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Software applications

Definitions related to software applications, including tech terms about software programs for vertical industries and words and phrases about software development, use and management.

GRA - LEA

  • GraalVM - GraalVM is a tool for developers to write and execute Java code.
  • Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) - The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLB Act or GLBA), also known as the Financial Modernization Act of 1999, is a federal law enacted in the United States to control the ways financial institutions deal with the private information of individuals.
  • grep - Grep, a UNIX command and also a utility available for Windows and other operating systems, is used to search one or more files for a given character string or pattern and, if desired, replace the character string with another one.
  • grid computing - Grid computing is a system for connecting a large number of computer nodes into a distributed architecture that delivers the compute resources necessary to solve complex problems.
  • guest OS (guest operating system) - A guest OS is the operating system installed on either a virtual machine (VM) or partitioned disk.
  • gzip (GNU zip) - Gzip (GNU zip) is a free and open source algorithm for file compression.
  • Hadoop - Hadoop is an open source distributed processing framework that manages data processing and storage for big data applications running in clustered systems.
  • hamburger icon (slide drawer navigation) - The hamburger icon got its name because it resembles a burger in a bun.
  • haptics - Haptics (pronounced HAP-tiks) is the science of applying touch (tactile) sensation and control to interaction with computer applications.
  • HashiCorp - HashiCorp is a software company that provides a suite of modular DevOps infrastructure provisioning and management products.
  • HCI (human-computer interaction) - HCI (human-computer interaction) is the study of how people interact with computers and to what extent computers are or are not developed for successful interaction with human beings.
  • headless CMS (headless content management system) - A headless content management system (CMS) delivers back-end capabilities for editing, organizing and storing all types of digital information, without regard to how that content is published, displayed or used.
  • health apps - Health apps are application programs that offer health-related services for smartphones and tablet PCs.
  • health care cloud - A health care cloud is a cloud computing service used by health care providers for storing, maintaining and backing up personal heath information (PHI).
  • health informatics - Health informatics is the practice of acquiring, studying and managing health data and applying medical concepts in conjunction with health information technology systems to help clinicians provide better healthcare.
  • Health Information Exchange (HIE) - Health information exchange (HIE) is the electronic transmission of healthcare-related data among medical facilities, health information organizations -- companies that oversee and govern the exchange of this data -- and government agencies according to national standards.
  • Health IT (health information technology) - Health IT (health information technology) is the area of IT involving the design, development, creation, use and maintenance of information systems for the healthcare industry.
  • Healthcare CIO (healthcare chief information officer) - A healthcare CIO is a healthcare executive with an influence over technology purchasing and other IT business decisions.
  • help system (help file) - A help system (sometimes called a help file) is a documentation component of a software program that explains the features of the program and helps the user understand its capabilities.
  • Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HP Enterprise, HPE) - Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HP Enterprise, also known as HPE) is an American multinational company that specializes in business IT (information technology).
  • hierarchical menu - A hierarchical menu is a multi-level arrangement of options, organized to allow users to find information, tools, or functions more easily than they could in an unstructured presentation.
  • HIMSS (Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society) - The Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) is a nonprofit organization whose goal is to promote the best use of IT and management systems in the healthcare industry.
  • HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) - HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) is United States legislation that provides data privacy and security provisions for safeguarding medical information.
  • HIPAA disaster recovery plan - A HIPAA disaster recovery plan is a document that specifies the resources, actions, personnel and data that are required to protect and reinstate healthcare information in the event of a fire, vandalism, natural disaster or system failure.
  • HIT standards committee - The Health Information Technology (HIT) standards committee is a federal committee created by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) that advises the National Coordinator for Health IT on matters of standards, certification criteria and other issues surrounding EHRs and meaningful use.
  • HITSP - HITSP (Healthcare Information Technology Standards Panel) is an organization created to promote standardization and broad scale interoperability among healthcare applications and information systems.
  • HL7 (Health Level Seven International) - HL7 (Health Level Seven International) is a set of standards, formats and definitions for exchanging and developing electronic health records (EHRs).
  • Host OS (host operating system) - A host OS is the software installed on a computer that interacts with the underlying hardware in a computer using virtualization technology.
  • Hosted CRM - Hosted CRM is an arrangement in which a company outsources some or all of its customer relationship management (CRM) functions to an application service provider (ASP).
  • hot desking - Hot desking is a work space sharing model in which employees outnumber desks.
