Browse Definitions :

Open source

Definitions related to open source, including tech terms about Linux and words and phrases about Apache and other open source software development projects.

LIN - TIZ

  • Linkerd - Linkerd is an open-source network proxy developed by Buoyant to be installed as a service mesh.
  • Linus Torvalds - Linus Torvalds, the creator of the Linux kernel, was born in Helsinki, Finland, on December 28, 1969.
  • Linux Foundation - The Linux Foundation is a consortium dedicated to fostering the growth of Linux, an open source alternative to the Unix operating system.
  • Linux freeware and shareware guide - Here you'll find a number of useful tools that can be used as is or customized to create your own tools.
  • Linux kernel panic - Linux kernel panic occurs when the operating system discovers a potentially fatal error that affects the Linux kernel.
  • Linux Mint - Linux Mint is a free and open source operating system (OS) distribution based on Ubuntu and Debian for use on x-86 x-64-compatible machines.
  • Linux operating system - Linux is a Unix-like, open source and community-developed operating system for computers, servers, mainframes, mobile devices and embedded devices.
  • Linux Standard Base (LSB) - The Linux Standard Base (LSB), also called the LSB project, is an ongoing effort to standardize the structure of Linux and related operating systems, with the intention of increasing compatibility among systems that use different versions (also known as distributions or flavors) of Unix.
  • Linux swappiness - Linux swappiness is the rate at which a Linux platform's kernel moves pages into and out of active memory.
  • LiveDistro - A LiveDistro is a distribution of an operating system on some bootable storage medium.
  • Logwatch - Logwatch is a log analysis program that parses through system logs and generates periodic reports based on criteria specified by the user.
  • makefile - A makefile is used with the UNIX make utility to determine which portions of a program to compile.
  • man page - A man page in a Linux or other Unix-based operating system is an online description of an interactive shell command or other system interface or object.
  • MapR - MapR Technologies is a distributed data platform for AI and analytics provider that enables enterprises to apply data modeling to their business processes with the goal of increasing revenue, reducing costs and mitigating risks.
  • MariaDB - MariaDB is an open source relational database management system (DBMS) that is a compatible drop-in replacement for the widely used MySQL database technology.
  • minicom - Minicom (usually written with an initial lowercase m) is a text-based, serial communications program designed for Linux and distributed under the Free Software Foundation GNU Public License.
  • Minix - Minux (sometimes spelled MINIX) is an open source operating system with a user interface similar to that of Unix.
  • modular smartphone - A modular smartphone is a cellphone that can be upgraded through the attachment or replacement of discrete components.
  • module - A module is a separate unit of software or hardware.
  • MongoDB - MongoDB is an open source NoSQL database management program.
  • Morphis - Morphis is a Java -based open source wireless transcoding platform from Kargo, Inc.
  • Mozilla - Mozilla was Netscape Communication's nickname for Navigator, its first Web browser, and the name of an open source public collaboration created to develop Navigator.
  • Multics (Multiplexed Information and Computing Service) - Multics (Multiplexed Information and Computing Service) was a mainframe time-sharing operating system that was developed in the 1963-1969 period through the collaboration of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), General Electric (GE), and Bell.
  • MySQL - MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) based on SQL (Structured Query Language).
  • MySQL Connector/ODBC (Connector ODBC or MyODBC) - MySQL Connector/ODBC (sometimes called just Connector ODBC or MyODBC) is a driver for connecting to a MySQL database server through the Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) application program interface (API), which is the standard means of connecting to any database.
  • Nagios - Nagios is an open source monitoring system for computer systems.
  • National eGovernance Service Delivery Gateway (NSDG) - National eGovernance Service Delivery Gateway (NSDG) is a mission mode project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) that acts as a central repository for government data.
  • netfilter - Netfilter is a utility in Linux 2.
  • Netflix Spinnaker - Netflix Spinnaker is an open source, multi-cloud continuous delivery application that can be used to release software updates rapidly and efficiently.
  • not invented here (NIH) syndrome - Not invented here (NIH) syndrome is the name of the tendency for management to resist change by overlooking processes or solutions discovered outside of the company.
  • Ogg Vorbis - Vorbis is an open source patent-free audio compression format, developed as a replacement for proprietary digital audio encoding formats, such as MP3, VQF, and AAC.
  • OLPC (One Laptop Per Child) - The One Laptop Per Child project (OLPC) is an initiative aimed at providing inexpensive laptop computers to children in the developing world as a means of bridging the digital divide.
  • open - In information technology, a product or system is described as open when its workings are exposed to the public and capable of being modified or improved by anyone.
