Browse Definitions :

Multimedia and graphics

Terms related to multimedia, including graphics, animation and video definitions and words and phrases about images and sound.

PUR - ULT

  • Purple Book - The Purple Book is the informal name for Philips and Sony's specification document for the double-density compact disk (DDCD) format.
  • QHD (quad high definition) - QHD (Quad High Definition) is a resolution standard for high-end monitors, televisions and mobile devices.
  • qHD (quarter high definition) - qHD (quarter high definition) is a resolution standard for mobile devices.
  • Qik - Qik is an online video streaming service that allows anyone with a strong wireless Internet connection and a video camera-equipped smartphone to broadcast live events.
  • Quicktime - Quicktime is a multimedia development, storage, and playback technology from Apple.
  • QXGA (Quantum Extended Graphics Array) - QXGA (Quantum Extended Graphics Array) is a display mode in which the resolution is 2048 pixels horizontally by 1536 pixels vertically (2048 x 1536).
  • raster - Also see frame, raster graphics, and raster image processor.
  • raster graphics - Raster graphics are digital images created or captured (for example, by scanning in a photo) as a set of samples of a given space.
  • raster image processor (RIP) - RIP is also an abbreviation for Routing Information Protocol.
  • ray tracing (raytracing, ray-tracing or ray casting) - Ray tracing (also called raytracing, ray-tracing or ray casting) is a technique for presenting three-dimensional (3D) images on a two-dimensional (2D) display by tracing a path of light through pixels on an image plane.
  • Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) - Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) is an application-level network communication system that transfers real-time data from multimedia to an endpoint device by communicating directly with the server streaming the data.
  • RealAudio - RealAudio is a continous or streaming sound technology from Progressive Networks' RealAudio.
  • reconfigurable tactile display (RTD) - A reconfigurable tactile display (RTD) is a control interface that provides physical touch input, but that can be configured by programming.
  • Red Book - The Red Book is the 1980 document that provides the specifications for the standard compact disc (CD) developed by Sony and Philips.
  • refresh - In a computer display, to refresh is to redraw the image information from memory.
  • render - To render (a verb, pronounced REHN-dir, from the medieval French rendre meaning "to give back or yield") has a number of usages along the lines of forming something out of something else originally given.
  • resolution - In computers, resolution is the number of pixels (individual points of color) contained on a display monitor, expressed in terms of the number of pixels on the horizontal axis and the number on the vertical axis.
  • reverb (reverberation) - Reverb (short for reverberation) is the acoustic environment that surrounds a sound.
  • reverse electrovibration (virtual touch) - Reverse electrovibration, also known as virtual touch, is an augmented reality (AR) technology that allows end users to perceive the textures and contours of an object from a computer screen.
  • reverse image search - Reverse image search is a technology that takes an image file as a search engine input query and returns results related to the image.
  • RGB (red, green, and blue) - RGB (red, green, and blue) refers to a system for representing the colors to be used on a computer display.
  • rich media - Rich media is an Internet advertising term for a Web page ad that uses advanced technology such as streaming video, downloaded applets (programs) that interact instantly with the user, and ads that change when the user's mouse passes over it.
  • ripping (digital extraction) - Ripping, more formally known as digital extraction, is the process of copying audio or video content from a compact disc, DVD or streaming media onto a computer hard drive.
  • rollable display - A rollable display is a digital screen technology that can be rolled up like a newspaper.
  • rollover ad - A rollover ad is an online advertisement that appears to be a static image until rollover activates it.
  • ROM emulation - ROM emulation is the process of copying data from a ROM (read-only memory) chip to a storage medium such as a hard disk or flash memory.
  • room-scale VR (room-scale virtual reality) - Room-scale VR (room-scale virtual reality) is the use of a clear space to allow movement for someone using a VR application such as virtual reality gaming.
  • rotoscoping - For either broadcast video or Internet streaming video, rotoscoping is the rotated projection of a sequence of usually photographed action image frames so that the artist can trace from the frame or create an image to superimpose on it.
  • S/PDIF (Sony/Philips Digital Interface) - S/PDIF (Sony/Philips Digital Interface) is a standard audio transfer file format.
  • sample rate - In developing an audio sound for computers or telecommunication, the sample rate is the number of samples of a sound that are taken per second to represent the event digitally.
  • scalable font - A scalable font is a type font that can be resized (enlarged or reduced)without introducing distortion.
  • Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) - Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is the description of an image as an application of the Extensible Markup Language (XML).
  • Scarlet Book - The Scarlet Book is Philips and Sony's 1999 specification document for Super Audio Compact Disc (SACD), a high-resolution audio format that features complex six-channel sound.
