Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

NET - ROL

  • net bias - Net bias is discrimination of price, content quality, connection reliability and speed that Internet service providers (ISP) can enact on users based on arbitrary conditions.
  • netbook - A netbook is a small, light, low-power notebook computer that has less processing power than a full-sized laptop but is still suitable for word processing, running a Web browser and connecting wirelessly to the Internet.
  • Netfinity - IBM's Netfinity is an Intel-based enterprise server line that is based on IBM's X-architecture.
  • NetPC (Network PC) - The Net PC (also referred to as the Network PC) is an industry specification for a low-cost personal computer designed for businesses and their network applications.
  • nettop - A nettop is a small, low-power and relatively inexpensive desktop computer.
  • network computer (NC) - A network computer (NC) is a concept from Oracle and Sun Microsystems that describes a low-cost personal computer for business networks that, like the NetPC, would be configured with only essential equipment (including CD-ROM players, diskette drives or expansion slots) and managed centrally.
  • NeXT - NeXT was a computer company formed by Steven Jobs.
  • NeXT computer - NeXT was a computer produced by a company formed by Steven Jobs.
  • niche app - A niche app is a specialized application, typically designed with social networking built in and optimized for mobile devices.
  • Nickel-Cadmium battery (Ni-Cd or NiCd) - The Nickel Cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery is a type of battery commonly used in portable computers, camcorders, portable drills, and other small battery-powered devices, having an effective and even power discharge.
  • Nickel-Metal Hydride battery (Ni-MH or NiMH) - The Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni-MH) battery is a rechargeable power source that is increasingly used in portable computers and other devices.
  • NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) - NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) is an emergency broadcasting system operated by the U.
  • nomophobia - Nomophobia is the irrational fear of being without your mobile phone or being unable to use your phone for some reason, such as the absence of a signal, a low battery or running out of minutes.
  • Northbridge - Northbridge is an Intel chipset that communicates with the computer processor and controls interaction with memory, the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) bus, Level 2 cache, and all Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) activities.
  • notebook computer - A notebook computer is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries, temporary offices, and at meetings.
  • Oculus Rift - Oculus Rift is a VR headset that is designed to connect to a high-powered PC to enable advanced computations and graphics rendering.
  • Ogo - Ogo is a handheld, battery powered, wireless communications device, released in 2004, that provides instant messaging (IM), text messaging, and e-mail for subscribers to America Online (AOL), the Microsoft Network (MSN), and Yahoo!.
  • OLPC (One Laptop Per Child) - The One Laptop Per Child project (OLPC) is an initiative aimed at providing inexpensive laptop computers to children in the developing world as a means of bridging the digital divide.
  • omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) - An omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) is a mechanical or electronic machine that allows the user to travel in any direction.
  • on-board diagnostics (OBD) - On board-diagnostics (OBD) is the inclusion of circuitry within a device that can indicate proper function and calibration of the main unit or specific fault states.
  • on-screen display (OSD) - An on-screen display (OSD) is a control panel on a computer monitor or television screen that allows you to select viewing options and/or adjust components of the display, such as brightness, contrast, and horizontal and vertical positioning.
  • online data backup (remote data backup) - Online data backup (remote data backup) is a method of off-site storage in which data is regularly backed up over a network on a remote server, typically hosted by a provider.
  • operating system (OS) - An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer.
  • optical mouse - An optical mouse is an advanced computer pointing device that uses a light-emitting diode (LED), an optical sensor, and digital signal processing (DSP) in place of the traditional mouse ball and electromechanical transducer.
  • orphan file - On a computer's hard drive, an orphan file is a support file (such as a DLL file) that no longer serves a purpose because the "parent" application it is associated with has been moved or uninstalled.
  • owned - Owned, in common slang, means decisively defeated, with the implication of domination and possession.
  • ownership tag - An ownership tag is a security feature on Compaq computers, consisting of an encrypt ed text string that displays at startup to uniquely identify a computer.
  • P/390 - The P/390 is basically an IBM mainframe system adapted to run on a personal computer.
  • P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) - P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) is a type of platform that allows participants to borrow and lend sums of money without having to rely on a conventional financial institution to control transactions.
  • Palladium - Palladium is a plan from Intel, AMD, and Microsoft to build security into personal computers and servers at the microprocessor level.
  • PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) - PARC is Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, located in Palo Alto, California, in the high-tech area that has become known as Silicon Valley.
  • password entropy - Password entropy is a measurement of how unpredictable a password is.
  • password strength meter - A password strength meter is an indicator, either in graphical or text form, of the strength of a password as entered by a user.
  • pastebin - A pastebin is a Web application that allows users to upload and share text online.
  • PC as a service (PCaaS) - PC as a service (PCaaS) is a device lifecycle management model in which an organization pays a monthly subscription fee to lease endpoint hardware and management services from a vendor.
  • PC Card - A PC Card (previously known as a PCMCIA card) is a credit card-size memory or I/O device that fits into a personal computer, usually a notebook or laptop computer.
  • pegged cryptocurrency - A pegged cryptocurrency is an encryption-secured digital medium of exchange whose value is tied to that of some other medium of exchange, such as gold or the currency of a given nation.
  • Pentium 3 - The Pentium III is a microprocessor designed by Intel as a successor to its Pentium II.
  • Pentium 4 (P4) - Pentium 4 (P4) is the Intel processor (codenamed Willamette) that was released in November 2000.
  • performance crime - A performance crime is an illegal act that is committed with the intention of being witnessed by an audience or seeking an audience afterwards.
  • Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe, PCI-E) - PCIe is a high-speed serial interconnection standard for connecting peripheral devices to a computer's motherboard.
  • persistent identification element (PIE) - Persistent identification element (PIE) is used to tag individual user’s browsers with a unique identifier that – unlike ordinary HTTP cookies -- cannot be easily deleted.
  • personal area network (PAN) - A personal area network (PAN) is the interconnection of information technology devices within the range of an individual person, typically within a range of 10 meters.
  • personal computer (PC) - In its more general usage, a personal computer (PC) is a microcomputer designed for use by one person at a time.
  • personal digital assistant (PDA) - Personal digital assistants were the precursors to smartphones.
  • personal operating space (POS) - A personal operating space (POS) is a roughly spherical region that surrounds a portable or handheld digital wireless device operated by a person.
  • personal video recorder (PVR) - A personal video recorder (PVR) is an interactive TV recording device, in essence a sophisticated set-top box with recording capability (although it is not necessarily kept on top of the television set).
