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Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

ROM - VIR

  • ROM emulation - ROM emulation is the process of copying data from a ROM (read-only memory) chip to a storage medium such as a hard disk or flash memory.
  • romance scam - A romance scam is a fraudulent scheme in which a swindler pretends romantic interest in a target, establishes a relationship and then attempts to get money or sensitive information from the target under various false pretenses.
  • room-scale VR (room-scale virtual reality) - Room-scale VR (room-scale virtual reality) is the use of a clear space to allow movement for someone using a VR application such as virtual reality gaming.
  • Ryzen (AMD Ryzen) - Ryzen (pronounced RYE zen) is an AMD CPU aimed at the server, desktop, workstation, media center PC and all-in-one markets.
  • safe mode - Safe mode is an alternate boot method for Windows operating systems that makes it easier to diagnose problems.
  • Samsung Galaxy Note (Samsung GN) - Samsung Galaxy Note is a large Android smartphone with a touchscreen and stylus that is manufactured by Samsung Electronics.
  • screen door effect - The screen door effect is a mesh-like appearance that occurs where visible gaps between pixels are seen on an electronic screen, usually when viewed at close proximity.
  • search operator - A search operator (sometimes referred to as a search parameter) is a character or string of characters used in a search engine query to narrow the focus of the search.
  • search string - Search strings are sequences of characters and words used to find files and their content, database information and web pages.
  • selfie - A selfie is a self-portrait, typically a photograph, that is posted online.
  • Serial ATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment or SATA) - Serial ATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment or SATA) is a command and transport protocol that defines how data is transferred between a computer's motherboard and mass storage devices, such as hard disk drives (HDDs), optical drives and solid-state drives (SSDs).
  • serial presence detect (SPD) - When a computer is booted (started), serial presence detect (SPD) is information stored in anelectrically erasable programmable read-only memory (EEPROM) chip on a synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM) memory module that tells thebasic input/output system (BIOS) the module's size, data width, speed, and voltage.
  • shoppable video - A shoppable video is a multimedia recording that allows a user to initiate an order from within the video.
  • silicon photonics - Silicon photonics is an evolving technology in which data is transferred among computer chips by optical rays.
  • SIMM (single in-line memory module) - A SIMM (single in-line memory module) is a module containing one or several random access memory (RAM) chips on a small circuit board with pins that connect to the computer motherboard.
  • Simputer (simple inexpensive mobile computer) - The Simputer (short for simple inexpensive mobile computer) is an inexpensive, Web-enabled handheld computer designed for use by people in developing countries.
  • simulator sickness - Simulator sickness is a form of motion sickness related to interacting with a simulated environment.
  • single-serving site - A single-serving site is a one-page, one-purpose website with a dedicated domain name.
  • slacktivism - Slacktivism is taking action online in ways that involve little personal effort and have little immediate effect; the word is a portmanteau of slacker and activism.
  • sleep mode - Sleep mode, sometimes called standby or suspend mode, is a power-sparing state that a computer can enter when not in use.
  • Slingshot - Slingshot is Facebook's photograph sharing smartphone application, developed to compete with services like Snapchat and Instagram.
  • smart projector - A smart projector is a video projector with extra inputs, connectivity and a built-in computer that is used primarily for entertainment and presentations.
  • smart speaker - A smart speaker is a wireless and smart audio playback device that uses several types of connectivity for additional functions.
  • smart TV - A smart TV is a digital television that is, essentially, an Internet-connected, storage-aware computer specialized for entertainment.
  • smartphone addiction (cell phone addiction) - Smartphone addiction is a disorder involving compulsive overuse of mobile devices, usually quantified as the number of times users access their devices and/or the total amount of time they are online over a specified period.
  • smartphone sensor - A smartphone sensor is any one of a number of different types of sensing devices installed on a user's phone to gather data for various user purposes, often in conjunction with a mobile app.
  • smartwatch - A smartwatch is a wearable computing device that closely resembles a wristwatch or other time-keeping device.
  • social comparison - Social comparison can lead to issues caused by the fear of missing out (FOMO), including anxiety, depression and a lack of self-esteem.
  • social computing - Social computing is the collaborative and interactive nature of online behavior.
  • social contract - A social contract is an agreement to adhere to acceptable behaviors and meet obligations in a particular environment, such as a nation, a business or a social media site.
  • social curation - Social curation is collaborative sharing of Web content organized around one or more particular themes or topics.
  • social media - Social media is a collective term for websites and applications that focus on communication, community-based input, interaction, content-sharing and collaboration.
  • social media manager - A social media manager is the individual in an organization trusted with monitoring, contributing to, filtering, measuring and otherwise guiding the social media presence of a brand, product, individual or corporation.
  • social networking - Social networking is the practice of expanding the number of one's business and/or social contacts by making connections through individuals.
