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Networking

Definitions about networking including routing and switching vocabulary, telecom terminology and words about email, messaging and mobile.

Circuit switched services equipment and providers

Terms related to circuit switched services equipment and providers, including dedicated communications channel definitions and words and phrases about telecommunications.

  • service-level agreement (SLA)

    A service-level agreement (SLA) is a contract that specifies what the service provider is responsible for.

  • network switch

    In a network, a switch is a device that channels incoming data from any of multiple input ports to the specific output port that will take it toward its intended destination.

  • interconnection

    Interconnection is a strategy for ensuring that businesses can privately, securely and directly exchange digital information. An important goal of interconnection is to enable extremely high bandwidth exchanges with the lowest possible latency, at the lowest cost.

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Data transmission

Terms related to data transmission, including definitions about communication channels and words and phrases about point-to-point and point-to-multipoint data transfers.

  • Payload (computing)

    The term payload, when used in the context of networking or telecommunications, is the data carried inside of a packet (or other network protocol data units like frames or segments).

  • smart home or building (home automation or domotics)

    A smart home is a residence that uses internet-connected devices to enable the remote monitoring and management of appliances and systems, such as lighting and heating.

  • service-level agreement (SLA)

    A service-level agreement (SLA) is a contract that specifies what the service provider is responsible for.

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Email and messaging

Terms related to email and messaging, including definitions about instant messenger and words and phrases about email servers, storage, spam and mobile access.

  • challenge-response authentication

    In information security, challenge-response authentication is a type of authentication protocol where one entity presents a challenge or question, and another entity provides a valid response to be authenticated.

  • acceptable spam report rate

    An acceptable spam report rate is a metric set for how many of a company's marketing or status emails are reported as spam, also known as "junk mail," or unsolicited bulk messages sent through email.

  • Viber

    Viber is a VoIP and instant messaging application with cross-platform capabilities that allows users to exchange audio and video calls, stickers, group chats, and instant voice and video messages.

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High-speed networks

Terms related to high-speed communication networks, including network and end-system architecture definitions and words and phrases about high-bandwidth and low-latency communication.

  • radio access network (RAN)

    A radio access network (RAN) is the part of a telecommunications system that connects individual devices to other parts of a network through radio connections.

  • small cell

    Small cell is an overarching term for wireless network base stations with a low radio frequency power output, footprint and range.

  • dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM)

    Dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) is a technology that puts together -- multiplexes -- data signals from different sources so they can share a single optical fiber pair while maintaining complete separation of the data streams.

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Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a scenario in which objects, animals or people are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human interaction.

  • e-textile (electronic textile)

    An e-textile is a fabric developed with electronics in it to enable conductivity.

  • silly putty sensor

    A silly putty sensor is a sensing device made of G-putty, a polysilicone polymer infused with graphene.

  • G-putty

    G-putty is a polysilicone polymer infused with graphene. Polysilicone polymer is better known as Silly Putty®, a stretchy, moldable product sold in toy stores.

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LANs

Terms related to local area networks (LANs), including definitions about Ethernet and words and phrases about devices that share a common communications line or link.

  • wireline communication

    Wireline communication (also known as wired communication) is the transmission of information over a physical filament. Alternatively, communication technologies that transmit information over-the-air (OTA) are called wireless.

  • interconnection

    Interconnection is a strategy for ensuring that businesses can privately, securely and directly exchange digital information. An important goal of interconnection is to enable extremely high bandwidth exchanges with the lowest possible latency, at the lowest cost.

  • Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit

    Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit is a free utility IT can use to determine whether or not its infrastructure is prepared for a migration to a new operating system, server version or cloud-based deployment.

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Network hardware

Terms related to network hardware, including definitions about cables or file servers and words and phrases about routers and switches.

  • optical network (photonic network)

    An optical (photonic) network transmits information as optical rather than electronic signals: It uses light, not electrical currents, to convey data.

  • tiered storage

    Tiered storage is a way to assign different categories of data to various types of storage media with the objective of reducing the total cost of storage.

  • dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM)

    Dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) is a technology that puts together -- multiplexes -- data signals from different sources so they can share a single optical fiber pair while maintaining complete separation of the data streams.

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Network software

Terms related to network software, including definitions about network monitoring and words and phrases about network administration.

  • Secure Shell (SSH)

    SSH, also known as Secure Shell or Secure Socket Shell, is a network protocol that gives users, particularly system administrators, a secure way to access a computer over an unsecured network.

  • tiered storage

    Tiered storage is a way to assign different categories of data to various types of storage media with the objective of reducing the total cost of storage.

  • storage at the edge

    Storage at the edge is the collective methods and technologies that capture and retain digital information at the periphery of the network, as close to the originating source as possible.

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Networking and communications

Terms related to networking and communications, including definitions about network protocols and words and phrases about data transmission.

  • IoT security (internet of things security)

    IoT security is the technology area concerned with safeguarding connected devices and networks in the internet of things (IoT).

  • radio access network (RAN)

    A radio access network (RAN) is the part of a telecommunications system that connects individual devices to other parts of a network through radio connections.

