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Open source

Definitions related to open source, including tech terms about Linux and words and phrases about Apache and other open source software development projects.

117 - INO

  • 1170 (UNIX 98) - Spec 1170 was the working name of the standard UNIX programming interface specification that is now known as X/Open Programming Guide 4.
  • abstract class - In Java and other object oriented programming (OOP) languages, objects and classes (categories of objects) may be abstracted, which means that they are summarized into characteristics that are relevant to the current program’s operation.
  • Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) - Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is a relational database management system (RDBMS) from Sybase, Inc.
  • agnostic - Agnostic, in an information technology (IT) context, refers to something that is generalized so that it is interoperable among various systems.
  • algorithmic transparency - Algorithmic transparency is openness about the purpose, structure and underlying actions of the algorithms used to search for, process and deliver information.
  • Android OS - Android OS is a Linux-based open source platform for mobile cellular handsets developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance.
  • Ant - Ant is an open source build tool (a program for putting together all the pieces of a program) from the Apache Software Foundation.
  • Apache - Apache is a freely available Web server that is distributed under an "open source" license.
  • Apache Camel - Apache Camel is a Java-based framework that implements messaging patterns in Enterprise Integration Patterns (EIP) to provide a rule-based routing and mediation engine enterprise application integration (EAI).
  • Apache Hadoop YARN - Apache Hadoop YARN is the resource management and job scheduling technology in the open source Hadoop distributed processing framework.
  • Apache HBase - Apache HBase is a column-oriented key/value data store built to run on top of the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS).
  • Apache HTTP server project - The Apache HTTP server project is a collaborative open source Web server development initiative.
  • Apache Incubator - Apache Incubator is the starting point for projects and software seeking to become part of the Apache Software Foundation’s efforts.
  • Apache License - The Apache License is a free software licensing agreement from the Apache Software Foundation that stipulates terms for use, modification and distribution of the software.
  • Apache Lucene - Apache Lucene is a freely available information retrieval software library that works with fields of text within document files.
  • Apache Mesos - Apache Mesos is a cluster manager that isolates and shares pooled resources from across clusters with applications and frameworks.
  • Apache Pig - Apache Pig is an open-source technology that offers a high-level mechanism for parallel programming of MapReduce jobs to be executed on Hadoop clusters.
  • Apache Software Foundation (ASF) - The Apache Software Foundation (ASF) is a non-profit, decentralized corporation that oversees development of Apache software.
  • Apache Solr - Apache Solr is an open source search platform built upon a Java library called Lucene.
  • Apache Spark - Apache Spark is an open source parallel processing framework for running large-scale data analytics applications across clustered computers.
  • ATA over Ethernet (AoE) - ATA over Ethernet (AoE) is an open source network protocol designed to connect storage devices and servers in a storage area network (SAN).
  • backward compatible (backward compatibility) - Backward compatible (sometimes 'backward-compatible' or 'backwards compatible') refers to a hardware or software system that can successfully use data from earlier versions of the system or with other systems.
  • Beowulf - Beowulf is an approach to building a supercomputer as a cluster of commodity off-the-shelf personal computers, interconnected with a local area network technology like Ethernet, and running programs written for parallel processing.
  • Bison - Bison is a program that converts the formal description of a computer language grammar into a C language program that can parse the syntax and symbols of that grammar into instructions that the computer can execute.
  • Bochs - Bochs (pronounced 'box') is an open source PC emulator that supports a wide variety of operating systems.
  • boot loader (boot manager) - A boot loader, also called a boot manager, is a small program that places the operating system (OS) of a computer into memory.
  • Boot2Docker - Boot2Docker is a minimalist Linux distribution with the sole purpose to run Docker containers.
  • BREW (Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless) - BREW (Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless) is Qualcomm's open source application development platform for wireless devices equipped for code division multiple access (CDMA) technology.
  • BSD licenses - BSD licenses are a low restriction type of license for open source software that does not put requirements on redistribution.
  • Cassandra (Apache Cassandra) - Apache Cassandra is an open source distributed database system that is designed for storing and managing large amounts of data across commodity servers.
  • cellspace - According to writer David S.
  • Chef (software) - Chef is an open source systems management and cloud infrastructure automation platform.
  • Cloudify - Cloudify is an open source cloud and network functions virtualization (NFV) orchestration platform.
  • cluster panic - Cluster panic is a multiple-node kernel panic that occurs in a network or other set of interconnected computers called a cluster.