  • open core model (open core software) - The open core model is a business strategy where a company offers a “core” version of a product with limited features as free and open source (FOSS) software at the same time an add-on commercial version is released as proprietary software.
  • Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) - Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is an open standard application programming interface (API) for accessing a database.
  • Open Directory Project (ODP) - The Open Directory Project (ODP) is a human-edited index of Web sites.
  • Open Document Format (ODF) - The Open Document Format (ODF) is an XML-based open source file format for saving and exchanging text, spreadsheets, charts, and presentations.
  • Open Software Foundation (OSF) - The Open Software Foundation (OSF) was a pioneer industry-sponsored organization whose purpose was to foster, identify, and, in some cases, develop software technologies that could serve as industry and perhaps eventually national and international standards.
  • open source - In general, open source refers to any program whose source code is made available for use or modification as users or other developers see fit.
  • open source business intelligence (OSBI) - Open source business intelligence (BI) is, technically, free BI.
  • Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) - Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) is a nonprofit corporation founded by IBM, Intel, and Computer Associates to support Linux developers and users.
  • Open Source Hardening Project - The Open Source Hardening Project is an initiative of the United States Department of Homeland Security, created to improve the security of open source code.
  • open source hardware (open hardware) - Open source hardware, also called open hardware, is electronic or computer hardware built from design information that could be copyrighted or licensed but has instead been made available for public use at no charge.
  • open source software (OSS) - Open source software (OSS) refers to software that is developed, tested, or improved through public collaboration and distributed with the idea that code must be shared with others.
  • open system - In a computing context, an open system is an open source operating system, typically composed of coordinated modular components from a number of sources and not reliant upon any proprietary elements.
  • OpenBSD - OpenBSD is a free open source operating system based upon the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) for UNIX.
  • OpenJDK - OpenJDK is a free, open-source version of the Java Development Kit for the Java Platform, Standard Edition (Java SE).
  • OpenSSL - OpenSSL is a general purpose cryptography library that provides an open source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols.
  • OpenVPN (open source virtual private network) - OpenVPN is an open source virtual private network (VPN) product that offers simplified security, a modular network design and cross-platform portability.
  • OPML (Outline Processor Markup Language) - Outline Processor Markup Language (OPML) is an XML file format used for creating outlines.
  • package manager or package management system (PMS) - A package manager, also known as a package management system (PMS), is a program used to install, uninstall and manage software packages.
  • Pango - Pango is an open source project dedicated to creating a Unicode framework for rendering international text.
  • Personal Home Page (PHP) - In Web programming, Personal Home Page (PHP) is a script language and interpreter, similar to JavaScript and Microsoft's VBScript, that is freely available and used primarily on Linux Web servers.
  • PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) - PHP is a script language and interpreter that is freely available and used primarily on Linux Web servers.
  • pipe - In computer programming, especially in UNIX operating systems, a pipe is a technique for passing information from one program process to another.
  • POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface) - POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface) is a set of standard operating system interfaces based on the Unix operating system.
  • PredictionIO - PredictionIO is a machine learning server built on a state-of-the-art open source stack, allowing developers and data scientists to build smart applications and create predictive engines for machine learning.
  • product-agnostic - Product-agnostic is a description of something that is not associated with a particular commercial product -- such as a specific device or application -- or something that is interoperable with all products of a given type.
  • proprietary - In information technology, proprietary describes a technology or product that is owned exclusively by a single company.
  • pumpKIN - PumpKIN is a free, open source application that is used for exchange of data using the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP).
  • Puppet (Puppet Labs) - Puppet is an open source systems management tool for centralizing and automating configuration management.
  • Puppy Linux - Puppy Linux is a compact version of Linux, an operating system (OS) that provides computer users with a free or low-cost alternative to Unix.
  • Quagga - Quagga is an open source suite of applications for the management of routing protocols.
  • Qumulo - Qumulo is a Seattle-based storage vendor that specializes in selling its data-aware storage software application called the Qumulo Core.
