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Open source

Definitions related to open source, including tech terms about Linux and words and phrases about Apache and other open source software development projects.

OPE - YET

  • open - In information technology, a product or system is described as open when its workings are exposed to the public and capable of being modified or improved by anyone.
  • open core model (open core software) - The open core model is a business strategy where a company offers a “core” version of a product with limited features as free and open source (FOSS) software at the same time an add-on commercial version is released as proprietary software.
  • Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) - Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is an open standard application programming interface (API) for accessing a database.
  • Open Document Format (ODF) - The Open Document Format (ODF) is an XML-based open source file format for saving and exchanging text, spreadsheets, charts, and presentations.
  • open source - The term 'open source' refers to any program whose source code is made available for use or modification as users or other developers see fit.
  • open source business intelligence (OSBI) - Open source business intelligence (BI) is, technically, free BI.
  • Open Source Hardening Project - The Open Source Hardening Project is an initiative of the United States Department of Homeland Security, created to improve the security of open source code.
  • open source hardware (open hardware) - Open source hardware, also called open hardware, is electronic or computer hardware built from design information that could be copyrighted or licensed but has instead been made available for public use at no charge.
  • open system - In a computing context, an open system is an open source operating system, typically composed of coordinated modular components from a number of sources and not reliant upon any proprietary elements.
  • OpenJDK - OpenJDK is a free, open-source version of the Java Development Kit for the Java Platform, Standard Edition (Java SE).
  • OpenSSL - OpenSSL is a general purpose cryptography library that provides an open source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols.
  • OPML (Outline Processor Markup Language) - Outline Processor Markup Language (OPML) is an XML file format used for creating outlines.
  • package manager or package management system (PMS) - A package manager, also known as a package management system (PMS), is a program used to install, uninstall and manage software packages.
  • Perl - Perl is a family of script programming languages that is similar in syntax to the C language.
  • Personal Home Page (PHP) - In Web programming, Personal Home Page (PHP) is a script language and interpreter, similar to JavaScript and Microsoft's VBScript, that is freely available and used primarily on Linux Web servers.
  • PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) - PHP is a script language and interpreter that is freely available and used primarily on Linux Web servers.
  • pipe - In computer programming, especially in UNIX operating systems, a pipe is a technique for passing information from one program process to another.
  • POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface) - POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface) is a set of standard operating system interfaces based on the Unix operating system.
  • PredictionIO - PredictionIO is a machine learning server built on a state-of-the-art open source stack, allowing developers and data scientists to build smart applications and create predictive engines for machine learning.
  • product-agnostic - Product-agnostic is a description of something that is not associated with a particular commercial product -- such as a specific device or application -- or something that is interoperable with all products of a given type.
  • proprietary - In information technology, proprietary describes a technology or product that is owned exclusively by a single company.
  • Puppet (Puppet Labs) - Puppet is an open source systems management tool for centralizing and automating configuration management.
  • Puppy Linux - Puppy Linux is a compact version of Linux, an operating system (OS) that provides computer users with a free or low-cost alternative to Unix.
  • Qumulo - Qumulo is a Seattle-based storage vendor that specializes in selling its data-aware storage software application called the Qumulo Core.
  • Red Hat Certified Cloud Provider - A Red Hat Certified Cloud Provider is a member in the company's cloud partner program that has met requirements to offer Red Hat products and services in a cloud computing environment.
  • Red Hat Cloud Partner Program - The Red Hat Cloud Partner Program is an initiative offering Red Hat certification for cloud providers.
  • Red Hat OpenShift - Red Hat OpenShift is a multifaceted, open source container application platform from Red Hat Inc.
  • Red Hat OpenStack Platform - Red Hat OpenStack Platform is a commercially supported distribution of open source OpenStack software designed to build and manage large pools of compute, storage and networking resources in public and private clouds.
