Browse Definitions :

Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

HAN - INT

  • handheld - A handheld computer is a computer that can conveniently be stored in a pocket (of sufficient size) and used while you're holding it.
  • hangup (or hang) - A hangup, also called a hang, is a condition that sometimes occurs when computer programs conflict or do not run properly.
  • haptics - Haptics (pronounced HAP-tiks) is the science of applying touch (tactile) sensation and control to interaction with computer applications.
  • hard bounce - A hard bounce is an e-mail message that has been returned to the sender because the recipient's address is invalid.
  • hard copy (printout) - A hard copy (or "hardcopy") is a printed copy of information from a computer.
  • hard reset (factory reset; master reset) - A hard reset, also known as a factory reset or master reset, is the restoration of a device, such as a smartphone or tablet, to its state when it left the factory.
  • hard-drive encryption - Hard-drive encryption is a technology that encrypts the data stored on a hard drive using sophisticated mathematical functions.
  • HDMI - HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface) is a specification that combines video and audio into a single digital interface for use with digital versatile disc (DVD) players, digital television (DTV) players, set-top boxes, and other audiovisual devices.
  • HDTV (high definition television) - HDTV (high definition television) is a television display technology that provides picture quality similar to 35 mm.
  • head tracking - Head tracking is a software application that monitors a user’s head position and orientation.
  • heads-up display (HUD) - A heads-up display (HUD) is a transparent or miniaturized display technology that does not require users to shift their gaze from where they are naturally looking.
  • heat bed - A heat bed is an additional module for a 3D printer that makes the cooling process of 3D printed materials more controlled, for better results.
  • hibernation - Hibernation is a mode in which a computer is turned off but saves its state to resume when it is turned on again.
  • hierarchical menu - A hierarchical menu is a multi-level arrangement of options, organized to allow users to find information, tools, or functions more easily than they could in an unstructured presentation.
  • HiPPO (highest paid person's opinion, highest paid person in the office) - HiPPOs (highest paid person's opinions) is a term used to describe an organization's reliance on executive instinct rather than data in the decision-making process.
  • holodeck - The holodeck is an immersive virtual reality environment that was featured on Star Trek, a popular science fiction television and film series of the late 20th century.
  • hologram - A hologram (pronounced HOL-o-gram) is a three-dimensional image, created with photographic projection.
  • holographic display - A holographic display is a display that uses coherent light, such as that created by laser, to create a three-dimensional (3D) image in space.
  • holographic print - A holographic print is a rendition of a hologram on a flat surface, producing 3-D (three-dimensional) effects when viewed.
  • holographic processing unit (HPU) - Holographic processing unit (HPU) is what Microsoft has named the coprocessor in its HoloLens virtual reality (VR) headset.
  • home page - For a Web user, the home page is the first Web page that is displayed after starting a Web browser like Netscape's Navigator or Microsoft's Internet Explorer.
  • home server - A home server is a computer that functions as a server in a client-server home network.
  • honey monkey - A honey monkey is a virtual computer system that is programmed to lure, detect, identify and neutralize malicious activity on the Internet.
  • HORNET (high-speed onion routing network) - HORNET is an anonymized and accelerated onion routing network; the name is an acronym for high speed onion routing network.
  • host (in computing) - A host (also known as "network host") is a computer or other device that communicates with other hosts on a network.
  • Host OS (host operating system) - A host OS is the software installed on a computer that interacts with the underlying hardware in a computer using virtualization technology.
  • hosting (Web site hosting, Web hosting, and Webhosting) - Hosting (also known as Web site hosting, Web hosting, and Webhosting) is the business of housing, serving, and maintaining files for one or more Web sites.
  • hot key - A hot key is a key or a combination of keys on a computer keyboard that, when pressed at one time, performs a task (such as starting an application) more quickly than by using a mouse or other input device.
  • hotfix - A hotfix is code (sometimes called a patch) that fixes a bug in a product.
  • hotword - Hotword is an audio listening module included with Google Chrome and Chromium, the open source version of the browser.
  • HTML 4.0 - HTML 4.0 was the final version of the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) before the Extensible Markup Language (XHTML) and remains the set of markup on which most large Web sites today are based.
  • HTML validator - An HTML validator is a quality assurance program used to check Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) markup elements for syntax errors.
  • HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) - HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is the set of rules for transferring files -- such as text, images, sound, video and other multimedia files -- over the web.
  • HTTP 1.1 - HTTP 1.1 is the latest version of Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), the World Wide Web application protocol that runs on top of the Internet's TCP/IP suite of protocols.
  • hub transport server (HT server) - Hub transport server is an Exchange Server role that handles all mail flow within an Exchange organization.
  • hue, saturation, and brightness - Hue, saturation, and brightness are aspects of color in the red, green, and blue (RGB) scheme.
  • Human Interface Device protocol - Human Interface Device protocol (HID protocol) is a USB protocol for a broad category of user input devices.
  • Hyper-Threading - Hyper-Threading is a technology used by some Intel microprocessors that allows a single microprocessor to act like two separate processors to the operating system and the application programs that use it.
  • hypermedia - Hypermedia, a term derived from hypertext, extends the notion of the hypertext link to include links among any set of multimedia objects, including sound, motion video, and virtual reality.
  • HyperTerminal - HyperTerminal is a communications and terminal emulation program that came with the Windows 98 and Windows XP operating systems.
  • hypertext - Hypertext is the organization of information units into connected associations that a user can choose to make.
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon (HTTPD) - On the Web, each server has an HTTPD or Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon that waits in attendance for requests to come in from the rest of the Web.
