Browse Definitions :

End user hardware

Terms related to peripheral devices including definitions about keyboards or mice and words and phrases about printers, monitors, digital cameras and scanners.

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  • electro-optical fingerprint recognition - Electro-optical fingerprint recognition is a biometric technology that provides for the scanning, comparison, and identification of fingerprints without the traditional need for ink and paper.
  • electrochromic - Electrochromic is an adjective used to describe an organic or inorganic substance that changes color when charged with electricity.
  • electronic paper display (EPD) - An electronic paper display (EPD) is an electrically-charged surface that replicates the look and experience of ink on paper.
  • EMF (Enhanced MetaFile) - EMF (Enhanced MetaFile) and raw are terms for spool file formats used in printing by the Windows operating system.
  • emulator - In computers, an emulator is a hardware device or a program that pretends to be another particular device or program that other components expect to interact with.
  • enhancement - In an information technology product, an enhancement is a noteworthy improvement to the product as part of a new version of it.
  • EPEAT (Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool) - EPEAT (Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool) is a ranking system that helps purchasers in the public and private sectors evaluate, compare and select desktop computers, notebooks and monitors based on their environmental attributes.
  • EPP/ECP (Enhanced Parallel Port/Enhanced Capability Port) - EPP/ECP (Enhanced Parallel Port/Enhanced Capability Port) is a standard signaling method for bi-directional parallel communication between a computer and peripheral devices that offers the potential for much higher rates of data transfer than the original parallel signaling methods.
  • ESDI (Enhanced Small Device Interface) - ESDI (Enhanced Small Device Interface) is a hardware interface for a computer disk drive based on the ST-506 standard, an early industry and later ANSI standard based on the Seagate disk drive.
  • external drive enclosure (disk enclosure, disk caddy, drive caddy) - An external drive enclosure is a metal or plastic casing that holds and powers a disk drive.
  • external storage device - An external storage device, also referred to as auxiliary storage and secondary storage, is a device that contains all the addressable data storage that is not inside a computer's main storage or memory.
  • failover - Failover is a backup operational mode in which the functions of a system component (such as a processor, server, network, or database, for example) are assumed by secondary system components when the primary component becomes unavailable through either failure or scheduled down time.
  • Fax Group - Fax Group is an encoding format used for fax transmission.
  • fax server - A fax server (or faxserver) is a system installed in a local area network (LAN) server that allows computer users who are attached to the LAN to send and receive fax messages.
  • FDISK - WARNING: Use caution when repartitioning a hard disk drive that contains data.
  • fiber jumper - A fiber jumper, sometimes called a fiber patch cord is a length of fiber cabling fitted with LC, SC, MTRJ or ST connectors at each end.
  • Fibre Channel - Fibre Channel is a high-speed networking technology primarily used for transmitting data among data centers, computer servers, switches and storage at data rates of up to 128 Gbps.
  • field emission display (FED) - A field emission display (FED) is a new type of flat-panel display in which electron emitters, arranged in a grid, are individually controlled by "cold" cathodes to generate colored light.
  • FireWire - FireWire is Apple Computer's version of a standard, IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • flash memory card - Flash storage memory cards use nonvolatile semiconductor memory to store pictures, audio and video data on portable and remote devices.
  • FOLED (flexible organic light emitting device) - In display technology, FOLED (flexible organic light emitting device) is an organic light emitting device (OLED) built on a flexible base material, such as clear plastic film or reflective metal foil, instead of the usual glass base.
  • fps (frames per second) - FPS stand for frames per second, a measurement for how many unique consecutive images a camera can handle each second.
  • function key - On a computer keyboard, a function key is one of a sequence of special keys labeled "F1" or higher (usually up to "F12" on most keyboards) that can be assigned a specific use in order to save a user time.
  • geo-fencing (geofencing) - Geo-fencing is a feature in a software program that uses the global positioning system (GPS) or radio frequency identification (RFID) to define geographical boundaries.
  • Gorilla Glass - Gorilla Glass is a scratch-resistant and durable glass product from Corning that is used to protect the screens of tablets, smartphone and other mobile devices.
  • grid storage - Grid storage is a general term for any approach to storing data that employs multiple self-contained storage nodes interconnected so that any node can communicate with any other node without the data having to pass through a centralized switch.
  • hard copy (printout) - A hard copy (or "hardcopy") is a printed copy of information from a computer.
  • hard drive shredder - A hard drive shredder is a mechanical device that physically destroys old hard drives in such a way that the data they contain cannot be recovered.
  • HD upconverter (high-definition upconverter) - An HD (high-definition) upconverter, also known as a digital television (DTV) upconverter, is a device that converts the digital data on a DVD to a format that can be viewed directly on a high-definition television (HDTV) receiver without intermediate conversion to an analog signal.
