Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

PRE - SPA

  • pre-roll ad - A pre-roll ad is a promotional video message that plays before the content the user has selected.
  • precycling - Precycling is the practice of avoiding the acquisition of unnecessary items that will eventually have to be recycled or dealt with as waste.
  • predictive text - Predictive text is an input technology that facilitates typing on a mobile device by suggesting words the end user may wish to insert in a text field.
  • principle of least privilege (POLP) - The principle of least privilege (POLP), an important concept in computer security, is the practice of limiting access rights for users to the bare minimum permissions they need to perform their work.
  • Prism - Prism is an application that lets users run web applications in dedicated browser windows.
  • privacy policy - A privacy policy is a document that explains how an organization handles any customer, client or employee information gathered in its operations.
  • privilege bracketing - Privilege bracketing is the practice of limiting temporarily increased permission levels to the briefest possible time period.
  • productivity software - Productivity software is a category of application programs that help users produce things such as documents, databases, graphs, worksheets and presentations.
  • progressive download - A progressive download is a process that allows the user to access content before the data transfer is complete.
  • Project Vault - Project Vault is a secure minicomputer contained on a Micro SD card; Vault is under development at Google ATAP, the company’s lab group for disruptive technologies.
  • Proteus effect - The Proteus effect is the tendency for people to be affected by their digital representations, such as avatars, dating profiles and social media personas.
  • proximity operator - A proximity operator is a character or word used to narrow search engine results by limiting them to those that have query keywords placed within a specific number of words in the content.
  • PS/2 - The PS/2 was IBM's second generation of personal computers.
  • PS/2 connector - A PS/2 connector is a round connector with six pins that some makes of personal computer use for the keyboard or mouse connection.
  • pseudo-anonymity - Pseudo-anonymity is the appearance – but not the reality--of anonymity online.
  • pseudonymity - Pseudonymity is the near-anonymous state in which a user has a consistent identifier that is not their real name: a pseudonym.
  • QHD (quad high definition) - QHD (Quad High Definition) is a resolution standard for high-end monitors, televisions and mobile devices.
  • qHD (quarter high definition) - qHD (quarter high definition) is a resolution standard for mobile devices.
  • Qik - Qik is an online video streaming service that allows anyone with a strong wireless Internet connection and a video camera-equipped smartphone to broadcast live events.
  • QR code (quick response code) - A QR code (quick response code) is a type of 2D bar code that is used to provide easy access to information through a smartphone.
  • QuickType - QuickType is a predictive text feature released with Apple's iOS 8 that uses machine learning to incorporate the user's vocabulary into its dictionary and so improve its capacity and accuracy.
  • rabbit hole - A rabbit hole, in a metaphorical sense, is a long and winding exploratory path with many connections and offshoots.
  • real-time communications (RTC) - Real-time communications (RTC) is any mode of telecommunications in which all users can exchange information instantly or with negligible latency.
  • real-time location system (RTLS) - A real-time location system (RTLS) is one of a number of technologies used to pinpoint the current geographic position and location of a target.
  • reconfigurable tactile display (RTD) - A reconfigurable tactile display (RTD) is a control interface that provides physical touch input, but that can be configured by programming.
  • recycling - Recycling is the practice of reusing items that would otherwise be discarded as waste.
  • red screen of death - The red screen of death is a term coined by some early testers of Longhorn (the code name for Microsoft's latest Windows operating system) who, in May 2005, came across an error message appearing against an all-red display screen.
  • Reduce, reuse, recycle (R3) - Reduce, reuse and recycle (R3) are the three essential components of environmentally-responsible consumer behavior.
  • remote desktop - Remote desktop is a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
  • Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) - Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) is a role in Remote Desktop Services (RDS), or Terminal Services, as it was known prior to Windows Server 2008 R2.
  • removable media - Removable media is any type of storage device that can be removed from a computer while the system is running.
  • Rendezvous - Rendezvous is Apple Computer's version of ZeroConf (Zero Configuration Networking), a set of protocols that enables a device on an IP network to automatically recognize and connect with other devices on the network.
  • respawning cookie - A respawning cookie is a standard HTTP cookie backed up by data stored in additional files that are used to rebuild the original cookie when the user visits the originating site again.
  • restore point - A restore point is a saved "snapshot" of a computer's data at a specific time.
