Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

HOS - MIN

  • Host OS (host operating system) - A host OS is the software installed on a computer that interacts with the underlying hardware in a computer using virtualization technology.
  • hotfix - A hotfix is code (sometimes called a patch) that fixes a bug in a product.
  • HotSync - HotSync is the registered trade name for a sophisticated method of linking between a Palm handheld computer and a more substantial notebook, desktop, or other computer.
  • hotword - Hotword is an audio listening module included with Google Chrome and Chromium, the open source version of the browser.
  • HPFS (High Performance File System) - HPFS (High Performance File System) is the file system introduced with IBM's OS/2 Version 1.
  • Hyper-Threading - Hyper-Threading is a technology used by some Intel microprocessors that allows a single microprocessor to act like two separate processors to the operating system and the application programs that use it.
  • HyperTerminal - HyperTerminal is a communications and terminal emulation program that came with the Windows 98 and Windows XP operating systems.
  • i.LINK - i.LINK is the Sony Corporation implementation of a standard, IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • iBeacon - iBeacon is a small-scale network device that uses Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and acts as a transmitter to detect and track smartphones.
  • iCrime (Apple picking) - iCrime, also known as "Apple picking," is the theft of Apple devices such as iPhones, iPods and iPads.
  • IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) - Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) refers to the integration of the controller and drive.
  • IFrame (Inline Frame) - The IFrame HTML element is often used to insert content from another source, such as an advertisement, into a Web page.
  • IFTTT (If This Then That) - IFTTT is an online service that automates Web-based tasks so that if one specified event occurs, another is triggered.
  • iMac - The iMac is a low-cost version of Apple Computer's Macintosh.
  • image content search - Image content search is the capacity for software to recognize objects in digital images and return a search engine results page (SERP) based on a user query.
  • immersive virtual reality (immersive VR) - Immersive virtual reality (immersive VR) is the presentation of an artificial environment that replaces users' real-world surroundings convincingly enough that they are able to suspend disbelief and fully engage with the created environment.
  • immersive web - The immersive web is a version of the online world that incorporates advanced technologies to enhance user engagement and blur the line between the user's physical reality and the digital environment.
  • in-app purchase (IAP) - An in-app purchase (IAP) is something bought from within an application, typically a mobile app running on a smartphone or other mobile device.
  • Inbox Zero - Inbox Zero is a rigorous approach to email management aimed at keeping the inbox empty -- or almost empty -- at all times.
  • InfiniBand - InfiniBand is an architecture and specification for data flow between processors and I/O devices.
  • instance - An instance, in object-oriented programming (OOP), is a specific realization of any object.
  • Intel Curie - Intel’s Curie module is a tiny system-on a-chip (SoC) based on the Intel Quark SE.
  • intelligent device - An intelligent device is any type of equipment, instrument, or machine that has its own computing capability.
  • interactive video - Interactive video (IV) is a multimedia recording that can take user input to perform some action.
  • interface device (IDF) - An interface device (IDF) is a hardware component or system of components that allows a human being to interact with a computer or other communication device.
  • Internet metering - Internet metering is a service model in which an Internet service provider (ISP) tracks the customer's use of bandwidth and charges accordingly.
  • Internet porn - Internet porn is sexually explicit content made available online in various formats including images, video files, video games and streaming video.
  • Internet shill - An Internet shill is someone who promotes something or someone online for pay without divulging that they are associated with the entity they shill for.
  • Internet TV - Internet TV (ITV) is generally-available content distributed over the Internet.
  • Internet users' bill of rights - The Internet user’s bill of rights is legislation proposed by Sir Tim Berners-Lee to protect the rights of individuals online.
  • Internet.org - Internet.org is an initiative to make the Web affordable and accessible for people in developing and disadvantaged areas of the world.
  • interrupt marketing - Interrupt marketing is the traditional model of product promotion, in which people have to stop what they're doing to pay attention to the marketing message or deal with it in some other way.
  • ion pump - An ion pump is a device that can cool, clean and filter air without the use of conventional fans or other moving parts.
  • iPad Air - Apple’s iPad Air is an iOS tablet that is lighter and thinner than the company’s previous tablets.
  • iPad Mini - The iPad Mini is an Apple tablet PC that will offer many of the features of the full-size iPad but in a smaller format, similar in size and weight to the Kindle Fire or Nook Tablet.
