Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

MOB - PRI

  • mobile app - A mobile app is a software application designed for use on mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, rather than desktop or laptop computers.
  • mobile browser - A mobile browser is one that is optimized for the small display screen and limited resources of a handheld computing device such as a smart phone.
  • mobile data - Mobile data is Internet content delivered to mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets over a wireless cellular connection rather than Wi-Fi or a wired connection.
  • mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP) - A mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP) is a development environment that provides tools and middleware to develop, test, deploy and manage corporate software running on mobile devices.
  • mobile experience - Mobile experience, or mobile user experience (UX), is the practice of fostering a certain user perception before, during and after the interaction with a mobile product or offering.
  • mobile hotspot - A mobile hotspot is wireless Internet connectivity that is enabled by a dedicated hardware device or a smartphone feature that shares the phone's cellular data.
  • mobile Internet device (MID) - The mobile Internet device (MID) is a mini-tablet communications unit aimed at the consumer market and designed to provide entertainment, information and location-based services.
  • mobile marketing - Mobile marketing is promotional activity designed for delivery to cell phones, smart phones and other handheld devices, usually as a component of a multi-channel campaign.
  • mobile phone virus - A mobile phone virus is a computer virus specifically adapted for the cellular environment and designed to spread from one vulnerable phone to another.
  • mobile search - Mobile search is the practice of querying a search engine from an Internet-connected handheld device, such as a smart phone.
  • mobile workstation - A mobile workstation is a notebook computer with high-end computing features not typical of the notebook.
  • modular PC - A modular PC is a computer that has individually-housed components, which are interconnected but separately removable for service or upgrading.
  • monotasking (single-tasking) - Monotasking, also known as single-tasking, is the practice of dedicating oneself to a given task and minimizing potential interruptions until the task is completed or a significant period of time has elapsed.
  • moonshot - A moonshot, in a metaphorical sense, is an ambitious, exploratory and ground-breaking project undertaken without any expectation of near-term profitability or benefit and also, perhaps, without a full investigation of potential risks and benefits.
  • motherboard - A motherboard is the main printed circuit board (PCB) in a computer.
  • motherboard tattoo - A motherboard tattoo is a unique code that can be written in the basic input/output system (BIOS) of a computer to ensure that system restore or diagnostic compact discs (CDs) will work only on the machine or line of machines with which the CDs are sold.
  • motion gaming (motion-controlled gaming) - A motion gaming system, sometimes called a motion-controlled gaming system, is one that allows players to interact with the system through body movements.
  • mousepad - A mousepad is a small, portable surface that sometimes provides better traction for the ball on a computer mouse and, at the very least, provides a bounded area in which to move the mouse.
  • moved to Atlanta - Moved to Atlanta is Internet slang for the 404 status code, the frequently seen "page not found" error.
  • multi-core processor - A multi-core processor is an integrated circuit (IC) to which two or more processors have been attached for enhanced performance, reduced power consumption, and more efficient simultaneous processing of multiple tasks.
  • multitasking (in humans) - Multitasking, in a human context, is the practice of doing multiple things simultaneously, such as editing a document or responding to email while attending a teleconference.
  • natural user interface (NUI) - A natural user interface (NUI) is a system for human-computer interaction that the user operates through intuitive actions related to natural, everyday human behavior.
  • NCR (no country redirect) - An explanation of the NCR (no country redirect) search parameter.
  • nearline storage - Nearline storage is the on-site storage of data on removable media.
  • net bias - Net bias is discrimination of price, content quality, connection reliability and speed that Internet service providers (ISP) can enact on users based on arbitrary conditions.
  • netbook - A netbook is a small, light, low-power notebook computer that has less processing power than a full-sized laptop but is still suitable for word processing, running a Web browser and connecting wirelessly to the Internet.
  • Netfinity - IBM's Netfinity is an Intel-based enterprise server line that is based on IBM's X-architecture.
  • NetPC (Network PC) - The Net PC (also referred to as the Network PC) is an industry specification for a low-cost personal computer designed for businesses and their network applications.
  • nettop - A nettop is a small, low-power and relatively inexpensive desktop computer.
  • network computer (NC) - A network computer (NC) is a concept from Oracle and Sun Microsystems that describes a low-cost personal computer for business networks that, like the NetPC, would be configured with only essential equipment (including CD-ROM players, diskette drives or expansion slots) and managed centrally.
  • NeXT - NeXT was a computer company formed by Steven Jobs.
  • NeXT computer - NeXT was a computer produced by a company formed by Steven Jobs.
