Browse Definitions :

Smart grid

Terms related to smart grids, including definitions about utility electricity delivery systems and words and phrases about smart meters and distributing, monitoring and billing electrical power.

ADD - WSA

  • addressability - Addressability is the capacity for an entity to be targeted and found.
  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) - The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is a symmetric block cipher chosen by the U.
  • Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) - Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) is an open source published standard for asynchronous messaging by wire.
  • advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) - Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) is an architecture for automated, two-way communication between a smart utility meter with an IPaddress and a utility company.
  • alternating current (AC) - In electricity, alternating current (AC) occurs when charge carriers in a conductor or semiconductor periodically reverse their direction of movement.
  • ampere hour (Ah or amp hour) - An ampere hour (abbreviated Ah, or sometimes amp hour) is the amount of energy charge in a battery that will allow one ampere of current to flow for one hour.
  • ampere per meter (A/m, Oe, oersted) - The ampere per meter (symbolized A/m) is the International Unit of magnetic field strength.
  • ampere per meter squared (A/m 2) - The ampere per meter squared, symbolized A/m 2, is the International Unit of electric current density.
  • apparent power - Apparent power is a measure of alternating current (AC) power that is computed by multiplying the root-mean-square (rms) current by the root-mean-square voltage.
  • application program interface (API) - An application program interface (API) is code that allows two software programs to communicate with each other.
  • application service provider (ASP) - An application service provider (ASP) is a company that offers individuals or enterprises access to applications and related services over the internet.
  • ARRA (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009) - The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) is an economic stimulus bill created to help the United States economy recover from an economic downturn that began in late 2007.
  • automated meter reading (AMR) - Automated meter reading (AMR) is a technology used in utility meters for collecting the data that's needed for billing purposes.
  • bandwidth (network bandwidth) - Network bandwidth is a measurement indicating the maximum capacity of a wired or wireless communications link to transmit data over a network connection in a given amount of time.
  • bit (binary digit) - A bit (short for binary digit) is the smallest unit of data in a computer.
  • bits per second (bps or bit/sec) - In data communications, bits per second (bps or bit/sec) is a common measure of data speed for computer modems and transmission carriers.
  • bulk power system (BPS) - A bulk power system (BPS) is a large interconnected electrical system made up of generation and transmission facilities and their control systems.
  • capacitor (capacitance) - In its simplest form, a capacitor consists of two conducting plates separated by an insulating material called thedielectric.
  • capacity on demand (COD) - Capacity on demand (COD) is a purchasing option that allows companies to receive equipment with more computer processing, storage, or other capacity than the company needs at the time of purchase, and have that extra capacity remain unused and unpaid for until the company actually requires it.
  • carbon footprint - A carbon footprint is the measure of the environmental impact of a particular individual or organization's lifestyle or operation, measured in units of carbon dioxide.
  • carbon offset - A carbon offset is a credit that a person or organization can buy to decrease its carbon footprint.
  • Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) - The Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) is a mandatory emissions-reduction standard in the UK.
  • Categories of twisted pair cabling systems - ANSI/EIA (American National Standards Institute/Electronic Industries Association) Standard 568 is one of several standards that specify "categories" (the singular is commonly referred to as "CAT") of twisted pair cabling systems, such as wires, junctions, and connectors.
  • charge (electric charge) - In physics, charge, also known as electric charge, electrical charge, or electrostatic charge and symbolized q, is a characteristic of a unit of matter that expresses the extent to which it has more or fewer electrons than protons.
  • charge-coupled device - A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a light-sensitive integrated circuit that captures images by converting photons to electrons.
  • cloud-oriented architecture (COA) - A cloud-oriented architecture (COA) is a conceptual model encompassing all elements in a cloud environment.
  • customer acquisition cost - Customer acquisition cost is the fee associated with convincing a consumer to buy your product or service, including research, marketing and advertising costs.
  • customer premises equipment (CPE) - Customer premises equipment (CPE) is telecommunications and information technology equipment kept at the customer's physical location rather than on the service provider's premises.
  • cyclic redundancy checking - Cyclic redundancy checking is a method of checking for errors in data that has been transmitted on a communications link.
  • data transfer rate (DTR) - Data transfer rate (DTR) is the amount of digital data that is moved from one place to another in a given time.
  • decision support system (DSS) - A decision support system (DSS) is a computer program application used to improve a company's decision-making capabilities.
  • dielectric constant - The dielectric constant is the ratio of the permittivity of a substance to the permittivity of free space.
  • distributed energy resources (DER) - Distributed energy resources (DER) are the combination of physical and virtual resources used in the production and storage of energy at or near where it will be used and separate from the main grid.
  • EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) - EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) is user-modifiable read-only memory (ROM) that can be erased and reprogrammed (written to) repeatedly through the application of higher than normal electrical voltage.
  • electromagnetic field - An electromagnetic field, sometimes referred to as an EM field, is generated when charged particles, such as electrons, are accelerated.
  • electromagnetic interference (EMI) - EMI (electromagnetic interference) is the disruption of operation of an electronic device when it is in the vicinity of an electromagnetic field (EM field) in the radio frequency (RF) spectrum that is caused by another electronic device.
  • electromagnetic pulse (EMP) - An electromagnetic pulse (EMP) is an intense burst of electromagnetic (EM) energy caused by an abrupt, rapid acceleration of charged particles, usually electron s.
  • Energy Star - Energy Star is a government-backed labeling program that helps people and organizations save money and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by identifying factories, office equipment, home appliances and electronics that have superior energy efficiency.
  • EPROM - EPROM (erasable programmable read-only memory) is programmable read-only memory (programmable ROM) that can be erased and re-used.
  • event-condition-action rule (ECA rule) - An event condition action rule (ECA rule) is the underlying model for event-driven programming, in which actions are triggered by events, given the existence of specific conditions.
  • farad (F) - The farad is the standard international unit of capacitance.
  • faraday - The faraday is a dimensionless unit of electric charge quantity, equal to approximately 6.
  • Faraday constant - Faraday's constant, symbolized by the italic uppercase letter F, is the physical constant representing the electric charge in a mole.
  • FBI Alert Number I-091015-PSA - FBI Alert Number I-091015-PSA is a public service announcement from the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation to inform individuals and organizations about the importance of Internet of Things (IoT) security, including potential vulnerabilities and protective measures that should be taken to mitigate risk associated with them.
  • fiber to the home (FTTH) - Fiber to the home (FTTH), also called fiber to the premises (FTTP), is the installation and use of optical fiber from a central point directly to individual buildings such as residences, apartment buildings and businesses to provide high-speed internet access.
  • firmware - Firmware is programming that's written to the non-volatile memory of a hardware device.