  • retweet (RT) - A retweet (RT) is the repetition of another user's update, or tweet, on Twitter.
  • reverse electrovibration (virtual touch) - Reverse electrovibration, also known as virtual touch, is an augmented reality (AR) technology that allows end users to perceive the textures and contours of an object from a computer screen.
  • reverse image search - Reverse image search is a technology that takes an image file as a search engine input query and returns results related to the image.
  • rich client - A rich client is a networked computer that has some resources installed locally but also depends on other resources distributed over the network.
  • robotic personality - Robotic personality is an advanced aspect of artificial intelligence (AI) in which smart machines display idiosyncratic human behavior.
  • Rocket eBook - Rocket eBook is a portable reading device about the size of a paperback book that promises to be the first usable, mass-marketed "electronic book.
  • rollable display - A rollable display is a digital screen technology that can be rolled up like a newspaper.
  • rollover ad - A rollover ad is an online advertisement that appears to be a static image until rollover activates it.
  • ROM emulation - ROM emulation is the process of copying data from a ROM (read-only memory) chip to a storage medium such as a hard disk or flash memory.
  • romance scam - A romance scam is a fraudulent scheme in which a swindler pretends romantic interest in a target, establishes a relationship and then attempts to get money or sensitive information from the target under various false pretenses.
  • room-scale VR (room-scale virtual reality) - Room-scale VR (room-scale virtual reality) is the use of a clear space to allow movement for someone using a VR application such as virtual reality gaming.
  • Rosetta - Rosetta is a translation program that makes it possible to run most PowerPC applications on Intel-based Macintosh computers as non-native binary code.
  • Ryzen (AMD Ryzen) - Ryzen (pronounced RYE zen) is an AMD CPU aimed at the server, desktop, workstation, media center PC and all-in-one markets.
  • safe mode - Safe mode is an alternate boot method for Windows operating systems that makes it easier to diagnose problems.
  • Samsung Galaxy Note (Samsung GN) - Samsung Galaxy Note is a large Android smartphone with a touchscreen and stylus that is manufactured by Samsung Electronics.
  • scareware - Scareware is a type of malware designed to trick victims into purchasing and downloading useless and potentially dangerous software.
  • screen door effect - The screen door effect is a mesh-like appearance that occurs where visible gaps between pixels are seen on an electronic screen, usually when viewed at close proximity.
  • search operator - A search operator (sometimes referred to as a search parameter) is a character or string of characters used in a search engine query to narrow the focus of the search.
  • search string - Search strings are sequences of characters and words used to find files and their content, database information and web pages.
  • seat management - Seat management is a method of coordinating all the workstations in an enterprise network by overseeing the installation, operation, and maintenance of hardware and software at each workstation.
  • selfie - A selfie is a self-portrait, typically a photograph, that is posted online.
  • Serial ATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment or SATA) - The SATA storage protocol transmits data in serial fashion between hard drives and computer systems.
  • serial presence detect (SPD) - When a computer is booted (started), serial presence detect (SPD) is information stored in anelectrically erasable programmable read-only memory (EEPROM) chip on a synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM) memory module that tells thebasic input/output system (BIOS) the module's size, data width, speed, and voltage.
  • server accelerator card (SSL card) - A server accelerator card (also known as an SSL card) is a Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) card used to generate encryption keys for secure transactions on e-commerce Web sites.
  • shoppable video - A shoppable video is a multimedia recording that allows a user to initiate an order from within the video.
  • silicon photonics - Silicon photonics is an evolving technology in which data is transferred among computer chips by optical rays.
  • SIMM (single in-line memory module) - A SIMM (single in-line memory module) is a module containing one or several random access memory (RAM) chips on a small circuit board with pins that connect to the computer motherboard.
  • Simputer (simple inexpensive mobile computer) - The Simputer (short for simple inexpensive mobile computer) is an inexpensive, Web-enabled handheld computer designed for use by people in developing countries.
  • simulator sickness - Simulator sickness is a form of motion sickness related to interacting with a simulated environment.
  • single-serving site - A single-serving site is a one-page, one-purpose website with a dedicated domain name.
  • slacktivism - Slacktivism is taking action online in ways that involve little personal effort and have little immediate effect; the word is a portmanteau of slacker and activism.
  • Slashdot - Slashdot is a socially curated website dedicated to technology-related news items.