  • HP OpenView - HP OpenView is a suite of business computer management or "e-services" programs from Hewlett-Packard (HP), which states that the suite is "among the world's 20 largest software businesses.
  • HP Quality Center - HP Quality Center is Hewlett-Packard’s software quality management product, part of the company’s application lifecycle management software suite.
  • HTML validator - An HTML validator is a quality assurance program used to check Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) markup elements for syntax errors.
  • HTML5 mobile app - HTML5 mobile apps are developed through that version of the Web content standard.
  • hybrid application (hybrid app) - A hybrid application (hybrid app) is one that combines elements of both native and Web applications.
  • hybrid health record (HHR) - A hybrid health record (HHR) is documentation of an individual's health information that is tracked in multiple formats and stored in multiple places.
  • IBM IMS (Information Management System) - IBM IMS (Information Management System) is a database and transaction management system that was first introduced by IBM in 1968.
  • IBM Watson supercomputer - Watson is an IBM supercomputer that combines artificial intelligence (AI) and sophisticated analytical software for optimal performance as a 'question answering' machine.
  • ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision) - The International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10), is a clinical cataloging system that went into effect for the U.
  • ICD-10-CM (Clinical Modification) - The ICD-10-CM (Clinical Modification) is a system used by physicians and other healthcare providers to classify and code all diagnoses, symptoms and procedures recorded in conjunction with hospital care in the United States.
  • ICD-10-PCS - The International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-PCS) is a U.
  • ICD-11 - The International Classification of Disease, Eleventh Revision (ICD-11) is a system of medical coding created by the World Health Organization (WHO) for documenting diseases, signs and symptoms, diagnoses and social circumstances.
  • ICD-9-CM (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification) - ICD-9-CM is the current medical coding standard used in hospitals in the United States.
  • ideation management - Ideation management refers to creating, gathering, analyzing, disseminating and executing on idea generation within the enterprise.
  • identity management (ID management) - Identity management (ID management) is the organizational process for ensuring that individuals have the appropriate access to technology resources.
  • IDoc (intermediate document) - IDoc (intermediate document) is a standard data structure used in SAP applications to transfer data to and from SAP system applications and external systems.
  • IFTTT (If This Then That) - IFTTT is an online service that automates Web-based tasks so that if one specified event occurs, another is triggered.
  • image metadata - Image metadata is information about an image that is associated with the image file either automatically or deliberately added.
  • image recognition - Image recognition, in the context of machine vision, is the ability of software to identify objects, places, people, writing and actions in images.
  • in-app purchase (IAP) - An in-app purchase (IAP) is something bought from within an application, typically a mobile app running on a smartphone or other mobile device.
  • industrial software - Industrial software is a collection of programs, processes and information for construction contractors in sectors such as mining, chemical, power, oil, gas and manufacturing.
  • infographics - An infographic (information graphic) is a representation of information in a graphic format designed to make the data easily understandable at a glance.
  • Information and Content Exchange (ICE) - Information and Content Exchange (ICE) is an XML-based standard protocol for electronic business-to-business (B2B) asset management.
  • information blocking - Information blocking occurs when a person or entity purposely and unreasonably interferes with the sharing or use of electronic health information.
  • information extraction (IE) - Information extraction (IE) is the automated retrieval of specific information related to a selected topic from a body or bodies of text.
  • information lifecycle management (ILM) - Information lifecycle management (ILM) is a comprehensive approach to managing an organization's data and associated metadata, starting with its creation and acquisition through when it becomes obsolete and is deleted.
  • infrastructure management (IM) - For an organization's information technology, infrastructure management (IM) is the management of essential operation components, such as policies, processes, equipment, data, human resources, and external contacts, for overall effectiveness.
  • instance - In object-oriented programming (OOP), an instance is a specific realization of any object.
  • insurance claims analysis - Insurance claims analysis is the inspection and judgment of merit in the requests for coverage of incidents in insurance customer claims.
  • integrated development environment (IDE) - An integrated development environment (IDE) is a software suite that consolidates basic tools required to write and test software.
  • integration server - An integration server is a type of computer server that facilitates the interaction between different operating systems (OSes), services and applications across an enterprise IT environment.
  • integration testing or integration and testing (I&T) - Integration testing -- also known as integration and testing (I&T) -- is a type of software testing in which the different units, modules or components of a software application are tested as a combined entity.
  • intelligent character recognition (ICR) - Intelligent character recognition (ICR) is the computer translation of manually entered text characters into machine-readable characters.
  • Interactive Voice Response (IVR) - Interactive Voice Response (IVR) is an automated telephony system that interacts with callers, gathers information and routes calls to the appropriate recipients.
  • interrupt - An interrupt is a signal emitted by a device attached to a computer or from a program within the computer.
