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Software applications

Definitions related to software applications, including tech terms about software programs for vertical industries and words and phrases about software development, use and management.

SAA - SYN

  • SaaSgrid - SaaSGrid is an application server and integrated framework for software as a service (SaaS) applications.
  • Safari - Safari is Apple's default Web browser for OS X and iOS-based devices.
  • Sage CRM - Sage CRM is a line of software products for customer relationship management in the small-to-medium size business market.
  • Sage Timberline Office - Sage Timberline Office is Sage Software Inc.
  • sales force automation (SFA) - Sales force automation (SFA) software is programming that streamlines the collection, analysis and distribution of data in a sales pipeline.
  • SAP - SAP SE is a multinational software corporation that is currently the market leader in the enterprise resource planning (ERP) field.
  • SAP Business One - SAP Business One is an ERP software platform specifically intended for small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs).
  • SAP BW (Business Warehouse) - SAP Business Warehouse (BW) is a model-driven data warehousing product based on the SAP NetWeaver ABAP platform.
  • SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI) - SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI) is SAP's enterprise application integration (EAI) software, a component of the NetWeaver product group used to facilitate the exchange of information among a company's internal software and systems and those of externa.
  • SAP Integration Adapter - A SAP Integration Adapter is a product that facilitates the integration of a business application into an environment running SAP applications with SAP's NetWeaver and the SAP Exchange Infrastructure.
  • SAP Integration Server - SAP Integration Server is the central component of SAP XI (Exchange Infrastructure), the company's enterprise application integration (EAI) product.
  • SAP Mobile Platform (SMP) - SAP Mobile Platform (SMP) facilitates the development and deployment of business-to-enterprise (B2E) and business-to-customer (B2C) applications through reusable components, drag and drop HTML5 apps and other programming tools.
  • SAP NetWeaver - SAP NetWeaver is a technology platform that allows organizations to integrate data, business processes, elements and more from a variety of sources into unified SAP environments.
  • SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) - SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) is a category of software application program for process control, the gathering of data in real time from remote locations in order to control equipment and conditions.
  • screen pop - A screen pop is a feature of a computer telephony integration (CTI) application that automatically displays all of the relevant caller and account information on a call center agent's screen during a call.
  • screen saver - A screen saver is an animated image that is activated on a personal computer display when no user activity has been sensed for a certain time.
  • screen scraping - Screen scraping is programming that translates between legacy application programs (written to communicate with now generally obsolete input/output devices and user interfaces) and new user interfaces so that the logic and data associated with the legacy programs can continue to be used.
  • search-and-replace - Search-and-replace is a capability that allows a computer user to find a given sequence of characters in one or more text files and, if desired, replace the sequence with another sequence of characters.
  • search-based applications (SBAs) - Search-based applications (SBAs) are applications that use a search engine platform as the backbone to access information residing in various file types.
  • seat management - Seat management is a method of coordinating all the workstations in an enterprise network by overseeing the installation, operation, and maintenance of hardware and software at each workstation.
  • security information management (SIM) - Security information management (SIM) is the practice of collecting, monitoring and analyzing security-related data from computer logs.
  • SeeBeyond - SeeBeyond makes integration server software for enterprises and was a pioneer in marketing an enterprise application integration (EAI) product.
  • semantics - Semantics (pronounced seh-MANT-iks, from Greek semantikos or significant and sema or sign) is the branch of semiotics, the philosophy or study of signs, that deals with meaning.
  • serverless backup - Serverless data backup removes backup procedures from production servers so that the time usually spent on backup functions can be used for other server tasks.
  • Service Data Objects (SDO) - Service Data Objects (SDO) is the name of a specification designed to streamline the processing of SOA (service-oriented architecture) data from diverse sources such as XML documents, relational databases and Web services.
  • service pack - A service pack is an orderable or downloadable update to a customer's software that fixes existing problems and, in some cases, delivers product enhancements.
  • service-component architecture (SCA) - Service-component architecture (SCA) is a group of specifications intended for the development of applications based on service-oriented architecture (SOA), which defines how computing entities interact to perform work for each other.
  • servlet - A servlet is a small program that runs on a server.
  • SFX (special effects) - SFX, an abbreviation for special effects, is a software product that makes it easy to create certain kinds of hypertext links within a collection of information such as the description of a library collection.
  • SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) - SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) is a standard for how to specify a document markup language or tag set.
  • shareware - Shareware is software that is distributed free on a trial basis with the understanding that the user may need or want to pay for it later.
