Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

GOR - MIC

  • Gorilla Glass 3 - Gorilla Glass 3 is a version of Corning's product for mobile device screens introduced at CES (Consumer Electronics Show) 2013.
  • GPS coordinates - GPS coordinates are a unique identifier of a precise geographic location on the earth, usually expressed in alphanumeric characters.
  • GPS navigation system - A GPS navigation system is a GPS receiver and audio/video (AV) components designed for a specific purpose such as a car-based or hand-held device or a smartphone app.
  • GPU supercomputer - A GPU supercomputer is a networked group of computers with multiple graphics processing units working as general-purpose GPUs (GPGPUs) in tandem on a single task.
  • graceful shutdown and hard shutdown - Graceful shutdown and hard shutdown are two opposing methods of turning off a computer.
  • Graph Search - Graph Search is a search engine that is integrated with Facebook’s social graphs.
  • graphene transistor - A graphene transistor is a nanoscale device based on graphene, a component of graphite with electronic properties far superior to those of silicon.
  • gray market - The gray market (sometimes spelled as "grey market") is the collective system of unauthorized sales channels for products.
  • greenhouse effect - The Greenhouse effect is the warming effect of the sun on greenhouse gases like CO2 that act to trap this heat in our atmosphere.
  • greenhouse gas - A greenhouse gas is a gas that absorbs infrared (IR) radiation and radiates heat in all directions.
  • grid computing - Grid computing uses small, distributed resources from servers and PCs to solve big problems.
  • Group Policy Object (GPO) - Microsoft’s Group Policy Object (GPO) is a collection of Group Policy settings that defines what a system will look like and how it will behave for a defined group of users.
  • GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) - GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) is a boot loader package developed to support multiple operating systems and allow the user to select among them during boot-up.
  • haiku error message - A haiku error message is a poem in the Japanese form on a page advising the user that an Internet problem, such as a 404 error, means that their request cannot be satisfied.
  • handheld - A handheld computer is a computer that can conveniently be stored in a pocket (of sufficient size) and used while you're holding it.
  • Handspring - Handspring was a company that manufactured portable computer/organizer hardware.
  • handtop (ultra personal computer) - A handtop is a full-featured portable computer that is slightly larger than a PDA, but much smaller than a laptop.
  • hangup (or hang) - A hangup, also called a hang, is a condition that sometimes occurs when computer programs conflict or do not run properly.
  • haptics - Haptics (pronounced HAP-tiks) is the science of applying touch (tactile) sensation and control to interaction with computer applications.
  • hard reset (factory reset; master reset) - A hard reset, also known as a factory reset or master reset, is the restoration of a device, such as a smartphone or tablet, to its state when it left the factory.
  • hard-drive encryption - Hard-drive encryption is a technology that encrypts the data stored on a hard drive using sophisticated mathematical functions.
  • HDMI - HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface) is a specification that combines video and audio into a single digital interface for use with digital versatile disc (DVD) players, digital television (DTV) players, set-top boxes, and other audiovisual devices.
  • HDTV (high definition television) - HDTV (high definition television) is a television display technology that provides picture quality similar to 35 mm.
  • heads-up display (HUD) - A heads-up display (HUD) is a transparent or miniaturized display technology that does not require users to shift their gaze from where they are naturally looking.
  • hearables - Hearables are wireless wearable computing earpieces that enable voice input and return results audibly to the user’s ear.
  • hibernation - Hibernation is a mode in which a computer is turned off but saves its state to resume when it is turned on again.
  • hierarchical menu - A hierarchical menu is a multi-level arrangement of options, organized to allow users to find information, tools, or functions more easily than they could in an unstructured presentation.
  • holographic display - A holographic display is a display that uses coherent light, such as that created by laser, to create a three-dimensional (3D) image in space.
  • home server - A home server is a computer that functions as a server in a client-server home network.
  • HORNET (high-speed onion routing network) - HORNET is an anonymized and accelerated onion routing network; the name is an acronym for high speed onion routing network.
  • Host OS (host operating system) - A host OS is the software installed on a computer that interacts with the underlying hardware in a computer using virtualization technology.
  • hotword - Hotword is an audio listening module included with Google Chrome and Chromium, the open source version of the browser.
  • Hyper-Threading - Hyper-Threading is a technology used by some Intel microprocessors that allows a single microprocessor to act like two separate processors to the operating system and the application programs that use it.
  • HyperTerminal - HyperTerminal is a communications and terminal emulation program that came with the Windows 98 and Windows XP operating systems.
  • i.LINK - i.LINK is the Sony Corporation implementation of a standard, IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • iBeacon - iBeacon is a small-scale network device that uses Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and acts as a transmitter to detect and track smartphones.
  • IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) - Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) refers to the integration of the controller and drive.