  • Nexus 7 - The Nexus 7 is a tablet PC developed jointly by Google and Asus.
  • niche app - A niche app is a specialized application, typically designed with social networking built in and optimized for mobile devices.
  • Nickel-Cadmium battery (Ni-Cd or NiCd) - The Nickel Cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery is a type of battery commonly used in portable computers, camcorders, portable drills, and other small battery-powered devices, having an effective and even power discharge.
  • Nickel-Metal Hydride battery (Ni-MH or NiMH) - The Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni-MH) battery is a rechargeable power source that is increasingly used in portable computers and other devices.
  • NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) - NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) is an emergency broadcasting system operated by the U.
  • nomophobia - Nomophobia is the irrational fear of being without your mobile phone or being unable to use your phone for some reason, such as the absence of a signal, a low battery or running out of minutes.
  • Northbridge - Northbridge is an Intel chipset that communicates with the computer processor and controls interaction with memory, the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) bus, Level 2 cache, and all Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) activities.
  • notebook computer - A notebook computer is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries, temporary offices, and at meetings.
  • Oculus Rift - Oculus Rift is a VR headset that is designed to connect to a high-powered PC to enable advanced computations and graphics rendering.
  • Ogo - Ogo is a handheld, battery powered, wireless communications device, released in 2004, that provides instant messaging (IM), text messaging, and e-mail for subscribers to America Online (AOL), the Microsoft Network (MSN), and Yahoo!.
  • OLPC (One Laptop Per Child) - The One Laptop Per Child project (OLPC) is an initiative aimed at providing inexpensive laptop computers to children in the developing world as a means of bridging the digital divide.
  • omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) - An omnidirectional treadmill (ODT) is a mechanical or electronic machine that allows the user to travel in any direction.
  • on-board diagnostics (OBD) - On board-diagnostics (OBD) is the inclusion of circuitry within a device that can indicate proper function and calibration of the main unit or specific fault states.
  • on-screen display (OSD) - An on-screen display (OSD) is a control panel on a computer monitor or television screen that allows you to select viewing options and/or adjust components of the display, such as brightness, contrast, and horizontal and vertical positioning.
  • online data backup (remote data backup) - Online data backup (remote data backup) is a method of off-site storage in which data is regularly backed up over a network on a remote server, typically hosted by a provider.
  • operating system (OS) - An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer.
  • optical mouse - An optical mouse is an advanced computer pointing device that uses a light-emitting diode (LED), an optical sensor, and digital signal processing (DSP) in place of the traditional mouse ball and electromechanical transducer.
  • orphan file - On a computer's hard drive, an orphan file is a support file (such as a DLL file) that no longer serves a purpose because the "parent" application it is associated with has been moved or uninstalled.
  • owned - Owned, in common slang, means decisively defeated, with the implication of domination and possession.
  • ownership tag - An ownership tag is a security feature on Compaq computers, consisting of an encrypt ed text string that displays at startup to uniquely identify a computer.
  • P/390 - The P/390 is basically an IBM mainframe system adapted to run on a personal computer.
  • P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) - P2P lending (peer-to-peer lending) is a type of platform that allows participants to borrow and lend sums of money without having to rely on a conventional financial institution to control transactions.
  • Palladium - Palladium is a plan from Intel, AMD, and Microsoft to build security into personal computers and servers at the microprocessor level.
  • PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) - PARC is Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center, located in Palo Alto, California, in the high-tech area that has become known as Silicon Valley.
  • password entropy - Password entropy is a measurement of how unpredictable a password is.
  • password strength meter - A password strength meter is an indicator, either in graphical or text form, of the strength of a password as entered by a user.
  • pastebin - A pastebin is a Web application that allows users to upload and share text online.
  • PC as a service (PCaaS) - PC as a service (PCaaS) is a device lifecycle management model in which an organization pays a monthly subscription fee to lease endpoint hardware and management services from a vendor.
  • PC Card - A PC Card (previously known as a PCMCIA card) is a credit card-size memory or I/O device that fits into a personal computer, usually a notebook or laptop computer.
  • pegged cryptocurrency - A pegged cryptocurrency is an encryption-secured digital medium of exchange whose value is tied to that of some other medium of exchange, such as gold or the currency of a given nation.
  • Pentium 3 - The Pentium III is a microprocessor designed by Intel as a successor to its Pentium II.
  • Pentium 4 (P4) - Pentium 4 (P4) is the Intel processor (codenamed Willamette) that was released in November 2000.
