Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

INB - NET

  • Inbox Zero - Inbox Zero is a rigorous approach to email management aimed at keeping the inbox empty -- or almost empty -- at all times.
  • InfiniBand - InfiniBand is an architecture and specification for data flow between processors and I/O devices.
  • instance - An instance, in object-oriented programming (OOP), is a specific realization of any object.
  • Intel Curie - Intel’s Curie module is a tiny system-on a-chip (SoC) based on the Intel Quark SE.
  • intelligent device - An intelligent device is any type of equipment, instrument, or machine that has its own computing capability.
  • interactive video - Interactive video (IV) is a multimedia recording that can take user input to perform some action.
  • interface device (IDF) - An interface device (IDF) is a hardware component or system of components that allows a human being to interact with a computer or other communication device.
  • Internet metering - Internet metering is a service model in which an Internet service provider (ISP) tracks the customer's use of bandwidth and charges accordingly.
  • Internet porn - Internet porn is sexually explicit content made available online in various formats including images, video files, video games and streaming video.
  • Internet shill - An Internet shill is someone who promotes something or someone online for pay without divulging that they are associated with the entity they shill for.
  • Internet TV - Internet TV (ITV) is generally-available content distributed over the Internet.
  • Internet users' bill of rights - The Internet user’s bill of rights is legislation proposed by Sir Tim Berners-Lee to protect the rights of individuals online.
  • interrupt marketing - Interrupt marketing is the traditional model of product promotion, in which people have to stop what they're doing to pay attention to the marketing message or deal with it in some other way.
  • ion pump - An ion pump is a device that can cool, clean and filter air without the use of conventional fans or other moving parts.
  • iPad Air - Apple’s iPad Air is an iOS tablet that is lighter and thinner than the company’s previous tablets.
  • iPhone 3G - iPhone 3G is the second generation of iPhone, a smartphone made by Apple that combines an iPod, a tablet PC, a digital camera and a cellular phone.
  • iPod - The iPod is a combination portable digital media player and hard drive from Apple Computer.
  • iris recognition - Iris recognition is a method of identifying people based on unique patterns within the ring-shaped region surrounding the pupil of the eye.
  • IRQ (interrupt request) - An IRQ (interrupt request) value is an assigned location where the computer can expect a particular device to interrupt it when the device sends the computer signals about its operation.
  • ISO 9660 - An ISO 9660 file system is a standard CD-ROM file system that allows you to read the same CD-ROM whether you're on a PC, Mac, or other major computer platform.
  • IT systems management - Systems management is the administration of the information technology systems in an enterprise data center.
  • iTunes U - iTunes U is a dedicated section of Apple's iTunes Music Store that features educational audio and video files from universities, museums and public media organizations for free download to PCs and mobile devices.
  • J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) - J2ME (Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition) is a technology that allows programmers to use the Java programming language and related tools to develop programs for mobile wireless information devices such as cellular phones and personal digital assistants (PDAs).
  • jailbreaking - Jailbreaking, in a mobile device context, is the use of an exploit to remove manufacturer or carrier restrictions from a device such as an iPhone or iPad.
  • Joomla! - Joomla! is a free open source website development and content management (CMS) platform.
  • K-scale for Internet addiction (Korea scale for Internet addiction) - K-scale (Korea scale) is a checklist for diagnosing and evaluating Internet addiction.
  • Khan Academy - The Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization that provides free video tutorials and interactive exercises.
  • kickstand - A kickstand, in a computing context, is an accessory or an attachment that props up a mobile device up so it stands and the user doesn't have to hold it.
  • Kindle Fire - Kindle Fire is a low-priced tablet computer from Amazon.
  • Kinect - Kinect is Microsoft’s motion gaming system for the Xbox 360.
  • Klout score - A Klout score is a measure of a social influence that aggregates one's reach on various social media platforms.
  • Kool-Aid point - The Kool-Aid point is a threshold of fame or success that, when reached, will cause a negative backlash simply because the individual in question is famous or successful.
  • landscape - In printing from a computer, landscape refers to a mode in which content is printed for reading on the longer length of the sheet of paper.
  • laptop computer - A laptop computer, usually called a notebook computer by manufacturers, is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries, temporary offices, and at meetings.
  • lifecasting - Lifecasting is 24/7 broadcasting of events in a person’s life through digital media.
