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End user hardware

Terms related to peripheral devices including definitions about keyboards or mice and words and phrases about printers, monitors, digital cameras and scanners.

3D - JBI

  • 3D mouse - A 3D mouse is a pointing and control device specialized for movement in virtual 3D (three-dimensional) environments.
  • AAUI (Apple attachment unit interface) - An AAUI (Apple attachment unit interface) is the 14- or 15-pin port or connection interface on earlier models of Macintosh computers that allowed it to be connected by a short interface cable (or "transceiver") to an Ethernet cable.
  • abacus - An abacus is a manual aid to calculating that consists of beads or disks that can be moved up and down on a series of sticks or strings within a usually wooden frame.
  • ABCD data switch - An ABCD data switch is a small box that lets you hook up to four devices from one PC serial or parallel port on your computer.
  • access time - Access time is the time from the start of one storage device access to the time when the next access can be started.
  • add-on - An add-on is either a hardware unit that can be added to a computer to increase its capabilities or a program utility that enhances a primary program.
  • AMR (Audio/Modem Riser or AMR slot) - AMR (Audio/Modem Riser) is a specification developed by Intel for packaging the analog I/O audio functions of modem circuitry together with a codec chip (which converts back and forth from analog to digital) on a small board that plugs directly into a computer's motherboard.
  • ASIO (Audio Stream Input/Output) - ASIO (Audio Stream Input/Output), developed by Steinberg, is a cross-platform, multi-channel audio transfer protocol that is being adopted by many of the manufacturers of audio/MIDI sequencing applications.
  • ATAPI (AT Attachment Packet Interface) - ATAPI (AT Attachment Packet Interface) is an interface between your computer and attached CD-ROM drives and tape backup drives.
  • audio - Audio is sound within the acoustic range available to humans.
  • backup - Backup refers to the copying of physical or virtual files or databases to a secondary location for preservation in case of equipment failure or catastrophe.
  • barcode printer - A barcode printer is a printer designed to produce barcode labels which can be attached to other objects.
  • barcode reader (POS scanner, bar code reader, price scanner) - A barcode reader, also called a price scanner or point-of-sale (POS) scanner, is a hand-held or stationary input device used to capture and read information contained in a bar code.
  • Blu-ray - Blu-ray is an optical disc format designed to display high definition video and store large amounts of data.
  • bone conduction headphones - Bone conduction headphones -- sometimes called 'bonephones'-- are headphones that transmit sound waves through the bones in a user's skull instead of their ear canal.
  • bootable floppy - A bootable floppy is a diskette containing a back-up copy of your hard disk master boot record (MBR).
  • brain-computer interface (BCI) - Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a collaboration between a brain and a device that enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, such as control of a cursor or a prosthetic limb.
  • brightness - Hue, saturation, and brightness are aspects of color in the red, green, and blue (RGB) scheme.
  • burn-in - Burn-in is a test in which a system or component is made to run for an extended period of time to detect problems.
  • BURN-Proof (Buffer Under Run Error Proof) - BURN-Proof (Buffer Under Run Error Proof) is a technology developed by Sanyo that allows compact disc (CD) recording to automatically stop in the event of an unplanned interruption and then to resume recording.
  • bus - In a computer or on a network, a bus is a transmission path on which signals are dropped off or picked up at every device attached to the line.
  • busy lamp field (BLF) - A busy lamp field (BLF) is a light on a VoIP phone -- also known as an IP phone -- that tells end users when another extension within the system is in use by displaying a clear status on the phone's display.
  • BYOD (bring your own device) - BYOD (bring your own device) is a policy that allows employees in an organization to use their personally owned devices for work-related activities.
  • camcorder (camera recorder) - A camcorder (camera recorder) is a portable electronic recording device capable of recording live-motion video and audio for later playback.
  • card (or expansion card , board , or adapter) - A card (or expansion card, board, or adapter) is circuitry designed to provide expanded capability to a computer.
  • cathode ray tube (CRT) - A cathode ray tube (CRT) is a specialized vacuumtube in which images are produced when an electron beam strikes aphosphorescent surface.
  • CD-ROM - .
  • Centronics parallel interface - The Centronics parallel interface is an older and still widely-used standard I/O interface for connecting printers and certain other devices to computers.
  • channel partner - A channel partner is a person or organization that provides services or sells products on behalf of a software, hardware, networking or cloud services vendor.
  • Citrix X1 Mouse - The Citrix X1 Mouse is a small Bluetooth device that allows users to navigate Windows virtual desktops and applications on mobile devices.
  • cold backup (offline backup) - Cold backups are ideal for disaster recovery because they protect important data.
  • coldset Web offset printing (non-heatset) - Coldset Web offset printing (also known as non-heatset) is a Web offset printing process in which ink is allowed to dry naturally through evaporation and absorption.
  • compact disc (CD) - A compact disc is a portable storage medium that can be used for recording, storing and playing back audio, video and other data in digital form.
  • CompactFlash card (CF card) - A CompactFlash card (CF card) is a memory card format developed by SanDisk in 1994 that uses flash memory technology to store data on a very small portable device.
