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Robotics

Terms related to robotics, including definitions about consumer or manufacturing robots and words and phrases about stepper motor systems, XY positioning tables, automation and artificial intelligence.

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  • adaptive cruise control - Adaptive cruise control (ACC) is a driver assistance technology that sets a maximum speed for vehicles and automatically slows the speed of the car when traffic is sensed in front of the vehicle.
  • agbot (agricultural robot) - An agbot, also called an agribot, is an autonomous robot used in farming to help improve efficiency and reduce reliance on manual labor.
  • Amazon Prime Air drone - Amazon's Prime Air drone is a delivery system in development that uses remote-controlled robotic vehicles to transport goods from the warehouse to the consumer.
  • android (humanoid robot) - Android (robot) definition: An android is a robot that is designed to look like a human, either in its basic form or so closely it could almost be mistaken for a person.
  • artificial general intelligence (AGI) - Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the representation of generalized human cognitive abilities in software so that, faced with an unfamiliar task, the AI system could find a solution.
  • artificial intelligence - Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems.
  • artificial personality (AP) - An artificial personality (AP) is a collection of characteristics, tendencies and behavioral quirks assigned to a chatbot, digital assistant, robot or video game character.
  • artificially-intelligent attorney (AI attorney) - An artificially-intelligent attorney is a legal expert system that applies AI technologies to replicate and improve upon the abilities of a human legal research assistant.
  • assembly line - An assembly line is a manufacturing process in which interchangeable parts are assembled as they are passed in a direct line from workstation to workstation until a final product is produced.
  • autonomy as a service - Autonomy as a service is the offering of automated, fully unmanned systems by a service provider.
  • Baxter industrial robot - Baxter is an industrial robot produced by Rethink Robotics of Boston, Massachusetts.
  • bees algorithm - The bees algorithm is a method of problem solving that mimics the behavior of honeybees to find the optimum solution.
  • biomimetics (biomimicry) - Biomimetic refers to human-made processes, substances, devices, or systems that imitate nature.
  • bionics - Bionics is the replication of biological systems by mechanical and electronic systems.
  • biorobotics - Biorobotics is the use of biological characteristics in living organisms as the knowledge base for developing new robot designs.
  • Blue Moon Lander - Blue Moon Lander is a spacecraft being designed to land on the lunar surface by 2024.
  • Blue Origin - Blue Origin is a privately funded aerospace company focused on developing and flying rocket-powered vertical-takeoff and vertical-landing (VTVL) vehicles for providing access to suborbital and orbital space.
  • Boston Dynamics - Boston Dynamics is an American robotics research and development company, known for producing numerous robot designs and their ongoing testing in real-world environments and simulated tasks.
  • bot (robot) - A bot (short for 'robot' and also called an internet bot) is a computer program that operates as an agent to either simulate a human activity or for a user or another program.
  • bot worm - A bot worm is a self-replicating malware program that resides in current memory, turns infected computers into zombies (or bots) and transmits itself to other computers.
  • bottleneck - A bottleneck is a stage in a process that causes the entire process to slow down or stop.
  • chatbot - A chatbot -- sometimes referred to as a chatterbot -- is programming that simulates the conversation or "chatter" of a human being through text or voice interactions.
  • cloud robotics - Cloud robotics is the use of remote computing resources to enable greater memory, computational power, collective learning and interconnectivity for robotics applications.
  • cognitive computing - Cognitive computing systems use computerized models to simulate the human cognition process to find solutions in complex situations where the answers may be ambiguous and uncertain.
  • cognitive robotics - Cognitive robotics is a field of technology involving robots that can learn from experience, from human teachers, and even on their own, thereby developing the ability to effectively deal with their environment.
  • collaborative robot (cobot) - A collaborative robot, also known as a cobot, is a robot that is capable of learning multiple tasks so it can assist human beings.
  • collision sensor - A collision sensor is a piece of electronic equipment that detects an impact.
  • concentrated solar power (CSP) - Concentrated solar power (CSP) is an approach to generating electricity in which mirrors are used to reflect, concentrate and focus sunlight onto a specific point.
  • conservation of angular momentum - Conservation of angular momentum is a physical property of a spinning system such that its spin remains constant unless it is acted upon by an external torque; put another way, the speed of rotation is constant as long as net torque is zero.
  • deep learning agent - A deep learning agent is any autonomous or semi-autonomous AI-driven system that uses deep learning to perform and improve at its tasks.
  • degrees of freedom - Degrees of freedom, in a mechanics context, are specific, defined modes in which a mechanical device or system can move.
  • delivery drone - A delivery drone is a type of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) used for distributing packages to consumers through advanced AI technology.