  • iPhone 3G - iPhone 3G is the second generation of iPhone, a smartphone made by Apple that combines an iPod, a tablet PC, a digital camera and a cellular phone.
  • iPod - The iPod is a combination portable digital media player and hard drive from Apple Computer.
  • iris recognition - Iris recognition is a method of identifying people based on unique patterns within the ring-shaped region surrounding the pupil of the eye.
  • IRQ (interrupt request) - An IRQ (interrupt request) value is an assigned location where the computer can expect a particular device to interrupt it when the device sends the computer signals about its operation.
  • ISO 9660 - An ISO 9660 file system is a standard CD-ROM file system that allows you to read the same CD-ROM whether you're on a PC, Mac, or other major computer platform.
  • IT systems management - Systems management is the administration of the information technology systems in an enterprise data center.
  • iTunes U - iTunes U is a dedicated section of Apple's iTunes Music Store that features educational audio and video files from universities, museums and public media organizations for free download to PCs and mobile devices.
  • J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) - J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) is a technology that allows programmers to use the Java programming language and related tools to develop programs for mobile wireless information devices such as cellular phones and personal digital assistants (PDAs).
  • jailbreaking - Jailbreaking, in a mobile device context, is the use of an exploit to remove manufacturer or carrier restrictions from a device such as an iPhone or iPad.
  • Joomla! - Joomla! is a free open source website development and content management (CMS) platform.
  • K-scale for Internet addiction (Korea scale for Internet addiction) - K-scale (Korea scale) is a checklist for diagnosing and evaluating Internet addiction.
  • Khan Academy - The Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization that provides free video tutorials and interactive exercises.
  • kickstand - A kickstand, in a computing context, is an accessory or an attachment that props up a mobile device up so it stands and the user doesn't have to hold it.
  • Kindle Fire - Kindle Fire is a low-priced tablet computer from Amazon.
  • Kinect - Kinect is Microsoft’s motion gaming system for the Xbox 360.
  • Klout score - A Klout score is a measure of a social influence that aggregates one's reach on various social media platforms.
  • Kool-Aid point - The Kool-Aid point is a threshold of fame or success that, when reached, will cause a negative backlash simply because the individual in question is famous or successful.
  • Kriz virus (W32.Kriz, W32.Kriz.dr, or PE_KRIZ) - Discovered in the fall of 1999, the Kriz virus (known more formally as W32.
  • landscape - In printing from a computer, landscape refers to a mode in which content is printed for reading on the longer length of the sheet of paper.
  • laptop computer - A laptop computer, usually called a notebook computer by manufacturers, is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries, temporary offices, and at meetings.
  • lifecasting - Lifecasting is 24/7 broadcasting of events in a person’s life through digital media.
  • likebaiting - Likebaiting is the practice of trying to compel Facebook users to click the Like button associated with a piece of content.
  • likejacking - Likejacking is a variation on clickjacking in which malicious coding is associated with a Facebook Like button.
  • Linux Mint - Linux Mint is a free and open source operating system (OS) distribution based on Ubuntu and Debian for use on x-86 x-64-compatible machines.
  • liquid computing - Liquid computing is the capacity for data and applications to remain consistent and current across multiple devices so that the user could, for example, stop working on a document on a desktop before leaving the office and start from the same point on a tablet from another location.
  • liquid cooling - Liquid cooling is the reduction of heat in electronic and mechanical devices through exploiting the properties of liquids.
  • liquid immersion cooling - One of the simplest examples of liquid immersion cooling is taking a standard air-cooled computer's hardware and submerging it in mineral oil.
  • LISA - LISA (Local Integrated System Architecture) was Apple's first personal computer and GUI -based operating system.
  • Lithium Ion battery (Li-Ion) - A Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery is a rechargeable battery with twice the energy capacity of a Nickel-Cadmium battery and greater stability and safety.
  • LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) - LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) is a website that creates a demonstration of how to conduct a user-specified Google search.
  • load balancing - Load balancing is a technique used to distribute workloads uniformly across servers or other compute resources to optimize network efficiency, reliability and capacity.
  • location awareness - Location awareness is a component of presence technology that delivers information about a device's physical location to another user or application.