  • Common Desktop Environment (CDE) - The Common Desktop Environment (CDE) is a standardized graphical user interface (GUI) for open systems.
  • Compiere - Compiere is a popular open-source system of software applications that provide enterprise resource planning (ERP), customer relationship management (CRM), supply chain management (SCM), tax accounting, and general accounting for the small and medium-size enterprise.
  • copyleft - Copyleft is the idea and the specific stipulation when distributing software that the user will be able to copy it freely, examine and modify the source code, and redistribute the software to others (free or priced) as long as the redistributed software is also passed along with the copyleft stipulation.
  • CoreOS rkt - CoreOS rkt (pronounced rocket) is a containerization engine to run application workloads in isolation from the underlying infrastructure.
  • Cosmos - Cosmos is an open source, evolving, .
  • cPanel (cPanel Control Panel) - cPanel is a Unix-based control panel that automates and simplifies the website hosting process.
  • Creative Commons - Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that offers copyright licenses for digital work.
  • Cygwin - Cygwin is an open source collection of tools that allows Unix or Linux applications to be compiled and run on a Windows operating system from within a Linux-like interface.
  • Darwin - Darwin is the basic "core" of OS X, the operating system for Apple's Macintosh, and combines two well-known programs, the Mach kernel and FreeBSD, in a strategic move by Apple to make its future operating systems based on and available to others as open source code.
  • database-agnostic - Database-agnostic is a term describing the capacity of software to function with any vendor’s database management system (DBMS).
  • Debian - Debian is a popular and freely-available computer operating system that uses the Linux kernel and other program components obtained from the GNU project.
  • digital commons - The digital commons is the collective of discreet online resources that are collaboratively developed and overseen by a community.
  • DNN Platform (DotNetNuke) - DNN Platform, formerly called DotNetNuke Community Edition, is a free, open source content management system (CMS).
  • Docker Hub - Docker Hub is a cloud-based repository in which Docker users and partners create, test, store and distribute container images.
  • DRBD (Distributed Replicated Block Device) - DRBD (Distributed Replicated Block Device) is a Linux-based software component that facilitates the replacement of shared storage systems by networked mirroring.
  • Drizzle - Drizzle is a lightweight open source database management system in development based on MySQL 6.
  • Drupal - Drupal is free, open source software that can be used by individuals or groups of users -- even those lacking technical skills -- to easily create and manage many types of Web sites.
  • Eclipse (Eclipse Foundation) - Eclipse is an open-source Java Integrated Development Environment (IDE) known for its plug-ins that allow developers to develop and test code written in other programming languages.
  • ElasticSearch - ElasticSearch is an open source, RESTful search engine built on top of Apache Lucene and released under an Apache license.
  • Emacs - Emacs (pronounced EE-maks and sometimes spelled "emacs" or "EMACS") is a popular text editor used mainly on Unix-based systems by programmers, scientists, engineers, students, and system administrators.
  • emulation - Emulation, in a software context, is the use of an application program or device to imitate the behavior of another program or device.
  • Enlightenment (E) - Enlightenment, also called E, is a popular free and open source (FOSS) windows manager that can serve as a standalone desktop environment.
  • Exim - Exim is an open source mail transfer agent (MTA), which is a program responsible for receiving, routing, and delivering e-mail messages (this type of program is sometimes referred to as an Internet mailer, or a mail server program).
  • Fedora - Fedora is a popular open source Linux-based operating system.
  • Fennec - Fennec is a version of the Firefox browser adapted for mobile phones and other small computing devices.
  • Firefox - Firefox is a Web browser that is smaller, faster, and in some ways more secure than the Netscape browser from which much of its code was derived.
  • Firefox 3 (Fx3 or FF3) - Firefox 3 (Fx3 or FF3) is the third version of the popular Web browser released by the Mozilla Corporation.
  • Firefox 3.5 - Firefox 3.5 is a version of the Mozilla Foundation's Web browser that was released in June 2009.
  • Firefox OS - Firefox OS is a Linux-based mobile operating system designed for smartphones, tablets and smart TVs.
  • Firestarter - Firestarter is an open source firewall program for personal computers and servers that support Linux kernels 2.
  • Firewall Builder (Fwbuilder) - Firewall Builder, also called Fwbuilder, is a vendor-neutral configuration and management application for firewalls that is intended primarily for Linux and that supports the OpenBSD Packet Filter, Cisco PIX Series security devices, iptables, and ipfilter.