  • IoMT (Internet of Medical Things) or healthcare IoT - The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) is a network of machine-to-machine communication between medical devices and healthcare IT systems.
  • iOS developer kit - The iOS software development kit (iOS SDK) is a collection of tools for the creation of apps for Apple’s mobile operating system.
  • iOS Developer Program - The iOS Developer Program is a fee-based subscription that allows program members to publish approved apps to the Apple app store.
  • ISO/IEC 38500 - ISO/IEC 38500 is an international standard created to guide corporate governance of information technology (IT).
  • ISV (independent software vendor) - An ISV (independent software vendor) makes and sells software products that run on one or more computer hardware or operating system (OS) platforms.
  • IT as a Service (ITaaS) - IT as a Service (ITaaS) is a technology-delivery method that treats IT (information technology) as a commodity, providing an enterprise with exactly the amount of hardware, software, and support that it needs for an agreed-on monthly fee.
  • IT chargeback system - An IT chargeback system is an accounting strategy that applies the costs of IT services, hardware or software to the business unit in which they are used.
  • IT controls - An IT control is a procedure or policy that provides a reasonable assurance that the information technology (IT) used by an organization operates as intended, that data is reliable and that the organization is in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
  • IT distributor - An IT channel distributor is a business that acts as an intermediary between vendors and value-added resellers (VARs) or system integrators (SIs) in the distribution of software or hardware.
  • IT operations - IT operations is the overarching term for the processes and services administered by an organization's information technology (IT) department.
  • IT operations analytics (ITOA) - IT operations analytics (ITOA) is the practice of monitoring systems and gathering, processing and interpreting data from various operations sources to guide decisions and predict potential issues.
  • IT operations management (ITOM) - IT operations management (ITOM) is the administrative area involving technology infrastructure components and the requirements of individual applications, services, storage, networking and connectivity elements within an organization.
  • IT solution - An information technology (IT) solution is a set of related software programs and/or services that are sold as a single package.
  • iterative - In the world of IT and computer programming, the adjective iterative refers to a process where the design of a product or application is improved by repeated review and testing.
  • iTunes U - iTunes U is a dedicated section of Apple's iTunes Music Store that features educational audio and video files from universities, museums and public media organizations for free download to PCs and mobile devices.
  • JAD (Joint Application Development) - JAD (Joint Application Development) is a methodology that involves the client or end user in the design and development of an application, through a succession of collaborative workshops called JAD sessions.
  • JAR file (Java Archive) - A Java Archive, or JAR file, contains all of the various components that make up a self-contained, executable Java application, deployable Java applet or, most commonly, a Java library to which any Java Runtime Environment can link.
  • JAVA_HOME - JAVA_HOME is an operating system (OS) environment variable which can optionally be set after either the Java Development Kit (JDK) or the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) is installed.
  • JAX-WS (Java API for XML Web Services) - Java API for XML Web Services (JAX-WS) is one of a set of Java technologies used to develop Web services.
  • JBoss - JBoss is a division of Red Hat that provides support for the JBoss open source application server program and related middleware services marketed under the JBoss Enterprise Middleware brand.
  • JeOS (just enough operating system) - JeOS (just enough operating system) is a highly customized operating system built for a specific application.
  • Jira - Jira is an application lifecycle management (ALM) tool from Atlassian that provides different packages to suit various customer needs.
  • jitter buffer - In voice over IP (VoIP), a jitter buffer is a shared data area where voice packets can be collected, stored, and sent to the voice processor in evenly spaced intervals.
  • Joint Commission - The Joint Commission is an independent group that presently accredits 20,500 healthcare facilities in the United States by performing onsite evaluations.
  • JSON (Javascript Object Notation) - JSON (JS Object Notation) is a text-based, human-readable data interchange format used for representing simple data structures and objects in Web browser-based code.
  • JUnit - JUnit is an open source framework designed for the purpose of writing and running tests in the Java programming language.
  • keylogger (keystroke logger or system monitor) - A keylogger, sometimes called a keystroke logger or keyboard capture, is a type of surveillance technology used to monitor and record each keystroke on a specific computer.
  • kill switch - A kill switch in an IT context is a mechanism used to shut down or disable a device or program.
  • killer app - A "killer app" is jargon in the computer industry for an application program that intentionally or unintentionally gets you to make the decision to buy the system the application runs on.
  • Kinect - Kinect is Microsoft’s motion gaming system for the Xbox 360.
  • knowledge management (KM) - Knowledge management is the process by which an enterprise gathers, organizes, shares and analyzes its knowledge in a way that is easily accessible to employees.
  • knowledge worker - A knowledge worker is anyone who works for a living at the tasks of developing or using knowledge.
  • Kubernetes Operators - A Kubernetes Operator is a method for application deployment that extends the capabilities of Kubernetes to manage more complex, stateful workloads.
  • laboratory information system - A laboratory information system (LIS) is software that collects, stores and produces reports from medical test data.
SearchNetworking
  • network packet

