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Software applications

Definitions related to software applications, including tech terms about software programs for vertical industries and words and phrases about software development, use and management.

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  • MOLAP (multidimensional online analytical processing) - MOLAP (multidimensional online analytical processing) is online analytical processing (OLAP) that indexes directly into a multidimensional database.
  • MrSID (Multi-resolution Seamless Image Database) - MrSID (Multi-resolution Seamless Image Database) is an image compressor, viewer, and file format for extremely large raster graphics images.
  • Multiple Document Interface (MDI) - MDI (Multiple Document Interface) is a Microsoft Windows programming interface for creating an application that enables users to work with multiple documents at the same time.
  • mySAP - MySAP, a product of the German software company SAP, is an e-business software integration tool that delivers content to a user based on his or her role in an enterprise.
  • MySQL - MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) based on SQL (Structured Query Language).
  • Nagios - Nagios is an open source monitoring system for computer systems.
  • nagware (annoyware) - On the Web, nagware (sometimes called "annoyware") is programming that presents the user with one or more pop-up windows or alerts when an application is launched or closed (sometimes both), reminding the user to register, purchase the application, or take some other action.
  • nanomedicine - Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology (the engineering of tiny machines) to the prevention and treatment of disease in the human body.
  • National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) - The National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) is a secure online framework that allows healthcare professionals and government agencies to communicate about disease patterns and coordinate national response to outbreaks.
  • native app - A native application is a software program that is developed for use on a particular platform or device.
  • Netzip - Netzip is a plug-in for Web browsers that allows you to view the files within a zip file from within your browser without the need to launch an external application.
  • niche app - A niche app is a specialized application, typically designed with social networking built in and optimized for mobile devices.
  • non-disruptive upgrade (NDU) - A non-disruptive upgrade (NDU) is an update to software or hardware done without interruption to system service or data access.
  • Notes - Notes is a sophisticated groupware application from the Lotus Corporation, a subsidiary of IBM.
  • NUnit - NUnit is an evolving, open source framework designed for writing and running tests in Microsoft .
  • occlusion - In 3-D graphic design, occlusion is the effect of one object in a 3-D space blocking another object from view.
  • ODL (Open and Distance Learning) - Open and Distance Learning (ODL) is a general term for the use of telecommunication to provide or enhance learning.
  • OLAP (online analytical processing) - OLAP (online analytical processing) enables a user to easily and selectively extract and view data from different points-of-view.
  • online data backup (remote data backup) - Online data backup (remote data backup) is a method of off-site storage in which data is regularly backed up over a network on a remote server, typically hosted by a provider.
  • Online Service System (OSS) - Online Service System (OSS) is a name that SAP has used to describe its provision of online access by users to a company's R/3 applications and data.
  • OOXML (Office Open Extended Markup Language) - OOXML (Office Open Extended Markup Language), also called Open XML, is a file format for documents, spreadsheets and presentations that is intended for use with the 2007 and later versions of the Microsoft Office suite.
  • Open Document Format (ODF) - The Open Document Format (ODF) is an XML-based open source file format for saving and exchanging text, spreadsheets, charts, and presentations.
  • OpenServing - OpenServing is a service that provides free Web hosting and support to wiki developers and weblog enthusiasts.
  • OpenType - OpenType is a file format for scalable (outline) font files that extends the existing TrueType font file format used by Microsoft Windows and Apple Macintosh operating systems.
  • operational performance management (OPM) - Operational performance management (OPM) is the alignment of all business units within an organization to ensure that they are working together to achieve core business goals.
  • Oracle Financial Services Software Limited (OFSSL) - Oracle Financial Services Software Limited (OFSSL) is a software provider for the banking and financial services industry.
  • OS X widget - An OS X widget is a downloadable, interactive virtual tool that provides services or increased functionality within the Apple operating system.
  • Outliner - An outliner application is a text editor that gives the user control of the visible level of detail of a textual outline, allowing browsing and reorganization of the content according to its structure.
  • package manager or package management system (PMS) - A package manager, also known as a package management system (PMS), is a program used to install, uninstall and manage software packages.
  • Palladium - Palladium is a plan from Intel, AMD, and Microsoft to build security into personal computers and servers at the microprocessor level.
  • parallel processing software - Parallel processing software manages the execution of a program on parallel processing hardware with the objectives of obtaining unlimited scalability (being able to handle an increasing number of interactions at the same time) and reducing execution time.
  • Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) - Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) is a program that enables distributed computing among networked computers on different platforms, so that they can perform as a single, large unit for computer-intensive applications.
  • part-of-speech tagger (PoS tagger) - A part of speech (PoS) tagger is a software tool that labels words as one of several categories to identify the word's function in a given language.
