple is a low-cost and very compact personal computer that runs the Mac OS X operating system and is sold without a display, keyboard, or mouse.
  • machine vision (computer vision) - Machine vision, which is the ability of a computer to see, employs one or more video cameras, analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) and digital signal processing (DSP).
  • Mantle - Mantle is a low-level 3D graphics application programming interface (API) created by AMD for their graphics processing units (GPUs) based on the Graphics Core Next (GCN) architecture.
  • mask - In graphic design, a mask is a tool that allows you to protect a specific area of an image from modification.
  • Maya - Maya is an animation and modeling program used to create three-dimensional (3-D), full-motion effects.
  • Mechanics-Dynamics-Aesthetics (MDA) - Mechanics-Dynamics-Aesthetics (MDA) is a design framework that helps video game designers (and the software developers who work with them) understand what effect a game's rules, player capabilities and setting have on the success of a game.
  • megapixel - A megapixel (that is, a million pixels) is a unit of image sensing capacity in a digital camera.
  • micro-HDMI - Micro-HDMI (HDMI type D) is a miniaturized version of the High Definition Multimedia Interface specification.
  • microLED - MicroLED is a technology used in displays consisting of microscopic light emitting diodes of different colors arranged into an array.
  • Microsoft HoloLens - Microsoft HoloLens is a virtual reality (VR) headset with transparent lenses for an augmented reality experience.
  • MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) - MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a protocol designed for recording and playing back music on digital synthesizers that is supported by many makes of personal computer sound cards.
  • MIP map - A MIP map (sometimes spelled mipmap) is a computer graphics technique used to achieve an illusion of depth in a two-dimensional representation of a three-dimensional (3D) image.
  • mixed reality (hybrid reality, extended reality) - Mixed reality (MR) is a user environment in which physical reality and digital content are combined in a way that enables interaction with and among real-world and virtual objects.
  • mobile UI (mobile user interface) - A mobile UI is the user interface on a mobile device, usually including a touch screen display and all the other elements of the device that allow the user to interact with it.
  • mobile workstation - A mobile workstation is a notebook computer with high-end computing features not typical of the notebook.
  • moire effect - Moire effect is a visual perception that occurs when viewing a set of lines or dots that is superimposed on another set of lines or dots, where the sets differ in relative size, angle, or spacing.
  • Mosaic - Mosaic was the first widely-distributed graphical browser or viewer for the World Wide Web.
  • motion analysis - Motion analysis is a measuring technique used in computer vision, image processing and high-speed photography applications to detect movement.
  • motion capture (mo-cap) - Motion capture (mo-cap) is the use of sensors on real bodies (objects and beings) to track motion and record the movements digitally, typically for transferring to virtual 3D imaging.
  • MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3) - MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3) is a standard technology and format for a sound sequence into a very small file (about one-twelfth the size of the original file) while preserving the original level of sound quality when it is played.
  • MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) - MPEG (pronounced EHM-pehg), the Moving Picture Experts Group, develops standards for digital video and digital audio compression.
  • MPEG standards (Moving Picture Experts Group) - The MPEG standards are an evolving set of standards for video and audio compression and for multimedia delivery developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG).
  • MrSID (Multi-resolution Seamless Image Database) - MrSID (Multi-resolution Seamless Image Database) is an image compressor, viewer, and file format for extremely large raster graphics images.
  • multimedia - Multimedia is more than one concurrent presentation medium (for example, on CD-ROM or a Web site).
  • Multimedia Home Platform (MHP) - Multimedia Home Platform (MHP) is a digital video broadcasting (DVB) standard intended to combine digital television (DTV) with the Internet and the World Wide Web.
  • multisession CD - A multisession CD is a recordable CD format (like a CD-R) that allows the recording of a compact disk to be conducted in more than one recording session.
  • new media - New media is a catch-all term for all forms of electronic communication that have appeared or will appear since the original mainly text-and-static picture forms of online communication.
  • non-interlaced display - A non-interlaced display is a cathode-ray tube (CRT) display in which the lines are scanned sequentially from the top to the bottom of the screen.
  • NVIDIA - NVIDIA is a graphics card manufacturer and graphics processing unit (GPU) designer.
  • Oculus Rift - Oculus Rift is a VR headset that is designed to connect to a high-powered PC to enable advanced computations and graphics rendering.
  • Ogg Vorbis - Vorbis is an open source patent-free audio compression format, developed as a replacement for proprietary digital audio encoding formats, such as MP3, VQF, and AAC.
  • omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) - An omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) is a mechanical or electronic machine that allows the user to travel in any direction.
  • OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) - OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) is the computer industry's standard application program interface (API) for defining 2-D and 3-D graphic images.