  • Red Hat Certified Cloud Provider - A Red Hat Certified Cloud Provider is a member in the company's cloud partner program that has met requirements to offer Red Hat products and services in a cloud computing environment.
  • Red Hat Cloud Partner Program - The Red Hat Cloud Partner Program is an initiative offering Red Hat certification for cloud providers.
  • Red Hat OpenShift - Red Hat OpenShift is a multifaceted, open source container application platform from Red Hat Inc.
  • Red Hat OpenStack Platform - Red Hat OpenStack Platform is a commercially supported distribution of open source OpenStack software designed to build and manage large pools of compute, storage and networking resources in public and private clouds.
  • RPM Package Manager (Red-hat Package Manager) - RPM Package Manager (also known simply as RPM), originally called the Red-hat Package Manager, is a program for installing, uninstalling, and managing software packages in Linux.
  • rsync - Rsync is a free software utility for Unix- and Linux-like systems that copies files and directories from one host to another.
  • Ruby - Ruby is an open source, interpreted, object-oriented programming language created by Yukihiro Matsumoto, who chose the gemstone's name to suggest "a jewel of a language.
  • Ruby on Rails (RoR or Rails) - Ruby on Rails is an open-source framework for database-backed web development in Ruby, an object-oriented programming language similar to Perl and Python.
  • Samba - Samba is a popular freeware program that allows end users to access and use files, printers, and other commonly shared resources on a company's intranet or on the Internet.
  • semaphore - In programming, especially in Unix systems, semaphores are a technique for coordinating or synchronizing activities in which multiple processes compete for the same operating system resources.
  • shared source - Shared source is a software licensing concept that is more open than the proprietary approach to licensing but more restricted than the open source model.
  • shebang (#!) - Among UNIX shell (user interface) users, a shebang is a term for the "#!" characters that must begin the first line of a script.
  • Shellshock - Shellshock is the common name for a coding vulnerability found in the Bash shell user interface that affects Unix-based operating systems, including Linux and Mac OS X, and allows attackers to remotely gain complete control of a system.
  • Single UNIX Specification - The Single UNIX Specification is an industry standard description of the C language program and user command interfaces for a standard Unix operating system.
  • Slackware - Slackware is the earliest distribution of the Linux operating system that is still being developed.
  • Slashdot - Slashdot is a socially curated website dedicated to technology-related news items.
  • Snort - Snort is an open source network intrusion detection system (NIDS) created by Martin Roesch.
  • SnortSnarf - SnortSnarf is a program that was designed for use with Snort, a security program used mainly with Linux networks.
  • social computing - Social computing is the collaborative and interactive nature of online behavior.
  • software package - A software package is an assemblage of files and information about those files.
  • Solidity - Solidity is a programming language used for developing smart contracts on Ethereum and other blockchain platforms, such as Monax and its Hyperledger Burrow blockchain.
  • source code - Source code is the fundamental component of a computer program that is created by a programmer.
  • Squid proxy server - Squid is a Unix-based proxy server that caches Internet content closer to a requestor than its original point of origin.
  • Subversion - Subversion is a version control system that keeps track of changes made to files and folders (directories), facilitating data recovery and providing a history of the changes that have been made over time.
  • Sugar - Sugar is a graphical user interface GUI developed for the $100 laptop (XO).
  • SuSE - SuSE (pronounced soo'-sah) is a German Linux distribution provider and business unit of Novell, Inc.
  • System V (System 5) - System V (System 5) was an early form of the Unix operating system, originally developed by AT&T (American Telephone and Telegraph).
  • TailsOS - TailsOS is a LiveDistro-based operating system that is configured to run from removable storage and to leave no information stored on the computer after the user’s session.
  • tar (Tape ARchive) - Tar (for "Tape ARchive") is a UNIX shell command that creates a single file called an "archive" from a number of specified files or extracts the files from such an archive.
  • tarball (tar archive) - Tarball is a jargon term for a tar archive - a group of files collected together as one.
  • Tcl/Tk (Tool Command Language) - Tcl is an interpreted script language from Sun Microsystems and Tcl is companion program for creating a Tcl graphical user interface (GUI).
  • tcpdump - Tcpdump is an open source command-line tool for monitoring (sniffing) network traffic.
  • The Open Group - The Open Group is a software standards organization that is sponsored by a number of major software vendors.
  • Tizen - Tizen is an open source mobile operating system built on the Linux kernel and offered in versions for multiple platforms, including smartphones, tablets, wearable computers, netbooks, digital televisions and in-vehicle systems.

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