  • screen door effect - The screen door effect is a mesh-like appearance that occurs where visible gaps between pixels are seen on an electronic screen, usually when viewed at close proximity.
  • screen printing (serigraphy) - Screen printing, also known as serigraphy, is a method of creating an image on paper, fabric or some other object by pressing ink through a screen with areas blocked off by a stencil.
  • screen shot (screen capture) - A screen shot (sometimes called a screen capture) is an image of a computer desktop that can be saved as a graphics file.
  • screencast - A screencast is a digital video recording that captures actions taking place on a computer desktop.
  • SD2 (Sound Designer II or SDII) - SDII (Sound Designer II, sometimes seen abbreviated as SD2) is a monophonic/stereophonic audio file format, originally developed by Digidesign for their Macintosh -based recording/editing products.
  • SDP (Session Description Protocol) - SDP (Session Description Protocol) is a set of rules that defines how multimedia sessions can be set up to allow all end points to effectively participate in the session.
  • Secure Digital Extended Capacity card (SDXC) - A Secure Digital Extended Capacity (SDXC) card is a very small flash memory card that resembles a SD (Secure Digital) card, but has far greater storage capacity.
  • SED TV (surface-conduction electron-emitter display television) - SED (surface-conduction electron-emitter display) is a flat-panel, high-resolution display developed by Canon and Toshiba that will compete with LCD and plasma displays.
  • segment - A segment is a defined portion or section of something larger such as a database, geometric object, or network.
  • selfie - A selfie is a self-portrait, typically a photograph, that is posted online.
  • semiotics - Semiotics is the study of the use of symbolic communication.
  • sequencer - In digital audio recording, a sequencer is a program in a computer or stand-alone keyboard unit that puts together a sound sequence from a series (or sequence) of Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) events (operations).
  • set-top box - A set-top box is a device that enables a television set to become a user interface to the Internet and also enables a television set to receive and decode digital television (DTV) broadcasts.
  • SGI (Silicon Graphics) - SGI (Silicon Graphics) is a leading manufacturer of high-performance computing, data management, and visualization products.
  • Shockwave - Shockwave, developed by Macromedia, is a family of multimedia players.
  • shoppable video - A shoppable video is a multimedia recording that allows a user to initiate an order from within the video.
  • show control - Show control is a computer system, especially in the entertainment industry, that combines disparate hardware and software-controlled lighting, sound, and visual effects into a single, synchronized system.
  • Simputer (simple inexpensive mobile computer) - The Simputer (short for simple inexpensive mobile computer) is an inexpensive, Web-enabled handheld computer designed for use by people in developing countries.
  • simulator sickness - Simulator sickness is a form of motion sickness related to interacting with a simulated environment.
  • single-image random-dot stereogram (SIRDS) - A single-image random-dot stereogram (SIRDS) is a set of printed or displayed dots that appear to form a three-dimensional (3D) scene when viewed close-up with the eyes focused at infinity.
  • skeuomorphism - Skeuomorphism is the design concept of making items represented resemble their real-world counterparts.
  • skin - On the Internet, a skin is a graphic or audio file used to change the appearance of the user interface to a program or for a game character.
  • slideware - Slideware is an overarching term for a presentation program or software that facilitates the creation and implementation of content into the form of a slideshow.
  • Slingshot - Slingshot is Facebook's photograph sharing smartphone application, developed to compete with services like Snapchat and Instagram.
  • smart projector - A smart projector is a video projector with extra inputs, connectivity and a built-in computer that is used primarily for entertainment and presentations.
  • SMF (Standard MIDI File) - The SMF (Standard MIDI File) was developed to allow musicians and audio file developers to transfer their sequenced MIDI data from one software application to another.
  • snackable content - Snackable content is website content that is designed to be easy for readers to consume and to share.
  • Snapchat World Lenses - Snapchat World Lenses are a collection of augmented reality (AR) 3D enhancements to live real-world environments as viewed through the Snapchat mobile app, which allows users to send and receive 'self-destructing' photos and videos.
  • Sony/Philips Digital Interface (S/PDIF) - S/PDIF (Sony/Philips Digital Interface) is a standard audio transfer file format.
  • sound card - A sound card (also referred to as an audio card) is a peripheral device that attaches to the ISA or PCI slot on a motherboard to enable the computer to input, process, and deliver sound.
  • Sound Designer II (SD2) - SDII (Sound Designer II, sometimes seen abbreviated as SD2) is a monophonic/stereophonic audio file format, originally developed by Digidesign for their Macintosh-based recording/editing products.
  • spatial sensing - Spatial sensing is the detection, measuring and analysis of an environment's space and objects in real-time for the purposes of mapping them.
  • spline - In computer graphics, a spline is a curve that connects two or more specific points, or that is defined by two or more points.
