Browse Definitions :

Desktops and laptops

Terms related to PCs, including definitions about desktop computers and words and phrases about computer components.

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  • active cooling - Active cooling is the use of fans to reduce the heat of computer components.
  • bait and switch - Bait and switch is a fraudulent practice in which a seller advertises a special deal but makes only a very small number of the items available for purchase.
  • BIOS attack - A BIOS attack is an exploit that infects the BIOS with malicious code and is persistent through reboots and attempts to reflash the firmware.
  • BIOS rootkit - A BIOS-level rootkit is programming that exists in a system's memory hardware to enable remote administration.
  • burn-in - Burn-in is a test in which a system or component is made to run for an extended period of time to detect problems.
  • channel partner - A channel partner is a person or organization that provides services or sells products on behalf of a software, hardware, networking or cloud services vendor.
  • chiplet - A chiplet is a sub processing unit, usually controlled by a I/O controller chip on the same package.
  • Chromebook - Google Chromebook is a thin client laptop that is configured with the Chrome operating system (Chrome OS).
  • clean install - A clean install is a software installation in which any previous version is removed.
  • clipboard - A clipboard is a temporary storage area for data that the user wants to copy from one place to another.
  • clipboard hijack attack - A clipboard hijacking is an exploit in which the attacker gains control of the victim's clipboard and replaces its contents with their own data, such as a link to a malicious Web site.
  • commodity - A commodity is a type of widely-available product that is not markedly dissimilar from one unit to another.
  • commodity computer - A commodity computer is a standard-issue PC that is widely available for purchase.
  • commodity hardware - Commodity hardware, in an IT context, is a device or device component that is relatively inexpensive, widely available and more or less interchangeable with other hardware of its type.
  • desktop gadget - A desktop gadget is a software widget, or a small application, that is designed to sit on a user's desktop screen in much the same way that apps reside on smartphones and tablets.
  • digital film - Digital film is any storage medium (such as a memory card, diskette, or recordable CD) used in a digital camera to capture and store images.
  • disk cloning - Disk cloning is the act of copying the contents of a computer's hard drive.
  • distributor - A distributor is an intermediary entity between a the producer of a product and another entity in the distribution channel or supply chain, such as a retailer, a value-added reseller (VAR) or a system integrator (SI).
  • Dolly (Digital Dolly) - Dolly, also called Digital Dolly, is a program that can quickly clone (copy) drives to drives, drives to files, files to drives, or files to files.
  • ECOphlex (PHase-change Liquid EXchange) - ECOphlex (PHase-change Liquid EXchange) is an efficient and environmentally-friendly computer component cooling technology.
  • EPEAT (Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool) - EPEAT (Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool) is a ranking system that helps purchasers in the public and private sectors evaluate, compare and select desktop computers, notebooks and monitors based on their environmental attributes.
  • expanded memory - Expanded memory, also know as EMS (Expanded Memory Specification) was a method used to increase the 640KB upper limit of MS-DOS to 1MB using a gated memory riser card.
  • fiber jumper - A fiber jumper, sometimes called a fiber patch cord is a length of fiber cabling fitted with LC, SC, MTRJ or ST connectors at each end.
  • Firefox 3 (Fx3 or FF3) - Firefox 3 (Fx3 or FF3) is the third version of the popular Web browser released by the Mozilla Corporation.
  • general-purpose computer - A general-purpose computer is one that, given the appropriate application and required time, should be able to perform most common computing tasks.
  • instruction set - An instruction set is a group of commands for a CPU in machine language.
  • Intel 80386 - Intel 80386 also known as (386 and i386) is the third-generation Intel x86 microprocessor introduced in October 1985.
  • IT distributor - An IT channel distributor is a business that acts as an intermediary between vendors and value-added resellers (VARs) or system integrators (SIs) in the distribution of software or hardware.
  • IT reseller - An IT reseller is an intermediary entity in the distribution channel that purchases software and/or hardware from the manufacturer or some other entity, such as a wholesaler or a distributor, and sells it to consumers.
  • just-in-case manufacturing (JIC manufacturing) - Just-in-case (JIC) manufacturing is the traditional model of production, in which products are created in advance and in excess of demand.
  • LISA - LISA (Local Integrated System Architecture) was Apple's first personal computer and GUI -based operating system.
  • load testing - Load testing is the process of subjecting a computer, peripheral, server, network or application to a work level approaching the limits of its specifications.
  • loose coupling - Loose coupling is a method of interconnecting the components in a system or network so that those components, also called elements, depend on each other to the least extent practicable.