  • Peppermint - Peppermint is a lightweight open source operating system that is optimized for cloud computing and Web-based applications.
  • performance crime - A performance crime is an illegal act that is committed with the intention of being witnessed by an audience or seeking an audience afterwards.
  • Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe, PCI-E) - PCIe is a high-speed serial interconnection standard for connecting peripheral devices to a computer's motherboard.
  • persistent identification element (PIE) - Persistent identification element (PIE) is used to tag individual user’s browsers with a unique identifier that – unlike ordinary HTTP cookies -- cannot be easily deleted.
  • personal area network (PAN) - A personal area network (PAN) is the interconnection of information technology devices within the range of an individual person, typically within a range of 10 meters.
  • personal computer (PC) - In its more general usage, a personal computer (PC) is a microcomputer designed for use by one person at a time.
  • personal digital assistant (PDA) - Personal digital assistants were the precursors to smartphones.
  • personal operating space (POS) - A personal operating space (POS) is a roughly spherical region that surrounds a portable or handheld digital wireless device operated by a person.
  • personal video recorder (PVR) - A personal video recorder (PVR) is an interactive TV recording device, in essence a sophisticated set-top box with recording capability (although it is not necessarily kept on top of the television set).
  • personalized search - Google introduced personalized search in 2004, promoting it as a way to “understand exactly what you mean and give you back exactly what you want.
  • pervasive gaming - Pervasive gaming is a type of gaming where playing is not contained within one particular platform or device.
  • phablet - A phablet is a computing device with a screen size between five and seven inches long.
  • phase-change cooling (vapor cooling) - Phase-change cooling, also called vapor cooling, is a microprocessor-cooling technology that works according to the same principles as a conventional refrigerator, freezer or air conditioner.
  • phase-change memory (PCM) - Phase-change memory (PCM) is a form of computer RAM (random-access memory) that stores data by altering the state of the matter from which the device is fabricated.
  • photocopier - A photocopier is an electronic machine that makes copies of images and documents.
  • Photoshop - Photoshop is Adobe's photo editing, image creation and graphic design software.
  • physical computer - A physical computer is a hardware-based device, such as a personal computer.
  • PictBridge - PictBridge is the name of an industry standard for firmware (built-in software) that allows digital cameras and printers to communicate directly with each other.
  • Pinterest - Pinterest is a social curation website for sharing and categorizing images found online.
  • PKZIP (or PKZip) - PKZIP (also capitalized as PKZip) is a program, originally written for the DOS operating system, that gathers multiple files into a single compressed file that can be stored in less space and transmitted more quickly from one place to another.
  • placeshifting - Placeshifting (or place shifting) is a technology that allows anyone with a broadband Internet connection to have video streams from their home television set or personal video recorder (PVR) forwarded for viewing at any location where they have a computer display and a high-speed Internet connection.
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS) - Platform as a service (PaaS) is a cloud computing model in which a third-party provider delivers hardware and software tools -- usually those needed for application development -- to users over the internet.
  • pocket PC (pocket personal computer) - A pocket PC (pocket personal computer) is a hardware specification for a small, handheld computer, personal digital assistant (PDA) or smartphone.
  • Pokémon GO - Pokémon GO is a mobile augmented reality (AR) version of the popular Pokémon video game for iPhone or Android systems.
  • port interface card (PIC) - A port interface card (PIC) is a computer circuit board that provides multiple, diverse interfaces for connections to external networks.
  • portable computer - A portable computer is a personal computer that is designed to be easily transported and relocated, but is larger and less convenient to transport than a notebook computer.
  • portable media center - Portable media center is a term for a handheld multimedia device that can play digital music, image, and movie files that have been downloaded from the Internet or stored on a personal computer.
  • power user - A power user, also called a super user, is someone whose computer skills are better than those of an organization's average end user.
  • pre-roll ad - A pre-roll ad is a promotional video message that plays before the content the user has selected.
  • precycling - Precycling is the practice of avoiding the acquisition of unnecessary items that will eventually have to be recycled or dealt with as waste.
  • predictive text - Predictive text is an input technology that facilitates typing on a mobile device by suggesting words the end user may wish to insert in a text field.

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  • megabytes per second (MBps)

    Megabytes per second (MBps) is a unit of measurement for data transfer speed to and from a computer storage device.

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    A hybrid flash array is a solid-state storage system that contains a mix of flash memory drives and hard disk drives.

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