Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

BAC - CMY

  • backscatter spam - Backscatter spam, also called misdirected bounce spam or NDR spam, is a strategy for sending unsolicited email messages that takes advantage of the fact that certain types of mail transfer agent (MTA) programs return the entire message to the sender when a recipient's email address is invalid.
  • backslash - The backslash ( \ ) is a typographic and/or keyboard mark that is widely used in programming languages and other computing contexts.
  • backward mapping (inverse mapping or screen order) - Backward mapping (also known as inverse mapping or screen order) is a technique used in texture mapping to create a 2D image from 3D data.
  • bad neighborhood - A bad neighborhood, in an SEO context, is a group of linked websites with poor reputations and search rankings.
  • banner - Depending on how it's used, a banner is either a graphic image that announces the name or identity of a site (and often is spread across the width of the Web page) or is an advertising image.
  • barcode printer - A barcode printer is a printer designed to produce barcode labels which can be attached to other objects.
  • barter economy - A barter economy is a cashless economic system in which services and goods are traded at negotiated rates.
  • battery life - Battery life is a measure of  battery performance and longevity, which can be quantified in several ways: as run time on a full charge, as estimated by a manufacturer in milliampere hours, or as the number of charge cycles until the end of useful life.
  • Bayesian filter - A Bayesian filter is a program that uses Bayesian logic, also called Bayesian analysis, to evaluate the header and content of an incoming e-mail message and determine the probability that it constitutes spam.
  • behavioral targeting - Behavioral targeting is the presentation of content and marketing based on the previous choices of users across websites.
  • bell curve - A bell curve is a form of graph that is used to visualize the distribution of a set of chosen values across a specified group that tend to have a central, normal values, as peak with low and high extremes tapering off relatively symmetrically on either side.
  • Bezier curve - A Bezier curve is a mathematically defined curve used in two-dimensional graphic applications.
  • big data CRM (big data customer relationship management) - Big data CRM (big data customer relationship management) refers to the practice of integrating big data into a company's CRM processes with the goals of improving customer service, calculating return on investment on various initiatives and predicting clientele behavior.
  • Big Mother - Big Mother is the concept of pervasive parenting, in which parents use modern geolocation, wireless and video technologies to constantly track the activities of a child.
  • Big Tech - Big Tech is a term that refers to the most dominant and largest technology companies in their respective sectors.
  • binaural sound (binaural beats) - Binaural sound is audio that is recorded through specialized dual microphone setups, allowing for a stereophonic 3D audio effect that simulates sound as heard when physically present.
  • bioplastic - A bioplastic is a substance made from organic biomass sources, unlike conventional plastics which are made from petroleum.
  • BIOS (basic input/output system) - BIOS (basic input/output system) is the program a computer's microprocessor uses to start the computer system after it is powered on.
  • BIOS attack - A BIOS attack is an exploit that infects the BIOS with malicious code and is persistent through reboots and attempts to reflash the firmware.
  • BIOS rootkit - A BIOS-level rootkit is programming that exists in a system's memory hardware to enable remote administration.
  • bit depth - In digital audio, bit depth describes the potential accuracy of a particular piece of hardware or software that processes audio data.
  • bit map - A bit map (often spelled "bitmap") defines a display space and the color for each pixelor "bit" in the display space.
  • Bitcoin - Bitcoin is a digital currency -- also called cryptocurrency -- that can be traded for goods or services with vendors that accept Bitcoin as payment.
  • bitcoin mining - Bitcoin mining is the process of verifying new transactions to the Bitcoin digital currency system, as well as the process by which new bitcoin enter into circulation.
  • Bitly - Bitly is a URL shortener service that enables users to truncate webpage links.
  • black level (brightness) - On a display or television monitor, black level is the technical term for what is usually called brightness.
  • BlackBerry Enterprise Server (BES) - BlackBerry Enterprise Server (BES) is a middleware program that allows BlackBerry devices to access corporate messaging and collaboration software such as Microsoft Exchange, Lotus Domino and Novell GroupWise.
  • blog (weblog) - A blog (short for weblog) is a personal online journal that is frequently updated and intended for general public consumption.
  • Blogger - Blogger is a free Web log service from Google that allows users to share text, photos and videos.
  • blogroll - A blogroll is a list of blogs, usually placed in the sidebar of a blog, that reads as a list of recommendations by the blogger of other blogs.
  • Blu-ray - Blu-ray is an optical disc format designed to display high definition video and store large amounts of data.
  • bluesnarfing - Bluesnarfing is the theft of information from a wireless device through a Bluetooth connection.
  • body area network (BAN) - A body area network (BAN) is the interconnection of multiple computing devices worn on, affixed to or implanted in a person’s body.
  • bone conduction headphones - Bone conduction headphones -- sometimes called 'bonephones'-- are headphones that transmit sound waves through the bones in a user's skull instead of their ear canal.
  • bookmark - Using a World Wide Web browser, a bookmark is a saved link to a Web page that has been added to a list of saved links.
  • Boolean operator - Boolean operators are a common type of search operator, sometimes referred to as a search parameters, which are characters or strings of characters – including words and phrases – that are used in a search engine query to narrow the focus of the search.
  • bounce email (bounce mail) - Bounce e-mail (sometimes referred to as bounce mail) is electronic mail that is returned to the sender because it cannot be delivered for some reason.