  • compatibility - Compatibility is the capacity for two systems to work together without having to be altered to do so.
  • computer worm - A computer worm is a type of malware whose primary function is to self-replicate and infect other computers while remaining active on infected systems.
  • controller - A controller, in a computing context, is a hardware device or a software program that manages or directs the flow of data between two entities.
  • CPE device - A CPE device is telecommunications hardware located at the home or business of a customer.
  • CrackBerry - CrackBerry is a nickname for the BlackBerry handheld device.
  • customer churn (customer attrition) - Customer churn, also called customer attrition, is the number of paying customers who fail to become repeat customers.
  • data availability - Data availability is a term used by some computer storage manufacturers and storage service providers (SSPs) to describe products and services that ensure that data continues to be available at a required level of performance in situations ranging from normal through "disastrous.
  • data glove - A data glove is an interactive device, resembling a glove worn on the hand, which facilitates tactile sensing and fine-motion control in robotics and virtual reality.
  • daughterboard (or daughter board, daughter card, or daughtercard) - A daughterboard (or daughter board, daughter card, or daughtercard) is a circuit board that plugs into and extends the circuitry of another circuit board.
  • digiboard (or digicard) - Digiboard or digicard is a generic name for a serial port card made by Digi International.
  • digital print management - Digital printing is any printing technology (laserjet printer, for instance) that is capable of producing printed materials directly from a computer file.
  • digitization - Digitization is the process of converting information into a digital format.
  • digitizer tablet (digitizer or graphics tablet) - A digitizer tablet (also known as a digitizer or graphics tablet) is a tool used to convert hand-drawn images into a format suitable for computer processing.
  • Direct Memory Access (DMA) - Direct Memory Access (DMA) is a capability provided by some computer bus architectures that allows data to be sent directly from an attached device (such as a disk drive) to the memory on the computer's motherboard.
  • direct-attached storage (DAS) - Direct-attached storage (DAS) is computer storage that is connected to one computer and not accessible to other computers.
  • diskette (floppy disk) - A diskette is a random access, removable data storage medium that can be used with personal computers.
  • display modes - The term display mode refers to the characteristics of a computer display, in particular the maximum number of colors and the maximum image resolution (in pixels horizontally by pixels vertically).
  • DLT (digital linear tape) - Before the popular Linear Tape-Open Consortium came into existence, Quantum had its proprietary digital linear tape (DLT) format.
  • document reader - A document reader is a device that converts an electronic file or printed matter to a form suitable for use by people with visual impairment.
  • dot pitch - The dot pitch specification for a display monitor tells you how sharp the displayed image can be.
  • DOT4 - DOT4 is a protocol that allows a device that is part of a multifunction peripheral (MFP) to send and receive multiple data packets simultaneously across a single physical channel to other devices on the MFP.
  • driver - A driver is a program that interacts with a particular device or special (frequently optional) kind of software.
  • DVD (digital video disk) - DVD is an optical disc technology with a 4.
  • DVD-Audio (DVD-A) - DVD-Audio (DVD-A) is a Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) format, developed by Panasonic, that is specifically designed to hold audio data, and particularly, high-quality music.
  • dynamic multi-pathing (DMP) - Dynamic multi-pathing (DMP) is a type of communication path control software application.
  • electrochromic - Electrochromic is an adjective used to describe an organic or inorganic substance that changes color when charged with electricity.
  • electronic paper display (EPD) - An electronic paper display (EPD) is an electrically-charged surface that replicates the look and experience of ink on paper.
  • EMF (Enhanced MetaFile) - EMF (Enhanced MetaFile) and raw are terms for spool file formats used in printing by the Windows operating system.
  • EPEAT (Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool) - EPEAT (Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool) is a ranking system that helps purchasers in the public and private sectors evaluate, compare and select desktop computers, notebooks and monitors based on their environmental attributes.
  • EPP/ECP (Enhanced Parallel Port/Enhanced Capability Port) - EPP/ECP (Enhanced Parallel Port/Enhanced Capability Port) is a standard signaling method for bi-directional parallel communication between a computer and peripheral devices that offers the potential for much higher rates of data transfer than the original parallel signaling methods.
  • ESDI (Enhanced Small Device Interface) - ESDI (Enhanced Small Device Interface) is a hardware interface for a computer disk drive based on the ST-506 standard, an early industry and later ANSI standard based on the Seagate disk drive.
  • external drive enclosure (disk enclosure, disk caddy, drive caddy) - An external drive enclosure is a metal or plastic casing that holds and powers a disk drive.
  • external storage device - An external storage device, also referred to as auxiliary storage and secondary storage, is a device that contains all the addressable data storage that is not inside a computer's main storage or memory.
  • FDISK - WARNING: Use caution when repartitioning a hard disk drive that contains data.