  • 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)

    The 3GPP, also known as the 3rd Generation Partnership Project, is a collaborative project between a group of telecommunications associations with the initial goal of developing globally applicable specifications for third generation (3G) mobile systems.

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Routing and switching

Terms related to routers and switches, including definitions about hubs and words and phrases about packet-switched networks.

  • software-defined networking (SDN)

    Software-defined networking (SDN) is a network architecture that aims to make data center networks agile and flexible.

  • smart home hub (home automation hub)

    A smart home hub is hardware or software that connects devices on a home automation network and controls communications among them.

  • network switch

    In a network, a switch is a device that channels incoming data from any of multiple input ports to the specific output port that will take it toward its intended destination.

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Smart grid

Terms related to smart grids, including definitions about utility electricity delivery systems and words and phrases about smart meters and distributing, monitoring and billing electrical power.

  • full HDTV (ultra-HD, true HDTV, 1080p)

    Full HDTV, also referred to as ultra-HD, true HDTV, and 1080p, is a television (TV) display technology specification that surpasses the quality over the original 720p high-definition television (HDTV) technology specification, providing an image resolution of 1920 by 1080 pixels.

  • carbon footprint

    A carbon footprint is the measure of the environmental impact of a particular individual or organization's lifestyle or operation, measured in units of carbon dioxide.

  • smart home hub (home automation hub)

    A smart home hub is hardware or software that connects devices on a home automation network and controls communications among them.

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Telecom

Terms related to telecom, including definitions about telecommunication service providers and words and phrases about voice, video and Internet communication.

  • least cost routing (LCR)

    Least cost routing (LCR) is a process that allows telecommunications providers to select the lowest cost carrier for bandwidth provision for their voice communications.

  • radio access network (RAN)

    A radio access network (RAN) is the part of a telecommunications system that connects individual devices to other parts of a network through radio connections.

  • communication service provider (CSP)

    Communication service provider (CSP) is the broad title for a variety of service providers in broadcast and two-way communications services.

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VoIP

Terms related to voice over IP (VoIP), including definitions about communication protocols and words and phrases about making phone calls over the Internet.

  • wideband audio (HD voice)

    Wideband audio, also known as HD voice, is a cellular technology that utilizes a wider frequency spectrum to achieve greater voice quality during phone calls.

  • Shared Call Appearance (SCA)

    Shared Call Appearance (SCA) is the sharing of a VoIP phone number across multiple devices in different locations.

  • bring your own bandwidth (BYOB)

    Bring your own bandwidth (BYOB) is a voice communications service in which a business purchases the voice services only and uses their own internet connection from their existing internet service provider (ISP) to host the voice service.

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Wireless LANs

Terms related to wireless LANs, including definitions about Wi-Fi and words and phrases about wireless access points, wireless controllers, wireless LAN security and WLAN configuration.

  • IoT security (internet of things security)

    IoT security is the technology area concerned with safeguarding connected devices and networks in the internet of things (IoT).

  • VPN (virtual private network)

    A virtual private network (VPN) is a technology that creates a safe and encrypted connection over a less secure network, such as the internet.

  • SIP trunking (Session Initiation Protocol trunking)

    Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) trunking is a service offered by a communications service provider that uses the protocol to provision voice over IP (VoIP) connectivity between an on-premises phone system and the public switched telephone network (PSTN).

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Wireless technologies

Terms related to wireless technologies, including definitions about wireless devices and words and phrases about radio, microwave and infrared communication.

  • fronthaul

    Fronthaul, also known as mobile fronthaul, is a term that refers to the connection of the C-RAN, a new type of cellular network architecture of centralized baseband units (BBU), at the access layer of the network to remote standalone radio heads at cell sites.

  • small cell

    Small cell is an overarching term for wireless network base stations with a low radio frequency power output, footprint and range.

  • Z-Wave

    Z-Wave is a wireless communication protocol used primarily in smart home networks, allowing smart devices to connect and exchange control commands and data with each other.

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SearchCompliance

  • Whistleblower Protection Act

    The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 is a law that protects federal government employees in the United States from ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract, also known as a cryptocontract, is a computer program that directly controls the transfer of digital currencies...

  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

SearchSecurity

  • challenge-response authentication

    In information security, challenge-response authentication is a type of authentication protocol where one entity presents a ...

  • Secure Shell (SSH)

    SSH, also known as Secure Shell or Secure Socket Shell, is a network protocol that gives users, particularly system ...

  • honeypot (computing)

    A honeypot is a network-attached system set up as a decoy to lure cyberattackers and to detect, deflect or study hacking attempts...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • virtual disaster recovery

    Virtual disaster recovery is a type of DR that typically involves replication and allows a user to fail over to virtualized ...

  • tabletop exercise (TTX)

    A tabletop exercise (TTX) is a disaster preparedness activity that takes participants through the process of dealing with a ...

  • risk mitigation

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a data center.

SearchStorage

  • exbibyte (EiB)

    An exbibyte (EiB) is a unit used to measure data capacity.

  • zebibyte (ZiB)

    A zebibyte (ZiB) is a unit used to measure computing and storage capacity.

  • tiered storage

    Tiered storage is a way to assign different categories of data to various types of storage media with the objective of reducing ...

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