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Networking

Definitions about networking including routing and switching vocabulary, telecom terminology and words about email, messaging and mobile.

Circuit switched services equipment and providers

Terms related to circuit switched services equipment and providers, including dedicated communications channel definitions and words and phrases about telecommunications.

  • telephony

    Telephony is technology associated with interactive communication between two or more physically distant parties via the electronic transmission of speech or other data.

  • network switch

    A network switch is a hardware device that channels incoming data from multiple input ports to a specific output port that will take it toward its intended destination.

  • open networking

    Open networking describes a network that uses open standards and commodity hardware.

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Data transmission

Terms related to data transmission, including definitions about communication channels and words and phrases about point-to-point and point-to-multipoint data transfers.

  • bulk data transfer

    Bulk data transfer is a software application feature that uses data compression, data blocking and buffering to optimize transfer rates when moving large data files.

  • FCoE (Fibre Channel over Ethernet)

    FCoE (Fibre Channel over Ethernet) is a storage protocol that enable Fibre Channel (FC) communications to run directly over Ethernet.

  • telephony

    Telephony is technology associated with interactive communication between two or more physically distant parties via the electronic transmission of speech or other data.

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Email and messaging

Terms related to email and messaging, including definitions about instant messenger and words and phrases about email servers, storage, spam and mobile access.

  • call tree

    A call tree is a layered hierarchical communication model that is used to notify specific individuals of an event and coordinate recovery, if necessary.

  • real-time communications (RTC)

    Real-time communications (RTC) is any mode of telecommunications in which all users can exchange information instantly or with negligible latency. In this context, the term 'real-time' is synonymous with 'live.'

  • unified communications (UC)

    Unified communications (UC) is a conceptual and technological framework for integrating various enterprise communication methods -- telephony, presence, voicemail, video calling and conferencing, email, instant messaging, etc. -- within a single platform, with the goal of streamlining and enhancing business communications, collaboration and productivity.

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High-speed networks

Terms related to high-speed communication networks, including network and end-system architecture definitions and words and phrases about high-bandwidth and low-latency communication.

  • 5G new radio (NR)

    5G new radio, or 5G NR, is a set of standards that replace the LTE network 4G wireless communications standard.

  • real-time communications (RTC)

    Real-time communications (RTC) is any mode of telecommunications in which all users can exchange information instantly or with negligible latency. In this context, the term 'real-time' is synonymous with 'live.'

  • fiber to the home (FTTH)

    Fiber to the home (FTTH), also called fiber to the premises (FTTP), is the installation and use of optical fiber from a central point directly to individual buildings such as residences, apartment buildings and businesses to provide high-speed internet access.

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Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a scenario in which objects, animals or people are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human interaction.

  • fog computing (fog networking, fogging)

    Fog computing is a decentralized computing infrastructure in which data, compute, storage and applications are located somewhere between the data source and the cloud.

  • supply chain transformation

    Supply chain transformation is the addition and integration of technology to improve supply chain performance.

  • network slicing

    Network slicing overlays multiple virtual networks on top of a shared network.

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LANs

Terms related to local area networks (LANs), including definitions about Ethernet and words and phrases about devices that share a common communications line or link.

  • dynamic spectrum access (dynamic spectrum management)

    Dynamic spectrum access (DSA), also referred to as dynamic spectrum management (DSM), is a set of spectrum utilization techniques that adjusts frequency in real time based on fluctuating circumstances.

  • wireline communication

    Wireline communication (also known as wired communication) is the transmission of information over a physical filament. Alternatively, communication technologies that transmit information over-the-air (OTA) are called wireless.

  • interconnection

    Interconnection is a strategy for ensuring that businesses can privately, securely and directly exchange digital information. An important goal of interconnection is to enable extremely high bandwidth exchanges with the lowest possible latency, at the lowest cost.

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Network hardware

Terms related to network hardware, including definitions about cables or file servers and words and phrases about routers and switches.

  • data center services

    Data center services is a collective term for all the supporting components necessary to the proper operation of data center. This includes all the implementation, maintenance and operation of a data center.

  • infrastructure (IT infrastructure)

    Infrastructure is the foundation or framework that supports a system or organization.

  • edge router

    An edge router is a specialized router located at a network boundary that enables an internal network to connect to external networks.

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Network software

Terms related to network software, including definitions about network monitoring and words and phrases about network administration.

  • data center services

    Data center services is a collective term for all the supporting components necessary to the proper operation of data center. This includes all the implementation, maintenance and operation of a data center.

  • RMM software (remote monitoring and management software)

    RMM software (remote monitoring and management software) is a type of application that information technology (IT) service providers use to maintain their clients' IT infrastructure and systems.

  • desktop virtualization

    Desktop virtualization is the concept of isolating a logical operating system (OS) instance from the client that is used to access it.

