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Security

This cyber security glossary explains the meaning of terms about different types of computer security threats as well as words about application security, access control, network intrusion detection, security awareness training and computer forensics.

Anti-virus, antimalware

Terms related to spyware, including definitions about malware and words and phrases about online advertising, adware and online privacy.

  • Google Titan

    Google Titan is a security chip designed to protect computers from firmware-based rootkits and other malware-infecting firmware. Titan as a key element in Google's security and allows the company to boast that security for its Google Cloud Platform services goes to the hardware root of trust level.

  • rootkit

    A rootkit is a program or, more often, a collection of software tools that gives a threat actor remote access to and control over a computer or other system.

  • JavaScript

    JavaScript is a programming language that started off simply as a mechanism to add logic and interactivity to an otherwise static Netscape browser.

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Application security

Terms related to application security, including procedural definitions for preventing software vulnerabilities and words and phrases about secure code development.

  • software-defined perimeter (SDP)

    Software-defined perimeter (SDP) is a security framework developed by the Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) that controls access to resources based on identity.

  • log analytics

    Log analytics is the assessment of a recorded set of information from one or more events, captured from a computer, network, application operating system (OS) or other IT ecosystem component.

  • counterfeit app (fake app)

    A counterfeit app is an app that claims to fill a purpose while actually being fake, ineffective, useless or even harmful to a user's device.

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Authentication, access control

Terms related to authentication, including security definitions about passwords and words and phrases about proving identity.

  • software-defined perimeter (SDP)

    Software-defined perimeter (SDP) is a security framework developed by the Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) that controls access to resources based on identity.

  • 1Password

    1Password is a password management application that stores sensitive information, including user passwords and software licenses, in an encrypted chain.

  • Universal 2nd Factor (U2F)

    Universal 2nd Factor (U2F) is a type of physical authentication device that uses encryption and private keys to protect and unlock supported accounts.

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Malware

Terms related to malware, including definitions about viruses and Trojans and other words and phrases about malicious software.

  • WannaCry ransomware

    The WannaCry ransomware is a worm that spreads by exploiting vulnerabilities in the Windows operating system.

  • email virus

    An email virus consists of malicious code that is distributed in email messages, and it can be activated when a user clicks on a link in an email message, opens an email attachment or interacts in some other way with the infected email message.

  • unified threat management (UTM)

    A unified threat management (UTM) system is a type of network hardware appliance, virtual appliance or cloud service that protects businesses from security threats in a simplified way by combining and integrating multiple security services and features.

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Network security

Terms related to network security, including definitions about intrusion prevention and words and phrases about VPNs and firewalls.

  • pen test (penetration testing)

    Penetration testing, also called pen testing or ethical hacking, is the practice of testing a computer system, network or web application to find security vulnerabilities that an attacker could exploit.

  • Secure Shell (SSH)

    SSH, also known as Secure Shell or Secure Socket Shell, is a network protocol that gives users, particularly system administrators, a secure way to access a computer over an unsecured network.

  • honeypot (computing)

    A honeypot is a network-attached system set up as a decoy to lure cyberattackers and to detect, deflect or study hacking attempts in order to gain unauthorized access to information systems.

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Threat management

Terms related to security threats, including definitions about anti-virus programs or firewalls and words and phrases about malware, viruses, Trojans and other security attacks.

  • pen test (penetration testing)

    Penetration testing, also called pen testing or ethical hacking, is the practice of testing a computer system, network or web application to find security vulnerabilities that an attacker could exploit.

  • Secure Shell (SSH)

    SSH, also known as Secure Shell or Secure Socket Shell, is a network protocol that gives users, particularly system administrators, a secure way to access a computer over an unsecured network.

  • honeypot (computing)

    A honeypot is a network-attached system set up as a decoy to lure cyberattackers and to detect, deflect or study hacking attempts in order to gain unauthorized access to information systems.

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SearchCompliance

  • Whistleblower Protection Act

    The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 is a law that protects federal government employees in the United States from ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract, also known as a cryptocontract, is a computer program that directly controls the transfer of digital currencies...

  • risk map (risk heat map)

    A risk map, also known as a risk heat map, is a data visualization tool for communicating specific risks an organization faces. A...

SearchSecurity

  • challenge-response authentication

    In information security, challenge-response authentication is a type of authentication protocol where one entity presents a ...

  • Secure Shell (SSH)

    SSH, also known as Secure Shell or Secure Socket Shell, is a network protocol that gives users, particularly system ...

  • honeypot (computing)

    A honeypot is a network-attached system set up as a decoy to lure cyberattackers and to detect, deflect or study hacking attempts...

SearchHealthIT

SearchDisasterRecovery

  • virtual disaster recovery

    Virtual disaster recovery is a type of DR that typically involves replication and allows a user to fail over to virtualized ...

  • tabletop exercise (TTX)

    A tabletop exercise (TTX) is a disaster preparedness activity that takes participants through the process of dealing with a ...

  • risk mitigation

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a data center.

SearchStorage

  • exbibyte (EiB)

    An exbibyte (EiB) is a unit used to measure data capacity.

  • zebibyte (ZiB)

    A zebibyte (ZiB) is a unit used to measure computing and storage capacity.

  • tiered storage

    Tiered storage is a way to assign different categories of data to various types of storage media with the objective of reducing ...

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