  • RPM Package Manager (Red-hat Package Manager) - RPM Package Manager (RPM), originally called the Red-hat Package Manager, is a program for installing, uninstalling, and managing software packages in Linux.
  • rsync - Rsync is a free software utility for Unix- and Linux-like systems that copies files and directories from one host to another.
  • Ruby - Ruby is an open source, interpreted, object-oriented programming language created by Yukihiro Matsumoto, who chose the gemstone's name to suggest "a jewel of a language.
  • Ruby on Rails (RoR or Rails) - Ruby on Rails is an open-source framework for database-backed web development in Ruby, an object-oriented programming language similar to Perl and Python.
  • Samba - Samba is a popular freeware program that allows end users to access and use files, printers, and other commonly shared resources on a company's intranet or on the Internet.
  • semaphore - In programming, especially in Unix systems, semaphores are a technique for coordinating or synchronizing activities in which multiple processes compete for the same operating system resources.
  • Shellshock - Shellshock is the common name for a coding vulnerability found in the Bash shell user interface that affects Unix-based operating systems, including Linux and Mac OS X, and allows attackers to remotely gain complete control of a system.
  • Snort - Snort is an open source network intrusion detection system (NIDS) created by Sourcefire founder and former CTO Martin Roesch.
  • social computing - Social computing is the collaborative and interactive nature of online behavior.
  • software package - A software package is an assemblage of files and information about those files.
  • Solidity - Solidity is a programming language used for developing smart contracts on Ethereum and other blockchain platforms, such as Monax and its Hyperledger Burrow blockchain.
  • source code - Source code is the fundamental component of a computer program that is created by a programmer.
  • Squid proxy server - Squid is a Unix-based proxy server that caches Internet content closer to a requestor than its original point of origin.
  • Subversion - Subversion is a version control system that keeps track of changes made to files and folders (directories), facilitating data recovery and providing a history of the changes that have been made over time.
  • Sugar - Sugar is a graphical user interface GUI developed for the $100 laptop (XO).
  • SuSE - SuSE (pronounced soo'-sah) is a German Linux distribution provider and business unit of Novell, Inc.
  • TailsOS - TailsOS is a LiveDistro-based operating system that is configured to run from removable storage and to leave no information stored on the computer after the user’s session.
  • tarball (tar archive) - Tarball is a jargon term for a tar archive - a group of files collected together as one.
  • Tcl/Tk (Tool Command Language) - Tcl is an interpreted script language from Sun Microsystems and Tcl is companion program for creating a Tcl graphical user interface (GUI).
  • tcpdump - Tcpdump is an open source command-line tool for monitoring (sniffing) network traffic.
  • Tizen - Tizen is an open source mobile operating system built on the Linux kernel and offered in versions for multiple platforms, including smartphones, tablets, wearable computers, netbooks, digital televisions and in-vehicle systems.
  • Tomcat - Tomcat is an application server from the Apache Software Foundation that executes Java servlets and renders Web pages that include Java Server Page coding.
  • Tsunami UDP - Tsunami UDP is an open source file transfer protocol that enables high-speed data transfer over network paths with a large bandwidth delay product.
  • Ubuntu - Ubuntu (pronounced oo-BOON-too) is an open source Debian-based Linux distribution.
  • vendor neutral - Vendor neutrality is a business and design approach that seeks to ensure broad compatibility and interchangeability of products and technologies.
  • WAX (Wireless Abstract XML) - Wireless Abstract XML (WAX) is an abstract markup language and associated tools that facilitate wireless application development.
  • webOS - WebOS is an LG-owned, Linux based, smart TV operating system that is set up to allow control and access of LG Smart TV’s more advanced features and connected devices through a graphical user interface (GUI).
  • wiki - A wiki (sometimes spelled "Wiki") is a server program that allows users to collaborate in forming the content of a Web site.
  • X Window System (X or XWindows) - The X Window System (sometimes referred to as "X" or as "XWindows") is an open, cross-platform, client/server system for managing a windowed graphical user interface in a distributed network.
  • Xen - Xen is the open source hypervisor included in the Linux kernel and, as such, it is available in all Linux distributions.
  • yacc (yet another compiler compiler) - Yacc (for 'yet another compiler compiler' ) is the standard parser generator for the Unix operating system.
  • Yet another Setup Tool (YaST) - YaST handles much of the administration load, offers a simple graphical interface and sets up setting system parameters easily.
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