  • shelfware - Shelfware is IT slang for software that a company buys because of a perceived need or demand but never uses; hence, it sits on the shelf.
  • shopping cart - On a Web site that sells products or services online, the shopping cart is a common metaphor (from the original grocery store shopping cart) for the catalog or other pages where a user reads and makes selections.
  • show control - Show control is a computer system, especially in the entertainment industry, that combines disparate hardware and software-controlled lighting, sound, and visual effects into a single, synchronized system.
  • shrink wrap license - A shrink wrap license is an end user agreement (EULA) that is enclosed with software in plastic-wrapped packaging.
  • sideloading - Sideloading is the installation of an application on a mobile device without using the device’s official application-distribution method.
  • Simian Army - The Simian Army is a collection of open source cloud testing tools created by the online video streaming company, Netflix.
  • Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) - As one of the three performance enhancements of MMX, SIMD lets one microinstruction operate at the same time on multiple data items.
  • single pane of glass - A single pane of glass is a management console that presents data from multiple sources in a unified display.
  • single-sourcing - Single-sourcing is the development of information content in a form that can conveniently be the basis for other forms of content.
  • single-system image (SSI) - Single-system image (SSI) is the idea that the resources provided by cluster computing or in any system which aggregates resources should present a single interface to the user.
  • single-tenancy - Single-tenancy is an architecture in which a single instance of a software application and supporting infrastructure serves one customer.
  • site scraper - A site scraper is a type of software used to copy content from a website.
  • Six Sigma - Six Sigma is an approach to data-driven management that seeks to improve quality by measuring how many defects there are in a process and systematically eliminating them until there are as close to zero defects as possible.
  • skeuomorphism - Skeuomorphism is the design concept of making items represented resemble their real-world counterparts.
  • skill-based routing (SBR) - Skill-based routing (SBR) is a component of automatic call distributor (ACD) systems that filters and directs incoming inquiries to call center agents with the most applicable skill sets.
  • Skype - Skype is an Internet telephony service provider that offers free calling between computers and low-cost calling to regular telephones that aren't connected to the Internet.
  • smart home app (home automation app) - A smart home app, sometimes referred to as a home automation app or a smart home automation app, is an application used to remotely control and manage connected non-computing devices in the home, typically from a smartphone or tablet.
  • snap-in - Snap-in, in general, refers to an object that can be attached to another object and that will then function as part of the whole.
  • SOA registry - An SOA registry is a resource that provides controlled access to data necessary for governance of SOA (service-oriented architecture) projects.
  • SOA repository - An SOA repository is a database containing the software and metadata that constitute an SOA registry.
  • social coding - Social coding is an approach to software development that places an emphasis on formal and informal collaboration.
  • social computing - Social computing is the collaborative and interactive nature of online behavior.
  • social search engine - A social search engine is an enhanced version of a search engine that combines traditional algorithm -driven technology with online community filtering to produce highly personalized results.
  • social spreadsheet - A social spreadsheet is social software that combines a spreadsheet with a wiki.
  • soft keyboard (onscreen keyboard or software keyboard) - A soft keyboard (sometimes called an onscreen keyboard or software keyboard) is a system that replaces the hardware keyboard on a computing device with an on-screen image map.
  • softcooling (software cooling) - Softcooling is a software-based method of computer component cooling, conducted either by adjusting component settings or by using softcooling products.
  • softlifting - Softlifting is a common type of software piracy in which a legally licensed software program is installed or copied in violation of its licensing agreement.
  • softswitch - Softswitch (software switch) is a generic term for any open application program interface (API) software used to bridge a public switched telephone network (PSTN) and Voice over Internet Protocol (VOiP) by separating the call control functions of a phone call from the media gateway (transport layer).
  • software - Software is a set of instructions, data or programs used to operate computers and execute specific tasks.
  • software agent - A software agent is a persistent, goal-oriented computer program that reacts to its environment and runs without continuous direct supervision to perform some function for an end user or another program.
  • Software as a Service (SaaS) - Software as a service (SaaS) is a software distribution model in which a third-party provider hosts applications and makes them available to customers over the Internet.
  • Software Engineering Institute (SEI) - The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a research, development and training center involved in computer software and network security.
  • software license - A software license is a document that provides legally binding guidelines on the use and distribution of software.
  • software package - A software package is an assemblage of files and information about those files.
  • software robot - A software robot is an AI (artificial intelligence) system that runs on a host device rather than existing as a standalone machine.