  • i.LINK - i.LINK is the Sony Corporation implementation of a standard, IEEE 1394, High Performance Serial Bus, for connecting devices to your personal computer.
  • iBeacon - iBeacon is a small-scale network device that uses Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and acts as a transmitter to detect and track smartphones.
  • iCloud - Apple's free iCloud service stores subscribers' photos, videos, documents, apps and more and updates everything across users' synced devices.
  • icon - In today's age of technological advancement, most people recognize the word 'icon' as referring to a small selectable or nonselectable image representing or leading to something else in a computer's graphical user interface (GUI) or on the web.
  • IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) - IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) is an electronic interface standard that defines the connection between a bus on a computer's motherboard and the computer's disk storage devices.
  • IEEE 802 wireless standards - The IEEE 802 standard is a collection of networking standards that cover the physical and data-link layer specifications for technologies such as Ethernet and wireless.
  • IFTTT (If This Then That) - IFTTT is an online service that automates Web-based tasks so that if one specified event occurs, another is triggered.
  • ILOVEYOU virus - The ILOVEYOU virus comes in an email with 'ILOVEYOU' in the subject line and contains an attachment that, when opened, results in the message being re-sent to everyone in the recipient's Microsoft Outlook address book.
  • iMac - The iMac is a low-cost version of Apple Computer's Macintosh.
  • image - An image is a visual representation of something, while a digital image is a binary representation of visual data.
  • image compression - Image compression is a process applied to a graphics file to minimize its size in bytes without degrading image quality below an acceptable threshold.
  • image content search - Image content search is the capacity for software to recognize objects in digital images and return a search engine results page (SERP) based on a user query.
  • image map - In Web page development, an image map is a graphic image defined so that a user can click on different areas of the image and be linked to different destinations.
  • image metadata - Image metadata is information about an image that is associated with the image file either automatically or deliberately added.
  • image stitching - Image stitching is the combination of images with overlapping sections to create a single panoramic or high-resolution image.
  • imagesetter - An imagesetter is a high resolution output device that can transfer electronic text and graphics directly to film, plates, or photo-sensitive paper.
  • imaging - Imaging is the capture, storage, manipulation, and display of images.
  • IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) - Internet Message Access Protocol, or IMAP, is a standard email retrieval (incoming) protocol.
  • IMAP migration (Internet Message Access Protocol migration) - IMAP migration transfers mailbox content from an existing Exchange server to later versions of Exchange, Exchange Online and Office 365.
  • immersive fitness - Immersive fitness is technology enhanced exercise typically including simulated audio/visual experiences and performance metrics.
  • immersive technology - Immersive technology is an integration of virtual content with the physical environment in a way that allows the user to engage naturally with the blended reality.
  • immersive virtual reality (immersive VR) - Immersive virtual reality (immersive VR) is the presentation of an artificial environment that replaces users' real-world surroundings convincingly enough that they are able to suspend disbelief and fully engage with the created environment.
  • immersive web - The immersive web is a version of the online world that incorporates advanced technologies to enhance user engagement and blur the line between the user's physical reality and the digital environment.
  • impact-based advertising - What is impact-based advertising?Impact-based advertising is a form of advertising designed to have a lasting psychological effect on viewers so they will remember the product or vendor.
  • implied consent - Implied consent is an assumption of permission to do something that is inferred from an individual's actions rather than explicitly provided.
  • impression - In Web advertising, the term impression is sometimes used as a synonym for view, as in ad view.
  • in-app purchase (IAP) - An in-app purchase (IAP) is something bought from within an application, typically a mobile app running on a smartphone or other mobile device.
  • inbound call - An inbound call is one that a customer initiates to a call center or contact center.
  • Inbox Zero - Inbox Zero is a rigorous approach to email management aimed at keeping the inbox empty -- or almost empty -- at all times.
  • InfiniBand - InfiniBand is an industry standard communications specification the InfiniBand Trade Association (IBTA) developed.
  • infomediary - An infomediary is a Web site that provides specialized information on behalf of producers of goods and services and their potential customers.
  • information superhighway (infobahn) - Information superhighway is a term that was used mainly in the 1990s to describe a national communications network that would span the United States and allow Americans to quickly access and exchange information via voice, data, video and other services.
  • initialism - An initialism is an abbreviation formed from the first letter -- the initial -- of each of the words in a term.
  • initialization vector (IV) - An initialization vector (IV) is an arbitrary number that can be used along with a secret key for data encryption.
  • inkjet printer - An inkjet printer is a computer peripheral that produces hard copy by spraying ink onto paper.
  • inline frame (iframe) - An inline frame (iframe) is a HTML element that loads another HTML page within the document.
  • instance - In object-oriented programming (OOP), an instance is a specific realization of any object.
  • instant messaging - Instant messaging, often shortened to IM or IM'ing, is the exchange of near real-time messages through a standalone application or embedded software.
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  • insider threat

    An insider threat is a category of risk posed by those who have access to an organization's physical or digital assets.

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    Data privacy, also called information privacy, is an aspect of data protection that addresses the proper storage, access, ...

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    Recommerce is the selling of previously owned items through online marketplaces to buyers who reuse, recycle or resell them.

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  • first call resolution (FCR)

    First call resolution (FCR) is when customer service agents properly address a customer's needs the first time they call.

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