Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

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  • extended memory - Extended memory, also known as XMS (eXtended Memory Specification) is a technology that enables capacity above the 640KB standard MS-DOS limit of main memory.
  • external hard drive - An external hard drive is a portable storage device that can be attached to a computer through a USB or Firewire connection, or wirelessly.
  • eye tracking (gaze tracking) - Eye tracking is the process of electronically locating the point of a person's gaze, or following and recording the movement of the point of gaze.
  • Facebook - Facebook is a popular free social networking website that allows registered users to create profiles, upload photos and video, send messages and keep in touch with friends, family and colleagues.
  • Facebook Messenger - Facebook Messenger is a mobile app that enables chat, voice and video communications between Facebook web-based messaging and smartphones.
  • Facebook scam - A Facebook scam is a post or page on the popular social networking site designed to deceive users and spread rapidly through their personal networks.
  • Fairphone - Insofar as possible, Fairphone is made from recycled, recyclable and responsibly-sourced goods as well as minimal packaging.
  • Family Link - Family Link is the parental control app for Android devices.
  • fat client (thick client) - A fat client (sometimes called a thick client) is a networked computer with most resources installed locally, rather than distributed over a network as is the case with a thin client.
  • fault-tolerant - Systems with integrated fault tolerance are designed to withstand multiple hardware failures to ensure continuous availability.
  • fax server - A fax server (or faxserver) is a system installed in a local area network (LAN) server that allows computer users who are attached to the LAN to send and receive fax messages.
  • FDISK - WARNING: Use caution when repartitioning a hard disk drive that contains data.
  • Fedora - Fedora is a popular open source Linux-based operating system.
  • femtocell - A femtocell is a wireless access point that improves cellular reception inside a home or office building.
  • Fennec - Fennec is a version of the Firefox browser adapted for mobile phones and other small computing devices.
  • Fermi paradox - The Fermi paradox is the apparent conflict between the fact that humans have found no evidence of intelligent extraterrestrial life despite the probablity that it exists, given what we know about the universe.
  • field of view (FOV) - Field of view (FOV) is the open observable area a person can see through his or her eyes or via an optical device.
  • file-sharing applications - File-sharing applications are Web services that facilitate storing and sharing of content through the cloud.
  • filter bubble - A filter bubble is an algorithmic bias that skews or limits the information an individual user sees on the internet.
  • Firefox 3 (Fx3 or FF3) - Firefox 3 (Fx3 or FF3) is the third version of the popular Web browser released by the Mozilla Corporation.
  • Firefox 3.5 - Firefox 3.5 is a version of the Mozilla Foundation's Web browser that was released in June 2009.
  • Firefox Reality - Firefox Reality is a multi-platform browser optimized for standalone VR (virtual reality), AR (augmented reality) and MR (mixed reality) headsets.
  • Firesheep - Firesheep is a Firefox plug-in that automates session hijacking attacks over unsecured Wi-Fi networks.
  • first follower theory - First follower theory is the concept that attracting an adherent to some kind of view or initiative is the first step toward beginning a movement, no matter how unusual or out-of-step with the surrounding culture it may seem to the general population.
  • first-person view (FPV) - First-person view (FPV), also known as first-person point of view (POV), is the ability of the user of some technology to see from a particular visual perspective other than one's actual location, such as the environment of a character in a video game, a drone, or a telemedicine client.
  • Flash cookie - Flash cookies, also known as local shared objects (LSO), are text files stored on a user’s hard drive when a browsers requests content that's supported by Adobe Flash.
  • Flat-panel TV Guide - Benefits of flat-panel TVs | Flat-panel features to considerA quick comparison of LCD, LED, OLED and plasma TVsFlat-panel TV technologies: LCD | LED | Plasma | OLEDMore informationA flat-panel TV is a television set that uses one of several different technologies for display in a flat, thin format.
  • FOLED (flexible organic light emitting device) - In display technology, FOLED (flexible organic light emitting device) is an organic light emitting device (OLED) built on a flexible base material, such as clear plastic film or reflective metal foil, instead of the usual glass base.
  • format war - A format war is a competition for market dominance -- and often survival -- between two or more producers of a particular type of product.
  • fourth wall - The fourth wall is a conceptual barrier between those presenting some kind of a communication and those receiving it.
  • fps (frames per second) - FPS stand for frames per second, a measurement for how many unique consecutive images a camera can handle each second.
  • FPV drone (first-person view drone) - An FPV drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) with a camera that wirelessly transmits video feed to goggles, a headset, a mobile device or another display.
  • freebooting - Freebooting is the unauthorized duplication of digital content, which is then republished and presented as original work.
  • Freedom on the Net report - Freedom on the Net is an annual report on the extent to which people in countries around the globe can publish and access Internet content without undue restriction and have their rights respected.
