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Software applications

Definitions related to software applications, including tech terms about software programs for vertical industries and words and phrases about software development, use and management.

PAC - SOF

  • package manager or package management system (PMS) - A package manager, also known as a package management system (PMS), is a program used to install, uninstall and manage software packages.
  • part-of-speech tagger (PoS tagger) - A part of speech (PoS) tagger is a software tool that labels words as one of several categories to identify the word's function in a given language.
  • partner relationship management (PRM) - Partner relationship management (PRM) is a combination of the software, processes and strategies companies use to streamline business processes with partners who sell their products.
  • pastebin - A pastebin is a Web application that allows users to upload and share text online.
  • patch management - Patch management is an area of systems management that involves acquiring, testing and installing multiple patches, or code changes, to an administered computer system.
  • Patch Tuesday - Patch Tuesday is the unofficial name of Microsoft's scheduled release of the newest security fixes for its Windows operating system and related software applications, as detailed in the Windows Security Updates Guide.
  • Peachtree - Peachtree is an accounting application for small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) made by Sage Software.
  • peer review - Peer review is a process used for checking the work performed by one's equals (peers) to ensure it meets specific criteria.
  • PeopleSoft - PeopleSoft is an e-business software product line owned by Oracle.
  • Perforce Software - Perforce is a software company that specializes in software configuration management, version control and collaboration products.
  • performance scorecard - A performance scorecard is a graphic or an application that depicts the progress over time of some entity, such as an enterprise, an employee or a business unit, toward some type of goal.
  • perpetual software license - A perpetual software license is a type of software license that authorizes an individual to use a program indefinitely.
  • personal health record (PHR) - A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual it pertains to.
  • PKZIP (or PKZip) - PKZIP (also capitalized as PKZip) is a program, originally written for the DOS operating system, that gathers multiple files into a single compressed file that can be stored in less space and transmitted more quickly from one place to another.
  • plug-in - Plug-in applications are programs that can easily be installed and used as part of your Web browser.
  • point release - A point release is a small or relatively minor software release that fixes or improves an existing software product.
  • point-of-sale terminal (POS terminal) - A point-of-sale (POS) terminal is a computerized replacement for a cash register.
  • policy-based management - Policy-based management is an administrative approach that is used to simplify the management of a given endeavor by establishing policies to deal with situations that are likely to occur.
  • Portable Document Format (PDF) - PDF is also an abbreviation for the Netware Printer Definition File.
  • PPD file (Postscript Printer Description file) - A PPD (Postscript Printer Description) file is a file that describes the font s, paper sizes, resolution, and other capabilities that are standard for a particular Postscript printer.
  • predictive text - Predictive text is an input technology that facilitates typing on a mobile device by suggesting words the end user may wish to insert in a text field.
  • presentation software (presentation graphics) - Presentation software (sometimes called "presentation graphics") is a category of application program used to create sequences of words and pictures that tell a story or help support a speech or public presentation of information.
  • product lifecycle - The product lifecycle is the collective stages that a product goes through from its conception and design through to its ultimate disposal.
  • product lifecycle management (PLM) - Product lifecycle management (PLM) is a systematic approach to managing the series of changes a product goes through, from its design and development to its ultimate retirement or disposal.
  • productivity software - Productivity software is a category of application programs that help users produce things such as documents, databases, graphs, worksheets and presentations.
  • proprietary solution - A proprietary solution is a hardware or software product or combination of products and services that is tied to a specific vendor, to the exclusion of all other vendors.
  • rapid mobile app development (RMAD) - Rapid mobile application development (RMAD) uses low-code/no-code programming tools to speed the process of application creation for mobile platforms.
  • reactive programming - Reactive programming describes a design paradigm that relies on asynchronous programming logic to handle real-time updates to otherwise static content.
  • reactive systems architecture - A computer systems paradigm that takes advantage of the responsiveness, flexibility and resiliency of reactive programming, so that various components can take continue to function and even thrive if any component is compromised.
  • real-time application (RTA) - A real-time application (RTA) is an application program that functions within a time frame that the user senses as immediate or current.