  • sleep mode - Sleep mode, sometimes called standby or suspend mode, is a power-sparing state that a computer can enter when not in use.
  • Slingshot - Slingshot is Facebook's photograph sharing smartphone application, developed to compete with services like Snapchat and Instagram.
  • Smart Display - Smart Display is a wireless touch screen display device in development at Microsoft.
  • smart projector - A smart projector is a video projector with extra inputs, connectivity and a built-in computer that is used primarily for entertainment and presentations.
  • smart speaker - A smart speaker is a wireless and smart audio playback device that uses several types of connectivity for additional functions.
  • smart TV - A smart TV is a digital television that is, essentially, an Internet-connected, storage-aware computer specialized for entertainment.
  • smart wristwatch - A smart wristwatch is a wristwatch that not only tells time but, using a wireless connection to an information source, can show you the news, stock, sports scores, or weather; remind you of meetings on your Outlook calendar; provide instant messaging input from others; and update the time when you move to another time zone.
  • smartphone addiction (cell phone addiction) - Smartphone addiction is a disorder involving compulsive overuse of mobile devices, usually quantified as the number of times users access their devices and/or the total amount of time they are online over a specified period.
  • smartphone sensor - A smartphone sensor is any one of a number of different types of sensing devices installed on a user's phone to gather data for various user purposes, often in conjunction with a mobile app.
  • smartwatch - A smartwatch is a wearable computing device that closely resembles a wristwatch or other time-keeping device.
  • social comparison - Social comparison can lead to issues caused by the fear of missing out (FOMO), including anxiety, depression and a lack of self-esteem.
  • social computing - Social computing is the collaborative and interactive nature of online behavior.
  • social contract - A social contract is an agreement to adhere to acceptable behaviors and meet obligations in a particular environment, such as a nation, a business or a social media site.
  • social curation - Social curation is collaborative sharing of Web content organized around one or more particular themes or topics.
  • social media - Social media is the collective of online communications channels dedicated to community-based input, interaction and collaboration.
  • social media cheat sheet - This social media infograph lists the main social media platforms and pros and cons of each.
  • social media manager - A social media manager is the individual in an organization trusted with monitoring, contributing to, filtering, measuring and otherwise guiding the social media presence of a brand, product, individual or corporation.
  • social networking - Social networking is the practice of expanding the number of one's business and/or social contacts by making connections through individuals.
  • social spreadsheet - A social spreadsheet is social software that combines a spreadsheet with a wiki.
  • socialbot - A socialbot is a software program that simulates human behavior in automated interactions on social network sites such as Facebook and Twitter.
  • sock puppet - A sock puppet, in the context of online communications, is a fake identity created to promote someone or something through blogs, wikis, forums or social networking sites such as Facebook or Twitter.
  • sock puppet marketing - Sock puppet marketing is the use of a false identity to artificially stimulate demand for a product, brand or service.
  • Socket 370 - Socket 370 is the descriptive term for the way certain Intel microprocessors plug into a computer motherboard so that it makes contact with the motherboard's built-in wires or data bus.
  • soft reset - A soft reset is a restart of a device, such as a smartphone, tablet, laptop or personal computer (PC).
  • softcooling (software cooling) - Softcooling is a software-based method of computer component cooling, conducted either by adjusting component settings or by using softcooling products.
  • softlifting - Softlifting is a common type of software piracy in which a legally licensed software program is installed or copied in violation of its licensing agreement.
  • software agent - A software agent is a persistent, goal-oriented computer program that reacts to its environment and runs without continuous direct supervision to perform some function for an end user or another program.
  • Software as a Service (SaaS) - Software as a service (SaaS) is a software distribution model in which a third-party provider hosts applications and makes them available to customers over the Internet.
  • solar power - Solar power is the use of the sun’s energy either thermally or through the use of photovoltaic cells in solar panels and transparent photovoltaic glass to generate electricity.
  • solar-powered laptop - A solar-powered laptop is a notebook computer that uses built-in photo voltaic solar panels to run and recharge its battery.
  • Southbridge - Southbridge is an Intel chipset that manages the basic forms of input/output (I/O) such as Universal Serial Bus (USB), serial, audio, Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE), and Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) I/O in a computer.
  • spatial sensing - Spatial sensing is the detection, measuring and analysis of an environment's space and objects in real-time for the purposes of mapping them.

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