  • brain hacking - Brain hacking is the application of techniques and/or technologies to affect an individual’s mental state, cognitive processes or level of function.
  • brain hijacking - Brain hijacking is the application of principles from fields including neuroscience, behavioral psychology and sociology to develop compulsive elements for consumer technologies.
  • breadcrumb trail - On a Web site, a breadcrumb trail is a navigation tool that allows a user to see where the current page is in relation to the Web site's hierarchy.
  • bring your own apps (BYOA) - Bring your own apps (BYOA) is the trend toward employee use of third-party applications and cloud services in the workplace.
  • bring your own cloud (BYOC) - BYOC is a movement whereby employees and departments use their cloud computing service of choice in the workplace.
  • bring your own everything (BYOx) - Bring your own everything (BYOx) is a term that refers to employees' use of personal technology to perform work tasks.
  • brochureware - Brochureware refers to Web sites or pages that are produced by taking an organization's printed brochure and translating it directly to the Web without regard for the possibilities of the new medium.
  • browser - A browser is an application program that provides a way to look at and interact with all the information on the World Wide Web.
  • burn-in - Burn-in is a test in which a system or component is made to run for an extended period of time to detect problems.
  • Burning Man - Burning Man is an annual week-long experiment in temporary community.
  • bus master - A bus master is the program, either in a microprocessor or more usually in a separate I/O controller, that directs traffic on the computer bus or input/output paths.
  • busy lamp field (BLF) - A busy lamp field (BLF) is a light on a VoIP phone -- also known as an IP phone -- that tells end users when another extension within the system is in use by displaying a clear status on the phone's display.
  • BYOD (bring your own device) - BYOD (bring your own device) is a policy that allows employees in an organization to use their personally owned devices for work-related activities.
  • cable head-end - A cable head-end (or headend) is the facility at a local cable TV office that originates and communicates cable TV services and cable modem services to subscribers.
  • CAD (computer-aided design) - CAD (computer-aided design) is the use of computer-based software to aid in design processes.
  • CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing) - CAD /CAM (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing) is software used to design products such as electronic circuit boards in computers and other devices.
  • calibration - In information technology and other fields, calibration is the setting or correcting of a measuring device or base level, usually by adjusting it to match or conform to a dependably known and unvarying measure.
  • call tree - A call tree is a layered hierarchical communication model that is used to notify specific individuals of an event and coordinate recovery, if necessary.
  • CamelCase - CamelCase is a way to separate the words in a phrase by making the first letter of each word capitalized and not using spaces.
  • Canadian anti-spam legislation (CASL) - Canadian anti-spam legislation (CASL) is enacted regulations that require marketers and fundraisers that communicate through email, text messages or social media to obtain permission from recipients in that country.
  • capacitive touch screen - A capacitive touch screen is a touch-sensitive control display that uses the conductive touch of a human finger or a specialized device for input.
  • card (or expansion card , board , or adapter) - A card (or expansion card, board, or adapter) is circuitry designed to provide expanded capability to a computer.
  • card dipping (EMV card dipping) - Dipping can be contrasted with swiping.
  • Cartesian coordinates (rectangular coordinates) - Cartesian coordinates, also called rectangular coordinates, provide a method of rendering graphs and indicating the positions of points on a two-dimensional (2D) surface or in three-dimensional (3D) space.
  • catfish - A catfish is someone who creates a false identity online to deceive victims, often as a means of attracting romantic interest.
  • CAVE (Cave Automatic Virtual Environment) - CAVE (Cave Automatic Virtual Environment) is a virtual reality environment consisting of a cube-shaped room in which the walls, floors and ceilings are projection screens.
  • CCTV (closed circuit television) - CCTV (closed-circuit television) is a television system in which signals are not publicly distributed but are monitored, primarily for surveillance and security purposes.
  • CD-ROM - .
  • Centronics parallel interface - The Centronics parallel interface is an older and still widely-used standard I/O interface for connecting printers and certain other devices to computers.
  • certification - In information technology as in other fields such as teaching, accounting, and acupuncture, certification is a formal process of making certain that an individual is qualified in terms of particular knowledge or skills.
  • certified e-mail (authenticated e-mail or stamped e-mail) - Certified e-mail, also known as authenticated e-mail or stamped e-mail, is a system in which senders of commercial e-mail messages pay a small fee to ensure that their messages will bypass spam filters to reach intended recipients.
  • CES (Consumer Electronics Show) - CES (International Consumer Electronics Show) is an annual technology conference for the consumer electronics industry.
  • CGI (computer-generated imagery) - CGI (computer-generated imagery) is used to produce visual content for many purposes including visual art, advertising, anatomical modeling, architectural design, engineering, video game art and film special effects, as well as augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) applications.
  • challenge-response authentication - In computer security, challenge-response authentication is a set of protocols used to protect digital assets and services from unauthorized users, programs or activities.
  • change management - Change management is a systematic approach to dealing with the transition or transformation of an organization's goals, processes or technologies.
  • chat room - A chat room is a Web site, part of a Web site, or part of an online service such as America Online, that provides a venue for communities of users with a common interest to communicate in real time.