  • Flex - Flex is an open source program designed to automatically and quickly generate scanners, also known as tokenizers, which recognize lexical patterns in text.
  • Flock - Flock is an open source Web browser with advanced features, based on the Firefox code and released for preview in October 2005 by a group of developers in Palo Alto, California.
  • forking (software fork) - Forking is to take the source code from an open source software program and develop an entirely new program.
  • Free and open source software (FOSS) or free/libre open source software (FLOSS) - Free and open source software (FOSS), also known as free/libre open source software (FLOSS) and free/open source software (F/OSS), is software developed by informal collaborative networks of programmers and end users.
  • free software - Free software is software that can be freely used, modified, and redistributed with only one restriction: any redistributed version of the software must be distributed with the original terms of free use, modification, and distribution (known as copyleft).
  • Free Software Foundation (FSF) - The Free Software Foundation (FSF) was founded in 1983 along with its demonstration GNU project.
  • FreeBSD - FreeBSD is a popular free and open source operating system that is based on the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) version of the Unix operating system.
  • freeware - Freeware (not to be confused with free software) is programming that is offered at no cost and is a common class of small applications available for downloading and use in most operating systems.
  • Ghostscript - Ghostscript is a program for UNIX systems that interprets a PostScript file (which is a file formatted for a PostScript printer) so that, using a related program, Ghostview, you can view it on a display screen.
  • GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) - GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a freely available open source application for creating and manipulating graphic images that runs on Linux, other Unix-based operating systems, and also on Windows and Mac OS X.
  • GitHub - GitHub is a web-based revision control hosting service for software development and code sharing.
  • GitLab - GitLab is an open source code repository and collaborative development platform.
  • GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) - The GNU General Public License, often shortened to GNU GPL (or simply GPL), lists terms and conditions for copying, modifying and distributing free software.
  • GNU GRUB - GNU GRUB (or just GRUB) is a boot loader package that supports multiple operating systems on a computer.
  • GNU Linux - The GNU Linux project was created for the development of a Unix-like operating system that comes with source code that can be copied, modified, and redistributed.
  • GNU Network Object Model Environment (GNOME) - GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment, pronounced gah-NOHM) is a graphical user interface (graphical user interface) and set of computer desktop application for users of any UNIX-based operating system.
  • GNU project - The GNU project is a mass collaborative initiative for the development of free software.
  • Gnutella - Gnutella is a system in which individuals can exchange files over the Internet directly without going through a Web site in an arrangement sometimes described as peer-to-peer (here meaning "person-to-person").
  • Goobuntu - Goobuntu (Google Ubuntu) is the operating system (OS) that Google uses for its employee computer desktop workstations.
  • Google Chrome OS - Google Chrome OS is an open source lightweight operating system (OS).
  • gOS (good operating system) - gOS (pronounced gee-oss) is a Linux distribution designed for use with Web-based applications rather than software that must be purchased and installed.
  • GraphQL - GraphQL is a query language that describes how a client should request information through an application programming interface (API).
  • GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) - GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) is a boot loader package developed to support multiple operating systems and allow the user to select among them during boot-up.
  • GWT (GWT Web Toolkit) - The GWT software development kit facilitates the creation of complex browser-based Java applications that can be deployed as JavaScript, for portability across browsers, devices and platforms.
  • gzip (GNU zip) - Gzip (GNU zip) is a free and open source algorithm for file compression.
  • Hadoop cluster - A Hadoop cluster is a special type of computational cluster designed specifically for storing and analyzing huge amounts of unstructured data in a distributed computing environment.
  • Hardy Heron (Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Server Edition) - Hardy Heron is the code name for version 8.
  • HTML::Mason - HTML::Mason (generally referred to simply as Mason) is an open source Perl-based platform for creating, serving, and managing Web sites.
  • illegal operation - An illegal operation, a term often seen in error messages, is a command to the operating system or an instruction to the computer processor that specifies an operation that is unknown to the operating system or processor and that therefore can't be performed.
  • illumos - Illumos is a free, open source operating system (OS) developed as a fork of Unix-based OpenSolaris, the open source community-built derivative of the Solaris OS.
  • Information Kit: Linux, Unix, and All the Little ixes - Linux, Unix, and all the little ixes --The Unix versus Linux confusion.
  • inode - In a UNIX-based operating system, an inode is a computer-stored description of an individual file in a UNIX file system.

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