  • socialbot - A socialbot is a software program that simulates human behavior in automated interactions on social network sites such as Facebook and Twitter.
  • sock puppet - A sock puppet, in the context of online communications, is a fake identity created to promote someone or something through blogs, wikis, forums or social networking sites such as Facebook or Twitter.
  • sock puppet marketing - Sock puppet marketing is the use of a false identity to artificially stimulate demand for a product, brand or service.
  • soft reset - A soft reset is a restart of a device, such as a smartphone, tablet, laptop or personal computer (PC).
  • softcooling (software cooling) - Softcooling is a software-based method of computer component cooling, conducted either by adjusting component settings or by using softcooling products.
  • softlifting - Softlifting is a common type of software piracy in which a legally licensed software program is installed or copied in violation of its licensing agreement.
  • software agent - A software agent is a persistent, goal-oriented computer program that reacts to its environment and runs without continuous direct supervision to perform some function for an end user or another program.
  • Software as a Service (SaaS) - Software as a service (SaaS) is a software distribution model in which a third-party provider hosts applications and makes them available to customers over the Internet.
  • solar power - Solar power is the use of the sun’s energy either thermally or through the use of photovoltaic cells in solar panels and transparent photovoltaic glass to generate electricity.
  • solar-powered laptop - A solar-powered laptop is a notebook computer that uses built-in photo voltaic solar panels to run and recharge its battery.
  • Southbridge - Southbridge is an Intel chipset that manages the basic forms of input/output (I/O) such as Universal Serial Bus (USB), serial, audio, Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE), and Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) I/O in a computer.
  • spatial sensing - Spatial sensing is the detection, measuring and analysis of an environment's space and objects in real-time for the purposes of mapping them.
  • stablecoin - Stablecoin is a fixed-price cryptocurrency whose market value is attached to another stable asset.
  • standard definition television (SDTV) - Standard definition television (SDTV) is a digital television (DTV) format that provides a picture quality similar to digital versatile disk (DVD).
  • standby power - Standby power is electrical power that a device consumes when not in present use, but plugged in to a source of power and ready to be used.
  • steadycam (steadicam) - A steadycam (also known as a steadicam) is a device that enables smooth video shooting by stabilizing a camera and isolating it from shock and vibration.
  • steampunk - Steampunk is a design style inspired by Victorian-era industrialism.
  • stream recorder (stream ripper) - What is stream recorder?A stream recorder (sometimes called a stream ripper) is a program used to save streaming media to a file so that it can be accessed locally.
  • streaming media receiver - A streaming media receiver is a set top box that connects to a television to play content from one or more video streaming services.
  • Subversion - Subversion is a version control system that keeps track of changes made to files and folders (directories), facilitating data recovery and providing a history of the changes that have been made over time.
  • Surface (Microsoft Surface tablet) - Surface is a line of tablet computers from Microsoft.
  • swirl - .
  • tablet (tablet PC) - A tablet is a wireless, portable personal computer with a touchscreen interface.
  • tag-jacking - Tag-jacking is the exploitation of Facebook's friend tagging feature to spread unwanted material such as scams, spam or malware.
  • take-down request - A take-down request, also called a notice and take down request, is a procedure for asking an Internet Service Provider (ISP) or search engine to remove or disable access to illegal, irrelevant or outdated information.
  • technology addiction (internet addiction) - Technology addiction (Internet addiction) is an impulse control disorder that involves the obsessive use of mobile devices, the internet or video games despite negative consequences to the user of the technology.
  • TED - The TED (technology, entertainment, design) conference is an annual gathering for presentations known as TED talks on a broad range of topics related to science and culture.
  • TED talk - A TED talk is a presentation at the main TED (technology, entertainment, design) conference or one of its many satellite events around the world.
  • term boosting - Term boosting is the ability to assign higher importance to specific words in a search engine query.
  • terminal emulation - Terminal emulation is the ability to make one computer terminal, typically a PC, appear to look like another, usually older type of terminal so that a user can access programs originally written to communicate with the other terminal type.
  • thick client (fat client) - A thick client (sometimes called a fat client) is a form of client-server architecture.
  • thin client (lean client) - A thin client (or lean client) is a virtual desktop computing model that runs on the resources stores on a central server instead of a computer's resources.
  • thing (in the Internet of Things) - A thing, in the context of the Internet of things (IoT), is an entity or physical object that has a unique identifier, an embedded system and the ability to transfer data over a network.
  • third-party cookie - A third-party cookie is a cookie that is placed on a user's hard disk by a website from a domain other than the one a user is visiting.
  • Thunderbolt - Thunderbolt (code named "Light Peak") is a high-speed, bidirectional input/output (I/O) technology that can transfer data of all types on a single cable at speeds of up to 10 Gbps (billions of bits per second).