  • fixed wireless - Fixed wireless networking refers to the operation of wireless devices in fixed locations such as homes and offices.
  • fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) - Fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) is the trend towards seamless connectivity between fixed and wireless telecommunications networks.
  • flux - Flux is the presence of a force field in a specified physical medium, or the flow of energy through a surface.
  • frame relay - Frame relay is a packet-switching telecommunications service designed for cost-efficient data transmission for intermittent traffic between local area networks (LANs) and between endpoints in wide area networks (WANs).
  • frequency - For an oscillating or varying current, frequency is the number of complete cycles per second in alternating current direction.
  • frequency-shift keying (FSK) - Frequency-shift keying (FSK) is a method of transmitting digital signals using discrete signals.
  • fuel cell - A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that derives its energy from combustible substances such as hydrogen, methane, propane, methanol, diesel fuel or even gasoline.
  • full HDTV (ultra-HD, true HDTV, 1080p) - Full HDTV, also referred to as ultra-HD, true HDTV, and 1080p, is a television (TV) display technology specification that surpasses the quality over the original 720p high-definition television (HDTV) technology specification, providing an image resolution of 1920 by 1080 pixels.
  • ground - A ground is a direct electrical connection to the earth, a connection to a particular point in an electrical or electronic circuit, or an indirect connection that operates as the result of capacitance between wireless equipment and the earth or a large mass of conductive material.
  • Hamming code - Hamming code is a set of error-correction codes that can be used to detect and correct bit errors that can occur when computer data is moved or stored.
  • Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) - The Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) is a non-profit organization created for the promotion of open standards and interoperability for technologies used in industrial and machine-to-machine environments.
  • interconnection - Interconnection is a strategy for ensuring that businesses can privately, securely and directly exchange digital information.
  • International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) - On the Internet, "IEC" usually means the International Electrotechnical Commission.
  • International System of Units (SI) - The International System of Units (abbreviated SI from systeme internationale, the French version of the name) is a scientific method of expressing the magnitudes or quantities of important natural phenomena.
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU) - The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an agency of the United Nations (UN) whose purpose is to coordinate telecommunication operations and services throughout the world.
  • intranet of things - An intranet of things is a closed network that includes smart sensors and actuators.
  • Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit - Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit is a free utility IT can use to determine whether or not its infrastructure is prepared for a migration to a new operating system, server version or cloud-based deployment.
  • N+1 UPS - N+1, also called parallel redundancy, is a safeguard to ensure that an uninterruptible power supply (UPS)system is always available.
  • NERC CIP (critical infrastructure protection) - The NERC CIP (critical infrastructure protection) plan is a set of requirements designed to secure assets vital to reliably operating North America's bulk electric system.
  • North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) - North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) is an institution that oversees and regulates the reliability of the North American electrical grids.
  • ohm - The ohm is the standard unit of electrical resistance in the International System of Units (SI).
  • peak (pk) - Peak (pk) is the maximum value, either positive (pk+) or negative (pk-), that a waveform attains.
  • peak-to-peak (pk-pk) - Peak-to-peak (pk-pk) is the difference between the maximum positive and the maximum negative amplitudes of a waveform, as shown below.
  • picofarad per meter (pF/m) - The picofarad per meter (symbolized pF/m) is a unit of electric permittivity, a constant of proportionality that exists between electric displacement and electric field intensity.
  • polarity - Polarity is a term used in electricity, magnetism, and electronic signaling.
  • polarization (wave polarization) - Polarization, also called wave polarization, is an expression of the orientation of the lines of electric flux in an electromagnetic field (EM field).
  • Power over Ethernet (PoE) - Power over Ethernet (PoE) is a technology for implementing wired Ethernet local area networks (LANs) that enables the electrical current necessary for operating each device to be carried by Ethernet data cables instead of standard electrical power cords and wiring.
  • resource-oriented architecture (ROA) - A resource-oriented architecture (ROA) is the structural design supporting the internetworking of resources.
  • SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) - SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) is a category of software application program for process control, the gathering of data in real time from remote locations in order to control equipment and conditions.
  • sensor analytics - Sensor analytics is the statistical analysis of data that’s created by wired or wireless sensors.
  • sensor data - Sensor data is the output of a device that detects and responds to some type of input from the physical environment.
  • sensor hub - A sensor hub is a connection point for multiple sensors that uses a multipoint control unit (MCU), coprocessor or digital signal processor (DSP) to compile and process data gathered from those sensors.
  • smart grid - Smart grid is a generic label for the application of computer intelligence and networking abilities to a dumb electricity distribution system.
  • smart home hub (home automation hub) - A smart home hub is hardware or software that connects devices on a home automation network and controls communications among them.
  • smart meter hack - A smart meter hack is the unauthorized access of such a device or its data transmissions for the purpose of obtaining or altering communications between it and the responsible utility.
  • smart sensor - A smart sensor is a device that takes input from the physical environment and uses built-in compute resources to perform predefined functions upon detection of specific input and then process data before passing it on.
  • surge suppressor (surge protector) - A surge suppressor (sometimes optimistically called a "surge protector") is a device inserted in the alternating current (AC) utility line and/or telephone line to prevent damage to electronic equipment from voltage "spikes" called transients.
  • susceptance - Susceptance (symbolized B) is an expression of the ease with which alternating current (AC) passes through a capacitance or inductance.
  • system operator (sysop) - A sysop is the person who runs a computer server.
  • system-on-a-chip (SoC) - System-on-a-chip (SoC) technology is the packaging of all the necessary electronic circuits and parts for a "system" (such as a cell phone or digital camera) on a single integrated circuit (IC), generally known as a microchip.
  • tesla (T) - The tesla (symbolized T) is the standard unit of magnetic flux density.
  • thing (in the Internet of Things) - A thing, in the context of the Internet of things (IoT), is an entity or physical object that has a unique identifier, an embedded system and the ability to transfer data over a network.
  • true power - True power is the power manifested in tangible form such as electromagnetic radiation, acoustic waves, or mechanical phenomena.
  • volt per meter (V/m) - The standard unit of electric field (E-field) strength is the volt per meter (V/m).
  • volt-ampere (VA) - Volt-ampere (VA) is a measurement of power in a direct current (DC) electrical circuit.
  • What is internet of things (IoT)? - The internet of things, or IoT, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
  • Wi-Fi HaLow (802.11ah) - HaLow is based on the WiFi Alliance 802.
  • wireless access point - A wireless access point (wireless AP) is a network device that transmits and receives data over a wireless local area network (WLAN).
  • WRAN (wireless regional area network) - A wireless regional area network (WRAN) is techology based on IEEE 802.
  • WSAN (wireless sensor and actuator network) - A wireless sensor and actuator network (WSAN) is a group of sensors that gather information about their environment and actuators, such as servos or motors, that interact with them.
SearchCompliance
  • ISO 31000 Risk Management