  • partner relationship management (PRM) - Partner relationship management (PRM) is a combination of the software, processes and strategies companies use to streamline business processes with partners who sell their products.
  • pastebin - A pastebin is a Web application that allows users to upload and share text online.
  • patch management - Patch management is an area of systems management that involves acquiring, testing, and installing multiple patches (code changes) to an administered computer system.
  • Patch Tuesday - Patch Tuesday is the unofficial name of Microsoft's scheduled release of the newest security fixes for its Windows operating system and related software applications, as detailed in the Windows Security Updates Guide.
  • PC philanthropy - PC philanthropy is sharing some of the unused resources of your personal computer, especially unused computer cycles, to benefit a social cause.
  • Peachtree - Peachtree is an accounting application for small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) made by Sage Software.
  • peer review - Peer review is a process used for checking the work performed by one's equals (peers) to ensure it meets specific criteria.
  • PeopleSoft - PeopleSoft is an e-business software product line owned by Oracle.
  • Perforce Software - Perforce is a software company that specializes in software configuration management, version control and collaboration products.
  • performance scorecard - A performance scorecard is a graphic or an application that depicts the progress over time of some entity, such as an enterprise, an employee or a business unit, toward some type of goal.
  • perpetual software license - A perpetual software license is a type of software license that authorizes an individual to use a program indefinitely.
  • personal health record (PHR) - A personal health record (PHR) is a collection of health-related information that is documented and maintained by the individual it pertains to.
  • Personal Search Syndication (PSS) - Personal Search Syndication (PSS) is a free technology offered by Septet Systems that allows Web site and blog owners to create, maintain and modify specialized search engines relevant to topics of their choice.
  • personalization - On a Web site, personalization is the process of tailoring pages to individual users' characteristics or preferences.
  • PKZIP (or PKZip) - PKZIP (also capitalized as PKZip) is a program, originally written for the DOS operating system, that gathers multiple files into a single compressed file that can be stored in less space and transmitted more quickly from one place to another.
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS) - Platform as a service (PaaS) is a cloud computing model in which a third-party provider delivers hardware and software tools -- usually those needed for application development -- to users over the internet.
  • plug-in - Plug-in applications are programs that can easily be installed and used as part of your Web browser.
  • point release - A point release is a small or relatively minor software release that fixes or improves an existing software product.
  • point-of-sale terminal (POS terminal) - A point-of-sale (POS) terminal is a computerized replacement for a cash register.
  • policy-based management - Policy-based management is an administrative approach that is used to simplify the management of a given endeavor by establishing policies to deal with situations that are likely to occur.
  • pop-up blocker (pop-up killer) - A pop-up blocker (sometimes called a pop-up killer) is a program that prevents pop-ups from displaying in a user's Web browser.
  • Portable Document Format (PDF) - PDF is also an abbreviation for the Netware Printer Definition File.
  • portal software - Portal software is a type of development tool used to create a portal (starting point) on a company's intranet so that employees can find a centralized starting place for access to consolidated enterprise-related functions, such as e-mail, customer relationship management (CRM) tools, company information, workgroup systems, and other applications.
  • portlet - On the Web, a portlet is a component of a portal Web site that provides access to some specific information source or application, such as news updates, technical support, or an e-mail program among many other possibilities.
  • PPD file (Postscript Printer Description file) - A PPD (Postscript Printer Description) file is a file that describes the font s, paper sizes, resolution, and other capabilities that are standard for a particular Postscript printer.
  • predictive text - Predictive text is an input technology that facilitates typing on a mobile device by suggesting words the end user may wish to insert in a text field.
  • presentation software (presentation graphics) - Presentation software (sometimes called "presentation graphics") is a category of application program used to create sequences of words and pictures that tell a story or help support a speech or public presentation of information.
  • Primavera - Primavera Systems Inc.
  • Prism - Prism is an application that lets users run web applications in dedicated browser windows.
  • product lifecycle - The product lifecycle is the collective stages that a product goes through from its conception and design through to its ultimate disposal.
  • product lifecycle management (PLM) - Product lifecycle management (PLM) is a systematic approach to managing the series of changes a product goes through, from its design and development to its ultimate retirement or disposal.
  • productivity software - Productivity software is a category of application programs that help users produce things such as documents, databases, graphs, worksheets and presentations.
  • Project Tango - Project Tango is the former name for the Project Metro Web services initiative.
  • proprietary solution - A proprietary solution is a hardware or software product or combination of products and services that is tied to a specific vendor, to the exclusion of all other vendors.
  • PunchOut - PunchOut is an e-procurement software application from Ariba that makes it possible for a buyer to access a supplier's Web site from within the buyer's own procurement application.