  • developmental robotics - Developmental robotics is the use of human psychology principles in the design of intelligent, autonomous robots that learn from their own individual experiences.
  • distributed control system (DCS) - A distributed control system (DCS) is a digital automated industrial control system (ICS) that uses geographically distributed control loops throughout a factory, machine or control area.
  • driver assistance - Driver assistance, also known as advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS), are technologies used to make motor vehicle travel safer by automating, improving or adapting some or all of the tasks involved in operating a vehicle.
  • drone (UAV) - A drone, in technological terms, is an unmanned aircraft.
  • drone journalism - Drone journalism is the capture of still images and video by remotely operated or autonomous drones (more formally known as unmanned aerial vehicles or UAV) to record events for report by news agencies and citizen media.
  • drone photography - Drone photography is the capture of still images and video by a remotely-operated or autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), also known as an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) or, more commonly, as a drone.
  • drone services (UAV services) - Drone services, also known as unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) services, is the emerging market for services built around flying robots that can be remote-controlled or flown autonomously using software-controlled flight plans in their embedded systems.
  • drone surveillance - Drone surveillance is the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to capture of still images and video to gather information about specific targets, which might be individuals, groups or environments.
  • electric field sensing (EF sensing) - Electric field (EF) sensing is a method of proximity sensing that allows robots and computers to detect, evaluate and work with objects in their vicinity.
  • embedded vision - Embedded vision is the integration of computer vision in machines that use algorithms to decode meaning from observing pixel patterns in images or video.
  • EMMA (Enabling Mobile Machine Automation) - EMMA (Enabling Mobile Machine Automation) is the autonomy-enabling operating system behind Brain Corp’s autonomy as a service offering for existing floor-cleaning and polishing machines.
  • end effector - In robotics, an end effector is a device or tool that's connected to the end of a robot arm where the hand would be.
  • evolutionary robotics - Evolutionary robotics is a computer-simulated method of creating intelligent, autonomous robots with particular traits, based on the principles of Darwin's theory of evolution.
  • factor of safety (FoS) - Factor of safety (FoS) is ability of a system's structural capacity to be viable beyond its expected or actual loads.
  • fluxgate magnetometer - A fluxgate magnetometer is a device that measures the intensity and orientation of magnetic lines of flux.
  • Fourth Industrial Revolution - The Fourth Industrial Revolution is the current and developing environment in which disruptive technologies and trends such as the Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, virtual reality (VR) and artificial intelligence (AI) are changing the way modern people live and work.
  • gray goo (or grey goo) - Gray goo (in British spelling, "grey goo") is a term used to describe what life on our planet might become if self-replicating robots or nanomachines got out of control and began to use up life forms for their own energy needs in some unstoppable way.
  • haptics - Haptics (pronounced HAP-tiks) is the science of applying touch (tactile) sensation and control to interaction with computer applications.
  • hydraulics - Hydraulics is mechanical function that operates through the force of liquid pressure.
  • industrial automation - Industrial automation is the control of machinery and processes used in various industries by autonomous systems, which may involve robots or computer software.
  • kinematics - Kinematics is the study of the motion of mechanical points, bodies and systems without consideration of their associated physical properties and the forces acting on them.
  • knowledge engineering - Knowledge engineering is a field of artificial intelligence (AI) that tries to emulate the judgment and behavior of a human expert in a given field.
  • laboratory robotics - Laboratory robotics is the practice of using robots to perform or assist in laboratory tasks.
  • locomotion - Locomotion is directional movement that enables someone or something to move from one location to another.
  • machine learning - Machine learning (ML) is a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that allows software applications to become more accurate at predicting outcomes without being explicitly programmed to do so.
  • machine-human collaboration - Machine-human collaboration is a model in which humans co-work with artificial intelligence (AI) systems and other machines rather than using them as tools.
  • manufacturing process management (MPM) - Manufacturing process management (MPM) is the discipline of defining how products are manufactured so production processes can be made more efficient and responsive.
  • mechatronics - Mechatronics is a branch of engineering that focuses on designing, manufacturing and maintaining products that have both mechanical and electronic components.
  • mobile robot (mobile robotics) - A mobile robot is a machine controlled by software that use sensors and other technology to identify its surroundings and move around its environment.
  • moonshot - A moonshot, in a metaphorical sense, is an ambitious, exploratory and ground-breaking project undertaken without any expectation of near-term profitability or benefit and also, perhaps, without a full investigation of potential risks and benefits.
  • Moral Machine - The Moral Machine is a platform developed at MIT to gather human perspective on the moral decisions made by artificial intelligence (AI).
  • nanoManipulator - The nanoManipulator is a specialized nanorobot and microscopic viewing system for working with objects on an extremely small scale.
