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Robotics

Terms related to robotics, including definitions about consumer or manufacturing robots and words and phrases about stepper motor systems, XY positioning tables, automation and artificial intelligence.

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  • scanning tunneling microscope (STM) - A scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is a device that obtains images of the atoms on the surfaces of materials.
  • self-driving car (autonomous car or driverless car) - A self-driving car (sometimes called an autonomous car or driverless car) is a vehicle that uses a combination of sensors, cameras, radar and artificial intelligence (AI) to travel between destinations without a human operator.
  • sensor - A sensor is a device that detects and responds to some type of input from the physical environment.
  • servo (servomechanism) - A servo or servomechanism is an electromagnetic device that converts electricity into precise controlled motion by use of negative feedback mechanisms.
  • Singularity (the) - In technology, the singularity describes a hypothetical future where technology growth is out of control and irreversible.
  • smart machines - A smart machine is a device embedded with machine-to-machine (M2M) and/or cognitive computing technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning or deep learning, all of which it uses to reason, problem-solve, make decisions and even, ultimately, take action.
  • smart robot - A smart robot is an artificial intelligence (AI) system that can learn from its environment and its experience and build on its capabilities based on that knowledge.
  • social robot - A social robot is an artificial intelligence (AI) system that is designed to interact with humans and other robots.
  • software robot - A software robot is an AI (artificial intelligence) system that runs on a host device rather than existing as a standalone machine.
  • software robotics - Software robotics is the use of bot programs to automate computer tasks normally performed by people.
  • SpaceX - SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies Corporation) is a space transportation and aerospace manufacturer founded in 2002 by Elon Musk.
  • spambot - A spambot is a program designed to collect, or harvest, e-mail addresses from the Internet in order to build mailing lists for sending unsolicited e-mail, also known as spam.
  • spray-on antenna - A spray-on antenna is a conductive material that can be sprayed onto nearly any surface to create a thin, lightweight and flexible antenna.
  • stepper - A stepper is a machine used to project the image of a circuit in photolithographic semiconductor fabrication.
  • superposition - Superposition is the ability of a quantum system to be in multiple states at the same time until it is measured.
  • supervised learning - Supervised learning is an approach to creating artificial intelligence (AI), where a computer algorithm is trained on input data that has been labeled for a particular output.
  • swarm intelligence - Swarm intelligence is the study of decentralized, self-organized systems that move quickly in a coordinated manner.
  • swarm robotics - Swarm robotics is the use of numerous, autonomous robotics to accomplish a task.
  • synthetic intelligence (SI) - Synthetic intelligence (SI) recognizes that although the capacity for software to reason may be manufactured, it is nonetheless real intelligence and not just an imitation of how human beings acquire and apply knowledge and skill.
  • telepresence robot - A telepresence robot is a remote-controlled, wheeled device that has wireless internet connectivity.
  • Turing Test - A Turing Test is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being.
  • uncanny valley - The uncanny valley is a common unsettling feeling people experience where androids (humanoid robots) and audio/visual simulations closely resemble humans in many respects but are not quite realistic.
  • universal basic income (UBI) - Universal basic income (UBI) is a model for providing all citizens of a country or other geographic area with a given sum of money, regardless of their income, resources or employment status.
  • universal constructor - A universal constructor is a device that can self-replicate - that is, make copies of itself.
  • unsupervised learning - Unsupervised learning refers to the use of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to identify patterns in data sets containing data points that are neither classified nor labeled.
  • vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft - A vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft is a vehicle that can depart, hover and land vertically.
  • virtual assistant (AI assistant) - A virtual assistant is an application program that can understand natural human language, speak natural language and complete electronic tasks for the end user.
  • VR locomotion (virtual reality locomotion) - VR locomotion is technology that enables movement from one place to another (locomotion) within a virtual reality environment.
  • What is artificial intelligence (AI)? - Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems.
  • workflow automation - Workflow automation is an approach to making the flow of tasks, documents and information across work-related activities perform independently in accordance with defined business rules.
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