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Open source

Definitions related to open source, including tech terms about Linux and words and phrases about Apache and other open source software development projects.

SHA - ZSH

  • shared source - Shared source is a software licensing concept that is more open than the proprietary approach to licensing but more restricted than the open source model.
  • shebang (#!) - Among UNIX shell (user interface) users, a shebang is a term for the "#!" characters that must begin the first line of a script.
  • Shellshock - Shellshock is the common name for a coding vulnerability found in the Bash shell user interface that affects Unix-based operating systems, including Linux and Mac OS X, and allows attackers to remotely gain complete control of a system.
  • Single UNIX Specification - The Single UNIX Specification is an industry standard description of the C language program and user command interfaces for a standard Unix operating system.
  • Slackware - Slackware is the earliest distribution of the Linux operating system that is still being developed.
  • Slashdot - Slashdot is a socially curated website dedicated to technology-related news items.
  • Snort - Snort is an open source network intrusion detection system (NIDS) created by Martin Roesch.
  • SnortSnarf - SnortSnarf is a program that was designed for use with Snort, a security program used mainly with Linux networks.
  • social computing - Social computing is the collaborative and interactive nature of online behavior.
  • social spreadsheet - A social spreadsheet is social software that combines a spreadsheet with a wiki.
  • software package - A software package is an assemblage of files and information about those files.
  • Solidity - Solidity is a programming language used for developing smart contracts on Ethereum and other blockchain platforms, such as Monax and its Hyperledger Burrow blockchain.
  • source code - Source code is the fundamental component of a computer program that is created by a programmer.
  • Squid proxy server - Squid is a Unix-based proxy server that caches Internet content closer to a requestor than its original point of origin.
  • Subversion - Subversion is a version control system that keeps track of changes made to files and folders (directories), facilitating data recovery and providing a history of the changes that have been made over time.
  • Sugar - Sugar is a graphical user interface GUI developed for the $100 laptop (XO).
  • SuSE - SuSE (pronounced soo'-sah) is a German Linux distribution provider and business unit of Novell, Inc.
  • System V (System 5) - System V (System 5) was an early form of the Unix operating system, originally developed by AT&T (American Telephone and Telegraph).
  • TailsOS - TailsOS is a LiveDistro-based operating system that is configured to run from removable storage and to leave no information stored on the computer after the user’s session.
  • tar (Tape ARchive) - Tar (for "Tape ARchive") is a UNIX shell command that creates a single file called an "archive" from a number of specified files or extracts the files from such an archive.
  • tarball (tar archive) - Tarball is a jargon term for a tar archive - a group of files collected together as one.
  • Tcl/Tk (Tool Command Language) - Tcl is an interpreted script language from Sun Microsystems and Tcl is companion program for creating a Tcl graphical user interface (GUI).
  • tcpdump - Tcpdump is an open source command-line tool for monitoring (sniffing) network traffic.
  • The Open Group - The Open Group is a software standards organization that is sponsored by a number of major software vendors.
  • Tizen - Tizen is an open source mobile operating system built on the Linux kernel and offered in versions for multiple platforms, including smartphones, tablets, wearable computers, netbooks, digital televisions and in-vehicle systems.
  • Tomcat - Tomcat is an application server from the Apache Software Foundation that executes Java servlets and renders Web pages that include Java Server Page coding.
  • Tsunami UDP - Tsunami UDP is an open source file transfer protocol that enables high-speed data transfer over network paths with a large bandwidth delay product.
  • tty command - A tty command in Linux and other Unix-like operating systems is a shell command that can be entered interactively or as part of a script to determine whether the output for the script is a terminal (that is, to an interactive user) or to some other destination such as another program or a printer.
  • Turtle Firewall - Turtle Firewall is an open source firewall program written in Perl that supports Linux Kernels 2.
  • Ubuntu - Ubuntu (pronounced oo-BOON-too) is an open source Debian-based Linux distribution.
  • vendor neutral - Vendor neutrality is a business and design approach that seeks to ensure broad compatibility and interchangeability of products and technologies.
  • vi - vi, pronounced by using each letter (vee-aye), is a widely-used and popular UNIX-based text editor.
  • Vim (Vi improved) - Vim is an open-source text editor designed for working with programming code in Unix.
  • WAX (Wireless Abstract XML) - Wireless Abstract XML (WAX) is an abstract markup language and associated tools that facilitate wireless application development.
  • webOS - WebOS is an LG-owned, Linux based, smart TV operating system that is set up to allow control and access of LG Smart TV’s more advanced features and connected devices through a graphical user interface (GUI).
  • wiki - A wiki (sometimes spelled "Wiki") is a server program that allows users to collaborate in forming the content of a Web site.
  • Wine (Wine is not an emulator) - Wine is open source software that allows Microsoft Windows applications to be run on x86 processor-based Unix-like systems, including Linux, FreeBSD, and Solaris.
  • X Window System (X or XWindows) - The X Window System (sometimes referred to as "X" or as "XWindows") is an open, cross-platform, client/server system for managing a windowed graphical user interface in a distributed network.
  • Xen - Xen is the open source hypervisor included in the Linux kernel and, as such, it is available in all Linux distributions.
  • yacc (yet another compiler compiler) - Yacc (for 'yet another compiler compiler' ) is the standard parser generator for the Unix operating system.
  • Yet another Setup Tool (YaST) - YaST handles much of the administration load, offers a simple graphical interface and sets up setting system parameters easily.
  • zsh - Zsh is a shell (command interpreter) of the Bourne shell family, which also includes bash and the Korn shell (which zsh is said to resemble).

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