    A network packet is a basic unit of data that's grouped together and transferred over a computer network, typically a ...

  • virtual network functions (VNFs)

    Virtual network functions (VNFs) are virtualized tasks formerly carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware.

  • network functions virtualization (NFV)

    Network functions virtualization (NFV) is a network architecture model designed to virtualize network services that have ...

SearchSecurity
  • Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC)

    The Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC) protocol is one leg of the tripod of internet ...

  • data breach

    A data breach is a cyber attack in which sensitive, confidential or otherwise protected data has been accessed or disclosed in an...

  • insider threat

    An insider threat is a category of risk posed by those who have access to an organization's physical or digital assets.

SearchCIO
  • data privacy (information privacy)

    Data privacy, also called information privacy, is an aspect of data protection that addresses the proper storage, access, ...

  • leadership skills

    Leadership skills are the strengths and abilities individuals demonstrate that help to oversee processes, guide initiatives and ...

  • data governance policy

    A data governance policy is a documented set of guidelines for ensuring that an organization's data and information assets are ...

SearchHRSoftware
SearchCustomerExperience
  • recommerce

    Recommerce is the selling of previously owned items through online marketplaces to buyers who reuse, recycle or resell them.

  • implementation

    Implementation is the execution or practice of a plan, a method or any design, idea, model, specification, standard or policy for...

  • first call resolution (FCR)

    First call resolution (FCR) is when customer service agents properly address a customer's needs the first time they call.

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