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) - Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a distribution of the Linux operating system developed for the business market.
  • regular expression (regex) - A regular expression (sometimes abbreviated to "regex") is a way for a computer user or programmer to express how a computer program should look for a specified pattern in text and then what the program is to do when each pattern match is found.
  • relational online analytical processing (ROLAP) - Relational online analytical processing (ROLAP) is a form of online analytical processing (OLAP) that performs dynamic multidimensional analysis of data stored in a relational database rather than in a multidimensional database (which is usually considered the OLAP standard).
  • release management - Release management is a software engineering process intended to oversee the development, testing, deployment and support of software releases.
  • reliability - Reliability is an attribute of any computer-related component (software, or hardware, or a network, for example) that consistently performs according to its specifications.
  • remote deposit capture (RDC) - Remote deposit capture (RDC) is a system that allows a customer to scan checks remotely and transmit the check images to a bank for deposit, usually via an encrypted Internet connection.
  • remote desktop - Remote desktop is a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
  • rendering - In 3-D graphic design, rendering is the process of add shading, color and lamination to a 2-D or 3-D wireframe in order to create life-like images on a screen.
  • replenishment - Replenishment refers to the movement of inventory from upstream -- or reserve -- product storage locations to downstream -- or primary – storage, picking and shipment locations.
  • request for proposal (RFP) - A request for proposal (RFP) is a document that an organization, often a government agency or large enterprise, posts to elicit a response -- a formal bid -- from potential vendors for a desired IT solution.
  • reseller - In information technology, a reseller is a company that typically purchases IT products or services from a product manufacturer, distributor or service provider and then markets them to customers.
  • restricted API - A restricted API is an application program interface whose access, or use, is intentionally limited by web site developers for security purposes or business reasons.
  • Rich Client Platform (RCP) - A Rich Client Platform (RCP) is a specialized computer program intended for the creation of Java applications built on the Eclipse architecture.
  • Rich Internet Application (RIA) - A rich Internet application (RIA) is a Web application designed to deliver the same features and functions normally associated with deskop applications.
  • Rich Text Format (RTF) - Rich Text Format (RTF) is a file format that lets you exchange text files between different word processors in different operating systems.
  • RightScale Inc. - RightScale is a software as a service (SaaS) provider that offers cloud management and analytics tools for public, private and hybrid clouds.
  • robo-advisor - A robo-advisor is an artificial intelligence (AI) driven virtual financial advisor.
  • robotic process automation (RPA) - Robotic process automation (RPA) is a technology that mimics the way humans interact with software to perform high-volume, repeatable tasks.
  • SaaSgrid - SaaSGrid is an application server and integrated framework for software as a service (SaaS) applications.
  • Safari - Safari is Apple's default Web browser for OS X and iOS-based devices.
  • Sage CRM - Sage CRM is a line of software products for customer relationship management in the small-to-medium size business market.
  • sales force automation (SFA) - Sales force automation (SFA) software is programming that streamlines the collection, analysis and distribution of data in a sales pipeline.
  • SAP Business One - SAP Business One is an ERP software platform specifically intended for small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs).
  • SAP BW (Business Warehouse) - SAP Business Warehouse (BW) is a model-driven data warehousing product based on the SAP NetWeaver ABAP platform.
  • SAP ERP - SAP ERP is an enterprise resource planning software developed by the company SAP SE.
  • SAP Mobile Platform (SMP) - SAP Mobile Platform (SMP) facilitates the development and deployment of business-to-enterprise (B2E) and business-to-customer (B2C) applications through reusable components, drag and drop HTML5 apps and other programming tools.
  • SAP NetWeaver - SAP NetWeaver is a technology platform that allows organizations to integrate data, business processes, elements and more from a variety of sources into unified SAP environments.
  • SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) - SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) is a category of software application program for process control, the gathering of data in real time from remote locations in order to control equipment and conditions.
  • screen saver - A screen saver is an animated image that is activated on a personal computer display when no user activity has been sensed for a certain time.
  • screen scraping - Screen scraping is the act of copying information that shows on a digital display so it can be used for another purpose.
  • search-based applications (SBAs) - Search-based applications (SBAs) are applications that use a search engine platform as the backbone to access information residing in various file types.
  • security information management (SIM) - Security information management (SIM) is the practice of collecting, monitoring and analyzing security-related data from computer logs.