  • likejacking - Likejacking is a variation on clickjacking in which malicious coding is associated with a Facebook Like button.
  • Linux Mint - Linux Mint is a free and open source operating system (OS) distribution based on Ubuntu and Debian for use on x-86 x-64-compatible machines.
  • liquid computing - Liquid computing is the capacity for data and applications to remain consistent and current across multiple devices so that the user could, for example, stop working on a document on a desktop before leaving the office and start from the same point on a tablet from another location.
  • liquid cooling - Liquid cooling is the reduction of heat in electronic and mechanical devices through exploiting the properties of liquids.
  • liquid immersion cooling - One of the simplest examples of liquid immersion cooling is taking a standard air-cooled computer's hardware and submerging it in mineral oil.
  • LISA - LISA (Local Integrated System Architecture) was Apple's first personal computer and GUI -based operating system.
  • Lithium Ion battery (Li-Ion) - A Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery is a rechargeable battery with twice the energy capacity of a Nickel-Cadmium battery and greater stability and safety.
  • LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) - LMGTFY (Let Me Google That For You) is a website that creates a demonstration of how to conduct a user-specified Google search.
  • load balancing - Load balancing is a technique used to distribute workloads uniformly across servers or other compute resources to optimize network efficiency, reliability and capacity.
  • location awareness - Location awareness is a component of presence technology that delivers information about a device's physical location to another user or application.
  • loot box - In video games, a loot box is an in-game purchase consisting of a virtual container that awards players with items and modifications based on chance.
  • LTE (Long Term Evolution) - Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a standard for 4G wireless broadband technology that offers increased network capacity and speed to mobile device users.
  • Mac mini - The Mac mini from Apple is a low-cost and very compact personal computer that runs the Mac OS X operating system and is sold without a display, keyboard, or mouse.
  • MacBook Air - MacBook Air is a thin, lightweight laptop from Apple.
  • Mantle - Mantle is a low-level 3D graphics application programming interface (API) created by AMD for their graphics processing units (GPUs) based on the Graphics Core Next (GCN) architecture.
  • manufactured sapphire - Manufactured sapphire is synthetic crystalline aluminum oxide that is transparent like glass, but harder.
  • massive open online course (MOOC) - A massive open online course (MOOC) is a free Web-based educational offering that is designed to enable the participation of large numbers of geographically dispersed students.
  • menu bar - The menu bar is the part of a browser or application window, typically at the top left side, that houses drop-down menus that allow the user to interact with the content or application in various ways.
  • Merchant Customer Exchange (MCX) CurrentC - Merchant Customer Exchange (MCX) CurrentC is a mobile payments application backed by some of the nation's largest retailers including Target, Walmart, CVS, Best Buy and Rite Aid, as well as banks like Capital One.
  • Mesh Connectivity Layer (MCL) - Mesh Connectivity Layer (MCL) is a technology that allows a computer user to connect to a wireless mesh network that uses Wi-Fi or WiMax.
  • micro fuel cell - A micro fuel cell is a power source for electronic devices that converts chemical energy into electrical energy.
  • micro USB - Micro USB is a miniaturized version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface developed for connecting compact and mobile devices such as smartphones, MP3 players and digital cameras.
  • micro-HDMI - Micro-HDMI (HDMI type D) is a miniaturized version of the High Definition Multimedia Interface specification.
  • microcomputer - A microcomputer is a complete computer on a smaller scale and is generally a synonym for the more common term, personal computer or PC, a computer designed for an individual.
  • microlearning (microtraining) - Microlearning is an educational strategy that breaks complex topics down into short-form, stand-alone units of study that can be viewed as many times as necessary, whenever and wherever the learner needs them.
  • Microsoft Edge - Microsoft Edge is the browser for Windows 10; Edge replaces Internet Explorer, the browser that debuted with Windows 95 and was a part of Windows operating systems for the following two decades.
  • Microsoft Live Mesh - Live Mesh is a software-plus-services platform from Microsoft that synchronizes data between multiple computers, mobile devices and online services.
  • Microsoft Management Console (MMC) - The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is an application that provides a graphical-user interface (GUI) and a programming framework in which consoles (collections of administrative tools) can be created, saved, and opened.
  • Microsoft Office for iPad - Microsoft Office for iPad is an app that allows users to use Microsoft Office on an Apple iPad.