  • chatting - While the term chatting or chitchat refers in general to communication between two or more parties that can occur in person, in today's modern age, it can also occur over the internet via Short Message Service (SMS) text message and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) or, for example, through tools like Slack and Microsoft Teams and social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter.
  • chatty protocol - A chatty protocol is an application or routing protocol requiring a client or server to wait for an acknowledgment before transmitting data again.
  • Chernobyl virus - The Chernobyl virus is a computer virus with a potentially devastating payload that destroys all computer data when an infected file is executed.
  • chip - "Chip" is short for microchip, the incredibly complex yet tiny modules that store computer memory or provide logic circuitry for microprocessors.
  • chiplet - A chiplet is a sub processing unit, usually controlled by a I/O controller chip on the same package.
  • chipset - A chipset is a group of integrated circuits (microchips) that can be used together to serve a single function and are therefore manufactured and sold as a unit.
  • chorus - In audio production, chorus is one of the two standard audio effects defined by the Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI).
  • Chromebook - Google Chromebook is a thin client laptop that is configured with the Chrome operating system (Chrome OS).
  • Chromecast - Chromecast is a streaming media adapter from Google that allows users to play online content such as videos and music on a digital television.
  • CIDR (Classless Inter-Domain Routing or supernetting) - CIDR (Classless Inter-Domain Routing) -- also known as supernetting -- is a method of assigning Internet Protocol (IP) addresses that improves the efficiency of address distribution and replaces the previous system based on class A, class B and class C networks.
  • cinemagraph - A cinemagraph is an image that combines still photography with active video to create a picture that contains a small moving element while the rest is frozen.
  • cinematography (cinematographer) - Cinematography is a blend of science and art used to capture, manipulate and store moving images for the purpose of creating a motion picture.
  • clean install - A clean install is a software installation in which any previous version is eradicated.
  • cleartext - Cleartext is transmitted or stored text that has not been subjected to encryption and is not meant to be encrypted.
  • click fraud (pay-per-click fraud) - Click fraud -- sometimes called 'pay-per-click fraud' -- is a type of fraud that artificially inflates traffic statistics for online advertisements.
  • clickwrap agreement (clickthrough agreement) - A clickwrap agreement, also known as a click through, shrink-wrap, or sign-in-wrap, is an online agreement in which the user signifies his or her acceptance by clicking a button or checking a box that states “I agree.
  • Client Access Server (CAS) - The Client Access Server (CAS) is a server role that handles all client connections to Exchange Server 2010 and Exchange 2013.
  • clipboard - A clipboard is a temporary storage area for data that the user wants to copy from one place to another.
  • clipboard hijack attack - A clipboard hijacking is an exploit in which the attacker gains control of the victim's clipboard and replaces its contents with their own data, such as a link to a malicious Web site.
  • Clonezilla - Clonezilla is a free open source disk cloning application based on Debian.
  • closed captions - Closed captions are a text version of the spoken part of a television, movie or computer presentation.
  • cloud access security broker (CASB) - A cloud access security broker (CASB) is a software tool or service that sits between an organization's on-premises infrastructure and a cloud provider's infrastructure.
  • cloud collaboration - Cloud collaboration is a system of communication that enables employees to work together on a project that is hosted in the cloud, can be accessed at any time and can be edited by multiple users at once.
  • cloud telephony (cloud calling) - Cloud telephony, also known as cloud calling, is a type of unified communications as a service (UCaaS) that offers voice communication services through a third-party host.
  • cluster - In a computer system, a cluster is a group of servers and other resources that act like a single system and enable high availability and, in some cases, load balancing and parallel processing.
  • cluster computing - In computers, clustering is the use of multiple computers, typically PCs or UNIX workstations, multiple storage devices, and redundant interconnections, to form what appears to users as a single highly available system.
  • CMOS sensor - A CMOS sensor is an electronic chip that converts photons to electrons.
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    Virtual network functions (VNFs) are virtualized tasks formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware.

  • network functions virtualization (NFV)

    Network functions virtualization (NFV) is a network architecture model designed to virtualize network services that have ...

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    The Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC) protocol is one leg of the tripod of internet ...

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  • insider threat

    An insider threat is a category of risk posed by those who have access to an organization's physical or digital assets.

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    Data privacy, also called information privacy, is an aspect of data protection that addresses the proper storage, access, ...

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    A data governance policy is a documented set of guidelines for ensuring that an organization's data and information assets are ...

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    Recommerce is the selling of previously owned items through online marketplaces to buyers who reuse, recycle or resell them.

  • implementation

    Implementation is the execution or practice of a plan, a method or any design, idea, model, specification, standard or policy for...

  • first call resolution (FCR)

    First call resolution (FCR) is when customer service agents properly address a customer's needs the first time they call.

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