  • fiber jumper - A fiber jumper, sometimes called a fiber patch cord is a length of fiber cabling fitted with LC, SC, MTRJ or ST connectors at each end.
  • Fibre Channel - Fibre Channel is a high-speed networking technology primarily used for transmitting data among data centers, computer servers, switches and storage at data rates of up to 128 Gbps.
  • FireWire - FireWire is Apple Computer's version of a standard, IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • flash memory card - Flash storage memory cards use nonvolatile semiconductor memory to store pictures, audio and video data on portable and remote devices.
  • fps (frames per second) - FPS stand for frames per second, a measurement for how many unique consecutive images a camera can handle each second.
  • geo-fencing (geofencing) - Geo-fencing is a feature in a software program that uses the global positioning system (GPS) or radio frequency identification (RFID) to define geographical boundaries.
  • Gorilla Glass - Gorilla Glass is a scratch-resistant and durable glass product from Corning that is used to protect the screens of tablets, smartphone and other mobile devices.
  • hard copy (printout) - A hard copy (or "hardcopy") is a printed copy of information from a computer.
  • hard drive shredder - A hard drive shredder is a mechanical device that physically destroys old hard drives in such a way that the data they contain cannot be recovered.
  • HD upconverter (high-definition upconverter) - An HD (high-definition) upconverter, also known as a digital television (DTV) upconverter, is a device that converts the digital data on a DVD to a format that can be viewed directly on a high-definition television (HDTV) receiver without intermediate conversion to an analog signal.
  • heat bed - A heat bed is an additional module for a 3D printer that makes the cooling process of 3D printed materials more controlled, for better results.
  • holographic storage (holostorage) - Holographic storage is computer storage that uses laser beams to store computer-generated data in three dimensions.
  • HomeRF (home radio frequency) - HomeRF (for home radio frequency) is a home networking standard developed by Proxim Inc.
  • hot key - A hot key is a key or a combination of keys on a computer keyboard that, when pressed at one time, performs a task (such as starting an application) more quickly than by using a mouse or other input device.
  • Human Interface Device protocol - Human Interface Device protocol (HID protocol) is a USB protocol for a broad category of user input devices.
  • HyperTerminal - HyperTerminal is a communications and terminal emulation program that came with the Windows 98 and Windows XP operating systems.
  • i.LINK - i.LINK is the Sony Corporation implementation of a standard, IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • IEEE 1394 - IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, is an electronics standard for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • image recognition - Image recognition, in the context of machine vision, is the ability of software to identify objects, places, people, writing and actions in images.
  • immersive fitness - Immersive fitness is technology enhanced exercise typically including simulated audio/visual experiences and performance metrics.
  • inductive charging - Inductive charging is a wireless charging method used for charging mid-sized items such as cell phones, MP3 players and PDAs.
  • InfiniBand - InfiniBand is an architecture and specification for data flow between processors and I/O devices.
  • inkjet printer - An inkjet printer is a computer peripheral that produces hard copy by spraying ink onto paper.
  • intelligent device - An intelligent device is any type of equipment, instrument, or machine that has its own computing capability.
  • interactive whiteboard - An interactive whiteboard, also known as a smartboard, is an interactive display in the format of a whiteboard that reacts to user input either directly or through other devices.
  • IP camera - An IP camera is a networked digital video camera that transmits data over a Fast Ethernet link.
  • IT reseller - An IT reseller is an intermediary entity in the distribution channel that purchases software and/or hardware from the manufacturer or some other entity, such as a wholesaler or a distributor, and sells it to consumers.
  • Java Card - Java Card is an open standard from Sun Microsystems for a smart card development platform.
  • JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) - JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) is a group of experts that is producing standards for bi-level image coding.
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    Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting ...

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    Cyberstalking is a crime in which someone harasses or stalks a victim using electronic or digital means, such as social media, ...

  • What is cybersecurity?

    Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems such as hardware, software and data from cyberthreats.

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    A private key, also known as a secret key, is a variable in cryptography that is used with an algorithm to encrypt and decrypt ...

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    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

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    Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.

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  • RAM (Random Access Memory)

    RAM (Random Access Memory) is the hardware in a computing device where the operating system (OS), application programs and data ...

  • RAID 6

    RAID 6, also known as double-parity RAID, uses two parity stripes on each disk. It allows for two disk failures within the RAID ...

  • NOR flash memory

    NOR flash memory is one of two types of non-volatile storage technologies.

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