Browse Definitions :

Open Source

This glossary contains terms related to open source software and its administration and management.

APA - ZAB

  • Apache - Apache is a freely available Web server that is distributed under an "open source" license.
  • Apache Falcon - Apache Falcon is a data management tool for overseeing data pipelines in Hadoop clusters, with a goal of ensuring consistent and dependable performance on complex processing jobs.
  • Apache Giraph - Apache Giraph is real-time graph processing software that is mostly used to analyze social media data.
  • Apache Hadoop YARN - Apache Hadoop YARN is the resource management and job scheduling technology in the open source Hadoop distributed processing framework.
  • Apache HBase - Apache HBase is a column-oriented key/value data store built to run on top of the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS).
  • Apache Hive - Apache Hive is an open source data warehouse system for querying and analyzing large data sets that are principally stored in Hadoop files.
  • Apache Incubator - Apache Incubator is the starting point for projects and software seeking to become part of the Apache Software Foundation’s efforts.
  • Apache License - The Apache License is a free software licensing agreement from the Apache Software Foundation that stipulates terms for use, modification and distribution of the software.
  • Apache Lucene - Apache Lucene is a freely available information retrieval software library that works with fields of text within document files.
  • Apache OpenOffice - Apache OpenOffice is an open-source office productivity suite used to create and edit documents (Writer), presentations (Impress), spreadsheets (Calc), graphics (Draw), mathematical formulas (Math) and databases (Base).
  • Apache Pig - Apache Pig is an open-source technology that offers a high-level mechanism for parallel programming of MapReduce jobs to be executed on Hadoop clusters.
  • Apache Software Foundation (ASF) - The Apache Software Foundation (ASF) is a non-profit, decentralized corporation that oversees development of Apache software.
  • Apache Solr - Apache Solr is an open source search platform built upon a Java library called Lucene.
  • Apache Spark - Apache Spark is an open source parallel processing framework for running large-scale data analytics applications across clustered computers.
  • Apache Storm - Storm is a free and open source (FOSS) distributed real-time computation system developed by the Apache Foundation.
  • Apache ZooKeeper - Apache ZooKeeper is an open source file application program interface (API) that allows distributed processes in large systems to synchronize with each other so that all clients making requests receive consistent data.
  • Arista Extensible Operating System (Arista EOS) - Extensible Operating System (EOS) is a scalable network operating system (OS) that offers high availability, streamlines maintenance processes, and enhances network security.
  • BANT - BANT is an acronym that stands for “Budget, Authority, Need, Timing.
  • Blue Cloud - Blue Cloud is an approach to shared infrastructure developed by IBM.
  • brand loyalty - Brand loyalty is an emotional tie to a brand that leads to a consumer to continue and expand their purchases for products from the same brand.
  • Cassandra (Apache Cassandra) - Apache Cassandra is an open source distributed database system that is designed for storing and managing large amounts of data across commodity servers.
  • Chef (software) - Chef is an open source systems management and cloud infrastructure automation platform.
  • Cloudify - Cloudify is an open source cloud and network functions virtualization (NFV) orchestration platform.
  • Cluster Labs Pacemaker - Pacemaker is an open source high-availability cluster software developed from a collaboration between Red Hat and Novell.
  • CouchDB - CouchDB is an open source document-oriented database based on common web standards.
  • Cygwin - Cygwin is an open source collection of tools that allows Unix or Linux applications to be compiled and run on a Windows operating system from within a Linux-like interface.
  • Db2 - Db2 is a family of database management system (DBMS) products from IBM that serve a number of different operating system (OS) platforms.
  • Debian - Debian is a popular and freely-available computer operating system that uses the Linux kernel and other program components obtained from the GNU project.
  • Docker - Docker is an open source software platform to create, deploy and manage virtualized application containers on a common operating system (OS), with an ecosystem of allied tools.
  • Fedora - Fedora is a popular open source Linux-based operating system.
  • FreeNAS Project - The FreeNAS storage operating system is compatible with most major protocols and storage hardware and provides file sharing in a NAS environment.
  • GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) - GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a freely available open source application for creating and manipulating graphic images that runs on Linux, other Unix-based operating systems, and also on Windows and Mac OS X.
  • GitHub - GitHub is a web-based revision control hosting service for software development and code sharing.
  • GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) - GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment, pronounced gah-NOHM) is a graphical user interface (GUI) and set of computer desktop applications for users of the Linux operating system.
  • GNU GRUB - GNU GRUB (or just GRUB) is a boot loader package that supports multiple operating systems on a computer.
  • GNU Linux - The GNU Linux project was created for the development of a Unix-like operating system that comes with source code that can be copied, modified, and redistributed.
  • GNU project - The GNU project is a mass collaborative initiative for the development of free software.
  • gzip (GNU zip) - Gzip (GNU zip) is a free and open source algorithm for file compression.
  • Hadoop - Hadoop is an open source distributed processing framework that manages data processing and storage for big data applications running in clustered systems.
  • Heartbeat - Heartbeat is a program that runs specialized scripts automatically whenever a system is initialized or rebooted.
  • Heartbleed - Heartbleed is a vulnerability in some implementations of OpenSSL.
  • IceWarp - IceWarp is email and collaboration software that combines email, SMS, instant messaging (IM), voice and video communications into one package secured with 256bit AES encryption.
  • Jitterbit - Jitterbit is a commercial software integration product that facilitates transport between legacy, enterprise, and on-demand computing applications.
  • Kubernetes Pod - Kubernetes Pods are the smallest deployable computing units in the open source Kubernetes container scheduling and orchestration environment.
  • Kubernetes scheduler - Kubernetes scheduler is a part of the open source Kubernetes container orchestration platform that controls performance, capacity and availability through policies and topology awareness.
  • KVM hypervisor - KVM hypervisor is the virtualization layer in Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM).
  • L3 Harris Technologies - L3 Harris Technologies is a military technology company.
  • LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) - LAMP is an open source Web development platform that uses Linux as the operating system, Apache as the Web server, MySQL as the relational database management system and PHP as the object-oriented scripting language.
  • LILO (LInux LOader) - LILO (LInux LOader) is a boot loader, also called a boot manager, which is a small program that facilitates a dual boot of a computer.
  • Linux Mint - Linux Mint is a free and open source operating system (OS) distribution based on Ubuntu and Debian for use on x-86 x-64-compatible machines.
  • Linux operating system - Linux is a Unix-like, open source and community-developed operating system (OS) for computers, servers, mainframes, mobile devices and embedded devices.
  • Linux stream - A Linux stream is information traveling in a Linux shell from one process to another via a pipe, or from one file to another via a redirect.
  • Linux virtual machine (Linux VM) - A Linux virtual machine is a virtual machine (VM) that is running a distribution of Linux as the guest operating system (guest OS).
  • LXD (Linux container hypervisor) - LXD is an open source container management extension for Linux Containers (LXC).
  • MapReduce - MapReduce is a core component of the Apache Hadoop software framework.
  • Maven - Maven is an Apache Software Foundation build tool for project management that automates Java projects.
  • Maxta MxSP (Maxta Storage Platform) - The Maxta Storage Platform is a hyper-converged infrastructure product that is sold as software or a reference architecture and used for virtual machine storage.
  • MEAN (MongoDB, Ember, Angular, Node) - MEAN is an acronym that stands for MongoDB, Express, Angular, and Node.
  • MySQL - MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) based on SQL (Structured Query Language).
  • Nagios - Nagios is an open source monitoring system for computer systems.
  • NoSQL DBMS (Not only SQL database management system) - Understanding the types of NoSQL DBMSes that are available is an important requirement for modern application development.
  • open source - The term 'open source' refers to any program whose source code is made available for use or modification as users or other developers see fit.
  • Open Source Hardening Project - The Open Source Hardening Project is an initiative of the United States Department of Homeland Security, created to improve the security of open source code.
  • OpenEMR - OpenEMR is free, open source software for the health care industry.
