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Personal computing

Terms related to personal computers, including definitions about computers sold as consumer products and words and phrases about laptops, tablets and smartphones.

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  • Twitter essay - A Twitter essay is content supporting a particular thesis or viewpoint that is written through sequential and usually numbered tweets.
  • Twitterbot - A Twitterbot (sometimes spelled "Twitter bot") is a software program that posts automated tweets on Twitter.
  • two-spindle system (twin-spindle system) - A two-spindle system, also called a twin-spindle system, is a computer design with two internal storage drives.
  • Ultra High-Definition TV (UHDTV) - Ultra-high-definition (UHD) television, also abbreviated UHDTV, is a digital television display format in which the horizontal screen resolution is on the order of 4000 pixels (4K UHD) or 8000 pixels (8K UHD).
  • ultra-mobile personal computer (UMPC or Ultra-mobile PC) - Ultra-mobile PC (UMPC) is a design specification for a hand-held computer that is larger than a PDA but smaller than a laptop.
  • ultrabook - An ultrabook is a category of thin and light laptop computers designed to bridge the market gap between tablets and premium notebook PCs.
  • uninterruptible power supply (UPS) - An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) is a device that allows a computer to keep running for at least a short time when the primary power source is lost.
  • Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) - Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a standard that uses Internet and Web protocols to enable devices such as PCs, peripherals, intelligent appliances, and wireless devices to be plugged into a network and automatically know about each other.
  • upcycling - Upcycling is the practice of creating a useable product from waste or unwanted items or adapting an existing product in some way to add value.
  • upgrade - In computers, an upgrade is a new version of or addition to a hardware or, more often, software product that is already installed or in use.
  • URL shortening - URL shortening is the translation of a long Uniform Resource Locator (URL) into an abbreviated alternative that redirects to the longer URL.
  • USB-C (USB Type C) - USB-C is a connection type standard designed to replace all USB types on the computer and device ends of future USB with a single reversible connector.
  • user engagement - User engagement is an assessment of an individual's response to some type of offering, such as a product, a service or a website.
  • user environment management (UEM) - User environment management is a technology designed to allow IT to oversee a user's complete desktop experience, including the profile, any policies IT applies and customizations the user makes.
  • user installed application (UIA) - User installed applications (UIA) are programs that are installed on a computer by an end user, instead of by a corporate IT department.
  • vertical scalability (scaling up) - Vertical scalability is the ability to increase the capacity of existing hardware or software by adding resources - for example, adding processing power to a server to make it faster.
  • video resume - A video resume is a brief account of a job applicant's professional experience, qualifications and interests, submitted to a prospective employer in video form.
  • video streaming service - A video streaming service is an on demand online entertainment source for TV shows, movies and other streaming media.
  • virtual assistant - A virtual assistant is an electronic audio or audio/video avatar-centered program that uses artificial intelligence to perform tasks for the user.
  • virtual assistant (AI assistant) - A virtual assistant is an application program that can understand natural human language, speak natural language and complete electronic tasks for the end user.
  • Virtual Choir - Virtual Choir is an assembly of geographically dispersed singers performing choral works, led by composer Eric Whitacre.
  • virtual desktop manager - A virtual desktop manager is a program that allows a computer user to have more than one user interface available simultaneously on a single computer.
  • virtual floppy disk - A virtual floppy disk is an alternative to the traditional floppy that exists as a file rather than a physical medium.
  • Virtual Home Environment (VHE) - In mobile computing, the Virtual Home Environment (VHE) is the concept that a network supporting mobile users should provide them the same computing environment on the road that they have in their home or corporate computing environment.
  • virtual presence - Virtual presence is the ability of a user to feel that they are actually in a virtual location such as a web site or an immersive simulation using technologies like virtual reality (VR) or augmented reality (AR).
  • virtual reality cloud (VR cloud) - Virtual reality cloud is the application of cloud computing to create VR environments and experiences.
  • virtual reality gaming (VR gaming) - At its simplest, a VR game might involve a 3-D image that can be explored interactively on a computing device by manipulating keys, mouse or touchscreen.
  • virtual reality therapy (VR therapy) - Virtual reality therapy (VR therapy) is the use of simulated interactive and immersive environments as a tool for physical or psychological healthcare applications.
  • vision-correcting display - A vision-correcting display distorts the images on users' screens according to algorithms based on their prescriptions for eyeglasses.
  • visitor-based networking (VBN) - Visitor-based networking (VBN) is the provision of high-speed Internet access for mobile PC users in need of temporary service in public places.
  • Visual Studio Express (VSE) - Visual Studio Express (VSE) is a freeware version of Microsoft's Visual Studio development environment toolset.