  • personalized search - Google introduced personalized search in 2004, promoting it as a way to “understand exactly what you mean and give you back exactly what you want.
  • pervasive gaming - Pervasive gaming is a type of gaming where playing is not contained within one particular platform or device.
  • phablet - A phablet is a computing device with a screen size between five and seven inches long.
  • phase-change cooling (vapor cooling) - Phase-change cooling, also called vapor cooling, is a microprocessor-cooling technology that works according to the same principles as a conventional refrigerator, freezer or air conditioner.
  • phase-change memory (PCM) - Phase-change memory (PCM) is a form of computer RAM (random-access memory) that stores data by altering the state of the matter from which the device is fabricated.
  • photocopier - A photocopier is an electronic machine that makes copies of images and documents.
  • Photoshop - Photoshop is Adobe's photo editing, image creation and graphic design software.
  • physical computer - A physical computer is a hardware-based device, such as a personal computer.
  • PictBridge - PictBridge is the name of an industry standard for firmware (built-in software) that allows digital cameras and printers to communicate directly with each other.
  • Pinterest - Pinterest is a social curation website for sharing and categorizing images found online.
  • PKZIP (or PKZip) - PKZIP (also capitalized as PKZip) is a program, originally written for the DOS operating system, that gathers multiple files into a single compressed file that can be stored in less space and transmitted more quickly from one place to another.
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS) - Platform as a service (PaaS) is a cloud computing model in which a third-party provider delivers hardware and software tools -- usually those needed for application development -- to users over the internet.
  • pocket PC (pocket personal computer) - A pocket PC (pocket personal computer) is a hardware specification for a small, handheld computer, personal digital assistant (PDA) or smartphone.
  • Pokémon GO - Pokémon GO is a mobile augmented reality (AR) version of the popular Pokémon video game for iPhone or Android systems.
  • port interface card (PIC) - A port interface card (PIC) is a computer circuit board that provides multiple, diverse interfaces for connections to external networks.
  • portable computer - A portable computer is a personal computer that is designed to be easily transported and relocated, but is larger and less convenient to transport than a notebook computer.
  • portable media center - Portable media center is a term for a handheld multimedia device that can play digital music, image, and movie files that have been downloaded from the Internet or stored on a personal computer.
  • power user - A power user, also called a super user, is someone whose computer skills are better than those of an organization's average end user.
  • pre-roll ad - A pre-roll ad is a promotional video message that plays before the content the user has selected.
  • precycling - Precycling is the practice of avoiding the acquisition of unnecessary items that will eventually have to be recycled or dealt with as waste.
  • predictive text - Predictive text is an input technology that facilitates typing on a mobile device by suggesting words the end user may wish to insert in a text field.
  • principle of least privilege (POLP) - The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for users to the bare minimum permissions they need to perform their work.
  • Prism - Prism is an application that lets users run web applications in dedicated browser windows.
  • privacy policy - A privacy policy is a document that explains how an organization handles any customer, client or employee information gathered in its operations.
  • privilege bracketing - Privilege bracketing is the practice of limiting temporarily increased permission levels to the briefest possible time period.
  • productivity software - Productivity software is a category of application programs that help users produce things such as documents, databases, graphs, worksheets and presentations.
  • progressive download - A progressive download is a process that allows the user to access content before the data transfer is complete.
  • Project Vault - Project Vault is a secure minicomputer contained on a Micro SD card; Vault is under development at Google ATAP, the company’s lab group for disruptive technologies.
  • Proteus effect - The Proteus effect is the tendency for people to be affected by their digital representations, such as avatars, dating profiles and social media personas.
  • proximity operator - A proximity operator is a character or word used to narrow search engine results by limiting them to those that have query keywords placed within a specific number of words in the content.
  • PS/2 connector - A PS/2 connector is a round connector with six pins that some makes of personal computer use for the keyboard or mouse connection.
  • pseudo-anonymity - Pseudo-anonymity is the appearance – but not the reality--of anonymity online.
  • pseudonymity - Pseudonymity is the near-anonymous state in which a user has a consistent identifier that is not their real name: a pseudonym.
  • QHD (quad high definition) - QHD (Quad High Definition) is a resolution standard for high-end monitors, televisions and mobile devices.
  • qHD (quarter high definition) - qHD (quarter high definition) is a resolution standard for mobile devices.
  • Qik - Qik is an online video streaming service that allows anyone with a strong wireless Internet connection and a video camera-equipped smartphone to broadcast live events.
  • QR code (quick response code) - A QR code (quick response code) is a type of 2D bar code that is used to provide easy access to information through a smartphone.
  • QuickType - QuickType is a predictive text feature released with Apple's iOS 8 that uses machine learning to incorporate the user's vocabulary into its dictionary and so improve its capacity and accuracy.
  • rabbit hole - A rabbit hole, in a metaphorical sense, is a long and winding exploratory path with many connections and offshoots.
  • real-time communications (RTC) - Real-time communications (RTC) is any mode of telecommunications in which all users can exchange information instantly or with negligible latency.
  • real-time location system (RTLS) - A real-time location system (RTLS) is one of a number of technologies used to pinpoint the current geographic position and location of a target.
  • reconfigurable tactile display (RTD) - A reconfigurable tactile display (RTD) is a control interface that provides physical touch input, but that can be configured by programming.
  • recycling - Recycling is the practice of reusing items that would otherwise be discarded as waste.
  • red screen of death - The red screen of death is a term coined by some early testers of Longhorn (the code name for Microsoft's latest Windows operating system) who, in May 2005, came across an error message appearing against an all-red display screen.
  • Reduce, reuse, recycle (R3) - Reduce, reuse and recycle (R3) are the three essential components of environmentally-responsible consumer behavior.
  • remote desktop - Remote desktop is a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
  • Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) - Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) is a role in Remote Desktop Services (RDS), or Terminal Services, as it was known prior to Windows Server 2008 R2.
  • removable media - Removable media is any type of storage device that can be removed from a computer while the system is running.
  • respawning cookie - A respawning cookie is a standard HTTP cookie backed up by data stored in additional files that are used to rebuild the original cookie when the user visits the originating site again.
  • restore point - A restore point is a saved "snapshot" of a computer's data at a specific time.
  • retweet (RT) - A retweet (RT) is the repetition of another user's update, or tweet, on Twitter.
  • reverse electrovibration (virtual touch) - Reverse electrovibration, also known as virtual touch, is an augmented reality (AR) technology that allows end users to perceive the textures and contours of an object from a computer screen.
  • reverse image search - Reverse image search is a technology that takes an image file as a search engine input query and returns results related to the image.