  • software stack - A software stack is a collection of independent components that work together to support the execution of an application.
  • software-defined networking monitoring application (SDN monitoring application) - An SDN monitoring application is a software program that oversees the traffic in a software-defined network (SDN) as a component of network management.
  • solution stack - A solution stack is an ordered collection of software that makes it possible to complete a particular task.
  • sorting algorithm - A sorting algorithm is a method for reorganizing a large number of items into a specific order, such as alphabetical, highest-to-lowest value or shortest-to-longest distance.
  • spam confidence level (SCL) - Spam confidence level (SCL) is a numerical value indicating the likelihood that an incoming email message is spam.
  • spam filter - A spam filter is a program that is used to detect unsolicited and unwanted email and prevent those messages from getting to a user's inbox.
  • speech analytics - Speech analytics is the process of analyzing voice recordings or live customer calls to contact centers with speech recognition software to find useful information and provide quality assurance.
  • speech recognition - Speech recognition, the ability for a machine to convert spoken language to text, is often used for voice dialing, call routing and voice search.
  • speech synthesis - Speech synthesis is the computer-generated simulation of human speech.
  • spend management - In an enterprise, spend management is managing how to spend money to best effect in order to build products and services.
  • SQL injection - A SQL injection (SQLi) is a type of security exploit in which the attacker adds Structured Query Language (SQL) code to a Web form input box in order to gain access to unauthorized resources or make changes to sensitive data.
  • SQL-ledger - SQL-Ledger (SL) is a Web-based open source double-entry accounting system that is used primarily in the retail and manufacturing sectors.
  • Squeak - Squeak is an implementation of the Smalltalk programming environment that is designed to allow code to be run on any major operating system, including Windows 95/98/NT, Windows CE, and UNIX.
  • Squid proxy server - Squid is a Unix-based proxy server that caches Internet content closer to a requestor than its original point of origin.
  • StarOffice - StarOffice is a free productivity application suite from Sun Microsystems that includes a word processor (Writer), spreadsheet (Calc), database (Base), presentation maker (Impress), illustrator (Draw), schedule managment (Schedule), e-mail (Mail) and newsgroup (Discussion) component.
  • stateful app - A stateful app is a program that saves client data from the activities of one session for use in the next session.
  • stateless app - A stateless app is an application program that does not save client data generated in one session for use in the next session with that client.
  • static analysis (static code analysis) - Static analysis, also called static code analysis, is a method of computer program debugging that is done by examining the code without executing the program.
  • storage at the edge - Storage at the edge is the collective methods and technologies that capture and retain digital information at the periphery of the network, as close to the originating source as possible.
  • storage resource management (SRM) - An important goal of storage resource management is to make it easier for storage administrators to reclaim unused storage.
  • storage virtualization - Storage virtualization is the pooling of physical storage from multiple storage devices into what appears to be a single storage device -- or pool of available storage capacity -- that is managed from a central console.
  • stream recorder (stream ripper) - What is stream recorder?A stream recorder (sometimes called a stream ripper) is a program used to save streaming media to a file so that it can be accessed locally.
  • streaming application - A streaming application is a program that has its necessary components downloaded as needed instead of being installed ahead of time on a computer.
  • sub-release - A sub-release is a slightly supplemented or improved version of a software product offered for purchase rather than as a free update to the existing version.
  • Subversion - Subversion is a version control system that keeps track of changes made to files and folders (directories), facilitating data recovery and providing a history of the changes that have been made over time.
  • suite - In computers, a suite is a set of usually related programs sold together in a single package.
  • supervised learning - Supervised learning, in the context of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, is a type of system in which both input and desired output data are provided.
  • SuperZap - SuperZap is an IBM utility program used to install zaps or fixes to MVS operating systems or application program code that is causing a problem.
  • supplier relationship management (SRM) - Supplier relationship management (SRM) is the systematic approach of assessing suppliers' contributions and influence on success, determining tactics to maximize suppliers' performance and developing the strategic approach for executing on these determinations.
  • supply chain execution (SCE) - Supply chain execution (SCE) is the flow of tasks involved in the supply chain, such as order fulfilment, procurement, warehousing and transporting.
  • supply chain planning (SCP) - Supply chain planning (SCP) is the component of supply chain management (SCM) involved with predicting future requirements to balance supply and demand.
  • synchronous groupware - Synchronous groupware is programming that enables real-time collaboration among geographically-distributed work group members.

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