  • Microsoft - Microsoft is a leading global vendor of computer software; hardware for computer, mobile and gaming systems; and cloud services.
  • Microsoft Windows Update - Microsoft Windows Update is a free Microsoft tool that installs security updates on machines.
  • modular PC - A modular PC is a computer that has individually-housed components, which are interconnected but separately removable for service or upgrading.
  • natural user interface (NUI) - A natural user interface (NUI) is a system for human-computer interaction that the user operates through intuitive actions related to natural, everyday human behavior.
  • nettop - A nettop is a small, low-power and relatively inexpensive desktop computer.
  • PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) - PARC is Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, located in Palo Alto, California, in the high-tech area that has become known as Silicon Valley.
  • passive cooling - Passive cooling is an approach to cooling computer components through slowing the speed at which the component, such as the processor, is operating.
  • patch cord - A patch cord is a length of cable, with connectors on the ends, that is used to connect an end device to something else, such as a power source.
  • Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe, PCI-E) - PCIe is a high-speed serial interconnection standard for connecting peripheral devices to a computer's motherboard.
  • phase-change memory (PCM) - Phase-change memory (PCM) is a form of computer RAM (random-access memory) that stores data by altering the state of the matter from which the device is fabricated.
  • portrait - In computer printing, portrait is a mode in which the printer orients content for reading across the shorter length (the width) of the sheet of paper.
  • precycling - Precycling is the practice of avoiding the acquisition of unnecessary items that will eventually have to be recycled or dealt with as waste.
  • principle of least privilege (POLP) - The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for users to the bare minimum permissions they need to perform their work.
  • processing in memory (PIM) - Processing in memory (PIM, sometimes called processor in memory) is the integration of a processor with RAM (usually DRAM or SRAM) on a single chip.
  • product development (new product development - NPD) - Product development, also called new product management, is a series of steps that includes the conceptualization, design, development and marketing of newly created or newly rebranded goods or services.
  • QHD (quad high definition) - QHD (Quad High Definition) is a resolution standard for high-end monitors, televisions and mobile devices.
  • Reduce, reuse, recycle (R3) - Reduce, reuse and recycle (R3) are the three essential components of environmentally-responsible consumer behavior.
  • remote desktop - Remote desktop is a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
  • short message service center (SMSC) - A short message service center (SMSC) is the portion of a wireless network that handles SMS operations, such as routing, forwarding and storing incoming text messages on their way to desired endpoints.
  • silicon photonics - Silicon photonics is an evolving technology in which data is transferred among computer chips by optical rays.
  • soft reset - A soft reset is a restart of a device, such as a smartphone, tablet, laptop or personal computer (PC).
  • softcooling (software cooling) - Softcooling is a software-based method of computer component cooling, conducted either by adjusting component settings or by using softcooling products.
  • stress testing - Stress testing is the process of determining the ability of a computer, network, program or device to maintain a certain level of effectiveness under unfavorable conditions.
  • Sugar - Sugar is a graphical user interface GUI developed for the $100 laptop (XO).
  • touch screen - A touch screen is a computer display screen that is also an input device.
  • ultra-mobile personal computer (UMPC or Ultra-mobile PC) - Ultra-mobile PC (UMPC) is a design specification for a hand-held computer that is larger than a PDA but smaller than a laptop.
  • ultrabook - An ultrabook is a category of thin and light laptop computers designed to bridge the market gap between tablets and premium notebook PCs.
  • virtual floppy disk - A virtual floppy disk is an alternative to the traditional floppy that exists as a file rather than a physical medium.
  • von Neumann bottleneck - The von Neumann bottleneck is a limitation on throughput caused by the standard personal computer architecture.
  • wholesaler - A wholesaler is an entity in the distribution channel or supply chain that buys in bulk and sells to resellers rather than to consumers.
  • Windows 2.0 - Windows 2.0 was the 2nd version of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating system, released in 1987.
  • Windows 3.0 - Windows 3.0 was the 3rd version of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating system, released in 1990.
  • Windows 3.1 - Windows 3.1 was the 4th version of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating system, released in 1993.
  • Windows 95 - Windows 95 was the 5th version of Microsoft’s GUI operating system, released in 1995.
  • Windows Imaging Format (WIM) - The Windows Imaging Format (or WIM) is used for the creation and distribution of disk image files.

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