  • nanotechnology (molecular manufacturing) - Nanotechnology, also called molecular manufacturing, is a branch of engineering that deals with the design and manufacture of extremely small electronic circuits and mechanical devices built at the molecular level of matter.
  • narrow AI (weak AI) - Narrow AI is an application of artificial intelligence technologies to enable a high-functioning system that replicates -- and perhaps surpasses -- human intelligence for a dedicated purpose.
  • natural language understanding (NLU) - Natural language understanding (NLU) is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) that uses computer software to understand input in the form of sentences using text or speech.
  • neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV) - A neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV) is a type of battery-electric vehicle that is capable of traveling at a maximum speed of 25 mph and which has a maximum loaded weight of 3,000 lbs.
  • no-fly zone - A no-fly zone is a geographic location over which aircraft cannot fly.
  • object recognition - Object recognition is at the convergence points of robotics, machine vision, neural networks and AI.
  • onboard intelligence - Onboard intelligence is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) that is housed locally in the device it operates.
  • personal drone - A personal drone, also known as a hobby or consumer drone, is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) designed for the mass market.
  • PIC microcontrollers - PIC microcontrollers are a family of specialized microcontroller chips produced by Microchip Technology in Chandler, Arizona.
  • Plutchik's wheel of emotions - Plutchik's wheel of emotions is a model of human emotions that uses overlaying colors to portray combinations of affect.
  • pneumatics - Pneumatics (pronounced new-MATT-ix) is an aspect of physics and engineering that is concerned with using the energy in compressed gas to make something move or work.
  • point cloud - A point cloud is a collection of data points defined by a given coordinates system.
  • probabilistic robotics - Probabilistic robotics, also called statistical robotics, is a field of robotics that involves the control and behavior of robots in environments subject to unforeseeable events.
  • Project Nao (or Nao Project) - Project Nao, also called the Nao Project, is an ongoing venture dedicated to the development and mass production of an intelligent humanoid robot for the consumer market.
  • Quiz: The robots are coming! - Sure -- NOW they vacuum and scrub the floor -- but what happens when they wise up? The following could be required information when the robots take over.
  • resonance charging - Resonance charging is a wireless charging method for items that require large amounts of power, such as an electric car, robot, vacuum cleaner or laptop computer.
  • reverse electrovibration (virtual touch) - Reverse electrovibration, also known as virtual touch, is an augmented reality (AR) technology that allows end users to perceive the textures and contours of an object from a computer screen.
  • robo-advisor - A robo-advisor is an artificial intelligence (AI) driven virtual financial advisor.
  • roboethics (robot ethics) - Roboethics (robot ethics) is the area of study concerned with what rules should be created for robots to ensure their ethical behavior and how to design ethical robots.
  • robot - A robot is a machine designed to execute one or more tasks automatically with speed and precision.
  • robot economy - The robot economy is a scenario in which most of the labor required to sustain human life is automated.
  • Robot Ethics Charter - The Robot Ethics Charter is a proposed set of rules intended to govern the interaction between humans and robot s.
  • Robot Land - Robot Land is a proposed city for robotics research, development, testing and production in South Korea.
  • robot tax - Robot tax is a proposition that employers who replace employees with automated workers be required to pay a tax and the funds allocated to assist the displaced workforce.
  • robotic personality - Robotic personality is an advanced aspect of artificial intelligence (AI) in which smart machines display idiosyncratic human behavior.
  • robotic surgery (robot-assisted surgery) - Robotic surgery is the use of computer technologies working in conjunction with robot systems to perform medical procedures.
  • robotics - Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots.
  • robotics quotient - Robotics quotient (RQ) is a way of scoring humans’ ability to work effectively with robots, just as intelligence quotient (IQ) tests provide a score that helps gauge human cognitive abilities.
  • self-driving car (autonomous car or driverless car) - A self-driving car (sometimes called an autonomous car or driverless car) is a vehicle that uses a combination of sensors, cameras, radar and artificial intelligence (AI) to travel between destinations without a human operator.
  • sensor - A sensor is a device that detects and responds to some type of input from the physical environment.
  • servo (servomechanism) - A servo or servomechanism is an electromagnetic device that converts electricity into precise controlled motion by use of negative feedback mechanisms.
  • Singularity (the) - In technology, the singularity describes a hypothetical future where technology growth is out of control and irreversible.
  • smart machines - A smart machine is a device embedded with machine-to-machine (M2M) and/or cognitive computing technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning or deep learning, all of which it uses to reason, problem-solve, make decisions and even, ultimately, take action.
  • smart robot - A smart robot is an artificial intelligence (AI) system that can learn from its environment and its experience and build on its capabilities based on that knowledge.
  • social robot - A social robot is an artificial intelligence (AI) system that is designed to interact with humans and other robots.
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