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Nanotechnology

Terms related to nanotechnology, including manufacturing definitions and words and phrases about building machines at a molecular level.

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  • array-based memory - Array-based memory is an evolving solid-state storage technology similar to flash memory but with potentially greater storage capacity.
  • atom - An atom is a particle of matter that uniquely defines achemical element.
  • biomimetics (biomimicry) - Biomimetic refers to human-made processes, substances, devices, or systems that imitate nature.
  • bionics - Bionics is the replication of biological systems by mechanical and electronic systems.
  • biotechnology (biotech) - Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life.
  • buckypaper - Buckypaper is a strong and lightweight substance manufactured from compressed carbon nanotubes, which are long, cylindrical carbon structures consisting of hexagonal graphite molecules attached at the edges.
  • bunny suit - A bunny suit is an coverall garment worn over street clothes to prevent skin and hair from being shed in a clean room environment.
  • carbon nanotube computer - A carbon nanotube computer is one with a processor that uses carbon nanotubes as its semiconductor material.
  • digital pill - A digital pill is a capsule with embedded sensors that send healthcare-related data to external parties.
  • Fourth Industrial Revolution - The Fourth Industrial Revolution is the current and developing environment in which disruptive technologies and trends such as the Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, virtual reality (VR) and artificial intelligence (AI) are changing the way modern people live and work.
  • fullerene - A fullerene is a pure carbon molecule composed of at least 60 atoms of carbon.
  • graphene - Graphene is a highly conductive allotrope of carbon whose atoms are arranged in a mesh- like form a single atom thick.
  • graphene transistor - A graphene transistor is a nanoscale device based on graphene, a component of graphite with electronic properties far superior to those of silicon.
  • gray goo (or grey goo) - Gray goo (in British spelling, "grey goo") is a term used to describe what life on our planet might become if self-replicating robots or nanomachines got out of control and began to use up life forms for their own energy needs in some unstoppable way.
  • mechatronics - Mechatronics is a branch of engineering that focuses on designing, manufacturing and maintaining products that have both mechanical and electronic components.
  • MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems) - A MEMS (micro-electromechanical system) is a miniature machine that has both mechanical and electronic components.
  • molecular manufacturing - Molecular manufacturing is a branch of nanotechnology that involves the use of nanoscale (extremely small) tools and non-biological processes to build structures, devices, and systems at the molecular level.
  • nano - Nano is a prefix meaning "extremely small.
  • nano-emissive display (NED) - A nano-emissive display (NED) is a high-resolution, full-color, lightweight, physically thin display that uses carbon nanotube technology.
  • nanobiomechanics (nanoscale biomechanics) - Nanobiomechanics, also called nanoscale biomechanics, is a field of biomedical technology that involves measurement of the mechanical characteristics of individual living cells.
  • nanochip - A nanochip is an integrated circuit (IC) that is so small, in physical terms, that individual particles of matter play major roles.
  • nanocomputer - A nanocomputer is a computer whose physical dimensions are microscopic.
  • nanocrystal - A nanocrystal is a crystalline particle with at least one dimension measuring less than 1000 nanometers (nm), where 1 nm is defined as 1 thousand-millionth of a meter (10-9 m).
  • nanofabrication - Nanofabrication is the design and manufacture of devices with dimensions measured in nanometers.
  • nanolithography - Nanolithography is the art and science of etching, writing, or printing at the microscopic level, where the dimensions of characters are on the order of nanometers (units of 10 -9 meter, or millionths of a millimeter).
  • nanomachine (nanite) - A nanomachine, also called a nanite, is a mechanical or electromechanical device whose dimensions are measured in nanometers (millionths of a millimeter, or units of 10 -9 meter).
  • nanoManipulator - The nanoManipulator is a specialized nanorobot and microscopic viewing system for working with objects on an extremely small scale.
  • nanomedicine - Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology (the engineering of tiny machines) to the prevention and treatment of disease in the human body.
  • nanometer - A nanometer is a unit of spatial measurement that is 10-9 meter, or one billionth of a meter.
  • nanopaint - Nanopaint is a coating that can modify the properties of a surface or substance according to user-defined parameters.
  • nanosecond (ns or nsec) - (This definition follows U.
  • nanotechnology (molecular manufacturing) - Nanotechnology, also called molecular manufacturing, is a branch of engineering that deals with the design and manufacture of extremely small electronic circuits and mechanical devices built at the molecular level of matter.
  • nanotransistor - A nanotransistor is a transistor - the component that acts as an electronic signal switch or amplifier - that is near the scale of a billionth of a meter (or nanometer) in size.
  • nanotube (carbon nanotube) - A carbon nanotube (CNT) is a miniature cylindrical carbon structure that has hexagonal graphite molecules attached at the edges.
  • National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) - The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) is a research-and development (R & D) program funded by the U.
  • photolithography - Photolithography is the standard method of printed circuit board (PCB) and microprocessor fabrication.
  • picoliter - A picoliter is a trillionth (one millionth of a millionth, or 10 to the -12th power) of a liter, which can be represented numerically as 0.
  • quantum as a service (QaaS) - Quantum as a service (QaaS) is the offering of quantum compute facilities as an on demand service.
  • quantum microphone - A quantum microphone is an extremely device that detects the smallest particles of sound, such as packets of vibrational energy called phonons.
  • quantum theory - Quantum theory is the theoretical basis of modern physics that explains the nature and behavior of matter and energy on the atomic and subatomic level.
  • robotics - Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture and operation of robots.
  • saser (sound amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) - The SASER is the sonic equivalent to the laser and is often referred to as a sound laser or acoustic laser.
  • scanning tunneling microscope (STM) - A scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is a device that obtains images of the atoms on the surfaces of materials.
  • Singularity (the) - In technology, the singularity describes a hypothetical future where technology growth is out of control and irreversible.
  • smart dust - In nanotechnology, smart dust is an ad hoc network of tiny devices equipped with wireless micro-electromechanical sensors (MEMS).
  • smart machines - A smart machine is a device embedded with machine-to-machine (M2M) and/or cognitive computing technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning or deep learning, all of which it uses to reason, problem-solve, make decisions and even, ultimately, take action.
  • spray-on antenna - A spray-on antenna is a conductive material that can be sprayed onto nearly any surface to create a thin, lightweight and flexible antenna.
  • stepper - A stepper is a machine used to project the image of a circuit in photolithographic semiconductor fabrication.
  • superposition - Superposition is the ability of a quantum system to be in multiple states at the same time until it is measured.
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