  • HD-ROM (High-Density - Read Only Memory) - HD-ROM (High-Density - Read Only Memory) is a high-capacity storage technology developed at Norsam Technologies in conjunction with an IBM research group that enables a disk to store hundreds of times as much information as a CD-ROM.
  • HDCD (High Definition Compatible Digital) - HDCD (High Definition Compatible Digital) is a digital encoding and decoding process for compact disc and DVD audio recording.
  • heat bed - A heat bed is an additional module for a 3D printer that makes the cooling process of 3D printed materials more controlled, for better results.
  • holographic storage (holostorage) - Holographic storage is computer storage that uses laser beams to store computer-generated data in three dimensions.
  • HomeRF (home radio frequency) - HomeRF (for home radio frequency) is a home networking standard developed by Proxim Inc.
  • hot key - A hot key is a key or a combination of keys on a computer keyboard that, when pressed at one time, performs a task (such as starting an application) more quickly than by using a mouse or other input device.
  • HP-GL (Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language) - HP-GL (Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language) is a vector graphics language, a type of object-oriented language that represents images through the use of geometrical formulas.
  • Human Interface Device protocol - Human Interface Device protocol (HID protocol) is a USB protocol for a broad category of user input devices.
  • HyperTerminal - HyperTerminal is a communications and terminal emulation program that came with the Windows 98 and Windows XP operating systems.
  • i.LINK - i.LINK is the Sony Corporation implementation of a standard, IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • I2S (SQUID) - I2S (Inter-IC Sound) is a serial bus (path) design for digital audio devices and technologies such as compact disc (CD) players, digital sound processors, and digital TV (DTV) sound.
  • IEEE 1394 - IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, is an electronics standard for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • iFCP (Internet Fibre Channel Protocol) - iFCP (Internet Fibre Channel Protocol) is an emerging standard for extending Fibre Channel storage networks across the Internet.
  • image recognition - Image recognition, in the context of machine vision, is the ability of software to identify objects, places, people, writing and actions in images.
  • immersive fitness - Immersive fitness is technology enhanced exercise typically including simulated audio/visual experiences and performance metrics.
  • inductive charging - Inductive charging is a wireless charging method used for charging mid-sized items such as cell phones, MP3 players and PDAs.
  • InfiniBand - InfiniBand is an architecture and specification for data flow between processors and I/O devices.
  • inkjet printer - An inkjet printer is a computer peripheral that produces hard copy by spraying ink onto paper.
  • intelligent device - An intelligent device is any type of equipment, instrument, or machine that has its own computing capability.
  • interactive whiteboard - An interactive whiteboard, also known as a smartboard, is an interactive display in the format of a whiteboard that reacts to user input either directly or through other devices.
  • International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) - The International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) is an international code used to identify sound and audio-visual recordings on compact discs (CDs), music videos, and other media, primarily to ensure royalty payments.
  • IOS (Input/Output Supervisor) - IOS (Input/Output Supervisor) is a Microsoft Windows program that supervises the interaction between file system requests and events and input/output device drivers.
  • IP camera - An IP camera is a networked digital video camera that transmits data over a Fast Ethernet link.
  • IP storage - IP storage is a general term for several approaches to using the Internet Protocol (IP) in a storage area network (SAN) usually over Gigabit Ethernet.
  • iPod - The iPod is a combination portable digital media player and hard drive from Apple Computer.
  • IT reseller - An IT reseller is an intermediary entity in the distribution channel that purchases software and/or hardware from the manufacturer or some other entity, such as a wholesaler or a distributor, and sells it to consumers.
  • Java Card - Java Card is an open standard from Sun Microsystems for a smart card development platform.
  • JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) - JBIG (Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group) is a group of experts that is producing standards for bi-level image coding.
  • joystick - In computers, a joystick is a cursor control device used in computer games and assistive technology.
  • jumper - In a computer, a jumper is a pair of prongs that are electrical contact points set into the computer motherboard or an adapter card.
  • K56flex - Rockwell Corporation's K56flex modem chipset gave users the capability to receive data on ordinary phone lines at 56 Kbps (thousand bits per second).
  • keyboard - On most computers, a keyboard is the primary text input device.
  • keyboard wedge (KBW) - A keyboard wedge can be either a software program or an inserted hardware device that translates digital signals from a barcode reader or magnetic strip reader (MSR) into keyboard strokes for a computer.
  • Kindle Fire - Kindle Fire is a low-priced tablet computer from Amazon.
  • KVM switch (keyboard, video, mouse switch) - A KVM (keyboard, video, mouse) switch is a hardware device that allows a user to control multiple computers from a single keyboard, video display monitor and mouse.
