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Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

MIF - ROM

  • MiFi - MiFi is a portable broadband device that allows multiple end users and mobile devices to share a 3G or 4G mobile broadband Internet connection and create an ad-hoc network.
  • mindfulness training - Mindfulness training is the teaching or learning of practices designed to help participants increase their ability to live fully in the present moment.
  • Mini-ITX - Mini-ITX is a compact motherboard configuration designed to support relatively low-cost computers in small spaces such as in automobiles, set-top box es, and network devices.
  • mobile app - A mobile app is a software application designed for use on mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, rather than desktop or laptop computers.
  • mobile browser - A mobile browser is one that is optimized for the small display screen and limited resources of a handheld computing device such as a smart phone.
  • mobile data - Mobile data is Internet content delivered to mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets over a wireless cellular connection rather than Wi-Fi or a wired connection.
  • mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP) - A mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP) is a development environment that provides tools and middleware to develop, test, deploy and manage corporate software running on mobile devices.
  • mobile experience - Mobile experience, or mobile user experience (UX), is the practice of fostering a certain user perception before, during and after the interaction with a mobile product or offering.
  • mobile hotspot - A mobile hotspot is an ad hoc wireless access point that is created by a dedicated hardware device or a smartphone feature that shares the phone's cellular data.
  • mobile Internet device (MID) - The mobile Internet device (MID) is a mini-tablet communications unit aimed at the consumer market and designed to provide entertainment, information and location-based services.
  • mobile marketing - Mobile marketing is promotional activity designed for delivery to cell phones, smart phones and other handheld devices, usually as a component of a multi-channel campaign.
  • mobile search - Mobile search is the practice of querying a search engine from an Internet-connected handheld device, such as a smart phone.
  • mobile workstation - A mobile workstation is a notebook computer with high-end computing features not typical of the notebook.
  • modular PC - A modular PC is a computer that has individually-housed components, which are interconnected but separately removable for service or upgrading.
  • monotasking (single-tasking) - Monotasking, also known as single-tasking, is the practice of dedicating oneself to a given task and minimizing potential interruptions until the task is completed or a significant period of time has elapsed.
  • moonshot - A moonshot, in a metaphorical sense, is an ambitious, exploratory and ground-breaking project undertaken without any expectation of near-term profitability or benefit and also, perhaps, without a full investigation of potential risks and benefits.
  • motherboard - A motherboard is the main printed circuit board (PCB) in a computer.
  • motherboard tattoo - A motherboard tattoo is a unique code that can be written in the basic input/output system (BIOS) of a computer to ensure that system restore or diagnostic compact discs (CDs) will work only on the machine or line of machines with which the CDs are sold.
  • motion gaming (motion-controlled gaming) - A motion gaming system, sometimes called a motion-controlled gaming system, is one that allows players to interact with the system through body movements.
  • multi-core processor - A multi-core processor is an integrated circuit (IC) to which two or more processors have been attached for enhanced performance, reduced power consumption, and more efficient simultaneous processing of multiple tasks.
  • multitasking (in humans) - Multitasking, in a human context, is the practice of doing multiple things simultaneously, such as editing a document or responding to email while attending a teleconference.
  • natural user interface (NUI) - A natural user interface (NUI) is a system for human-computer interaction that the user operates through intuitive actions related to natural, everyday human behavior.
  • NCR (no country redirect) - An explanation of the NCR (no country redirect) search parameter.
  • nearline storage - Nearline storage is the on-site storage of data on removable media.
  • net bias - Net bias is discrimination of price, content quality, connection reliability and speed that Internet service providers (ISP) can enact on users based on arbitrary conditions.
  • netbook - A netbook is a small, light, low-power notebook computer that has less processing power than a full-sized laptop but is still suitable for word processing, running a Web browser and connecting wirelessly to the Internet.
  • nettop - A nettop is a small, low-power and relatively inexpensive desktop computer.
  • niche app - A niche app is a specialized application, typically designed with social networking built in and optimized for mobile devices.
  • nomophobia - Nomophobia is the irrational fear of being without your mobile phone or being unable to use your phone for some reason, such as the absence of a signal, a low battery or running out of minutes.
  • Northbridge - Northbridge is an Intel chipset that communicates with the computer processor and controls interaction with memory, the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) bus, Level 2 cache, and all Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) activities.
  • notebook computer - A notebook computer is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries, temporary offices, and at meetings.
  • Oculus Rift - Oculus Rift is a VR headset that is designed to connect to a high-powered PC to enable advanced computations and graphics rendering.
  • OLPC (One Laptop Per Child) - The One Laptop Per Child project (OLPC) is an initiative aimed at providing inexpensive laptop computers to children in the developing world as a means of bridging the digital divide.
  • omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) - An omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) is a mechanical or electronic machine that allows the user to travel in any direction.
  • on-board diagnostics (OBD) - On board-diagnostics (OBD) is the inclusion of circuitry within a device that can indicate proper function and calibration of the main unit or specific fault states.
  • on-screen display (OSD) - An on-screen display (OSD) is a control panel on a computer monitor or television screen that allows you to select viewing options and/or adjust components of the display, such as brightness, contrast, and horizontal and vertical positioning.
  • operating system (OS) - An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer.
  • optical mouse - An optical mouse is an advanced computer pointing device that uses a light-emitting diode (LED), an optical sensor, and digital signal processing (DSP) in place of the traditional mouse ball and electromechanical transducer.
  • orphan file - On a computer's hard drive, an orphan file is a support file (such as a DLL file) that no longer serves a purpose because the "parent" application it is associated with has been moved or uninstalled.
  • owned - Owned, in common slang, means decisively defeated, with the implication of domination and possession.
  • P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) - P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) is a type of platform that allows participants to borrow and lend sums of money without having to rely on a conventional financial institution to control transactions.
  • P2P model (peer-to-peer model) - The peer-to-peer model (P2P model) is a non-hierarchical system of exchange, transfer or transmission.
  • PaaS (platform as a service) - PaaS (platform as a service) is a cloud computing model where a third-party provider delivers hardware and software tools to users over the internet.
  • PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) - PARC is Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, located in Palo Alto, California, in the high-tech area that has become known as Silicon Valley.
  • password entropy - Password entropy is a measurement of how unpredictable a password is.
  • password strength meter - A password strength meter is an indicator, either in graphical or text form, of the strength of a password as entered by a user.
  • pastebin - A pastebin is a Web application that allows users to upload and share text online.
  • PC as a service (PCaaS) - PC as a service (PCaaS) is a device lifecycle management model in which an organization pays a monthly subscription fee to lease endpoint hardware and management services from a vendor.
  • PC Card - A PC Card (previously known as a PCMCIA card) is a credit card-size memory or I/O device that fits into a personal computer, usually a notebook or laptop computer.
  • pegged cryptocurrency - A pegged cryptocurrency is an encryption-secured digital medium of exchange whose value is tied to that of some other medium of exchange, such as gold or the currency of a given nation.
  • performance crime - A performance crime is an illegal act that is committed with the intention of being witnessed by an audience or seeking an audience afterwards.
  • Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe, PCI-E) - PCIe is a high-speed serial interconnection standard for connecting peripheral devices to a computer's motherboard.
  • persistent identification element (PIE) - Persistent identification element (PIE) is used to tag individual user’s browsers with a unique identifier that – unlike ordinary HTTP cookies -- cannot be easily deleted.
  • personal area network (PAN) - A personal area network (PAN) is the interconnection of information technology devices within the range of an individual person, typically within a range of 10 meters.
  • personal computer (PC) - In its more general usage, a personal computer (PC) is a microcomputer designed for use by one person at a time.
  • personal digital assistant (PDA) - Personal digital assistants were the precursors to smartphones.
  • personal video recorder (PVR) - A personal video recorder (PVR) is an interactive TV recording device, in essence a sophisticated set-top box with recording capability (although it is not necessarily kept on top of the television set).
  • personalized search - Google introduced personalized search in 2004, promoting it as a way to “understand exactly what you mean and give you back exactly what you want.
  • pervasive gaming - Pervasive gaming is a type of gaming where playing is not contained within one particular platform or device.
  • phablet - A phablet is a computing device with a screen size between five and seven inches long.
  • phase-change memory (PCM) - Phase-change memory (PCM) is a form of computer RAM (random-access memory) that stores data by altering the state of the matter from which the device is fabricated.
  • photocopier - A photocopier is an electronic machine that makes copies of images and documents.
  • Photoshop - Photoshop is Adobe's photo editing, image creation and graphic design software.
  • physical computer - A physical computer is a hardware-based device, such as a personal computer.
  • Pinterest - Pinterest is a social curation website for sharing and categorizing images found online.
  • PKZIP (or PKZip) - PKZIP (also capitalized as PKZip) is a program, originally written for the DOS operating system, that gathers multiple files into a single compressed file that can be stored in less space and transmitted more quickly from one place to another.
  • pocket PC (pocket personal computer) - A pocket PC (pocket personal computer) is a hardware specification for a small, handheld computer, personal digital assistant (PDA) or smartphone.
  • Pokémon GO - Pokémon GO is a mobile augmented reality (AR) version of the popular Pokémon video game for iPhone or Android systems.
  • power user - A power user, also called a super user, is someone whose computer skills are better than those of an organization's average end user.