  • loot box - In video games, a loot box is an in-game purchase consisting of a virtual container that awards players with items and modifications based on chance.
  • LTE (Long Term Evolution) - Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a standard for 4G wireless broadband technology that offers increased network capacity and speed to mobile device users.
  • M3U (Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer 3 URL) - M3U (Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer 3 URL) is a metafile format used to save multimedia playlists.
  • Mac mini - The Mac mini from Apple is a low-cost and very compact personal computer that runs the Mac OS X operating system and is sold without a display, keyboard, or mouse.
  • MacBook Air - MacBook Air is a thin, lightweight laptop from Apple.
  • Mantle - Mantle is a low-level 3D graphics application programming interface (API) created by AMD for their graphics processing units (GPUs) based on the Graphics Core Next (GCN) architecture.
  • manufactured sapphire - Manufactured sapphire is synthetic crystalline aluminum oxide that is transparent like glass, but harder.
  • massive open online course (MOOC) - A massive open online course (MOOC) is a free Web-based educational offering that is designed to enable the participation of large numbers of geographically dispersed students.
  • menu bar - The menu bar is the part of a browser or application window, typically at the top left side, that houses drop-down menus that allow the user to interact with the content or application in various ways.
  • Merchant Customer Exchange (MCX) CurrentC - Merchant Customer Exchange (MCX) CurrentC is a mobile payments application backed by some of the nation's largest retailers including Target, Walmart, CVS, Best Buy and Rite Aid, as well as banks like Capital One.
  • Mesh Connectivity Layer (MCL) - Mesh Connectivity Layer (MCL) is a technology that allows a computer user to connect to a wireless mesh network that uses Wi-Fi or WiMax.
  • micro fuel cell - A micro fuel cell is a power source for electronic devices that converts chemical energy into electrical energy.
  • micro USB - Micro USB is a miniaturized version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface developed for connecting compact and mobile devices such as smartphones, MP3 players and digital cameras.
  • micro-HDMI - Micro-HDMI (HDMI type D) is a miniaturized version of the High Definition Multimedia Interface specification.
  • microcomputer - A microcomputer is a complete computer on a smaller scale and is generally a synonym for the more common term, personal computer or PC, a computer designed for an individual.
  • microlearning (microtraining) - Microlearning is an educational strategy that breaks complex topics down into short-form, stand-alone units of study that can be viewed as many times as necessary, whenever and wherever the learner needs them.
  • Microsoft Edge - Microsoft Edge is the browser for Windows 10; Edge replaces Internet Explorer, the browser that debuted with Windows 95 and was a part of Windows operating systems for the following two decades.
  • Microsoft Live Mesh - Live Mesh is a software-plus-services platform from Microsoft that synchronizes data between multiple computers, mobile devices and online services.
  • Microsoft Management Console (MMC) - The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is an application that provides a graphical-user interface (GUI) and a programming framework in which consoles (collections of administrative tools) can be created, saved, and opened.
  • Microsoft Office for iPad - Microsoft Office for iPad is an app that allows users to use Microsoft Office on an Apple iPad.
  • Microsoft OneDrive - OneDrive (formerly SkyDrive) is an online cloud storage service from Microsoft.
  • Microsoft System Center Mobile Device Manager (MSCMDM) - Microsoft System Center Mobile Device Manager (MSCMDM) is server-based software that allows enterprise IT professionals to manage and automate tasks for Windows Mobile devices.
  • Microsoft USMT (User State Migration Tool) - The Microsoft User State Migration Tool (USMT) is a command-line utility used to transfer user files and settings between computers.
  • Microsoft Windows Update - Microsoft Windows Update is a free Microsoft tool that installs security updates on machines.
  • MiFi - MiFi is a portable broadband device that allows multiple end users and mobile devices to share a 3G or 4G mobile broadband Internet connection and create an ad-hoc network.
  • mindfulness training - Mindfulness training is the teaching or learning of practices designed to help participants increase their ability to live fully in the present moment.
  • Mini-ITX - Mini-ITX is a compact motherboard configuration designed to support relatively low-cost computers in small spaces such as in automobiles, set-top box es, and network devices.
  • Mini-ITX 2.0 - Mini-ITX 2.0 is a motherboard designed for use in small form factor personal computers (PCs).

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