  • pure play - Pure play is a business term used to indicate a company, business model or investment focused on a particular industry, product, service or line of distribution.
  • Quagga - Quagga is an open source suite of applications for the management of routing protocols.
  • QuickBooks - QuickBooks is Intuit Inc's set of software solutions designed to manage payroll, inventory, sales and other needs of a small business.
  • R/2 - R/2 is a set of coordinated business applications from SAP, a German company that introduced the product in 1979.
  • R/3 - R/3 is the comprehensive set of integrated business applications from SAP, the German company that states it is the market and technology leader in business application software.
  • rapid mobile app development (RMAD) - Rapid mobile application development (RMAD) uses low-code/no-code programming tools to speed the process of application creation for mobile platforms.
  • reactive systems architecture - A computer systems paradigm that takes advantage of the responsiveness, flexibility and resiliency of reactive programming, so that various components can take continue to function and even thrive if any component is compromised.
  • real-time application (RTA) - A real-time application (RTA) is an application program that functions within a time frame that the user senses as immediate or current.
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) - Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a distribution of the Linux operating system developed for the business market.
  • Red Sox - The Boston Red Sox, champion of Major League baseball in 2004, are one of many sports teams for whom information technology has become an important if low-profile team member.
  • regular expression (regex) - A regular expression (sometimes abbreviated to "regex") is a way for a computer user or programmer to express how a computer program should look for a specified pattern in text and then what the program is to do when each pattern match is found.
  • relational online analytical processing (ROLAP) - Relational online analytical processing (ROLAP) is a form of online analytical processing (OLAP) that performs dynamic multidimensional analysis of data stored in a relational database rather than in a multidimensional database (which is usually considered the OLAP standard).
  • release management - Release management is a software engineering process intended to oversee the development, testing, deployment and support of software releases.
  • reliability - Reliability is an attribute of any computer-related component (software, or hardware, or a network, for example) that consistently performs according to its specifications.
  • remote deposit capture (RDC) - Remote deposit capture (RDC) is a system that allows a customer to scan checks remotely and transmit the check images to a bank for deposit, usually via an encrypted Internet connection.
  • remote desktop - Remote desktop is a program or an operating system feature that allows a user to connect to a computer in another location, see that computer's desktop and interact with it as if it were local.
  • Remote Job Entry (RJE) - Remote Job Entry (RJE) is a facility that allows remote computer users to submit a job (the running of a specific program or group of programs) to a centrally-located IBM mainframe computer.
  • remote-control software - Remote-control software is programming in a central or server computer that is used to control other computers (or their users) at a distance, either under the control of an administrator or at the request of the user.
  • rendering - In 3-D graphic design, rendering is the process of add shading, color and lamination to a 2-D or 3-D wireframe in order to create life-like images on a screen.
  • replenishment - Replenishment refers to the movement of inventory from upstream -- or reserve -- product storage locations to downstream -- or primary – storage, picking and shipment locations.
  • Request for Proposal (RFP) - A request for proposal (RFP) is a document that an organization, often a government agency or large enterprise, posts to elicit a response -- a formal bid -- from potential vendors for a desired IT solution.
  • reseller - In information technology, a reseller is a company that typically purchases IT products or services from a product manufacturer, distributor or service provider and then markets them to customers.
  • restricted API - A restricted API is an application program interface whose access, or use, is intentionally limited by web site developers for security purposes or business reasons.
  • Rich Client Platform (RCP) - A Rich Client Platform (RCP) is a specialized computer program intended for the creation of Java applications built on the Eclipse architecture.
  • Rich Internet Application (RIA) - A rich Internet application (RIA) is a Web application designed to deliver the same features and functions normally associated with deskop applications.
  • Rich Text Format (RTF) - Rich Text Format (RTF) is a file format that lets you exchange text files between different word processors in different operating systems.
  • RightScale Inc. - RightScale is a software as a service (SaaS) provider that offers cloud management and analytics tools for public, private and hybrid clouds.
  • Rnext - Rnext was the unofficial name given to a then forthcoming release of IBM's Notes and Domino product set.
  • robo-advisor - A robo-advisor is an artificial intelligence (AI) driven virtual financial advisor.
  • robotic process automation (RPA) - Robotic process automation (RPA) is the use of software with artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning capabilities to handle high-volume, repeatable tasks that previously required humans to perform.
  • Rosetta - Rosetta is a translation program that makes it possible to run most PowerPC applications on Intel-based Macintosh computers as non-native binary code.
  • RSS reader - An RSS reader, also called a feed reader, is a browser add-on program designed to gather and display RSS feeds according to user-definable parameters.

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