  • pre-roll ad - A pre-roll ad is a promotional video message that plays before the content the user has selected.
  • predictive text - Predictive text is an input technology that facilitates typing on a mobile device by suggesting words the end user may wish to insert in a text field.
  • principle of least privilege (POLP) - The principle of least privilege (POLP) is a concept in computer security that limits users' access rights to only what are strictly required to do their jobs.
  • privacy policy - A privacy policy is a document that explains how an organization handles any customer, client or employee information gathered in its operations.
  • productivity software - Productivity software is a category of application programs that help users produce things such as documents, databases, graphs, worksheets and presentations.
  • Project Vault - Project Vault is a secure minicomputer contained on a Micro SD card; Vault is under development at Google ATAP, the company’s lab group for disruptive technologies.
  • Proteus effect - The Proteus effect is the tendency for people to be affected by their digital representations, such as avatars, dating profiles and social media personas.
  • proximity operator - A proximity operator is a character or word used to narrow search engine results by limiting them to those that have query keywords placed within a specific number of words in the content.
  • PS/2 connector - A PS/2 connector is a round connector with six pins that some makes of personal computer use for the keyboard or mouse connection.
  • pseudo-anonymity - Pseudo-anonymity is the appearance – but not the reality--of anonymity online.
  • pseudonymity - Pseudonymity is the near-anonymous state in which a user has a consistent identifier that is not their real name: a pseudonym.
  • QHD (quad high definition) - QHD (Quad High Definition) is a resolution standard for high-end monitors, televisions and mobile devices.
  • qHD (quarter high definition) - qHD (quarter high definition) is a resolution standard for mobile devices.
  • QR code (quick response code) - A QR code (quick response code) is a type of 2D bar code that provides easy access to information through a smartphone camera.
  • QuickType - QuickType is a predictive text feature released with Apple's iOS 8 that uses machine learning to incorporate the user's vocabulary into its dictionary and so improve its capacity and accuracy.
  • rabbit hole - A rabbit hole, in a metaphorical sense, is a long and winding exploratory path with many connections and offshoots.
  • real-time communications (RTC) - Real-time communications (RTC) is any mode of telecommunications in which all users can exchange information instantly or with negligible latency.
  • real-time location system (RTLS) - A real-time location system (RTLS) is one of a number of technologies used to pinpoint the current geographic position and location of a target.
  • reconfigurable tactile display (RTD) - A reconfigurable tactile display (RTD) is a control interface that provides physical touch input, but that can be configured by programming.
  • recycling - Recycling is the practice of reusing items that would otherwise be discarded as waste.
  • Reduce, reuse, recycle (R3) - Reduce, reuse and recycle (R3) are the three essential components of environmentally-responsible consumer behavior.
  • remote desktop - Remote desktop is a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
  • Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) - Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) is a role in Remote Desktop Services (RDS).
  • removable media - Removable media is any type of storage device that can be removed from a computer while the system is running.
  • respawning cookie - A respawning cookie is a standard HTTP cookie backed up by data stored in additional files that are used to rebuild the original cookie when the user visits the originating site again.
  • restore point - A restore point is a saved "snapshot" of a computer's data at a specific time.
  • reverse image search - Reverse image search is a technology that takes an image file as a search engine input query and returns results related to the image.
  • robotic personality - Robotic personality is an advanced aspect of artificial intelligence (AI) in which smart machines display idiosyncratic human behavior.
  • rollable display - A rollable display is a digital screen technology that can be rolled up like a newspaper.
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    OPSEC (operations security) is a security and risk management process and strategy that classifies information, then determines ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract is a decentralized application that executes business logic in response to events.

  • compliance risk

    Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting ...

SearchSecurity
  • sandbox (software testing and security)

    A sandbox is an isolated testing environment that enables users to run programs or open files without affecting the application, ...

  • role-based access control (RBAC)

    Role-based access control (RBAC) is a method of restricting network access based on the roles of individual users within an ...

  • Zoombombing

    Zoombombing is a type of cyber-harassment in which an individual or a group of unwanted and uninvited users interrupt online ...

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  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • change control

    Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.

SearchStorage
  • JBOD (just a bunch of disks)

    JBOD, which stands for 'just a bunch of disks,' is a type of multilevel configuration for disks.

  • bare-metal restore

    A bare-metal restore (also referred to as bare-metal recovery or bare-metal backup) is a data recovery and restoration process ...

  • mSATA SSD (mSATA solid-state drive)

    An mSATA SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to the mSATA interface specification developed by the Serial ATA (SATA) ...

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