  • time bank - A time bank is a reciprocity-based work trading system in which hours are the currency.
  • Tor browser - The Tor (the onion routing) browser is a web browser designed for anonymous web surfing and protection against traffic analysis.
  • torque - Torque is a twisting or turning force that tends to cause rotation around an axis; it can also be thought of as the ability of something that is rotating, such as a gear or a shaft, to overcome turning resistance.
  • touch screen - A touch screen is a computer display screen that is also an input device.
  • TrackPoint (pointing stick) - A TrackPoint, also called a pointing stick, is a cursor control device found in IBM ThinkPad notebook computers.
  • transparent aluminum - Transparent aluminum is a form of aluminum that is see-through.
  • trolling - Trolling, in the context of the web, is the act of responding to online content or comments in a purposely disruptive fashion.
  • troubleshooting - Troubleshooting is a systematic approach to problem solving that is often used to find and correct issues with complex machines, electronics, computers and software systems.
  • TrueView ad - TrueView is a video ad format that gives the viewer options, typically the ability to skip the advertisement after five seconds.
  • TV operating system - A TV operating system (TV OS) is the bootable software in smart TVs and set top boxes that allows a user to control and access to a smart TV’s advanced features and connected devices through a graphical user interface (GUI).
  • tweak freak (tweaker) - In quality assurance, tweaking is the process of making subtle variations in the environment in which a program is tested in order to produce unanticipated behaviors.
  • tweet - A tweet is a post on Twitter.
  • tweet jam - A tweet jam is a moderated discussion on Twitter that is planned and promoted in advance and scheduled for a specific time period.
  • Twitter essay - A Twitter essay is content supporting a particular thesis or viewpoint that is written through sequential and usually numbered tweets.
  • Twitterbot - A Twitterbot (sometimes spelled "Twitter bot") is a software program that posts automated tweets on Twitter.
  • two-spindle system (twin-spindle system) - A two-spindle system, also called a twin-spindle system, is a computer design with two internal storage drives.
  • Ultra High-Definition TV (UHDTV) - Ultra-high-definition (UHD) television, also abbreviated UHDTV, is a digital television display format in which the horizontal screen resolution is on the order of 4000 pixels (4K UHD) or 8000 pixels (8K UHD).
  • ultra-mobile personal computer (UMPC or Ultra-mobile PC) - Ultra-mobile PC (UMPC) is a design specification for a hand-held computer that is larger than a PDA but smaller than a laptop.
  • ultrabook - An ultrabook is a category of thin and light laptop computers designed to bridge the market gap between tablets and premium notebook PCs.
  • uninterruptible power supply (UPS) - An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) is a device that allows a computer to keep running for at least a short time when the primary power source is lost.
  • Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) - Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a standard that uses Internet and Web protocols to enable devices such as PCs, peripherals, intelligent appliances, and wireless devices to be plugged into a network and automatically know about each other.
  • upcycling - Upcycling is the practice of creating a useable product from waste or unwanted items or adapting an existing product in some way to add value.
  • upgrade - In computers, an upgrade is a new version of or addition to a hardware or, more often, software product that is already installed or in use.
  • URL shortening - URL shortening is the translation of a long Uniform Resource Locator (URL) into an abbreviated alternative that redirects to the longer URL.
  • USB-C (USB Type C) - USB-C is a connection type standard designed to replace all USB types on the computer and device ends of future USB with a single reversible connector.
  • user engagement - User engagement is an assessment of an individual's response to some type of offering, such as a product, a service or a website.
  • user environment management (UEM) - User environment management is a technology designed to allow IT to oversee a user's complete desktop experience, including the profile, any policies IT applies and customizations the user makes.
  • user installed application (UIA) - User installed applications (UIA) are programs that are installed on a computer by an end user, instead of by a corporate IT department.
  • video resume - A video resume is a brief account of a job applicant's professional experience, qualifications and interests, submitted to a prospective employer in video form.
  • video streaming service - A video streaming service is an on demand online entertainment source for TV shows, movies and other streaming media.
SearchCompliance
  • OPSEC (operations security)

    OPSEC (operations security) is a security and risk management process and strategy that classifies information, then determines ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract is a decentralized application that executes business logic in response to events.

  • compliance risk

    Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting ...

SearchSecurity
SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • change control

    Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.

SearchStorage
  • secondary storage

    Secondary storage is persistent storage for noncritical data that doesn't need to be accessed as frequently as data in primary ...

  • JBOD (just a bunch of disks)

    JBOD, which stands for 'just a bunch of disks,' is a type of multilevel configuration for disks.

  • bare-metal restore

    A bare-metal restore (also referred to as bare-metal recovery or bare-metal backup) is a data recovery and restoration process ...

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