  • OpenSSL - OpenSSL is a general purpose cryptography library that provides an open source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols.
  • OpenStack - OpenStack is a collection of open source software modules and tools that provide a framework to create and manage both public cloud and private cloud infrastructure.
  • OpenStack Horizon - OpenStack Horizon is a web-based graphical interface that cloud administrators and users can access to manage OpenStack compute, storage and networking services.
  • OpenStack Innovation Center - The OpenStack Innovation Center is a research and development facility dedicated to the open source cloud platform OpenStack.
  • OpenStack Swift - OpenStack Swift, also known as OpenStack Object Storage, is an open source object storage system that is licensed under the Apache 2.
  • Product Qualified Lead (PQL) - A product qualified lead (PQL) is an individual and business who has experienced value from using a product as a result of a free trial, use of a limited feature model, or other type of actual experience with the product.
  • Puppet (Puppet Labs) - Puppet is an open source systems management tool for centralizing and automating configuration management.
  • Puppy Linux - Puppy Linux is a compact version of Linux, an operating system (OS) that provides computer users with a free or low-cost alternative to Unix.
  • RancherOS (Linux) - RancherOS is a lightweight Linux operating system distribution that includes only the necessary libraries and services to deploy and scale containers.
  • React Native - React Native is an open source JavaScript framework for mobile application development.
  • Red Hat - Red Hat is a leading software company in the business of assembling open source components for the Linux operating system and related programs into a distribution package that can easily be ordered and implemented.
  • Red Hat Atomic Host - Red Hat Atomic Host is a variant of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux supported, open source operating system, designed to be a minimal OS with optimizations for container hosting.
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) - Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a distribution of the Linux operating system developed for the business market.
  • Sales Development Representative (SDR) - A sales development representative (SDR) is an individual who focuses on prospecting, moving, and qualifying leads through the sales pipeline and then delivers those leads to individuals who are responsible for closing sales.
  • Samba - Samba is a popular freeware program that allows end users to access and use files, printers, and other commonly shared resources on a company's intranet or on the Internet.
  • Simputer (simple inexpensive mobile computer) - The Simputer (short for simple inexpensive mobile computer) is an inexpensive, Web-enabled handheld computer designed for use by people in developing countries.
  • SQL-on-Hadoop - SQL-on-Hadoop is a class of analytical application tools that combine established SQL-style querying with newer Hadoop data framework elements.
  • SuSE - SuSE (pronounced soo'-sah) is a German Linux distribution provider and business unit of Novell, Inc.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) - SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux-based server operating system created and maintained by the German-based organization, SUSE.
  • SUSE Manager - SUSE Manager is an open source infrastructure management tool for Linux systems.
  • TailsOS - TailsOS is a LiveDistro-based operating system that is configured to run from removable storage and to leave no information stored on the computer after the user’s session.
  • talent acquisition - Talent acquisition refers to the process employers use for recruiting, tracking and interviewing job candidates, and onboarding and training new employees.
  • Tomcat - Tomcat is an application server from the Apache Software Foundation that executes Java servlets and renders Web pages that include Java Server Page coding.
  • Ubuntu - Ubuntu (pronounced oo-BOON-too) is an open source Debian-based Linux distribution.
  • Unix - Unix -- often spelled UNIX, especially as an official trademark -- is a multi-user operating system designed for flexibility and adaptability.
  • Xen - Xen is the open source hypervisor included in the Linux kernel and, as such, it is available in all Linux distributions.
  • XFS file system - XFS is a 64-bit, highly scalable file system that was developed by Silicon Graphics Inc.
  • Yellowdog Updater, Modified (YUM) - Yellowdog Update, Modified (YUM) is a program that manages installation, updates and removal for Red Hat package manager (RPM) systems.
  • Yet another Setup Tool (YaST) - YaST handles much of the administration load, offers a simple graphical interface and sets up setting system parameters easily.
  • Zabbix - Zabbix is an open source monitoring software tool for diverse IT components, including networks, servers, virtual machines (VMs) and cloud services.
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