-ADS BY GOOGLE

SearchCompliance

  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard)

    The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

  • compliance framework

    A compliance framework is a structured set of guidelines that details an organization's processes for maintaining accordance with...

SearchSecurity

  • Trojan horse (computing)

    In computing, a Trojan horse is a program downloaded and installed on a computer that appears harmless, but is, in fact, ...

  • identity theft

    Identity theft, also known as identity fraud, is a crime in which an imposter obtains key pieces of personally identifiable ...

  • DNS over HTTPS (DoH)

    DNS over HTTPS (DoH) is a relatively new protocol that encrypts domain name system traffic by passing DNS queries through a ...

SearchHealthIT

  • telemedicine (telehealth)

    Telemedicine is the remote delivery of healthcare services, such as health assessments or consultations, over the ...

  • Project Nightingale

    Project Nightingale is a controversial partnership between Google and Ascension, the second largest health system in the United ...

  • medical practice management (MPM) software

    Medical practice management (MPM) software is a collection of computerized services used by healthcare professionals and ...

SearchDisasterRecovery

SearchStorage

  • M.2 SSD

    An M.2 SSD is a solid-state drive (SSD) that conforms to a computer industry specification and is used in internally mounted ...

  • kilobyte (KB or Kbyte)

    A kilobyte (KB or Kbyte) is a unit of measurement for computer memory or data storage used by mathematics and computer science ...

  • virtual memory

    Virtual memory is a memory management capability of an operating system (OS) that uses hardware and software to allow a computer ...

Close