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Networking and communications

Terms related to networking and communications, including definitions about network protocols and words and phrases about data transmission.

  • What is edge computing? Everything you need to know

    Edge computing is a distributed information technology (IT) architecture in which client data is processed at the periphery of the network, as close to the originating source as possible.

  • fog computing (fog networking, fogging)

    Fog computing is a decentralized computing infrastructure in which data, compute, storage and applications are located somewhere between the data source and the cloud.

  • desktop virtualization

    Desktop virtualization is the concept of isolating a logical operating system (OS) instance from the client that is used to access it.

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Routing and switching

Terms related to routers and switches, including definitions about hubs and words and phrases about packet-switched networks.

  • edge router

    An edge router is a specialized router located at a network boundary that enables an internal network to connect to external networks.

  • IPv4 address class

    An IPv4 address class is a categorical division of internet protocol addresses in IPv4-based routing.

  • RFC 1918

    Request for Comment 1918 (RFC 1918), “Address Allocation for Private Internets,” is the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) memorandum on methods of assigning of private IP addresses on TCP/IP networks.

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Smart grid

Terms related to smart grids, including definitions about utility electricity delivery systems and words and phrases about smart meters and distributing, monitoring and billing electrical power.

  • smart home hub (home automation hub)

    A smart home hub is hardware or software that connects devices on a home automation network and controls communications among them.

  • fiber to the home (FTTH)

    Fiber to the home (FTTH), also called fiber to the premises (FTTP), is the installation and use of optical fiber from a central point directly to individual buildings such as residences, apartment buildings and businesses to provide high-speed internet access.

  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)

    The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is a symmetric block cipher chosen by the U.S. government to protect classified information.

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Telecom

Terms related to telecom, including definitions about telecommunication service providers and words and phrases about voice, video and Internet communication.

  • VoIP (voice over IP)

    VoIP (voice over Internet Protocol) is the transmission of voice and multimedia content over an internet connection.

  • telecommunications (telecom)

    Telecommunications, also known as telecom, is the exchange of information over significant distances by electronic means and refers to all types of voice, data and video transmission.

  • configuration

    Generally, a configuration is the arrangement - or the process of making the arrangement - of the parts that make up a whole.

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VoIP

Terms related to voice over IP (VoIP), including definitions about communication protocols and words and phrases about making phone calls over the Internet.

  • VoIP (voice over IP)

    VoIP (voice over Internet Protocol) is the transmission of voice and multimedia content over an internet connection.

  • real-time communications (RTC)

    Real-time communications (RTC) is any mode of telecommunications in which all users can exchange information instantly or with negligible latency. In this context, the term 'real-time' is synonymous with 'live.'

  • unified communications (UC)

    Unified communications (UC) is a conceptual and technological framework for integrating various enterprise communication methods -- telephony, presence, voicemail, video calling and conferencing, email, instant messaging, etc. -- within a single platform, with the goal of streamlining and enhancing business communications, collaboration and productivity.

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Wireless LANs

Terms related to wireless LANs, including definitions about Wi-Fi and words and phrases about wireless access points, wireless controllers, wireless LAN security and WLAN configuration.

  • IEEE 802 wireless standards

    The IEEE 802 standard is a collection of networking standards that cover the physical and data-link layer specifications for technologies such as Ethernet and wireless.

  • network slicing

    Network slicing overlays multiple virtual networks on top of a shared network.

  • mobile hotspot

    A mobile hotspot is an ad hoc wireless access point that is created by a dedicated hardware device or a smartphone feature that shares the phone's cellular data.

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Wireless technologies

Terms related to wireless technologies, including definitions about wireless devices and words and phrases about radio, microwave and infrared communication.

  • IEEE 802 wireless standards

    The IEEE 802 standard is a collection of networking standards that cover the physical and data-link layer specifications for technologies such as Ethernet and wireless.

  • network slicing

    Network slicing overlays multiple virtual networks on top of a shared network.

  • 5G new radio (NR)

    5G new radio, or 5G NR, is a set of standards that replace the LTE network 4G wireless communications standard.

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SearchCompliance

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard)

    The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

SearchSecurity

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • call tree

    A call tree is a layered hierarchical communication model that is used to notify specific individuals of an event and coordinate ...

  • Disaster Recovery as a Service (DRaaS)

    Disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS) is the replication and hosting of physical or virtual servers by a third party to provide ...

  • cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR)

    Cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR) is a combination of strategies and services intended to back up data, applications and other ...

SearchStorage

  • RAM (Random Access Memory)

    RAM (Random Access Memory) is the hardware in a computing device where the operating system (OS), application programs and data ...

  • business impact analysis (BIA)

    Business impact analysis (BIA) is a systematic process to determine and evaluate the potential effects of an interruption to ...

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive that is used in internally mounted storage expansion cards of a small form factor.

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