  • IFrame (Inline Frame) - The IFrame HTML element is often used to insert content from another source, such as an advertisement, into a Web page.
  • IFTTT (If This Then That) - IFTTT is an online service that automates Web-based tasks so that if one specified event occurs, another is triggered.
  • iMac - The iMac is a low-cost version of Apple Computer's Macintosh.
  • image content search - Image content search is the capacity for software to recognize objects in digital images and return a search engine results page (SERP) based on a user query.
  • immersive virtual reality (immersive VR) - Immersive virtual reality (immersive VR) is the presentation of an artificial environment that replaces users' real-world surroundings convincingly enough that they are able to suspend disbelief and fully engage with the created environment.
  • immersive web - The immersive web is a version of the online world that incorporates advanced technologies to enhance user engagement and blur the line between the user's physical reality and the digital environment.
  • in-app purchase (IAP) - An in-app purchase (IAP) is something bought from within an application, typically a mobile app running on a smartphone or other mobile device.
  • Inbox Zero - Inbox Zero is a rigorous approach to email management aimed at keeping the inbox empty -- or almost empty -- at all times.
  • InfiniBand - InfiniBand is an architecture and specification for data flow between processors and I/O devices.
  • instance - An instance, in object-oriented programming (OOP), is a specific realization of any object.
  • Intel Curie - Intel’s Curie module is a tiny system-on a-chip (SoC) based on the Intel Quark SE.
  • intelligent device - An intelligent device is any type of equipment, instrument, or machine that has its own computing capability.
  • interactive video - Interactive video (IV) is a multimedia recording that can take user input to perform some action.
  • interface device (IDF) - An interface device (IDF) is a hardware component or system of components that allows a human being to interact with a computer or other communication device.
  • Internet metering - Internet metering is a service model in which an Internet service provider (ISP) tracks the customer's use of bandwidth and charges accordingly.
  • Internet porn - Internet porn is sexually explicit content made available online in various formats including images, video files, video games and streaming video.
  • Internet shill - An Internet shill is someone who promotes something or someone online for pay without divulging that they are associated with the entity they shill for.
  • Internet TV - Internet TV (ITV) is generally-available content distributed over the Internet.
  • Internet users' bill of rights - The Internet user’s bill of rights is legislation proposed by Sir Tim Berners-Lee to protect the rights of individuals online.
  • Internet.org - Internet.org is an initiative to make the Web affordable and accessible for people in developing and disadvantaged areas of the world.
  • interrupt marketing - Interrupt marketing is the traditional model of product promotion, in which people have to stop what they're doing to pay attention to the marketing message or deal with it in some other way.
  • iPad Air - Apple’s iPad Air is an iOS tablet that is lighter and thinner than the company’s previous tablets.
  • iris recognition - Iris recognition is a method of identifying people based on unique patterns within the ring-shaped region surrounding the pupil of the eye.
  • IRQ (interrupt request) - An IRQ (interrupt request) value is an assigned location where the computer can expect a particular device to interrupt it when the device sends the computer signals about its operation.
  • IT systems management - Systems management is the administration of the information technology systems in an enterprise data center.
  • iTunes U - iTunes U is a dedicated section of Apple's iTunes Music Store that features educational audio and video files from universities, museums and public media organizations for free download to PCs and mobile devices.
  • J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) - J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) is a technology that allows programmers to use the Java programming language and related tools to develop programs for mobile wireless information devices such as cellular phones and personal digital assistants (PDAs).
  • jailbreaking - Jailbreaking, in a mobile device context, is the use of an exploit to remove manufacturer or carrier restrictions from a device such as an iPhone or iPad.
  • Joomla! - Joomla! is a free open source website development and content management (CMS) platform.
  • K-scale for Internet addiction (Korea scale for Internet addiction) - K-scale (Korea scale) is a checklist for diagnosing and evaluating Internet addiction.
  • Khan Academy - The Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization that provides free video tutorials and interactive exercises.
  • Kindle Fire - Kindle Fire is a low-priced tablet computer from Amazon.
  • Kinect - Kinect is Microsoft’s motion gaming system for the Xbox 360.
  • Klout score - A Klout score is a measure of a social influence that aggregates one's reach on various social media platforms.
  • Kool-Aid point - The Kool-Aid point is a threshold of fame or success that, when reached, will cause a negative backlash simply because the individual in question is famous or successful.
  • landscape - In printing from a computer, landscape refers to a mode in which content is printed for reading on the longer length of the sheet of paper.
  • laptop computer - A laptop computer, usually called a notebook computer by manufacturers, is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries, temporary offices, and at meetings.
  • lifecasting - Lifecasting is 24/7 broadcasting of events in a person’s life through digital media.
  • Linux Mint - Linux Mint is a free and open source operating system (OS) distribution based on Ubuntu and Debian for use on x-86 x-64-compatible machines.