  • full HDTV (ultra-HD, true HDTV, 1080p) - Full HDTV, also referred to as ultra-HD, true HDTV, and 1080p, is a television (TV) display technology specification that surpasses the quality over the original 720p high-definition television (HDTV) technology specification, providing an image resolution of 1920 by 1080 pixels.
  • full-disk encryption (FDE) - What is full-disk encryption (FDE)?Full-disk encryption (FDE) is encryption at the hardware level.
  • G3 - G3 is the marketing name used by Apple Computer for the 750 microprocessor that is used in Apple's popular iMac and in its Power Macintosh personal computers.
  • gaming - Gaming is the running of specialized applications known as electronic games, especially on machines designed for such programs and, in a more recent trend, using personal computers on the Internet in which case the activity is known as online gaming.
  • gaming disorder - Gaming disorder is the obsessive and compulsive overuse of internet games and video games as an escape from life, resulting in the prioritization of gaming over daily activities and interests and the continuation of gaming despite the negative consequences that may occur.
  • gaslighting - Gaslighting is a method of psychological manipulation based on undermining the target’s sense of reality, making them doubt their own perceptions, beliefs and/or memories.
  • general-purpose computer - A general-purpose computer is one that, given the appropriate application and required time, should be able to perform most common computing tasks.
  • Generation Z - Generation Z is the demographic cohort following Generation Y, also known as the Millennials or the Millennial Generation.
  • geospatial analysis - Geospatial analysis is the gathering, display, and manipulation of imagery, GPS, satellite photography and historical data, described explicitly in terms of geographic coordinates or implicitly, in terms of a street address, postal code, or forest stand identifier as they are applied to geographic models.
  • geotagging - Geotagging is the addition of geographical information, usually in the form of latitude and longitude coordinates, to Web sites, images, videos, smartphone transmissions, and various other data types and sources.
  • gift economy - A gift economy is one in which services or goods are given without an agreement as to a suitable payment or trade to be made in return.
  • GNU GRUB - GNU GRUB (or just GRUB) is a boot loader package that supports multiple operating systems on a computer.
  • Godwin's law - Godwin's law, also known as Godwin's rule of Hitler analogies, is a statement maintaining that if any online discussion continues long enough, someone will almost certainly compare someone else to Hitler.
  • Google +1 button - The Google +1 button is a feature that users can click to easily recommend and share Web content within their Google network.
  • Google ATAP (Advanced Technologies and Products) - Google ATAP (Advanced Technologies and Products) is the company's development lab for disruptive technologies.
  • Google Chrome OS - Google Chrome OS is an open source lightweight operating system (OS).
  • Google circles - Google circles are groups of people in the Google+ social platform created to enable easier, more targeted content sharing that are meant to more accurately represent real-life information sharing.
  • Google Docs - Google Docs is a free Web-based application in which documents and spreadsheets can be created, edited and stored online.
  • Google Free Zone - Google Free Zone was an initiative created by Google that would allow Google members in certain parts of the world to access Gmail and other Google services for free.
  • Google Glass - Google Glass is a wearable, voice- and motion-controlled Android device that resembles a pair of eyeglasses and displays information directly in the user's field of vision.
  • Google Knol - Knol is an online knowledge base under development by Google.
  • Google Knowledge Graph - Google Knowledge Graph is a knowledge base integrated with the Google search engine for a visually appealing and intuitive presentation of information related to queries.
  • Google Maps - Google Maps is a Web-based service that provides detailed information about geographical regions and sites around the world.
  • Google Now - Google Now is a Web-based service provided by Google that serves as a day planner.
  • Google Voice - Google Voice allows registered members to link their mobile phones, IP telephony applications and land line phones to a single Google Voice phone number.
  • Google+ (Google Plus) - Google+ (pronounced Google plus) is Google's social networking platform.
  • Gorilla Glass 3 - Gorilla Glass 3 is a version of Corning's product for mobile device screens introduced at CES (Consumer Electronics Show) 2013.
  • gOS (good operating system) - gOS (pronounced gee-oss) is a Linux distribution designed for use with Web-based applications rather than software that must be purchased and installed.
  • GPS coordinates - GPS coordinates are a unique identifier of a precise geographic location on the earth, usually expressed in alphanumeric characters.
  • GPS navigation system - A GPS navigation system is a GPS receiver and audio/video (AV) components designed for a specific purpose such as a car-based or hand-held device or a smartphone app.
  • GPU supercomputer - A GPU supercomputer is a networked group of computers with multiple graphics processing units working as general-purpose GPUs (GPGPUs) in tandem on a single task.
  • graceful shutdown and hard shutdown - Graceful shutdown and hard shutdown are two opposing methods of turning off a computer.
  • Graffiti - There are several ways of entering data into a personal digital assistant (PDA) such as the well-known Palm.
  • Graph Search - Graph Search is a search engine that is integrated with Facebook’s social graphs.