    The ISO 31000 Risk Management framework is an international standard that provides businesses with guidelines and principles for ...

  • pure risk

    Pure risk refers to risks that are beyond human control and result in a loss or no loss with no possibility of financial gain.

  • risk reporting

    Risk reporting is a method of identifying risks tied to or potentially impacting an organization's business processes.

SearchSecurity
  • Twofish

    Twofish is a symmetric-key block cipher with a block size of 128 bits and variable-length key of size 128, 192 or 256 bits.

  • walled garden

    On the internet, a walled garden is an environment that controls the user's access to network-based content and services.

  • potentially unwanted program (PUP)

    A potentially unwanted program (PUP) is a program that may be unwanted, despite the possibility that users consented to download ...

SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • fault-tolerant

    Fault-tolerant technology is a capability of a computer system, electronic system or network to deliver uninterrupted service, ...

  • synchronous replication

    Synchronous replication is the process of copying data over a storage area network, local area network or wide area network so ...

SearchStorage
  • hard disk drive (HDD)

    A computer hard disk drive (HDD) is a non-volatile data storage device.

  • Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA)

    Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) is a technology that enables two networked computers to exchange data in main memory without ...

  • storage (computer storage)

    Data storage is the collective methods and technologies that capture and retain digital information on electromagnetic, optical ...

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