  • optical media - Optical media - such as the compact disk (CD) - are storage media that hold content in digital form and that are written and read by a laser; these media include all the various CD and DVD variations, as well as optical jukeboxes and autochangers.
  • Orange Book - Orange Book is the informal name for Philips and Sony's Recordable CD Standard.
  • owned media/earned media/paid media - Owned, earned and paid media are three different types of advertising content used by digital marketing teams to create a complete and effective marketing strategy.
  • packet writing - Packet writing is a technology that enables the writing of data to a recordable compact disk (CD-R) incrementally, in multiple small blocks of data, rather than in a single block (as in disk-at-once recording), or in blocks defined by tracks (as in track-at-once recording), the other two common methods.
  • page description language (PDL) - A page description language (PDL) specifies the arrangement of a printed page through commands from a computer that the printer carries out.
  • palette - Lynda Weinman's 216-color palette for Mac and Windows browsers For actual RGB values to specify, see our table containing the 216-Color Browser-Safe Palette.
  • parallax - Parallax is the way an object�s position or direction changes, depending on viewing angle.
  • peripheral drift illusion - The peripheral drift illusion is a perception of movement in a static image; the illusion is caused by the brain’s interpretation of patterns seen outside of the eye’s area of focus.
  • phase change - Phase change is a type of compact disk (CD) recording technology that enables the disks to be written, erased, and rewritten through the use of a layer of a special material (called the phase change layer) that can be changed repeatedly from an amorphous (formless) to a crystalline state, or phase-through exposure to variably-powered laser beams.
  • phaser - A phaser is an electronic sound processor, that creates a sweeping effect by modulating a narrow notch signal filter.
  • Photo CD - Photo CD is a process from Kodak that puts film images (including scanned prints and slides) on a compact disk as digitally stored images that you can view or work with at your computer.
  • photometric stereo - Photometric stereo is a computer vision method of analyzing and detailing the contour and reflectivity of a surface in 3D (three-dimensional) space.
  • photonic ink (P-Ink) - Photonic ink (P-Ink) is a substance that can change color electronically.
  • Photoshop - Photoshop is Adobe's photo editing, image creation and graphic design software.
  • pico projector - A pico projector is a small hardware device designed to project content from a smartphone, camera, notebook or memory device, typically for content viewing or presentations.
  • PictBridge - PictBridge is the name of an industry standard for firmware (built-in software) that allows digital cameras and printers to communicate directly with each other.
  • pictograph - In graph theory, a pictograph is a graph that shows numerical information by using picture symbols or icons to represent data sets.
  • picture element (pel) - The term pel has been replaced by pixel, another contraction of "picture element.
  • Pinterest - Pinterest is a social curation website for sharing and categorizing images found online.
  • pixel - The pixel (a word invented from "picture element") is the basic unit of programmable color on a computer display or in a computer image.
  • pixelation - Pixelation is the display of a digitized image where the individual pixels are apparent to a viewer.
  • pixels per inch (ppi) - In computers, pixels per inch (ppi) is a measure of the sharpness (that is, the density of illuminated points) on a display screen.
  • plotter - A plotter is a printer that interprets commands from a computer to make line drawings on paper with one or more automated pens.
  • PLUGE pattern (picture line-up generation equipment pattern) - A PLUGE (picture line-up generation equipment) pattern is a test pattern used to calibrate the black level on a video display.
  • PNG (Portable Network Graphics) - PNG (Portable Network Graphics) is a file format used for lossless image compression.
  • point cloud - A point cloud is a collection of data points defined by a given coordinates system.
  • polymer LED (light-emitting polymer or polyLED) - Polymer LED (light-emitting diode) - sometimes called light-emitting polymer or polyLED - is a technology based on the use of polymer as the semiconductor material in LEDs.
  • Pong - Pong is said to have been both the first coin-operated arcade game and the first popular home video game.
  • portable media center - Portable media center is a term for a handheld multimedia device that can play digital music, image, and movie files that have been downloaded from the Internet or stored on a personal computer.
  • pre-roll ad - A pre-roll ad is a promotional video message that plays before the content the user has selected.
  • product placement - Product placement is the inclusion of a branded product in media, usually without explicit reference to the product.
  • progressive download - A progressive download is a process that allows the user to access content before the data transfer is complete.
  • progressive JPEG - A progressive JPEG is the JPEG equivalent of the interlaced GIF Graphics Interchange Format.
  • progressive scan - Progressive scan is a display and signal type in which the entire image is refreshed every cycle.
  • projector mapping - Projector mapping (also known as projection mapping or video mapping) is the use of standard projectors to display 2D and 3D images on real world objects.
  • projector phone - A projector phone is a smartphone with an embedded pico projector.

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