  • graphene - Graphene is a highly conductive allotrope of carbon whose atoms are arranged in a mesh- like form a single atom thick.
  • graphene transistor - A graphene transistor is a nanoscale device based on graphene, a component of graphite with electronic properties far superior to those of silicon.
  • gray market - The gray market (sometimes spelled as "grey market") is the collective system of unauthorized sales channels for products.
  • green collar - Green collar is any kind of employment that involves products or services that are environmentally friendly.
  • greenhouse effect - The Greenhouse effect is the warming effect of the sun on greenhouse gases like CO2 that act to trap this heat in our atmosphere.
  • greenhouse gas - A greenhouse gas is a gas that absorbs infrared (IR) radiation and radiates heat in all directions.
  • grid computing - Grid computing uses small, distributed resources from servers and PCs to solve big problems.
  • Group Policy Object (GPO) - Microsoft’s Group Policy Object (GPO) is a collection of Group Policy settings that defines what a system will look like and how it will behave for a defined group of users.
  • GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) - GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) is a boot loader package developed to support multiple operating systems and allow the user to select among them during boot-up.
  • haiku error message - A haiku error message is a poem in the Japanese form on a page advising the user that an Internet problem, such as a 404 error, means that their request cannot be satisfied.
  • handheld - A handheld computer is a computer that can conveniently be stored in a pocket (of sufficient size) and used while you're holding it.
  • Handspring - Handspring was a company that manufactured portable computer/organizer hardware.
  • handtop (ultra personal computer) - A handtop is a full-featured portable computer that is slightly larger than a PDA, but much smaller than a laptop.
  • hangup (or hang) - A hangup, also called a hang, is a condition that sometimes occurs when computer programs conflict or do not run properly.
  • Happy Hour Virus - Happy Hour Virus is a web app that makes the user's computer appear to be compromised by malware and, as a result, not working.
  • haptics - Haptics (pronounced HAP-tiks) is the science of applying touch (tactile) sensation and control to interaction with computer applications.
  • hard reset (factory reset; master reset) - A hard reset, also known as a factory reset or master reset, is the restoration of a device, such as a smartphone or tablet, to its state when it left the factory.
  • hard-drive encryption - Hard-drive encryption is a technology that encrypts the data stored on a hard drive using sophisticated mathematical functions.
  • hashtag - A hashtag is atag used to categorize posts on Twitter (tweets) according to topics.
  • HDCD (High Definition Compatible Digital) - HDCD (High Definition Compatible Digital) is a digital encoding and decoding process for compact disc and DVD audio recording.
  • HDMI - HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface) is a specification that combines video and audio into a single digital interface for use with digital versatile disc (DVD) players, digital television (DTV) players, set-top boxes, and other audiovisual devices.
  • HDTV (high definition television) - HDTV (high definition television) is a television display technology that provides picture quality similar to 35 mm.
  • heads-up display (HUD) - A heads-up display (HUD) is a transparent or miniaturized display technology that does not require users to shift their gaze from where they are naturally looking.
  • hearables - Hearables are wireless wearable computing earpieces that enable voice input and return results audibly to the user’s ear.
  • hibernation - Hibernation is a mode in which a computer is turned off but saves its state to resume when it is turned on again.
  • hierarchical menu - A hierarchical menu is a multi-level arrangement of options, organized to allow users to find information, tools, or functions more easily than they could in an unstructured presentation.
  • holographic display - A holographic display is a display that uses coherent light, such as that created by laser, to create a three-dimensional (3D) image in space.

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  • spyware

    Spyware is a type of malicious software -- or malware -- that is installed on a computing device without the end user's knowledge.

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    A botnet is a collection of internet-connected devices, which may include PCs, servers, mobile devices and internet of things ...

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    A business continuity plan (BCP) is a document that consists of the critical information an organization needs to continue ...

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    A disaster recovery team is a group of individuals focused on planning, implementing, maintaining, auditing and testing an ...

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    Cloud insurance is any type of financial or data protection obtained by a cloud service provider. 

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  • DRAM (dynamic random access memory)

    Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory that is typically used for the data or program code needed ...

  • RAID 10 (RAID 1+0)

    RAID 10, also known as RAID 1+0, is a RAID configuration that combines disk mirroring and disk striping to protect data.

  • PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive)

    A PCIe SSD (PCIe solid-state drive) is a high-speed expansion card that attaches a computer to its peripherals.

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