  • Microsoft OneDrive - OneDrive (formerly SkyDrive) is an online cloud storage service from Microsoft.
  • Microsoft System Center Mobile Device Manager (MSCMDM) - Microsoft System Center Mobile Device Manager (MSCMDM) is server-based software that allows enterprise IT professionals to manage and automate tasks for Windows Mobile devices.
  • Microsoft USMT (User State Migration Tool) - The Microsoft User State Migration Tool (USMT) is a command-line utility used to transfer user files and settings between computers.
  • Microsoft Windows Update - Microsoft Windows Update is a free Microsoft tool that installs security updates on machines.
  • MiFi - MiFi is a portable broadband device that allows multiple end users and mobile devices to share a 3G or 4G mobile broadband Internet connection and create an ad-hoc network.
  • mindfulness training - Mindfulness training is the teaching or learning of practices designed to help participants increase their ability to live fully in the present moment.
  • Mini-ITX - Mini-ITX is a compact motherboard configuration designed to support relatively low-cost computers in small spaces such as in automobiles, set-top box es, and network devices.
  • mobile app - A mobile app is a software application designed for use on mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, rather than desktop or laptop computers.
  • mobile browser - A mobile browser is one that is optimized for the small display screen and limited resources of a handheld computing device such as a smart phone.
  • mobile data - Mobile data is Internet content delivered to mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets over a wireless cellular connection rather than Wi-Fi or a wired connection.
  • mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP) - A mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP) is a development environment that provides tools and middleware to develop, test, deploy and manage corporate software running on mobile devices.
  • mobile experience - Mobile experience, or mobile user experience (UX), is the practice of fostering a certain user perception before, during and after the interaction with a mobile product or offering.
  • mobile hotspot - A mobile hotspot is wireless Internet connectivity that is enabled by a dedicated hardware device or a smartphone feature that shares the phone's cellular data.
  • mobile Internet device (MID) - The mobile Internet device (MID) is a mini-tablet communications unit aimed at the consumer market and designed to provide entertainment, information and location-based services.
  • mobile marketing - Mobile marketing is promotional activity designed for delivery to cell phones, smart phones and other handheld devices, usually as a component of a multi-channel campaign.
  • mobile phone virus - A mobile phone virus is a computer virus specifically adapted for the cellular environment and designed to spread from one vulnerable phone to another.
  • mobile search - Mobile search is the practice of querying a search engine from an Internet-connected handheld device, such as a smart phone.
  • mobile workstation - A mobile workstation is a notebook computer with high-end computing features not typical of the notebook.
  • modular PC - A modular PC is a computer that has individually-housed components, which are interconnected but separately removable for service or upgrading.
  • monotasking (single-tasking) - Monotasking, also known as single-tasking, is the practice of dedicating oneself to a given task and minimizing potential interruptions until the task is completed or a significant period of time has elapsed.
  • moonshot - A moonshot, in a metaphorical sense, is an ambitious, exploratory and ground-breaking project undertaken without any expectation of near-term profitability or benefit and also, perhaps, without a full investigation of potential risks and benefits.
  • motherboard - A motherboard is the main printed circuit board (PCB) in a computer.
  • motherboard tattoo - A motherboard tattoo is a unique code that can be written in the basic input/output system (BIOS) of a computer to ensure that system restore or diagnostic compact discs (CDs) will work only on the machine or line of machines with which the CDs are sold.
  • motion gaming (motion-controlled gaming) - A motion gaming system, sometimes called a motion-controlled gaming system, is one that allows players to interact with the system through body movements.
  • mousepad - A mousepad is a small, portable surface that sometimes provides better traction for the ball on a computer mouse and, at the very least, provides a bounded area in which to move the mouse.
  • multi-core processor - A multi-core processor is an integrated circuit (IC) to which two or more processors have been attached for enhanced performance, reduced power consumption, and more efficient simultaneous processing of multiple tasks.
  • multitasking (in humans) - Multitasking, in a human context, is the practice of doing multiple things simultaneously, such as editing a document or responding to email while attending a teleconference.
  • natural user interface (NUI) - A natural user interface (NUI) is a system for human-computer interaction that the user operates through intuitive actions related to natural, everyday human behavior.
  • NCR (no country redirect) - An explanation of the NCR (no country redirect) search parameter.
  • nearline storage - Nearline storage is the on-site storage of data on removable media.

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