  • liquid computing - Liquid computing is the capacity for data and applications to remain consistent and current across multiple devices so that the user could, for example, stop working on a document on a desktop before leaving the office and start from the same point on a tablet from another location.
  • liquid cooling - Liquid cooling is the reduction of heat in electronic and mechanical devices through exploiting the properties of liquids.
  • liquid immersion cooling - One of the simplest examples of liquid immersion cooling is taking a standard air-cooled computer's hardware and submerging it in mineral oil.
  • LISA - LISA (Local Integrated System Architecture) was Apple's first personal computer and GUI -based operating system.
  • LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) - LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) is a website that creates a demonstration of how to conduct a user-specified Google search.
  • load balancing - Load balancing is a technique used to distribute workloads uniformly across servers or other compute resources to optimize network efficiency, reliability and capacity.
  • location awareness - Location awareness is a component of presence technology that delivers information about a device's physical location to another user or application.
  • loot box - In video games, a loot box is an in-game purchase consisting of a virtual container that awards players with items and modifications based on chance.
  • LTE (Long-Term Evolution) - LTE (Long-Term Evolution) is a standard for 4G wireless technology that offers increased network capacity and speed for cellphones and other cellular devices compared with 3G.
  • MacBook Air - MacBook Air is a thin, lightweight laptop from Apple.
  • Mantle - Mantle is a low-level 3D graphics application programming interface (API) created by AMD for their graphics processing units (GPUs) based on the Graphics Core Next (GCN) architecture.
  • massive open online course (MOOC) - A massive open online course (MOOC) is a free web-based distance learning program that is designed for large numbers of geographically dispersed students.
  • menu bar - The menu bar is the part of a browser or application window, typically at the top left side, that houses drop-down menus that allow the user to interact with the content or application in various ways.
  • Merchant Customer Exchange (MCX) CurrentC - Merchant Customer Exchange (MCX) CurrentC is a mobile payments application backed by some of the nation's largest retailers including Target, Walmart, CVS, Best Buy and Rite Aid, as well as banks like Capital One.
  • micro USB - Micro USB is a miniaturized version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface developed for connecting compact and mobile devices such as smartphones, MP3 players and digital cameras.
  • micro-HDMI - Micro-HDMI (HDMI type D) is a miniaturized version of the High Definition Multimedia Interface specification.
  • microcomputer - A microcomputer is a complete computer on a smaller scale and is generally a synonym for the more common term, personal computer or PC, a computer designed for an individual.
  • microlearning (microtraining) - Microlearning is an educational strategy that breaks complex topics down into short-form, stand-alone units of study that can be viewed as many times as necessary, whenever and wherever the learner has the need.
  • Microsoft Edge - Microsoft Edge is the browser for Windows 10; Edge replaces Internet Explorer, the browser that debuted with Windows 95 and was a part of Windows operating systems for the following two decades.
  • Microsoft Office for iPad - Microsoft Office for iPad is an app that allows users to use Microsoft Office on an Apple iPad.
  • Microsoft OneDrive - OneDrive (formerly SkyDrive) is an online cloud storage service from Microsoft.
  • Microsoft System Center Mobile Device Manager (MSCMDM) - Microsoft System Center Mobile Device Manager (MSCMDM) is server-based software that allows enterprise IT professionals to manage and automate tasks for Windows Mobile devices.
  • Microsoft USMT (User State Migration Tool) - The Microsoft User State Migration Tool (USMT) is a command-line utility used to transfer user files and settings between computers.
  • Microsoft Windows Update - Microsoft Windows Update is a free Microsoft tool that installs security updates on machines.
SearchCompliance
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    OPSEC (operations security) is a security and risk management process and strategy that classifies information, then determines ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract is a decentralized application that executes business logic in response to events.

  • compliance risk

    Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting ...

SearchSecurity
  • sandbox (software testing and security)

    A sandbox is an isolated testing environment that enables users to run programs or open files without affecting the application, ...

  • role-based access control (RBAC)

    Role-based access control (RBAC) is a method of restricting network access based on the roles of individual users within an ...

  • Zoombombing

    Zoombombing is a type of cyber-harassment in which an individual or a group of unwanted and uninvited users interrupt online ...

SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • change control

    Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.

SearchStorage
  • JBOD (just a bunch of disks)

    JBOD, which stands for 'just a bunch of disks,' is a type of multilevel configuration for disks.

  • bare-metal restore

    A bare-metal restore (also referred to as bare-metal recovery or bare-metal backup) is a data recovery and restoration process ...

  • mSATA SSD (mSATA solid-state drive)

    An mSATA SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to the mSATA interface specification developed by the Serial ATA (SATA) ...

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