  • serverless backup - Serverless data backup removes backup procedures from production servers so that the time usually spent on backup functions can be used for other server tasks.
  • Service Data Objects (SDO) - Service Data Objects (SDO) is the name of a specification designed to streamline the processing of SOA (service-oriented architecture) data from diverse sources such as XML documents, relational databases and Web services.
  • service-component architecture (SCA) - Service-component architecture (SCA) is a group of specifications intended for the development of applications based on service-oriented architecture (SOA), which defines how computing entities interact to perform work for each other.
  • servlet - A servlet is a small program that runs on a server.
  • SFX (special effects) - SFX, an abbreviation for special effects, is a software product that makes it easy to create certain kinds of hypertext links within a collection of information such as the description of a library collection.
  • SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) - SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) is a standard for how to specify a document markup language or tag set.
  • shareware - Shareware is software that is distributed free on a trial basis with the understanding that the user may need or want to pay for it later.
  • shelfware - Shelfware is IT slang for software that a company buys because of a perceived need or demand but never uses; hence, it sits on the shelf.
  • shrink wrap license - A shrink wrap license is an end user agreement (EULA) that is enclosed with software in plastic-wrapped packaging.
  • sideloading - Sideloading is the installation of an application on a mobile device without using the device’s official application-distribution method.
  • Simian Army - The Simian Army is a collection of open source cloud testing tools created by the online video streaming company, Netflix.
  • Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) - As one of the three performance enhancements of MMX, SIMD lets one microinstruction operate at the same time on multiple data items.
  • single pane of glass - A single pane of glass is a management console that presents data from multiple sources in a unified display.
  • single-tenancy - Single-tenancy is an architecture in which a single instance of a software application and supporting infrastructure serves one customer.
  • site scraper - A site scraper is a type of software used to copy content from a website.
  • Six Sigma - Six Sigma is a business methodology for quality improvement that measures how many defects there are in a current process and seeks to systematically eliminate them.
  • skeuomorphism - Skeuomorphism is the design concept of making items represented resemble their real-world counterparts.
  • skill-based routing (SBR) - Skill-based routing (SBR) is a component of automatic call distributor (ACD) systems that filters and directs incoming inquiries to call center agents with the most applicable skill sets.
  • Skype - Skype is an Internet telephony service provider that offers free calling between computers and low-cost calling to regular telephones that aren't connected to the Internet.
  • smart home app (home automation app) - A smart home app, sometimes referred to as a home automation app or a smart home automation app, is an application used to remotely control and manage connected non-computing devices in the home, typically from a smartphone or tablet.
  • SOA registry - An SOA registry is a resource that provides controlled access to data necessary for governance of SOA (service-oriented architecture) projects.
  • SOA repository - An SOA repository is a database containing the software and metadata that constitute an SOA registry.
  • social coding - Social coding is an approach to software development that places an emphasis on formal and informal collaboration.
  • social computing - Social computing is the collaborative and interactive nature of online behavior.
  • social search engine - A social search engine is an enhanced version of a search engine that combines traditional algorithm -driven technology with online community filtering to produce highly personalized results.
SearchCompliance
  • OPSEC (operations security)

    OPSEC (operations security) is a security and risk management process and strategy that classifies information, then determines ...

  • smart contract

    A smart contract is a decentralized application that executes business logic in response to events.

  • compliance risk

    Compliance risk is an organization's potential exposure to legal penalties, financial forfeiture and material loss, resulting ...

SearchSecurity
SearchHealthIT
SearchDisasterRecovery
  • What is risk mitigation?

    Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.

  • change control

    Change control is a systematic approach to managing all changes made to a product or system.

  • disaster recovery (DR)

    Disaster recovery (DR) is an organization's ability to respond to and recover from an event that affects business operations.

SearchStorage
  • secondary storage

    Secondary storage is persistent storage for noncritical data that doesn't need to be accessed as frequently as data in primary ...

  • JBOD (just a bunch of disks)

    JBOD, which stands for 'just a bunch of disks,' is a type of multilevel configuration for disks.

  • bare-metal restore

    A bare-metal restore (also referred to as bare-metal recovery or bare-metal backup) is a data recovery and restoration process ...

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