  • landscape - In printing from a computer, landscape refers to a mode in which content is printed for reading on the longer length of the sheet of paper.
  • laser printer - A laser printer is a popular type of personal computer printer that uses a non-impact (keys don't strike the paper), photocopier technology.
  • laserdisc - Laserdisc is a technology and the physical medium used in storing and providing programmed access to a large database of text, pictures, and other objects, including motion video and full multimedia presentations.
  • LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) - LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) is a type of flat panel display which uses liquid crystals in its primary form of operation.
  • letterpress - Letterpress is the oldest form of printing.
  • light-emitting diode (LED) - A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor device that emits visible light when an electric current passes through it.
  • logical unit number (LUN) - A logical unit number (LUN) is a unique identifier for designating an individual or collection of physical or virtual storage devices that execute input/output (I/O) commands with a host computer, as defined by the Small System Computer Interface (SCSI) standard.
  • LPT (line print terminal) - LPT (line print terminal) is the usual designation for a parallel port connection to a printer or other device on a personal computer.
  • LTO (Linear Tape-Open) tape - LTO (Linear Tape-Open) tape is an open-format tape storage technology created by Hewlett-Packard (HP), International Business Machines (IBM) and Seagate Technology.
  • Mac mini - The Mac mini from Apple is a low-cost and very compact personal computer that runs the Mac OS X operating system and is sold without a display, keyboard, or mouse.
  • magneto-optical drive (MO) - The magneto-optical (MO) drive is a popular way to back up files on a personal computer.
  • Mammoth - Mammoth is a magnetic tape and drive system used for computer data storage and archiving.
  • megapixel - A megapixel (that is, a million pixels) is a unit of image sensing capacity in a digital camera.
  • megatransfer - On a Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) computer bus, a megatransfer is one million data transfers.
  • micro USB - Micro USB is a miniaturized version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface developed for connecting compact and mobile devices such as smartphones, MP3 players and digital cameras.
  • micro-HDMI - Micro-HDMI (HDMI type D) is a miniaturized version of the High Definition Multimedia Interface specification.
  • modem lights (AA) - This page provides a description of the abbreviations and meanings of each of the lights that describe the "handshaking" between a computer modem and the UART chip in a computer.
  • monitor - In computers, a monitor is a computer display and related parts packaged in a physical unit that is separate from other parts of the computer.
  • mouse - A mouse is a small device that a computer user pushes across a desk surface in order to point to a place on a display screen and to select one or more actions to take from that position.
  • MRAM (magnetoresistive random access memory) - MRAM (magnetoresistive random access memory) is a way to store data bits using magnetic states instead of the electrical charges used by dynamic random access memory (DRAM).
  • MTBF (mean time between failures) - MTBF (mean time between failures) is a measure of how reliable a hardware product or component is.
  • multifunction peripheral (MFP) - A multifunction peripheral (MFP) is a device that performs a variety of functions that would otherwise be carried out by separate peripheral devices.
  • MultiMediaCard (MMC) - A MultiMediaCard (MMC) is a tiny memory card that uses flash memory to make storage portable among various devices, such as car navigation systems, cellular phones, eBooks, PDAs, smartphones, and digital cameras, music players, and video camcorders, and personal computers.
  • multisession CD - A multisession CD is a recordable CD format (like a CD-R) that allows the recording of a compact disk to be conducted in more than one recording session.
  • nearline storage - Nearline storage is the on-site storage of data on removable media.
  • nematic liquid crystal - A nematic liquid crystal is a transparent or translucent liquid that causes the polarization (that is, the focusing in a plane) of light waves to change as the waves pass through the liquid.
  • NOR flash memory - NOR flash memory is one of two types of non-volatile storage technologies.
  • NTFS (NT file system; sometimes New Technology File System) - NTFS (NT file system; sometimes New Technology File System) is the file system that the Windows NT operating system uses for storing and retrieving files on a hard disk.
  • offset printing (offset lithography) - Offset printing, also called offset lithography, is a method of mass-production printing in which the images on metal plates are transferred (offset) to rubber blankets or rollers and then to the print media.
  • OLED (light-emitting diode) - OLED (organic light-emitting diode) is a display technology, pioneered and patented by Kodak, based on the use of organic polymer material as the semiconductor material in light-emitting diodes (LEDs).
  • optical disc - An optical disc is an electronic data storage medium that can be written to and read from using a low-powered laser beam.
  • optical media - Optical media - such as the compact disk (CD) - are storage media that hold content in digital form and that are written and read by a laser; these media include all the various CD and DVD variations, as well as optical jukeboxes and autochangers.
  • optical storage - Optical storage is any storage type in which data is written and read with a laser.

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