  • sprite - A sprite is a fairy or an elf.
  • Standard MIDI File (SMF) - The SMF (Standard MIDI File) was developed to allow musicians and audio file developers to transfer their sequenced MIDI data from one software application to another.
  • Stanford Bunny - The Stanford Bunny is a computer graphics test model (GTM) for 3-D graphics.
  • steadycam (steadicam) - A steadycam (also known as a steadicam) is a device that enables smooth video shooting by stabilizing a camera and isolating it from shock and vibration.
  • stream recorder (stream ripper) - What is stream recorder?A stream recorder (sometimes called a stream ripper) is a program used to save streaming media to a file so that it can be accessed locally.
  • streaming media - Streaming media is video or audio content sent in compressed form over the Internet and played immediately, rather than being saved to the hard drive.
  • streaming media receiver - A streaming media receiver is a set top box that connects to a television to play content from one or more video streaming services.
  • streaming sound - Streaming sound is sound that is played as it arrives.
  • streaming video - Streaming video is content sent in compressed form over the Internet and displayed by the viewer in real time.
  • Super Audio CD (SACD) - Super Audio Compact Disk (SACD) is a high-resolution audio CD format.
  • SWiSH - SWiSH is a program that is used to create Flash animations without using Macromedia's Flash product.
  • tablet (tablet PC) - A tablet is a wireless, portable personal computer with a touchscreen interface.
  • talkback - A talkback is a microphone-and-receiver system installed in a recording/mixing console for communication between people in the control room and performers in the recording studio.
  • TED - The TED (technology, entertainment, design) conference is an annual gathering for presentations known as TED talks on a broad range of topics related to science and culture.
  • TED talk - A TED talk is a presentation at the main TED (technology, entertainment, design) conference or one of its many satellite events around the world.
  • telepresence robot - A telepresence robot is a remote-controlled, wheeled device that has wireless internet connectivity.
  • telepresence room - A telepresence room is a conference space dedicated to high-end videoconferencing.
  • texel (texture element) - In computer graphics, a texel (texture element) represents the smallest graphical element in two-dimensional (2-D) texture mapping to "wallpaper" the rendition of a three-dimensional (3-D) object to create the impression of a textured surface.
  • texture mapping - Texture mapping is a graphic design process in which a two-dimensional (2-D) surface, called a texture map, is "wrapped around" a three-dimensional (3-D)object.
  • thumbnail - Thumbnail is a term used by graphic designers and photographers for a small image representation of a larger image, usually intended to make it easier and faster to look at or manage a group of larger images.
  • Thunderbolt - Thunderbolt (code named "Light Peak") is a high-speed, bidirectional input/output (I/O) technology that can transfer data of all types on a single cable at speeds of up to 10 Gbps (billions of bits per second).
  • TIFF (Tag Image File Format) - TIFF (Tag Image File Format) is a common format for exchanging raster graphics (bitmap) images between application programs, including those used for scanner images.
  • toolbar - In the graphical user interface (GUI) for a computer, a toolbar is a horizontal row or vertical column of selectable image "buttons" that give the user a constantly visible reminder of and an easy way to select certain desktop or other application functions, such as saving or printing a document or moving pages forwards or backwards within a Web browser.
  • TrackPoint (pointing stick) - A TrackPoint, also called a pointing stick, is a cursor control device found in IBM ThinkPad notebook computers.
  • transparent GIF - A transparent GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) is an image file that has one color assigned to be "transparent" so that the assigned color will be replaced by the browser's background color, whatever it may be.
  • triplecast - A triplecast (TM) is the simultaneous broadcast of a program on television, radio, and an Internet site or channel.
  • true color - True color is the specification of the color of a pixel on a display screen using a 24-bit value, which allows the possibility of up to 16,777,216 possible colors.
  • TrueView ad - TrueView is a video ad format that gives the viewer options, typically the ability to skip the advertisement after five seconds.
  • TWAIN - TWAIN is a widely-used program that lets you scan an image (using a scanner) directly into the application (such as PhotoShop) where you want to work with the image.
  • twip (twentieth of a point) - A twip (twentieth of a point) is a measure used in laying out space or defining objects on a page or other area that is to be printed or displayed on a computer screen.
  • typeface - A typeface is a design for a set of printer or display font s, each for a set of characters, in a number of specific sizes.
  • UHDV (ultra high definition video) - UHDV (ultra high definition video) is a technology that provides video image resolution containing 16 times as many pixels as HDTV (high definition television).
  • Ultra High-Definition TV (UHDTV) - Ultra-high-definition (UHD) television, also abbreviated UHDTV, is a digital television display format in which the horizontal screen resolution is on the order of 4000 pixels (4K UHD) or 8000 pixels (8K UHD).

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