  • voice search - Voice search is a speech recognition technology that allows users to search by saying terms aloud rather than typing them into a search field.
  • von Neumann bottleneck - The von Neumann bottleneck is a limitation on throughput caused by the standard personal computer architecture.
  • VR headset (virtual reality headset) - A virtual reality headset is a heads-up display (HUD) that allows users to interact with simulated environments and experience a first-person view (FPV).
  • VR room (virtual reality room) - Unlike seated or stationary VR, a VR room allows the user to move around with a fair degree of freedom, which more closely replicates a real-world experience.
  • VxWorks - VxWorks is a real-time operating system (RTOS) that can be used in embedded systems.
  • wallpaper - On a computer that is provided with a desktop kind of user interface, wallpaper is the background pattern or picture against which desktop menus, icons, and other elements are displayed and moved around.
  • watchdog timer (WDT) - A watchdog timer (WDT) is a device or electronic card that performs a specific operation after a certain period of time if something goes wrong with an electronic system and the system does not recover on its own.
  • water cooling - In computers, water cooling is a method used to lower the temperatures of computer processors, and sometimes other components such as graphics cards, using water rather than air as the cooling medium.
  • wearable computer - A wearable computer is any small technological device capable of storing and processing data that can be worn on the body.
  • wearable technology - Wearable technology is any kind of electronic device designed to be worn on the user’s body.
  • wearables security - Wearables security is the area of system and data protection concerned with the particular risks related to computing devices worn on the user's body such as smartwatches, headsets and fitness trackers.
  • Weave - Weave is a set of browser enhancements and associated services from Mozilla Labs that allow users to store personal information on Mozilla servers.
  • Web 2.0 suicide - Web 2.0 suicide is the obliteration of information related to an individual's online persona on social networking sites, blogs and other web-based venues.
  • WhatsApp - WhatsApp Messenger is a cross-platform instant messaging application that allows iPhone, BlackBerry, Android, Windows Phone and Nokia smartphone users to exchange text, image, video and audio messages for free.
  • white space device (WSD) - A white space device is an FCC-certified wireless device that can be used without an exclusive broadcast license in the RF spectrum below 700 MHz: underutilized, unlicensed portions of the spectrum called white space.
  • Windows 1.0 - Windows 1.0 was the first of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating systems, released in 1985.
  • Windows 2.0 - Windows 2.0 was the 2nd version of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating system, released in 1987.
  • Windows 3.0 - Windows 3.0 was the 3rd version of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating system, released in 1990.
  • Windows 3.1 - Windows 3.1 was the 4th version of Microsoft’s GUI-based operating system, released in 1993.
  • Windows 7 - Windows 7 is the Microsoft Windows operating system (OS) released commercially in October 2009 as the successor to Windows Vista.
  • Windows 95 - Windows 95 was the 5th version of Microsoft’s GUI operating system, released in 1995.
  • Windows Mixed Reality - Windows Mixed Reality is a Microsoft platform for virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR) and mixed reality (MR).
  • Windows XP Mode - Windows XP Mode is a feature of the Windows 7 operating system that allows it to run applications that are only compatible with Windows XP.
  • Wintel - Wintel is a computer trade industry term for personal computers based on the Intel microprocessor and one of the Windows operating system from Microsoft.
  • Wolfram Alpha - Wolfram Alpha is a computational search engine (sometimes referred to as an "answer engine").
  • workstation - A workstation is a computer intended for individual use that is faster and more capable than a personal computer.
  • X terminal - An X terminal is typically a diskless computer especially designed to provide a low-cost user interface for applications that run in a network X server as part of a distributed X Window System.
  • Xerox - Xerox is a provider of document-related technology and services.
  • Zero-TV - Zero-TV is Nielsen's category for homes that neither subscribe to cable or satellite television services nor use an antenna to boost signals for over the air (OTA) broadcasts.

SearchCompliance

  • risk assessment

    Risk assessment is the identification of hazards that could negatively impact an organization's ability to conduct business.

  • PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard)

    The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a widely accepted set of policies and procedures intended to ...

  • risk management

    Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats to an organization's capital and earnings.

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SearchDisasterRecovery

  • call tree

    A call tree is a layered hierarchical communication model that is used to notify specific individuals of an event and coordinate ...

  • Disaster Recovery as a Service (DRaaS)

    Disaster recovery as a service (DRaaS) is the replication and hosting of physical or virtual servers by a third party to provide ...

  • cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR)

    Cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR) is a combination of strategies and services intended to back up data, applications and other ...

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