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Programming

Definitions related to software programming, including tech terms about programming languages and words and phrases about software design, coding, testing and debugging.

WEB - ZOP

  • Web application (Web app) - A Web application (Web app) is an application program that is stored on a remote server and delivered over the Internet through a browser interface.
  • web application development - Web app development is the creation of application programs that reside on remote servers and are delivered to the user’s device over the Internet.
  • Web Intermediaries (WBI) - Web Intermediaries (WBI - pronounced "webby") is a framework and set of programming tools from IBM for the uniform creation and control of intermediary programs such as proxy servers, transcoding processors, and any kind of program that sits somewhere between two end points in a network.
  • Web services - Web services are a type of internet software that use standardized messaging protocols and are made available from an application service provider’s web server for use by a client or other web-based programs.
  • Web stack - A Web stack is the collection of software required for Web development.
  • WebSphere Development Studio Client (WDSC) - WebSphere Development Studio Client (WDSC) is a set of application development tools designed for the IBM (International Business Machines) iSeries server.
  • widget - In general, widget (pronounced WID-jit) is a term used to refer to any discrete object, usually of some mechanical nature and relatively small size, when it doesn't have a name, when you can't remember the name, or when you're talking about a class of certain unknown objects in general.
  • wildcard character - A wildcard character is a special character that represents one or more other characters.
  • Windows 2000 - Windows 2000 (W2K) is a commercial version of Microsoft's evolving Windows operating system.
  • Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) - Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) is Microsoft's programming model for using managed code to build unified Web services and other distributed systems that can talk to each other.
  • Wireless Markup Language (WML) - WML (Wireless Markup Language), formerly called HDML (Handheld Devices Markup Languages), is a language that allows the text portions of Web pages to be presented on cellular telephones and personal digital assistants (PDAs) via wireless access.
  • Wirth's Law - Wirth's Law states that computer software increases in complexity faster than does the ability of available hardware to run it.
  • word - In computer architecture, a word is a unit of data of a defined bitlength that can be addressed and moved between storageand the computer processor.
  • workaround - A workaround is a method, sometimes used temporarily, for achieving a task or goal when the usual or planned method isn't working.
  • workload - In computing, the workload is the amount of processing that the computer has been given to do at a given time.
  • Worse is Better - Worse is Better is a software design principle that states that software quality is not wholly dependent on the number features of functions and that less is often more.
  • worst-case execution time (WCET) - Worst-case execution time (WCET) is a software development metric that determines the maximum length of time a task or set of tasks requires on a specific hardware platform.
  • wrapper - In information technology, a wrapper is data that precedes or frames the main data or a program that sets up another program so that it can run successfully.
  • write once, run anywhere (WORA) - Write once, run anywhere (WORA) is a term that refers to a particular program's supposed ability to run on all common OSs (operating systems).
  • write-only code - Write-only code is an ironic way of describing programming code that is hard to read.
  • WS-Coordination (Web Services Coordination) - WS-Coordination (Web Services Coordination) is a proposed IT industry standard for how individual Web services can interact in order to accomplish an application task.
  • WS-Security (Web Services Security) - WS-Security (Web Services Security) is a proposed IT industry standard that addresses security when data is exchanged as part of a Web service.
  • WS-Transaction - WS-Transaction is one of a series of specifications from an industry group that includes IBM, Microsoft, and BEA Systems.
  • X - X# is the name that has been given to a "data-centric" programming language that Microsoft is said to be developing in order to make it easier for a programmer to specify XML-defined data and how it should be handled by the program.
  • Xalan - Xalan is a specification for transforming Extensible Markup Language (XML) documents into Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) or other XML document types.
  • XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) - XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) is an XML-based computer language for the electronic transmission of business and financial data.
  • xenodochial - Xenodochial is an adjective describing something, such as a person, place, or software application, that is friendly to strangers.
  • XFDL (Extensible Forms Description Language) - Extensible Forms Description Language (XFDL) is a use of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) that provides a standard way to define the data fields and layout for a complex business or government form for digital storage and display.
  • XMI (XML Metadata Interchange) - XMI (XML Metadata Interchange) is a proposed use of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) that is intended to provide a standard way for programmers and other users to exchange information about metadata (essentially, information about what a set of data consists of and how it is organized).
  • XML Core Services - XML Core Services (formerly known as MSXML, for Microsoft Extensible Markup Language or XML) is an application for processing Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation (XSLT) in an XML file.
  • XML pipeline - An XML pipeline is a formalized, logical expression of the method by which an XML (Extensible Markup Language) document is handled.
  • XNA Game Studio - XNA Game Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) that includes tools and code development libraries that hobbyists, students and other nonprofessionals can use to create computer games for Microsoft Windows and X-Box 360.
  • XQL (XML Query Language) - XQL (XML Query Language) is a way to locate and filter the elements (data fields) and text in an Extensible Markup Language (XML) document.
  • XQuery - XQuery is a specification for a query language that allows a user or programmer to extract information from an Extensible Markup Language (XML) file or any collection of data that can be XML-like.
  • XrML (Extensible Rights Markup Language) - XrML (Extensible Rights Markup Language) is a proposed standard digital rights management (DRM) markup language.
  • XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) - XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language), formerly called Extensible Style Language, is a language for creating a style sheet that describes how data sent over the Web using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) is to be presented to the user.
  • XSL Transformations (XSLT) - XSL Transformations (XSLT) is a standard way to describe how to transform (change) the structure of an XML (Extensible Markup Language) document into an XML document with a different structure.
  • XUL (Extensible User-interface Language) - XUL (Extensible User-interface Language) is a standard way to exchange data that describes a program's user interface, or at least the portion of it that can be controlled by programming.
  • YAGNI principle ("You Aren't Gonna Need It") - YAGNI principle ("You Aren't Gonna Need It") is a practice in software development which states that features should only be added when required.
  • yak shaving - Yak shaving is programming lingo for the seemingly endless series of small tasks that have to be completed before the next step in a project can move forward.
  • YAML (YAML Ain't Markup Language) - YAML (YAML Ain't Markup Language) is a data-oriented language structure used as the input format for diverse software applications.
  • Yoda conditions (Yoda notation) - Yoda conditions, also known as Yoda notation, is a programming variation that reverses the standard order of a conditional statement.
  • Zachman framework - The Zachman framework is a logical structure intended to provide a comprehensive representation of an information technology enterprise.
  • zenware - Zenware refers to application programs that function with a minimum of superfluous user intervention.
  • Zope (Z Object Publishing Environment) - Zope (Z Object Publishing Environment)is a Web site builder and server that uses the idea that it is serving (or "publishing") objects rather than merely providing content that will be added to a Web page.

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